Skip to Content


Management of Federal Agency Disbursements

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document including its time on Public Inspection. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service, Treasury.


Final rule.


On August 7, 2006, the Financial Management Service (FMS) published an interim final rule amending 31 CFR Part 208 (Part 208) to facilitate the delivery of Federal payments to victims of disasters and emergencies. See 71 FR 44584. The interim final rule was published without prior notice and comment and took effect immediately upon publication due to the need to be prepared to deliver Federal assistance and benefit payments during the 2006 hurricane season. However, we invited comments on the interim rule and indicated that we would consider all comments received. We have reviewed and considered the comments received on the interim rule and are adopting that rule as final without change.


Effective August 20, 2007, the interim rule published on August 7, 2006 (71 FR 44584) is confirmed as final.


You can download this rule at the following Web site:​ach. You may also inspect and copy this rule at: Treasury Department Library, Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Collection, Room 1428, Main Treasury Building, 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20220. Before visiting, you must call (202) 622-0990 for an appointment.

Start Further Info


Sally Phillips, Director, EFT Strategy Division, at (202) 874-7106 or Start Printed Page 46379; or Natalie H. Diana, Senior Counsel, at (202) 874-6680 or

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information



Part 208 implements the provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3332, which generally requires that Federal payments be made by electronic funds transfer (EFT). Under 31 U.S.C. 3332, the Secretary of the Treasury (Secretary) must ensure that any individual required to receive a Federal payment by EFT have access to an account at a financial institution at a reasonable cost and with certain consumer protections. On August 7, 2006, Treasury issued an interim final rule amending Part 208 in order to facilitate the delivery of Federal benefit and assistance payments to victims of emergencies and disasters. The purpose of the interim rule was to provide regulatory authority for Treasury, in the event of a disaster or emergency, to establish accounts at a financial institution for affected individuals in order to allow for the delivery by EFT of Federal payments.

The possibility that a future emergency or disaster could disrupt the delivery of Federal payments through conventional methods such as direct deposit and check was made apparent by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. During the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, many individuals who had been displaced from their homes were in immediate need of financial assistance. As Hurricane Katrina illustrated, in the extraordinary circumstance of a disaster, many individuals may not have access to their bank accounts and may not be able to readily establish new bank accounts. Such individuals would have no way to receive an electronic Federal assistance or benefit payment. Moreover, the postal delivery of checks may be delayed or disrupted in a disaster situation, at the very time when the expeditious delivery of Federal assistance and benefit payments is critical in assisting people in disaster situations who urgently need funds in order to pay for food, clothing and shelter. Even where Treasury checks can be expeditiously delivered to disaster victims, individuals who have been displaced from their homes may be unable to establish their identities due to lost or inaccessible documentation. As a result, financial institutions may be unwilling to cash Treasury checks for these individuals, because they cannot determine the identity of the individual or whether a Treasury check that an individual is seeking to cash has been stolen and fraudulently endorsed. Finally, check payments may raise security concerns in disaster situations, since individuals who cash checks will typically be carrying significant amounts of cash in order to make purchases.

In light of these concerns, we published an interim final rule to provide regulatory authority for Treasury to establish accounts at financial institutions for victims of a disaster or emergency in order to allow for the electronic delivery of Federal payments.

Summary and Response to Comments

We received three comment letters on the interim final rule. One comment letter, from a national payments association, expressed support for the rule and noted that the rule appears to provide the flexibility that would be critical in the event of a future disaster or emergency that disrupts the delivery of payments. The letter also urged Treasury give advance consideration to issues such as how long accounts would remain open, where people would go to open accounts and how ACH files would be transferred if there were no electricity and/or telecommunications capacity. Another comment letter, from a trade association, agreed with the need for flexibility in disaster situations but urged Treasury to provide disaster victims with the opportunity to receive Federal payments through the financial institution of their choosing whenever possible. The letter also urged Treasury to use all available communications media to apprise disaster victims, the financial services sector and emergency assistance organizations of the plan to deliver Federal payments in the aftermath of a disaster.

The third comment letter was from a Federal agency. The agency questioned how Treasury could deliver payments electronically in the event that the infrastructure supporting direct deposit were disrupted. The agency also raised other questions, such as how financial institutions would provide account access to disaster victims who do not have documentary evidence of their identities. Finally, the agency argued that agency relief personnel and individual victims are in the best position to decide how disaster relief payments should be delivered, and that individuals should not be required to receive payments electronically through accounts established for them by Treasury.

We are aware that, depending on the nature of an emergency, the delivery of payments by direct deposit could be disrupted by damage to the payment system infrastructure. The purpose of the amendment to Part 208 was to provide Treasury with maximum flexibility for developing payment solutions even in the event of disruptions to payment networks, electricity and/or telecommunications. For example, in the event that the direct deposit network were not operational, it might be possible to deliver payments via other established electronic payment networks, such as ATM networks and credit/debit card networks, or through other means that might be developed depending upon the contingencies of a particular situation. In the event that individuals could not provide the standard identity documents that financial institutions typically require, Treasury would work with benefit and relief agencies and financial institutions to issue passwords that disaster victims could use to access payments following the agencies' confirmation of victims' identities on the basis of verifiable information held by the agency.

It is important to note that the interim final rule permits, but does not require, Treasury to establish accounts for disaster victims. Treasury intends to work closely with benefit and relief agencies to determine how best to deliver funds in the event of an emergency. Because it is impossible to know in advance precisely the circumstances that a future disaster or emergency could present, the rule allows the terms and conditions of such accounts to be established on the basis of whatever is appropriate in a given situation. Thus, for example, Treasury might consider establishing accounts for disaster victims through which relief and assistance funds could be accessed at ATMs and/or point-of-sale locations. Alternatively, in more exigent circumstances, Treasury might work with one or more financial institutions to provide electronic funds access through proprietary arrangements with retailers, charitable organizations or other unconventional means of access. The interim final rule gives Treasury the authority to quickly establish accounts for disaster and emergency victims, as well as the flexibility to determine what features such accounts should have in order to meet the needs of agencies and payment recipients.

Amendment of Part 208

The interim rule amended 31 CFR Part 208 by adding a new § 208.11 that provides that Treasury may establish accounts at financial institutions for victims of a disaster or emergency in order to allow for the electronic delivery of Federal payments. New § 208.11 gives the Secretary flexibility to determine what features such accounts should Start Printed Page 46380have in light of the particular nature of the disaster or emergency. Sections 208.4, 208.6, 208.7 and 210.5 of title 31 CFR do not apply to the establishment of accounts or issuance of payments pursuant to this section. For example, the waivers set forth in § 208.4 are not applicable in situations where Treasury is establishing accounts for the express purpose of allowing for the delivery by EFT of Federal payments to disaster victims. The requirement in §§ 208.6 and 210.5 that a Federal non-vendor electronic payment be deposited to a deposit account in the name of the recipient does not apply to accounts established pursuant to § 208.11, nor are agencies required to notify check recipients and newly-eligible payment recipients of options available to them, as is normally required under § 208.7. Further, Treasury will be able to deliver payments to accounts established pursuant to § 208.11, notwithstanding any other instructions from the payment recipient.

Regulatory Analyses

Request for Comment on Plain Language

On June 1, 1998, the President issued a memorandum directing each agency in the Executive branch to write its rules in plain language. This directive is effective for all new proposed and final rulemaking documents issued on or after January 1, 1999. We invite comment on how to make this final rule clearer. For example, you may wish to discuss: (1) Whether we have organized the material to suit your needs; (2) whether the requirements of this final rule are clear; or (3) whether there is something else we could do to make this rule easier to understand.

Regulatory Planning and Review

The final rule does not meet the criteria for a “significant regulatory action” as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, the regulatory review procedures contained therein do not apply.

Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis

Because no notice of proposed rulemaking was required for this final rule, the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et. seq.) do not apply.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 31 CFR Part 208

End List of Subjects

Adoption of the Amendment

Start Amendment Part

For the reasons set out in the preamble, under the authority of

End Amendment Part Start Signature

Dated: August 14, 2007.

Kenneth R. Papaj,


End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 07-4053 Filed 8-17-07; 8:45 am]