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Animal Drugs, Feeds, and Related Products; Enrofloxacin for Poultry; Withdrawal of Approval of New Animal Drug Application

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations by removing the portions reflecting approval of a new animal drug application (NADA) for which FDA has withdrawn approval. NADA 140-828, sponsored by Bayer Corp., provides for use of enrofloxacin to treat poultry. In a notice published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, FDA is announcing the availability of the final decision withdrawing approval of this NADA.

DATES:

This rule is effective September 12, 2005.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Erik P. Mettler, Office of Policy (HF-11), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-3360.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

On October 31, 2000, FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) proposed to withdraw the approval of the NADA 140-828 for the use in chickens and turkeys of enrofloxacin, an antimicrobial drug belonging to a class of drugs known as fluoroquinolones (65 Start Printed Page 44049FR 64954, October 31, 2000). On November 29, 2000, Bayer Corp. (Bayer), the sponsor of enrofloxacin (sold under the trade name Baytril® 3.23% Concentrate Antimicrobial Solution), requested a hearing on the proposed withdrawal. On February 20, 2002, the FDA's then Acting Principal Deputy Commissioner published a notice of hearing granting Bayer's request and identifying the factual issues that would be the subject of the evidentiary hearing (67 FR 7700, February 20, 2002). On March 21, 2002, the Animal Health Institute submitted a notice of participation under 21 CFR 12.45. Oral hearing for the purposes of cross-examination of witnesses was held at FDA from April 28 through May 7, 2003. On March 16, 2004, an FDA Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) issued an initial decision under 21 CFR 12.120. The ALJ determined that enrofloxacin had not been “shown to be safe under the conditions of use upon the basis of which the application was approved,” as required under section 512(e)(1)(B) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 360b(e)(1)(B)) and ordered that the approval of the NADA for Baytril be withdrawn. Bayer and CVM each filed exceptions to the initial decision on May 17, 2004.

In a notice published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, FDA is announcing the final decision withdrawing approval of the NADA held by Bayer Corp., Agriculture Division, Animal Health, Shawnee Mission, KS 66201. NADA 140-828, Baytril® 3.23% Concentrate Antimicrobial Solution provides for use of enrofloxacin to treat poultry under § 520.813 (21 CFR 520.813). Relevant information concerning tolerances for residues of enrofloxacin in edible tissues of poultry is under § 556.228(a) (21 CFR 556.228(a)).

Therefore, in accordance with the final decision withdrawing approval and section 512(i) of the act (21 U.S.C. 360(b)(i)), FDA is amending the regulations to remove §§ 520.813 and 556.228(a).

The agency has determined under 21 CFR 25.33(g) that this action is of a type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required.

This rule does not meet the definition of “rule” in 5 U.S.C. 804(3)(A) because it is a rule of “particular applicability.” Therefore, it is not subject to the congressional review requirements in 5 U.S.C. 801-808.

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List of Subjects

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Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs,

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PART 520—ORAL DOSAGE FORM NEW ANIMAL DRUGS

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1. The authority citation for

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 360b.

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2. Section 520.813 is removed.

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PART 556—TOLERANCES FOR RESIDUES OF NEW ANIMAL DRUGS IN FOOD

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3. The authority citation for

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 342, 360b, 371.

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4. Section 556.228 is amended by removing paragraph (a), by redesignating paragraph (b) as paragraph (a), and by adding and reserving new paragraph (b).

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Dated: July 27, 2005.

Lester M. Crawford,

Commissioner of Food and Drugs.

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[FR Doc. 05-15223 Filed 7-28-05; 2:31 pm]

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