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Evaluation of an Intervention to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care Clinics-New-National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCDDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most frequent form of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among both men and women in the United States. Research shows that screening can reduce both the occurrence of colorectal cancer and colorectal cancer deaths. Screening is beneficial for: (1) Detection and removal of precancerous polyps, resulting in patients recovering without progression to a diagnosis of cancer, and (2) early detection of CRC for more effective treatment and improved survival. Regular CRC screening is recommended for people aged 50 years and older. Many screening tests are widely available and screening has been shown to be effective in reducing CRC mortality. Despite this demonstrated effectiveness, CRC screening remains low. Some reasons attributed to the low screening rates include limited public awareness of CRC and the benefits of screening, failure of health care providers to recommend screening to patients, and inefficient surveillance and support systems in many health care settings.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate and understand the effect of a multi-component intervention on CRC screening rates in primary care clinics. The study will also examine the effects of the intervention conditions on behavioral outcomes (e.g., clinician-patient discussions about CRC screening) and on attitudes, beliefs, opinions, and social influence surrounding CRC screening among patients. The target population includes average-risk patients aged 50-80 years, clinicians, and clinic support staff within the primary care clinics in two managed care organizations (MCOs). There are three tasks in this study. In Task 1, 140 primary care clinicians will complete a survey assessing demographics, opinions about preventive services, CRC screening training and practices, satisfaction with CRC screening, and CRC screening beliefs, facilitators, and barriers. The survey will be administered to primary care clinicians post-intervention. In Task 2, 140 clinic support staff will complete a survey assessing demographics, work-related responsibilities, opinions about preventive services, CRC training and practices, satisfaction with CRC screening, and CRC screening beliefs, facilitators and barriers. The survey will be administered to clinic support staff post intervention. In Task 3, clinic patients will complete a survey assessing demographics, health status, receipt of previous CRC screening and other preventive services, knowledge and opinions about CRC and CRC screening, and social support. The survey will be administered to 3307 patients pre-intervention and 3307 patients post-intervention.
There will be no cost to respondents other than their time. The total estimated annualized burden hours are 2352.
|Respondents||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Average burden per response (in hours)|
|Clinic Support Staff||140||1||25/60|
|Patients surveyed only at baseline||2335||1||20/60|
|Patients surveyed at baseline and follow-up||972||2||20/60|
|Patients surveyed only at follow-up||2335||1||20/60|
Dated: September 5, 2007.
Maryam I. Daneshvar,
Acting Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. E7-17837 Filed 9-10-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P