Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on January 5, 2006, the American Stock Exchange LLC (“Amex” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been prepared by the Amex. On January 31, 2006, the Exchange filed Amendment No. 1 to the proposed rule change. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change, as amended, from interested persons and to approve the amended proposal on an accelerated basis.
I. Self-Regulat ory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
The Amex proposes to amend Exchange Rules 1, 918—ANTE, 936C—ANTE and 903C to adjust the close of normal trading hours in equity options and options based on stock index industry groups (“narrow-based index options”) from 4:02 p.m. eastern time (“e.t.”) to 4 p.m. e.t. The Exchange proposes that these changes be implemented on February 13, 2006. The text of the proposed rule change, as amended, is available on the Amex's Web site at (http://www.amex.com), at the Amex's Office of the Secretary, and at the Commission's Public Reference Room.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change, as amended, and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change, as amended. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item III below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
According to the Exchange, the purpose of the proposed rule change, as amended, is to amend the Amex's rules to conform to an industry-wide consensus to change the close of trading hours for equity options and narrow-based index options from 4:02 p.m. e.t. to 4 p.m. e.t. After the change, the time of the close of trading in these Amex options will correspond to the normal time set for the close of trading on the primary exchanges listing the stocks underlying the Amex options. The primary exchanges generally close at 4 p.m. e.t.
The Exchange notes that, on May 14, 1997, the Amex received approval to move the close of equity options trading from 4:10 p.m. to 4:02 p.m. The change was prompted by improvements in the dissemination of closing prices in the underlying securities, the limited ability of public customers to reach as quickly as professional traders news announcements in the last ten minutes of trading, and the difficulties experienced by options specialists and Start Printed Page 8009registered options traders to make orderly markets without the ability to hedge or otherwise offset market risk with transactions in the underlying stock.
The rationale to continue trading options for a period of time after the close of trading on the primary markets for the underlying securities was that the extended time period allowed options traders to respond to later reports of closing prices over the consolidated tape. If the price of a late reported trade on an underlying security was substantially different from the previous reported price, the extended trading session would give options traders the opportunity to bring options quotes in line with the closing price of the underlying security.
However, the Exchange submits that because of technological advances in the processing and reporting of transactions, this two minute time period is no longer necessary to trade options after the underlying securities close trading. Additionally, price aberrations can occur if an option is traded when the underlying stock is no longer trading, since there is a close relationship in the price of the underlying stock and the overlying options. As a result, it is difficult for the market to price options accurately when the underlying security is not trading.
The Exchange also proposes to change the closing time for narrow-based index options, as defined in Amex Rule 900C, because such indexes are subject to the same pricing problems as options on individual stocks. A significant news announcement on one component of a narrow-based index could have a significant effect on that index. The Exchange is not at this time proposing to change the closing time of 4:15 p.m. for options on a broad-based index, as defined in Amex Rule 900C, because it is unlikely that a significant news announcement by the issuer on one component stock of a broad-based index is likely to have a significant effect on the price of that broad-based index.
The Exchange notes that all options exchanges have determined to make similar uniform changes to their rules, to modify the closing time in equity options and narrow-based index options from 4:02 p.m. e.t. to 4 p.m. e.t. on a coordinated basis. These industry-wide changes are proposed to be effective on February 13, 2006.
2. Statutory Basis
The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change, as amended, is consistent with section 6(b) of the Act  in general, and furthers the objectives of section 6(b)(5) of the Act  in particular, because it is designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanisms of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
The Amex does not believe that the proposed rule change, as amended, will impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants or Others
No written comments were solicited or received with respect to the proposed rule change, as amended.
III. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change, as amended, is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:
- Use the Commission's Internet comment form at (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
- Send an e-mail to email@example.com. Please include File Number SR-Amex-2006-003 on the subject line.
- Send paper comments in triplicate to Nancy M. Morris, Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street, NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.
All submissions should refer to File Number SR-Amex-2006-003. This file number should be included on the subject line if e-mail is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Section. Copies of such filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Amex. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR-Amex-2006-003 and should be submitted on or before March 8, 2006.
IV. Commission's Findings and Order Granting Accelerated Approval of Proposed Rule Change
After careful review, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change, as amended, is consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange. In particular, the Commission finds that the proposal is consistent with section 6(b)(5) of the Act, which requires, among other things, that the rules of a national securities exchange be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to foster cooperation and coordination with persons engaged in facilitating transactions in securities, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national market system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
The Commission notes that the Exchange believes that the need to continue trading options for some period of time after the close of trading in the underlying securities markets is no longer necessary because improvements in the processing and reporting of transactions have obviated Start Printed Page 8010the need to respond to late reports of closing prices over the consolidated tape in order to bring options quotes in line with the closing price of the underlying security. Moreover, the Exchange believes that allowing two additional minutes of options trading after trading on the underlying primary exchanges has ended may actually result in pricing aberrations. Because the two minute delay between the close of normal trading in equity options and narrow-based index options and the corresponding underlying equity markets is no longer necessary, the Commission believes that eliminating the delay is in the public interest and appropriate for the protection of investors and the maintenance of fair and orderly markets. Therefore, the Commission finds that it is consistent with the Act for the Exchange to amend its rules to change the close of normal trading hours in equity and narrow-based index options from 4:02 p.m. (e.t.) to 4 p.m. (e.t).
The Commission finds good cause for approving this proposed rule change, as amended, before the thirtieth day after publication of notice thereof in the Federal Register. The Commission notes that all of the options exchanges have filed substantially similar proposals and seek to implement these industry-wide changes simultaneously on February 13, 2006. For example, on December 20, 2005, the Commission published for comment in the Federal Register a similar proposed rule change submitted by the Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated (“CBOE”). The Commission received no comments on the CBOE's proposed rule change. The Commission believes that the Amex's proposed rule change, as amended, raises no new issues or novel regulatory questions. Accordingly, the Commission finds good cause, pursuant to section 19(b)(2) of the Act, for approving the proposed rule change, as amended, prior to the thirtieth day after publication in the Federal Register. In addition, because the existence of dissimilar closing times among the options exchanges could lead to confusion for options investors and broker-dealers, the Commission finds good cause to accelerate approval of the proposed rule change, as amended, to enable the six options exchanges to simultaneously amend their hours of trading on an industry-wide basis in a uniform manner.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change and Amendment No. 1 thereto (SR-Amex-2006-003) be, and hereby are, approved on an accelerated basis.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
J. Lynn Taylor,
3. In Amendment No. 1, the Exchange requested that the implementation date for the new closing time be changed from February 1, 2006, as was originally proposed, to February 13, 2006.Back to Citation
4. Id.Back to Citation
5. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 38640 (May 14, 1997), 62 FR 28081 (May 22, 1997). According to the Exchange, from 1978 through 1997, equity options were traded until 4:10 p.m. to allow investors to trade options based upon the final closing prices of the underlying securities.Back to Citation
6. See Amendment No. 1, supra note 3.Back to Citation
8. 15 U.S.C. 78f(b)(5). The statutory basis with which the Exchange believes that the proposed rule change is consistent has been corrected from Section 6(b)(4) of the Act to Section 6(b)(5) of the Act. Telephone conversation between Nyieri Nazarian, Assistant General Counsel, Amex, and Johnna B. Dumler, Attorney, Division of Market Regulation, Commission, on January 11, 2006.Back to Citation
9. In approving this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
11. See note 14, infra.Back to Citation
12. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 52949 (December 13, 2005), 70 FR 75513 (December 20, 2005) (SR-CBOE-2005-104). See also Securities Exchange Act Release No. 53055 (January 5, 2006), 71 FR 2279 (January 13, 2006) (SR-ISE-2005-58).Back to Citation
14. The Commission notes that it is simultaneously approving similar proposals from the other options exchanges. See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 53245 (SR-BSE-2006-02); 53446 (SR-CBOE-2005-104); 53248 (SR-ISE-2005-58); 53249 (SR-PCX-2005-138); and 53247 (SR-Phlx-2006-01) (February 7, 2006).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E6-2109 Filed 2-14-06; 8:45 am]
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