Bureau of Customs and Border Protection; Department of Homeland Security.
This document announces changes in the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) National Customs Automation Program (NCAP) test concerning periodic monthly deposit of estimated duties and fees. A change to the time period allowed for the deposit of the duties and fees is being made in order to comply with the provisions of section 2004 of the Miscellaneous Trade and Technical Corrections Act of 2004, Public Law 108-429, which extended the time of deposit of those estimated duties and fees from the 15th calendar day to the 15th working day of the month following the month in which the goods are either entered or released. Another change being made concerns whether CBP will establish a claim for liquidated damages when a participant removes an entry from a Periodic Daily Statement or a Preliminary Monthly Statement after expiration of a 10-working-day period after release. This document also advises that entries containing Census errors will be eligible to be placed on a Periodic Daily Statement and designated for monthly payment. The latter two changes are being made in order to increase the efficiencies of the Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) and to encourage participation in the Periodic Monthly Statement process.
The changes announced in this notice concerning the time of payment of duties and fees and the assessment of liquidated damages will take effect on August 8, 2005. The change announced concerning the placement of Census errors on the Periodic Daily Statement will take effect on August 1, 2005.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
For questions regarding periodic monthly statement payments: Ms. Sherri Hoffman via email at Sherri.firstname.lastname@example.org, and Mr. Robert Hamilton via email at Robert.email@example.com, or by telephone at (317) 298-1107.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
On February 4, 2004, the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) published a General Notice in the Federal Register (69 FR 5362) announcing the National Customs Automation Program (NCAP) test for Periodic Monthly Payment Statement Process. The test, which is part of CBP's Automated Commercial Environment (ACE), benefits participants by giving them access to operational data through the ACE Secured Data Portal (“ACE Portal”), which provides them the capability to interact electronically with CBP, and by allowing them to deposit estimated duties and fees on a monthly basis based on a Periodic Monthly Statement issued by CBP.
When the test started, only importers were eligible to apply for the test. Start Printed Page 45737Eligibility was later expanded to allow brokers to apply if they were specifically designated by an ACE importer.
On September 8, 2004, CBP published a General Notice in the Federal Register (69 FR 54302) which invited customs brokers, regardless of whether they were designated by participating importers to make Periodic Monthly Statement payments on their behalf, to apply to participate in the test. That notice set forth eligibility requirements for both importers and brokers.
On February 1, 2005, CBP published a General Notice in the Federal Register (70 FR 5199) announcing that applicants seeking to establish importer or broker accounts so as to access the ACE Portal, or to participate in any ACE test (including the test for Periodic Monthly Payment Statement Process), are no longer required to provide a statement certifying participation in the Customs Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT).
As provided in the February 4, 2004 General Notice announcing the test, participants in the Periodic Monthly Statement test are required to schedule entries for monthly payment. A Periodic Monthly Statement will list Periodic Daily Statements that have been designated for monthly payment. The Periodic Monthly Statement can be created on a port basis by the importer or broker, as was the case with existing daily statements in the Automated Commercial System (ACS) (ACE is the successor to ACS). The Periodic Monthly Statement can be created on a national basis by an Automated Broker Interface (ABI) filer. If an importer chooses to file the Periodic Monthly Statement on a national basis, he must use his filer code and schedule and pay the monthly statements. The Periodic Monthly Statement will be routed under existing CBP procedures. Brokers will only view/receive information that they have filed on an importer's behalf. ACE will not route a Periodic Monthly Statement to a broker through ABI if that statement lists information filed by another broker.
Description of the Changes
1. Payment of Duties and Fees
Under statutory authority in place at the time of initiation of the Periodic Monthly Statement Process test, estimated duties and fees were to be paid on a monthly basis by the 15th calendar day in the month following the month in which the goods are either entered or released. Under a statutory change promulgated to section 505(a) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, (19 U.S.C. 1505(a)), by Section 2004 of the Miscellaneous Trade and Technical Corrections Act of 2004, Public Law 108-429, estimated duties and fees are to be paid by the 15th working day in the month following the month in which the goods are either entered or released. For the purposes of this test, the term “working day” is synonymous with the term “business day,” which is defined at sections 101.1 and 101.6(a) of the CBP Regulations (title 19 Code of Federal Regulations, sections 101.1 and 101.6(a)). This notice brings the NCAP test into compliance with the statutory change.
2. Removal of an Entry From a Periodic Daily Statement After Expiration of the 10-Working-Day Period After Release of the Entry
In the February 4, 2004 General Notice, CBP provided that if participants remove an entry from a Periodic Daily Statement or a Preliminary Monthly Statement after expiration of a 10-working-day period after release, that entry must be paid individually and would be automatically subject to a claim for liquidated damages for late payment of estimated duties. This notice announces that entries removed, from the Periodic Daily Statement only, may be subject to a claim for liquidated damages. CBP will exercise its discretion whether to establish a claim for liquidated damages and will consider the timeliness of the submission of the entry information to CBP in making its decision. The purpose of this change is to encourage filers to use Periodic Monthly Statement and to submit their entry changes as soon as possible. This change does not apply to the removal of an entry from a Periodic Monthly Statement after expiration of a 10-working-day period after release, which will still be subject to an automatic claim for liquidated damages for late payment of estimated duties.
3. Entries With Census Errors
CBP will allow all entries currently eligible for placement on a daily statement to be placed on a Periodic Daily Statement, with the exception of reconciliation entries, NAFTA duty deferral entries, and entries requiring the payment of excise taxes. Entries containing Census errors, originally disallowed for inclusion on the Periodic Daily Statement, will now be eligible for placement on a Periodic Daily Statement.
Monthly Payment Procedures
Incorporating the changes regarding the extended time for payment of duties and fees, and the removal of entries from the Periodic Daily Statement after expiration of the 10-working-day period after release, as announced in this notice, entries for monthly payment will be processed as follows:
a. As entries are filed with CBP, the importer or its designated broker schedules them for monthly payment;
b. Those entries scheduled for monthly payment will appear on the Preliminary Periodic Daily Statement;
c. The Importer or its designated broker processes entry summary presentation transactions for Periodic Daily Statements within 10 working days of the date of entry (this is not changed from the previous notice);
d. After summary information has been filed, the scheduled entries will appear on the Final Periodic Daily Statement;
e. Periodic Daily Statements scheduled for monthly payment will appear on the Preliminary Periodic Monthly Statement; CBP will generate the Preliminary Periodic Monthly Statement on the 11th working day of the month (changed from 11th “calendar day”) following the month in which the merchandise is either entered or released, whichever comes first, unless the importer or designated broker selects an earlier date;
f. On the 15th working day of the month, for Automated Clearing House (ACH) debit participants, CBP will transmit the debit authorizations for the periodic daily statements to the financial institution and the periodic monthly statement will be marked paid. The Final Periodic Monthly Statement will be generated by CBP and be transmitted to the importer or his designated broker. ACH Debit participants must ensure that the money amount identified on the Preliminary Monthly Statement is, in fact, available in their bank account by the 15th working day of the month.
g. ACH credit participants must initiate payment no later than the 14th working day of the month. CBP must receive the settlement for the credit by the 15th working day in order to have the periodic monthly statement marked paid and treated as a timely payment. The Final Periodic Monthly Statement will be generated by CBP and be transmitted to the importer or his designated broker.
For both ACH Credit and ACH Debit participants, CBP will generate the Final Periodic Monthly Statement on the night that payment is processed.
Participants should note that if they voluntarily remove an entry from a Periodic Daily Statement before expiration of the 10-working-day period Start Printed Page 45738after release, that entry may be placed on another Periodic Daily Statement falling within the same 10-working-day period. If, however, participants remove an entry from a Periodic Daily Statement after expiration of the 10-working-day period after release, the entry may be the subject of a claim for liquidated damages for late payment of estimated duties.
Suspension of Regulations
During the testing of the Periodic Monthly Statement process, CBP is suspending provisions in Parts 24, 141, 142, and 143 of the CBP Regulations (Title 19 Code of Federal Regulations) pertaining to financial, accounting, entry procedures, and deposit of estimated duties and fees. Absent any specified alternate procedure, the current regulations apply. All of the terms of the test and criteria for participation therein, as announced in the previous notices identified above, continue to be applicable unless changed by this notice.Start Signature
Dated: August 1, 2005.
Todd C. Owen,
Acting Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations.
[FR Doc. 05-15571 Filed 8-5-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4820-02-P