Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.
Notice of CMS Ruling.
This notice announces a CMS Ruling that establishes a process for own motion review of Medicare Prescription Drug Program (Part D) cases by the Medicare Appeals Council.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Arrah Tabe-Bedward, (410) 786-7129 or Kathryn McCann Smith, (410) 786-7623.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The CMS Acting Administrator signed Ruling CMS-4083-NR on March 15, 2007. The text of the CMS Ruling is as follows:
Implementation of a Process for Own Motion Review of Part D Cases by the Medicare Appeals Council
Summary: This Ruling establishes a process, consistent with the current Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) appeals rules in title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations, part 405, subpart I, for own motion review of Part D cases by the Medicare Appeals Council. This Ruling is effective on the date the Acting Administrator signs the Ruling.
Citations: Sections 1852(g), 1860D-4(g)-(h), and 1869 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-22, 1395w-104 and 1395ff).
I. Background on Part D Appeals
Sections 1860D-4(g) and (h) of the Social Security Act (the Act) and the implementing regulations at 42 CFR part 423, subpart M, establish a Part D enrollee's right to appeal an adverse coverage determination made by a Part D plan sponsor (“plan sponsor”), as defined at 42 CFR 423.4, that results in the denial of prescription drug coverage the enrollee believes he or she is entitled to receive under the Part D program. This includes a plan sponsor's decision not to provide or pay for a Part D drug, failure to provide a coverage determination in a timely manner when a delay would adversely affect the enrollee's health, a decision concerning a tiering or non-formulary exceptions request, and a decision on the amount Start Printed Page 13802of cost sharing for a drug. The appeals process establishes that enrollees who are dissatisfied with a coverage determination have the right to request that the plan sponsor conduct a redetermination of its coverage determination. The enrollee then has the right to request a reconsideration by the Part D independent review entity (IRE) if the enrollee is dissatisfied with the plan sponsor's redetermination. If the enrollee is dissatisfied with the Part D IRE's decision, and the amount in controversy (AIC) requirement is satisfied, the enrollee has the right to request an administrative law judge (ALJ) hearing. An enrollee who is dissatisfied with the ALJ's decision has the right to file a request for review with the Medicare Appeals Council (MAC). If the enrollee is dissatisfied with the MAC's decision and the AIC requirement is satisfied, the enrollee has the right to file a civil action in Federal district court.
II. Background on MAC Own Motion Review Authority
Section 1860D-4(h) of the Act provides that plan sponsors follow appeals procedures in § 1852(g)(5) of the Act that are similar to those applicable to Medicare Advantage (MA) organizations for Part C appeals. Section 1860D-4(h) is silent with respect to own motion review by the MAC. Section 1852(g)(5) provides that enrollees in MA plans who are dissatisfied with determinations regarding their Part C benefits are entitled, if they meet the amount in controversy requirement, to a hearing before the Secretary to the same extent as is provided in § 205(b) of the Act and judicial review of the Secretary's final decision as provided in § 205(g) of the Act. Section 1869(b)(1)(A) of the Act, which sets forth the requirements for FFS appeals, contains similar language to that set forth in § 1852(g)(5) and also refers to § 205(b) and (g). Again, these sections of the Act do not discuss own motion review by the MAC.
These statutory concepts are reflected in the Part D regulations at 42 CFR part 423, subpart M and the Part C regulations at 42 CFR part 422, subpart M. The Part D regulations state that, unless otherwise provided, the Part C regulations regarding appeals will apply to Part D appeals “to the extent they are appropriate.” 42 CFR 423.562(c). The Part D regulations regarding MAC review do not provide any guidance on own motion review and, instead, at § 423.620, explicitly state that the regulations in part 422, subpart M, regarding MAC review apply to Part D appeals “to the extent applicable.” The Part C regulations governing appeals at the ALJ and MAC levels provide that adjudicators apply the FFS appeals procedures in 42 CFR part 405 “to the extent that they are appropriate.” 42 CFR 422.562(d). Like the Part D regulations, the Part C regulations governing MAC review are silent on own motion review and state that the FFS regulations “regarding MAC review apply to matters addressed by this subpart to the extent that they are appropriate.” 42 CFR 422.608.
Therefore, because there is no guidance on own motion review by the MAC in the existing Part C and Part D statutory and regulatory frameworks, we look to the FFS regulations. This Ruling is intended to establish the process for own motion review of Part D cases by the MAC using the process established under the FFS regulations, as appropriate. This Ruling does not limit the authority of the Secretary to issue future rulemaking or guidance documents addressing Part D appeals issues, including the MAC's own motion review authority.
III. MAC Own Motion Review Under Part 405 and Under This Ruling
We believe that it is appropriate to provide a process for making own motion referrals to the MAC for Part D appeals so that there is a means for seeking MAC review of ALJ decisions that may warrant review. Based on the existing statutory and regulatory frameworks, and for the limited purpose of this Ruling, we look to the FFS appeals process for MAC own motion review set out in 42 CFR part 405, subpart I to assist in developing this process and determining (1) who may refer cases to the MAC, (2) the standards of referral and review, and (3) other procedural requirements.
A. Who May Refer Part D Cases to the MAC for Own Motion Review
Under 42 CFR 405.1110(a), the MAC may decide on its own motion to review a decision or dismissal by an ALJ. In addition, CMS or its contractors may refer a case to the MAC for consideration under this own motion authority if the referral is made anytime within 60 days after the date of an ALJ's decision or dismissal.
Section 1860D-4(h)(1) of the Act establishes that only a “Part D eligible individual shall be entitled to bring such an appeal.” Moreover, existing regulations do not provide plan sponsors with the ability to bring an appeal or afford plan sponsors party status to an appeal. Thus, plan sponsors do not have a direct right of appeal to the MAC. Similarly, the existing Part D statute and regulations do not explicitly allow either CMS or its contractors to participate in or be parties to ALJ hearings.
For purposes of this Ruling, we believe it is appropriate for the MAC to decide on its own motion to review a decision or dismissal by an ALJ. In addition, we believe that it is appropriate that only CMS or the Part D IRE make referrals to the MAC for own motion review. As a procedural matter and for efficiency, we expect that most of the referrals will be made through the Part D IRE, because it is the entity responsible for monitoring plan effectuation of favorable decisions and serves as a repository for all completed Part D ALJ cases and associated files. The Part D IRE has neither a business nor a financial interest in the outcome of a case. As such, the Part D IRE is generally in the best position to objectively examine whether a particular case meets the standard for referral. While the process established by this Ruling does not permit a plan sponsor to refer a Part D case to the MAC for own motion review, plan sponsors will continue to have the opportunity to communicate with the Part D IRE about cases that may warrant such a referral. Thus, we consider it appropriate, and consistent with part 405, subpart I, to allow the MAC to review an ALJ decision or dismissal on its own motion, and to allow only CMS or the Part D IRE to refer cases to the MAC to consider review under its own motion authority.
B. Standards for Referral and Review of Part D Cases for Own Motion Review by the MAC
With respect to the standards for referral of cases, the regulations at § 405.1110 distinguish between cases in which CMS or its contractor participated or appeared as a party in the appeal at the ALJ level and cases in which CMS or its contractor did not participate. Where CMS or its contractor did not participate or appear as a party, § 405.1110(b)(1) and (c)(2) establish that CMS or any of its contractors may refer a case to the MAC if the ALJ decision or dismissal contains an error of law material to the outcome of the claim or presents a broad policy or procedural issue that may affect the public interest. In addition to the referral standards that apply when CMS or its contractor did not participate or appear as a party, for cases in which CMS or its contractor participated or was a party at the ALJ level, § 405.1110(b)(1)(ii) and (c)(1) provide that CMS or its contractor may also refer cases for own motion review by the MAC if, in CMS’ view, the ALJ Start Printed Page 13803decision or dismissal is not supported by the preponderance of evidence in the record or the ALJ abused his or her discretion. Since CMS and its contractor do not have explicit authority under the existing statutes and regulations to participate in or be parties to ALJ hearings in Part D cases, we believe it is appropriate and consistent with part 405, subpart I, to allow CMS or the Part D IRE to refer Part D cases to the MAC to consider review under its own motion authority based on the standards for referral that apply when CMS or its contractor did not participate in the ALJ proceedings or appear as a party.
Similar to how § 405.1110 sets forth different referral standards depending on whether or not CMS or its contractor participate in the ALJ hearing, the regulations provide differing standards for review. Section 405.1110(c)(1) provides that when a referral is made in instances where CMS or its contractor participated or appeared as a party, the MAC exercises its own motion authority if there is an error of law material to the outcome of the case, an abuse of discretion by the ALJ, the decision is not consistent with the preponderance of the evidence of record, or there is a broad policy or procedural issue that may affect the public interest. In deciding whether to accept review under this standard, the MAC will limit its consideration of the ALJ's action to those exceptions raised by CMS.
Section 405.1110(c)(2) provides that when referral is made in instances where CMS or its contractor did not participate or appear as a party, the MAC will accept review if the decision or dismissal contains an error of law material to the outcome of the case, or presents a broad policy or procedural issue that may affect the public interest. In deciding whether to accept review, the MAC will limit its consideration of the ALJ's action to those exceptions raised by CMS.
As previously noted, since neither the Part D statute nor the current Part D regulations explicitly allow a Part D plan sponsor, CMS, or a CMS contractor to participate in or be parties to appeals at the ALJ level, we consider it appropriate to implement the standard of referral and review in § 405.1110 that applies when CMS and its contractor do not participate in or are not parties to the ALJ hearing. Accordingly, under this Ruling, CMS or the Part D IRE may refer a Part D case to the MAC and the MAC will accept review of a Part D case if the ALJ's decision or dismissal contains an error of law material to the outcome of the case or presents a broad policy or procedural issue that may affect the general public interest. In deciding whether to accept review, the MAC will limit its consideration of the ALJ's action to those exceptions raised by CMS or the Part D IRE.
C. Other Issues Regarding MAC Own Motion Review of Part D Cases
For the most part, the other provisions set forth under § 405.1110 apply appropriately to Part D cases. The requirements related to the 60-day time frame for filing the written referral and for providing notice to other interested parties set forth in § 405.1110(b)(2) are processes that are appropriate to apply to Part D cases. See also 42 CFR 405.1110(a). Written referrals must state the reasons why CMS or its contractors believe the MAC must review the case on its own motion. CMS or its contractors will send a copy of its referral to all parties to the ALJ's action and to the ALJ. Similarly, the requirements in § 405.1110(b)(2) regarding the filing of exceptions to the referral by submitting written comments to the MAC within 20 days of the referral notice, and sending such comments to CMS, appropriately apply to Part D cases.
We also believe it is appropriate to apply to Part D cases those requirements in § 405.1110(d) regarding the MAC's action. This provision states that if the MAC decides to review a decision or dismissal on its own motion, it will mail the results of its action to all the parties to the hearing and to CMS if it is not already a party to the hearing. The notice of the referral in § 405.1110(b)(2) requires that the enrollee will be notified that the ALJ's decision may not be the final action in the case. If the MAC accepts review, it may adopt, modify, or reverse the decision or dismissal, may remand the case to an ALJ for further proceedings or may dismiss a hearing request. The MAC must issue its action no later than 90 days after receipt of the CMS referral, unless the 90-day period has been extended as provided in 405 CFR subpart I. The MAC may not, however, issue its action before the 20-day comment period has expired, unless it determines that the agency's referral does not provide a basis for reviewing the case. If the MAC does not act within the applicable adjudication deadline, the ALJ's decision or dismissal remains the final action in the case. We believe it is appropriate to apply these procedures to Part D cases that the MAC reviews on its own motion.
As described in this section, the provisions in § 405.1110 are procedural rules that apply appropriately to Part D appeals. Further, applying these regulatory processes to Part D appeals does not conflict with existing Part D requirements.
(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No. 93.778, Medical Assistance Program; No. 93.773 Medicare—Hospital Insurance Program; and No. 93.774, Medicare—Supplementary Medical Insurance Program)Start Signature
Dated: March 15, 2007.
Leslie V. Norwalk,
Acting Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.
[FR Doc. E7-5304 Filed 3-22-07; 8:45 am]
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