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Proposed Rule

Safeguarding Food From Contamination During Transportation

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Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT.


Withdrawal of notices of proposed rulemaking.


The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), the successor agency to the Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA), is withdrawing the notice of proposed rulemaking published on May 21, 1993, and the supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking published on December 21, 2004. In those notices, the Agency proposed to implement the Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 1990 by amending its regulations to address the safe transportation of food and food products in commerce. On August 10, 2005, the President signed the Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 2005, which transferred authority for regulating the safe transportation of food from the U.S. Department of Transportation to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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Helen Engrum, Office of Hazardous Materials Standards, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC 20590-0001, telephone (202) 366-8553.

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I. Background

The Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 1990 (SFTA); required the Start Printed Page 76229Department of Transportation (DOT) to promulgate regulations to promote the safe transportation of food products. (Pub. L. 101-500, 104 Stat. 1213 [Nov. 3, 1990]). Among other requirements, SFTA required DOT, in consultation with the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Environmental Protection Agency, to:

(1) Issue regulations with respect to the transportation of food, food additives, drugs, devices, and cosmetics, as defined in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.), in motor vehicles or rail cars that are used to transport either refuse or non-food products that could make the food unsafe as a result of such transportation;

(2) Issue regulations governing the construction and use of cargo tanks and rail cars used to transport food products, including prohibiting the transportation of food products in cargo tanks and rail cars used to transport non-food products that would make the products unsafe; and

(3) Designate and publish a list of non-food products that may not be transported in cargo tanks and tank cars that are also used to transport food products.

II. Current Rulemaking

On May 21, 1993, the Agency published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to implement SFTA. (58 FR 29698). Commenters generally opposed the proposals in the NPRM and recommended that DOT defer to the HHS' Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and USDA on food safety issues.

After considering the comments to the NPRM, the Agency concluded the expertise for ensuring the safety of our nation's food supply, including transportation, lies with USDA and FDA. Based on its work with USDA and FDA, DOT determined that the public interest would be more effectively served and better addressed by building on the present statutory authority, existing enforcement and technical expertise, and operational framework already established within USDA and FDA. Implementation of a food transportation safety program under DOT would have required unnecessary duplication of personnel and funds to promulgate regulations and to conduct certain training, research and testing activities. It could result in duplication, overlap, or conflict with current or pending FDA and USDA regulations.

After a thorough review of the alternatives, the Agency issued a supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (SNPRM) on December 21, 2004 proposing to direct compliance with the existing requirements of FDA and USDA for the sanitary transportation of food. (69 FR 76432). In the SNPRM, the Agency proposed to add a new part 121 to subchapter B of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations to include definitions applicable to the transportation of food and food products and to refer to requirements of USDA (9 CFR parts 1 through 599) and FDA (21 CFR parts 1 through 1299) that apply to persons who offer for transportation or transport food in commerce by motor vehicle or rail car. We also proposed to recommend use of guidance documents and materials promulgated by FDA and USDA related to food transportation safety and security. This approach would have prevented duplication or conflict with existing regulations and would have assured primary responsibility for food safety would rest with FDA and USDA.

In response to the SNPRM, we received approximately 17 comments from food associations, highway and rail associations, freight companies, the Dangerous Goods Advisory Council, and several state governments' departments of agriculture. The majority of comments strongly supported DOT's efforts to implement SFTA by relying on the agencies that are best equipped to address these issues. The commenters agreed safeguarding food and food products from contamination during transportation in commerce is best handled and carried out by USDA and FDA. Several commenters suggested revisions to USDA and FDA requirements to address perceived shortcomings in those regulatory programs. However, such revisions were not proposed and thus are outside the scope of the rulemaking.

III. Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 2005

On August 10, 2005, the President signed the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, and Efficient Transportation Equity Act—A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU; Pub. L. 109-59, 119 Stat. 1144). Subtitle B of Title VII of SAFETEA-LU—the Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 2005—amended the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to assign the regulatory authority for food transportation safety to HHS and to require DOT, in consultation with HHS and USDA to establish procedures for transportation safety inspections to identify suspected incidents of food contamination or adulteration. Accordingly, DOT's responsibilities in this area are limited to (1) developing and implementing a training program for its inspectors that perform commercial motor vehicle or railroad safety inspections, and (2) notifying HHS or USDA, as applicable, of any instances of potential food contamination or adulteration identified during safety inspections. DOT is no longer required to issue regulations applicable to the safe transportation of food.

Accordingly, PHMSA is withdrawing the May 21, 1993 NPRM, and December 21, 2004 SNPRM and terminating this rulemaking docket. Consistent with the re-allocation of food safety responsibilities in SAFETEA-LU, we will continue to work with USDA and FDA on inspection and enforcement issues. To this end, the three agencies plan to enter into a memorandum of understanding to ensure the agencies work together effectively to assure the Nation's food supply is safe and secure, particularly in the distribution channels involving transportation. USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) and FDA will provide practical information regarding their regulations and activities concerning food safety and security. Further, FSIS and FDA will provide guidance to, and coordinate with, DOT on sharing of significant information resulting from DOT safety inspections. FSIS and FDA will work with DOT to develop standard training for transportation inspectors to enable them to recognize suspected incidents of contamination or adulteration or other potential food safety or security concerns encountered during their inspections and to report these incidents to FSIS or FDA.

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Issued in Washington, DC on December 20, 2005, under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.53(i).

Stacey L. Gerard,

Acting Assistant Administrator/Chief Safety Officer.

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[FR Doc. 05-24435 Filed 12-22-05; 8:45 am]