Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
This document proposes to amend an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of the C8, C10, and C12 straight- chain fatty acid monoesters of glycerol and propylene glycol on all food commodities when applied/used for both pre-harvest and post-harvest purposes. On June 23, 2004, EPA established an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for these residues but did not expressly approve post-harvest uses in accordance with 40 CFR 180.1(i). Therefore, EPA is proposing this regulation, to amend the existing tolerance exemption to allow for post-harvest uses of C8, C10, and C12 straight-chain fatty acid monoesters of glycerol and propylene glycol in accordance with section 408(e) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) as amended by the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA).
Comments, identified by docket ID number OPP-2004-0344, must be received on or before October 6, 2005.
Submit your comments, identified by docket ID number OPP-2004-0344, by one of the following methods:
- Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov/. Follow the on-Start Printed Page 55327line instructions for submitting comments.
- Agency Website: http://www.epa.gov/edocket/. EDOCKET, EPA's electronic public docket and comment system, is EPA's preferred method for receiving comments. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
- E-mail: Comments may be sent by e-mail to email@example.com, Attention: Docket ID Number OPP-2004-0344.
- Mail: Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (PIRIB) (7502C), Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001, Attention: Docket ID Number OPP-2004-0344.
- Hand delivery: Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (PIRIB), Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP), Environmental Protection Agency, Rm. 119, Crystal Mall #2, 1801 S. Bell St., Arlington, VA, Attention: Docket ID Number OPP-2004-0344. Such deliveries are only accepted during the Docket's normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information.
Instructions: Direct your comments to docket ID number OPP-2004-0344. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at http://www.epa.gov/edocket/, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through EDOCKET, regulations.gov, or e-mail. The EPA EDOCKET and the regulations.gov websites are “anonymous access” systems, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through EDOCKET or regulations.gov, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional information about EPA's public docket visit EDOCKET on-line or see the Federal Register of May 31, 2002 (67 FR 38102) (FRL-7181-7).
Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the EDOCKET index at http://www.epa.gov/edocket/. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically in EDOCKET or in hard copy at the Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (PIRIB), Rm. 119, Crystal Mall #2, 1801 S. Bell St., Arlington, VA. This Docket Facility is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The Docket telephone number is (703) 305-5805.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Carol E. Frazer, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division (7511C), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001; telephone number: (703) 308-8810; fax number: (703) 308-7026; e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
I. General Information
A. Does this Action Apply to Me?
You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. Potentially affected entities may include, but are not limited to:
- Crop production (NAICS code 111)
- Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532)
- Animal production (NAICS code 112)
- Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311)
This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in this unit could also be affected. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes have been provided to assist you and others in determining whether this action might apply to certain entities. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.
B. How Can I Access Electronic Copies of this Document and Other Related Information?
In addition to using EDOCKET (http://www.epa.gov/edocket/), you may access this Federal Register document electronically through the EPA Internet under the “Federal Register” listings at http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/. A frequently updated electronic version of 40 CFR part 180 is available at E-CFR Beta Site Two at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr/.
C. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA?
1. Submitting CBI. Do not submit this information to EPA through EDOCKET, regulations.gov, or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or CD ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2.
2. Tips for preparing your comments. When submitting comments, remember to:
i. Identify the rulemaking by docket ID number and other identifying information (subject heading, Federal Register date, and page number).
ii. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number.
iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes.
iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/or data that you used.
v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced.
vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns, and suggest alternatives.
vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats.Start Printed Page 55328
viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified.
A. What Action is the Agency Taking?
EPA on its own initiative, pursuant to section 408(e) of the FFDCA, 21 U.S.C. 346a(e), is proposing to amend 40 CFR part 180 by adding post-harvest uses to the language in 40 CFR 180.1250. In the Federal Register of June 23, 2004 (69 FR 34937) (FRL-7352-6), EPA issued a final rule pursuant to section 408(d)(3) of the FFDCA, 21 U.S.C. 346a(d)(3), establishing an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of the C8, C10, and C12 straight-chain fatty acid monoesters of glycerol and propylene glycol after reviewing a petition for a tolerance exemption (PP 1F6314) submitted by 3M Corporation, 3M Center, St. Paul MN 55144-1000.
The Notice of Filing of a Pesticide Petition to Establish a Tolerance for a Certain Pesticide Chemical in or on Food (66 FR 64251, December 12, 2001) (FRL-6809-8) failed to notify the public that the C8, C10, and C12 straight-chain fatty acid monoesters would be used for post-harvest applications “to control spoilage of food and feed crops after harvest.” Even though the first page of 3M's petition for a tolerance exemption stated that its proposed end use products, which contain the fatty acid monoesters that are the subject of this tolerance rule amendment, were to be used for the “treatment of potatoes after harvest to prevent spoilage in storage,” the summary of the petition that was published in the Federal Register Notice did not specifically mention the post-harvest use. Under 40 CFR 180.1(i), “[u]nless otherwise specified, tolerances and exemptions established under the regulations in this part apply to residues from only pre-harvest application of this chemical.”
In the preamble to the June 23, 2004 rule establishing the exemption for these monoesters (69 FR 34937) (Unit IV.A.1, Aggregate Exposures), EPA relies upon the aggregate dietary exposure estimates generated by 3M using EPA's Dietary Exposure Potential Model. Although not expressly stated in that rule, those residue estimates included post-harvest exposures. In order to simulate a worst-case exposure analysis, 18 different raw agricultural commodities from seeds for sprouts to leafy vegetables like spinach to solid produce like apple and potato were obtained from local supermarkets in St. Paul, Minnesota and soaked in a typical diluted treatment solution for 15 minutes to provide an idea about post-harvest residues on agricultural commodities. As can be seen from this, the Agency's evaluation of residue levels of these chemicals' pesticide usage included both the extant residues resulting from pre-harvest applications and the residues resulting from the proposed post-harvest use.
Even if the exposure resulting from post-harvest use was significantly higher than exposure based on only pre-harvest use of monoesters as pesticides, the Agency is not concerned due to the low to non-existent toxicity level of these fatty acids. The preamble to the June 23, 2004 rule (69 FR 34937) discusses the long history of consumption by humans of fatty acids and their monoesters in food and the Agency knows of no instance where these have been associated with any toxic effects related to the consumption of the food. Due to this knowledge of fatty acid monoesters' presence and function in the human system and the acute testing, EPA believes the fatty acid monoesters are unlikely to be carcinogenic or have other long-term toxic effects. The data from the residue information, the toxicity studies, and the additional information from the scientific literature submitted by the registrant are sufficient to demonstrate that no substantial risks to human health are expected from the use of glycerol or propylene glycol fatty acid monoesters, even when used on crops post-harvest, when used in accordance with good agricultural practices and in accordance with all relevant labeling.
B. What is the Agency's Authority for Taking this Action?
Section 408(c)(2)(A)(i) of the FFDCA allows EPA to establish an exemption from the requirement for a tolerance (the legal limit for a pesticide chemical residue in or on a food) only if EPA determines that the exemption is “safe.” Section 408(c)(2)(A)(ii) of the FFDCA defines “safe” to mean that “there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue, including all anticipated dietary exposures and all other exposures for which there is reliable information.” This includes exposure through drinking water and in residential settings, but does not include occupational exposure. Pursuant to section 408(c)(2)(B), in establishing or maintaining in effect an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance, EPA must take into account the factors set forth in section 408(b)(2)(C), which require EPA to give special consideration to exposure of infants and children to the pesticide chemical residue in establishing a tolerance and to “ensure that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result to infants and children from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue. . . .” Additionally, section 408(b)(2)(D) of the FFDCA requires that the Agency consider “available information concerning the cumulative effects of a particular pesticide's residues” and “other substances that have a common mechanism of toxicity.”
Section 408(c)(1)(B) of the FFDCA allows EPA to modify a regulation on its own initiative under section 408(e). Section 408(e) requires EPA to issue a notice of proposed rulemaking and provide a public comment period of not less than 60 days. However, this provision also allows EPA to shorten the comment period if the Administrator for good cause finds that it would be in the public interest to do so and states the reasons for the finding in the notice of proposed rulemaking. For this particular rule, EPA has shortened the public comment period to 15 days because the Agency believes that it is in the public interest to do so. The first end-use product using one of these pesticide active ingredients has been approved, and growers face a potential hardship if a decision is not made expeditiously.
III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
This proposed rule amends an exemption from the tolerance requirement under section 408(e) of the FFDCA, as an action taken on the Agency's own initiative to correct an oversight in establishing the current tolerance exemption for the C8, C10, and C12 straight-chain fatty acid monoesters of glycerol and propylene glycol to allow for both pre-harvest and post-harvest uses. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has exempted these types of actions from review under Executive Order 12866, entitled Regulatory Planning and Review (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993). Because this proposed rule has been exempted from review under Executive Order 12866 due to its lack of significance, this proposed rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This proposed rule does not contain any information collections subject to OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq., or impose any enforceable duty or contain any Start Printed Page 55329unfunded mandate as described under Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) (Public Law 104-4). Nor does it require any special considerations under Executive Order 12898, entitled Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994); or OMB review or any Agency action under Executive Order 13045, entitled Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997). This action does not involve any technical standards that would require Agency consideration of voluntary consensus standards pursuant to section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA), Public Law 104-113, section 12(d) (15 U.S.C. 272 note). The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) generally requires an Agency to prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any other statute unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. Small entities include small businesses, small organizations, and small governmental organizations. After considering the economic impact of this proposed rule on small entities, the Agency hereby certifies that this proposed rule will not have significant negative economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Establishing an exemption from the requirement of a pesticide tolerance (or, amending a tolerance exemption, as is proposed), is in effect, the removal of a regulatory restriction on pesticide residues in food and thus such an action will not have any negative economic impact on any entities, including small entities. In addition, the Agency has determined that this action will not have a substantial direct effect on States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132, entitled Federalism (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). Executive Order 13132 requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.” “Policies that have federalism implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.” This proposed rule directly regulates growers, food processors, food handlers and food retailers, not States. This action does not alter the relationships or distribution of power and responsibilities established by Congress in the preemption provisions of section 408(n)(4) of the FFDCA. For these same reasons, the Agency has determined that this proposed rule does not have any “tribal implications” as described in Executive Order 13175, entitled Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments (65 FR 67249, November 6, 2000). Executive Order 13175, requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.” “Policies that have tribal implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and the Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes.” This proposed rule will not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified in Executive Order 13175. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this proposed rule. The Agency hereby certifies that this proposed action will not have significant negative economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180
- Environmental protection
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Agricultural commodities
- Pesticides and pests
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Dated: September 7, 2005.
Janet L. Andersen,
Director, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention Division, Office of Pesticide Programs.
Therefore, it is proposed that 40 CFR chapter I be amended as follows:Start Part
1. The authority citation for part 180 would continue to read as follows:
2. By revising § 180.1250 to read as follows:
The C8, C10, and C12 straight-chain fatty acid monoesters of glycerol (glycerol monocaprylate, glycerol monocaprate, and glycerol monolaurate) and propylene glycol (propylene glycol monocaprylate, propylene glycol monocaprate, and propylene glycol monolaurate) are exempt from the requirement of a tolerance in or on all food commodities when used for both pre-harvest and post-harvest purposes, in accordance with approved label rates and good agricultural practice.
[FR Doc. 05-18724 Filed 9-20-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-S