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Proposed Rule

Lead; Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program; Notice of Availability

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Notice of availability.


On January 10, 2006, EPA proposed new requirements to reduce exposure to lead hazards created by renovation, repair, and painting activities that disturb lead-based paint. The proposal supports the attainment of the Federal Government's goal of eliminating childhood lead poisoning by 2010. With this document, EPA is announcing the availability of two new studies in the rulemaking docket. The studies include one conducted by EPA—Characterization of Dust Lead Levels after Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities and a second study conducted by the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB)—Lead-Safe Work Practices Survey Project. EPA will consider revisions to the proposed work practice standards following review of these studies and consideration of public comment received as a result of this document. Comments should be submitted to the docket for the proposed rule and must be received on or before April 16, 2007.


Comments must be received on or before April 16, 2007.


Submit your comments, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2005-0049, by one of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
  • Mail: Document Control Office (7407M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.
  • Hand Delivery: OPPT Document Control Office (DCO), EPA East Bldg., Rm. 6428, 1201 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC. Attention: Docket ID Number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2005-0049. The DCO is open from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the DCO is (202) 564-8930. Such deliveries are only accepted during the DCO’s normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information.

Instructions: Direct your comments to docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2005-0049. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included in the docket without change and may be made available on-line at, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through or e-mail. The website is an “anonymous access” system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional information about EPA’s public docket, visit the EPA Docket Center homepage at​epahome/​dockets.htm.

Docket: EPA established a docket for this action under ID number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2005-0049. All documents in the docket are listed in the docket's index available at Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available electronically at, or, if only available in hard copy, at the OPPT Docket. The OPPT Docket is located in the EPA Docket Center (EPA/DC) at Rm. 3334, EPA West Bldg., 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, Start Printed Page 12583DC. The EPA/DC Public Reading Room hours of operation are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding Federal holidays. The telephone number of the EPA/DC Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the OPPT Docket is (202) 566-0280. Docket visitors are required to show photographic identification, pass through a metal detector, and sign the EPA visitor log. All visitor bags are processed through an X-ray machine and subject to search. Visitors will be provided an EPA/DC badge that must be visible at all times in the building and returned upon departure.

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For general information contact: Colby Lintner, Regulatory Coordinator, Environmental Assistance Division (7408M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001; telephone number: (202) 554-1404; e-mail address:

For technical information contact: Mike Wilson, National Program Chemicals Division, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001; telephone number: (202) 566-0521; e-mail address:

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I. General Information

A. Does this Action Apply to Me?

You may be potentially affected by this action if you perform renovations of target housing for compensation or dust sampling. Target housing is defined in section 401 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) as any housing constructed prior to 1978, except housing for the elderly or persons with disabilities (unless any child under age 6 resides or is expected to reside in such housing) or any 0-bedroom dwelling. Potentially affected entities may include, but are not limited to:

  • Building construction (NAICS code 236), e.g., single family housing construction, multi-family housing construction, residential remodelers.
  • Specialty trade contractors (NAICS code 238), e.g., plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors, painting and wall covering contractors, electrical contractors, finish carpentry contractors, drywall and insulation contractors, siding contractors, tile and terrazzo contractors, glass and glazing contractors.
  • Real estate (NAICS code 531), e.g., lessors of residential buildings and dwellings, residential property managers.
  • Other technical and trade schools (NAICS code 611519), e.g., training providers.
  • Engineering services (NAICS code 541330) and building inspection services (NAICS code 541350), e.g., dust sampling technicians.

This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in this unit could also be affected. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes have been provided to assist you and others in determining whether this action might apply to certain entities. To determine whether you or your business may be affected by this action, you should carefully examine the applicability provisions in § 745.82 of the proposed rule. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the technical person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

B. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA?

1. Submitting CBI. Do not submit this information to EPA through or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, as CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD-ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2.

2. Tips for preparing your comments. When submitting comments, remember to:

i. Identify the document by docket ID number and other identifying information (subject heading, Federal Register date and page number).

ii. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number.

iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes.

iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/or data that you used.

v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced.

vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and suggest alternatives.

vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats.

viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified.

II. What Action Is the Agency Taking?

Many residences built prior to 1978 contain lead-based paint. Activities that involve the disturbance or removal of lead-based paint, including many renovation and repair activities, can result in high localized concentrations of lead dust in the air and on exposed surfaces within the home, as well as in surrounding soils.

In support of the Federal Government’s goal of eliminating childhood lead poisoning by 2010, EPA proposed a rule establishing requirements to protect residents of pre-1978 housing units from lead hazards due to renovation, repair, and painting activities. The proposed rule, issued under the authority of section 402(c)(3) of TSCA, was published in the Federal Register of January 10, 2006 (71 FR 1588) (FRL-7755-5). With this document, EPA is announcing the availability of two new studies in the rulemaking docket.

1. Characterization of Dust Lead Levels after Renovation, Repair, and Painting Activities (January 23, 2007). In an effort to support a thorough risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis of the proposed rule, EPA designed and conducted a field study to characterize dust lead levels during various stages of renovation, repair, and painting activities. Results of that field study are presented in this report.

2. Lead-Safe Work Practices Survey Project (November 9, 2006). NAHB conducted an assessment of renovation and remodeling activities to measure levels of lead dust generated by home improvement contractors. The objective of this project was to measure the amount of lead dust generated during typical renovation and remodeling activities and assess whether routine renovation and remodeling activities increased lead dust levels in the work area and property.

A copy of these studies is now available in the docket for this action (EPA-HQ-OPPT-2005-0049). EPA is Start Printed Page 12584asking the public to consider their previous comments in light of these studies, particularly those related to the proposed work practice standards. EPA intends to consider these studies, and public comment received as a result of this document, in the development of the final Renovation, Repair, and Painting Program rule. In particular, EPA requests comment on the proposed methods of containment, cleaning, and cleaning verification in light of the information contained in these studies. In addition, the Agency is interested in comments on whether certain practices should require additional protective measures or should be prohibited based on the study findings. Comments should be submitted to the docket for the proposed rule (EPA-HQ-OPPT-2005-0049) and must be received on or before April 16, 2007.

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List of Subjects 40 CFR Part 745

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Dated: March 12, 2007.

James B. Gulliford,

Assistant Administrator, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances.

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[FR Doc. E7-4869 Filed 3-15-07; 8:45 am]