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Airworthiness Directives; Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7R4 Turbofan Engines

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION:

Final rule; request for comments.

SUMMARY:

The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for Pratt & Whitney (PW) JT9D-7R4 turbofan engines. This AD requires inspection of the blade root thickness of 1st stage fan blades identified by part number (P/N) and serial number (SN) in this AD, by a repair station approved by PW to perform the inspection. This AD results from a report that a repair station created their own repair and performed it on 520 1st stage fan blades, without approval from PW. We are issuing this AD to prevent 1st stage fan blade fracture and uncontained engine failure, resulting in possible damage to the airplane.

DATES:

This AD becomes effective January 11, 2006.

We must receive any comments on this AD by February 27, 2006.

ADDRESSES:

Use one of the following addresses to comment on this AD:

  • DOT Docket Web site: Go to http://dms.dot.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically.
  • Government-wide rulemaking Web site: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your comments electronically.
  • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Nassif Building, Room PL-401, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
  • Fax: (202) 493-2251.
  • Hand Delivery: Room PL-401 on the plaza level of the Nassif Building, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Kevin Donovan, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803-5299; telephone (781) 238-7743, fax (781) 238-7199.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In May 2005, we received a report from Airfoil Technologies International (ATI), of the United Kingdom, that their repair station created their own repair and performed it on 520 1st stage fan blades, without approval from PW. The repairs were made to a critical area of the fan blade root. PW requires source demonstration by each repair station before they approve the repair station to perform blade repairs, including the repair that should have been performed to these 1st stage fan blades, known as Repair-23. This requirement exists due to PW's concern with proper blending in a critical area of the blade root. This condition, if not corrected, could result in 1st stage fan blade fracture and uncontained engine failure, resulting in possible damage to the airplane.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of this AD

The unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop on other PW JT9D-7R4 turbofan engines of the same type design. For that reason, we are issuing this AD to prevent 1st stage fan blade fracture and uncontained engine failure, resulting in possible damage to the airplane. This AD requires, before installing the 1st stage fan blades that are listed by P/N and SN in Table 1 of this AD, or if already installed, at the next 1st stage fan blade exposure:

  • Checking the 1st stage fan blade for a circled, letter I, on the approved marking area of the outboard side of the blade platform. If the blade has this marking, no further action is required.
  • Removing 1st stage fan blades without a circled, letter I, on the approved marking area of the outboard side of the blade platform if installed; and
  • Sending 1st stage fan blades to a source-substantiation-approved repair station, approved by PW, for inspection of the blade root thickness; and
  • Returning to service 1st stage fan blades that pass the inspection, after properly marking the blade.

FAA's Determination of the Effective Date

Since an unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of this AD, we have found that notice and opportunity for public comment before issuing this AD are impracticable, and that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety and was not preceded by notice and an opportunity for public comment; however, we invite you to send us any written relevant data, views, or arguments regarding this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under ADDRESSES. Include “AD Docket No. FAA-2005-23072; Directorate Identifier 2005-NE-38-AD” in the subject line of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of the rule that might suggest a need to modify it.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://Start Printed Page 76382dms.dot.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact with FAA personnel concerning this AD. Using the search function of the DMS Web site, anyone can find and read the comments in any of our dockets, including the name of the individual who sent the comment (or signed the comment on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review the DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit http://dms.dot.gov.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the docket that contains the AD, any comments received, and any final disposition in person at the Docket Management Facility Docket Office between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The Docket Office (telephone (800) 647-5227) is located on the plaza level of the Department of Transportation Nassif Building at the street address stated in ADDRESSES. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after the DMS receives them.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in subtitle VII, part A, subpart III, section 44701, “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify that the regulation:

1. Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

2. Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a summary of the costs to comply with this AD and placed it in the AD Docket. You may get a copy of this summary at the address listed under ADDRESSES.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

End List of Subjects

Adoption of the Amendment

Start Amendment Part

Under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration amends part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive:

End Amendment Part

2005-26-09 Pratt & Whitney: Amendment 39-14430. Docket No. FAA-2005-23072; Directorate Identifier 2005-NE-38-AD.

Effective Date

(a) This airworthiness directive (AD) becomes effective January 11, 2006.

Affected ADs

(b) None.

Applicability

(c) This AD applies to Pratt & Whitney (PW) JT9D-7R4 turbofan engines. These engines are installed on, but not limited to, Airbus A300 and A310, and Boeing 747and 767 airplanes.

Unsafe Condition

(d) This AD results from a report that a repair station created their own repair and performed it on 520 1st stage fan blades, without approval from PW. We are issuing this AD to prevent 1st stage fan blade fracture and uncontained engine failure, resulting in possible damage to the airplane.

Compliance

(e) You are responsible for having the actions required by this AD performed within the compliance times specified unless the actions have already been done.

(f) Before installing the 1st stage fan blades that are listed by part number and serial number in Table 1 of this AD, or if already installed, at the next 1st stage fan blade exposure, do the following:

Table 1.—Affected 1st Stage Fan Blades

Part numberSerial no.
5001341-022JW2804
5001341-022JW0354
5001341-022ND5746
5001341-022ND5770
5001341-022JW3992
5001341-022ND8615
5001341-022JW0442
5001341-022JW2317
5001341-022ND8631
5001341-022ND8635
5001341-022JW4624
5001341-022NE0394
5001341-022NE0153
5001341-022NN8054
5001341-022JW4693
5001341-022ND7304
5001341-022MG6108
5001341-022MG5862
5001341-022MG5619
5001341-022NE0308
5001341-022NE0200
5001341-022MG6797
5001341-022JW0230
5001341-022ND5652
5001341-022ND5775
5001341-022JW0251
5001341-022ND5719
5001341-022JW0248
5001341-022ND5785
5001341-022ND5676
5001341-022ND5661
5001341-022JW0265
5001341-022ND5699
5001341-022ND5767
5001341-022JW0259
5001341-022ND5680
5001341-022ND5749
5001341-022JW0235
5001341-022ND5776
5001341-022ND8580
5001341-022MG6039
5001341-022ND9127
5001341-022JW4287
5001341-022JW0262
5001341-022JW0445
5001341-022JW4665
5001341-022MG5901
5001341-022NE0303
5001341-022ND8703
5001341-022JW4574
5001341-022JW4286
5001341-022JW4491
5001341-022JW4630
5001341-022JW4391
5001341-022MG6550
5001341-022MG6776
5001341-022JW4586
5001341-022JW0352
5001341-022JW4261
5001341-022MG6135
5001341-022JW4685
5001341-022MG6772
5001341-022MG6793
5001341-022MG7111
5001341-022ND8618
Start Printed Page 76383
5001341-022JW0644
5001341-022JW4631
5001341-022JW4651
5001341-022JW0234
5001341-022JW4646
804121NN9016
804121VJ3393
804121PX3694
804121RK9168
804121PX5023
804121VJ3324
804121VJ3504
804121NN9115
804121NN8936
804121PX3816
804121VJ3412
804121RK9163
804121VJ3447
804121RK9230
804121RK9109
804121PX4627
804121RK8990
804121SP9459
804121RK8656
804121NN8933
804121VJ3444
804121ND5864
804121NN9020
804121RK8905
804121SR1733
804121NN9047
804121PX3692
804121PX3786
804121NN9025
804121NN9007
804121RK9100
804121VJ3399
804121PX4970
804121PX5013
804121RK8904
804121NN8986
804121NN8829
804121VJ3459
804121RK9143
804121VJ3414
804121NN9028
804121SP1557
804121PX5003
804121PX5042
804121VJ3475
804121ND7330
804121PX3714
831021-003NS8913
831021-003ND6512
831021-003ND6941
831021-003ND9576
831021-003NS7555
831021-003NS8286
831021-003NS7447
831021-003ND6488
831021-003ND8296
831021-003ND6956
831021-003ND7879
831021-003ND6509
831021-003ND9814
831021-003NN7331
831021-003ND6991
831021-003ND6894
831021-003NS6413
831021-003ND7344
831021-003ND6947
831021-003NN8732
831021-003ND8536
831021-003ND6946
831021-003ND6723
831021-003ND9294
831021-003ND9290
831021-003ND6013
831021-003ND8937
831021-003NS7160
831021-003NS6435
831021-003NS6591
831021-003ND9558
831021-003NS8479
831021-003NS9382
831021-003ND8965
831021-003ND9837
831021-003ND5959
831021-003NS6491
831021-003NS9072
831021-003ND9625
831021-003ND6714
831021-003ND6820
831021-003ND8972
831021-003NE0286
831021-003NE0347
831021-003ND8010
831021-003ND8956
831021-003ND9535
831021-003ND9831
831021-003NE0227
831021-003ND8283
831021-003ND9730
831021-003NN7656
831021-003NS7775
831021-003ND9815
831021-003ND6135
831021-003NS8491
831021-003NS6395
831021-003NS8584
831021-003NN7272
831021-003MG7159
831021-003NS6592
831021-003ND7862
831021-003ND6684
831021-003NN7744
831021-003ND7480
831021-003ND7873
831021-003ND6827
831021-003ND6576
831021-003ND9261
831021-003NS8686
831021-003ND9052
831021-003ND6897
831021-003ND6565
831021-003NN8966
831021-003PX3707
831021-003NS7031
831021-003ND6584
831021-003ND9883
831021-003NS6535
831021-003ND7852
831021-003ND9662
831021-003ND7871
831021-003JW0106
831021-003ND8305
831021-003NS6409
831021-003NE0442
831021-003ND9095
831021-003ND9302
831021-003ND9023
831021-003ND8009
831021-003ND8477
831021-003ND7492
831021-003ND8776
831021-003ND6524
831021-003ND6704
831021-003ND8911
831021-003ND8789
831021-003ND8798
831021-003ND6407
831021-003ND7668
831021-003ND9179
831021-003NE0421
831021-003ND6513
831021-003ND6744
831021-003ND7654
831021-003ND7870
831021-003ND9759
831021-003ND6561
831021-003ND5826
831021-003ND6031
831021-003ND8714
831021-003ND8872
831021-003ND6678
831021-003ND6629
831021-003ND8995
831021-003NE0302
831021-003ND6405
831021-003NS8300
831021-003NS8769
831021-003NS7147
831021-003ND6649
831021-003ND7766
831021-003NS7864
831021-003NS8734
831021-003ND6677
831021-003NS7911
831021-003ND8205
831021-003ND8804
831021-003ND6639
831021-003ND8994
831021-003ND7275
831021-003ND9195
831021-003ND6178
831021-003ND8639
831021-003ND9760
831021-003ND9108X
831021-003ND6427
831021-003ND6590
831021-003NS6551
831021-003JW1158
831021-003ND6412
831021-003ND7922
831021-003NS8678
831021-003ND8930
831021-003ND6596
831021-003ND9570
831021-003NN9027
831021-003ND6446
831021-003NE0275
831021-003ND9917
831021-003NS7919
831021-003NS7907
831021-003ND6583
831021-003NN7420
831021-003ND7746
831021-003ND8187
831021-003NN8999
831021-003ND6043
831021-003ND7880
831021-003NN7175
831021-003ND9816
Start Printed Page 76384
831021-003ND8174
831021-003ND6045
831021-003NS7562
831021-003JW0075
831021-003ND6848
831021-003ND8531
831021-003ND6311
831021-003ND8144
831021-003ND5798
831021-003ND8113
831021-003ND9642
831021-003ND7436
831021-003ND9054
831021-003ND9683
831021-003ND5991
831021-003ND6026
831021-003ND6616
831021-003ND6530
831021-003NE0374
831021-003ND6364
831021-003ND7718
831021-003ND6473
831021-003ND6436
831021-003ND6887
831021-003ND6518
831021-003ND6479
831021-003NS6330
831021-003ND7264
831021-003ND8151
831021-003ND6562
831021-003NS8776
831021-003ND6519
831021-003ND7659
831021-003NS9049
831021-003NS6861
831021-003ND9571
831021-003ND9346
831021-003ND6501
831021-003NS8505
831021-003ND9338
831021-003ND9775
831021-003ND6485
831021-003ND7165
831021-003ND9371
831021-003ND9537
831021-003NS7889
831021-003ND7877
831021-003ND8670
831021-003ND9032
831021-003ND8781
831021-003ND8604
831021-003ND9329
831021-003ND9110
831021-003ND5997
831021-003ND6027
831021-003ND9589
831021-003ND6575
831021-003ND6592
831021-003ND6463
831021-003NS8583
831021-003NS8590
831021-003NS8567
831021-003NS6795
831021-003NS7110
831021-003NS6587
831021-003NS6404
831021-003ND6486
5001341-022JW0942
5001341-022ND9231
5001341-022JW4812
5001341-022ND6555
5001341-022M1375
5001341-022MG6627
5001341-022MG6794
5001341-022ND9399
5001341-022NE0084
5001341-022MG6252
5001341-022ND7422
5001341-022ND7043
5001341-022MG5722
5001341-022MG5918
5001341-022ND6984
5001341-022M0839
5001341-022M0922
5001341-022M0938
5001341-022M1117
5001341-022M0307
5001341-022JW3871
5001341-022M1125
5001341-022M1149
5001341-022JW2681
5001341-022M0270
5001341-022M1120
5001341-022M0205
5001341-022AE9352
5001341-022JW3492
5001341-022ND6148
5001341-022ND8907
5001341-022M1235
5001341-022MG5585
5001341-022ND8436
5001341-022MG5696
5001341-022ND8704
5001341-022JW2284
5001341-023JW2313
5001341-024JW2498
5001341-025JW2541
5001341-026JW2560
5001341-027JW2589
5001341-028JW2639
5001341-029JW2760
5001341-030JW2792
5001341-031M0579
5001341-032MG2825
5001341-033MG5477
5001341-034ND5917
5001341-022JW1976
5001341-022JW2653
5001341-022JW2608
5001341-022JW2727
5001341-022JW2764
5001341-022JW2265
5001341-022JW2474
5001341-022JW2396
5001341-022JW3554
5001341-022JW2667
5001341-022MG2302
5001341-022MG3972
5001341-022JW3930
5001341-022ND6749
5001341-022M1172
5001341-022JW2104
5001341-022JW2519
5001341-022JW2640
5001341-022JW2517
5001341-022JW2663
5001341-022JW2823
5001341-022M0536
5001341-022JW2725
5001341-022MG5917
5001341-022JW0681
5001341-022JW0711
5001341-022JW0740
5001341-022JW0807
5001341-022JW1089
5001341-022JW1362
5001341-022JW2065
5001341-022MG2434
5001341-022MG2846
5001341-022JW0806
804121NN9854
804121NN9024
804121NN9032
804121PX5029
804121NN9050
804121NS8242
804121NS8260
804121PX4273
804121PX4378
804121RL0857
804121RX8763
804121NS8331
804121NN9824
804121MG6979
804121MG7023
804121MG7055
804121RK8914
804121RL0023
804121PX4328
804121RK9008
804121TG1506
804121KK8226
804121MG2604
804121NS6691
804121RK8968
804121NN9917
804121RK7824
804121M1343
804121NS6559
804121NS7767
804121NE0363
804121PX3771
804121NN9972
804121RL0460
804121RK8310
804121SR2115
804121TG2826
804121PX5018
804121PX5002
831021-003ND7627
831021-003ND6890
831021-003ND7461
831021-003ND9616
831021-003NE0413
831021-003NS8825
831021-003NS6350
831021-003NS7168
831021-003NS7705
831021-003NS7848
831021-003ND9128
831021-003ND9541
831021-003ND9671
831021-003ND9684
831021-003NE0277
831021-003NE0384
831021-003NE0396
831021-003ND6421
831021-003ND6599
831021-003ND6614
831021-003ND7847
831021-003ND8346
831021-003ND8853
831021-003ND8915
Start Printed Page 76385
831021-003NS8719
831021-003NS8838
831021-003NT0169
831021-003NS9584
831021-003ND6445
831021-003ND6834
831021-003ND7467
831021-003ND8887
831021-003ND6520
831021-003NS8611
831021-003NS7640
831021-003NN7037
831021-003NN7590
831021-003NN8120
831021-003NN8573
831021-003NN9719
831021-003NS8784
831021-003TB6B367
831021-003NN9557
831021-003NN9710
831021-003NS8374
831021-003NS8770
831021-003NS9022
831021-003NS8416
831021-003NS6474
831021-003ND8912
831021-003NT0108
831021-003NS8836
831021-003NN8310

(1) Check the 1st stage fan blade for a circled, letter I, on the approved marking area of the outboard side of the blade platform. If the blade has this marking, no further action is required.

(2) Remove 1st stage fan blades without a circled, letter I, on the approved marking area of the outboard side of the blade platform, if installed.

(3) Send 1st stage fan blades to a source-substantiation-approved repair station, approved by PW, for inspection of the blade root thickness. You can find information on inspecting the blade root thickness in Engine Manual Section 72-31-02, Inspect—01, and Repair—23.

(g) For 1st stage fan blades that pass the inspection referenced in paragraph (f) of this AD:

(1) Vibropeen the letter I and a circle around that letter, on the approved marking area of the outboard side of the blade platform. You can find information on approved blade marking in the JT9D-7R4 Engine Manual, Section 72-31-02, Typical Repair—13, Mark Repair Codes.

(2) Return the 1st stage fan blades to service.

Alternative Methods of Compliance

(h) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, has the authority to approve alternative methods of compliance for this AD if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19.

Related Information

(i) None.

Start Signature

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on December 16, 2005.

Peter A. White,

Acting Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 05-24448 Filed 12-23-05; 8:45 am]

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