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Medicare Program: Approval of Application by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) for Continued Recognition as a National Accreditation Organization That Accredits Entities To Furnish Outpatient Diabetes Self-Management Training

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.


Final notice.


This final notice announces the approval of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) as a national accreditation organization for the purpose of determining that an entity meets the necessary quality standards to furnish outpatient diabetes self-management training services under Part B of the Medicare program. Start Printed Page 60857Therefore, diabetes self-management training (DSMT) programs accredited by the ADA will receive deemed status under the Medicare program.


Effective Date: This accreditation is effective on October 27, 2007.

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Joan A. Brooks, (410) 786-5526.

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I. Background

To participate in the Medicare program, diabetes self-management training (DSMT) programs must meet conditions for coverage specified in our regulations at 42 CFR part 410, subpart H. One requirement is that entities must satisfy required quality standards. Currently, one way of satisfying the quality standards under § 410.145 is to be approved by an approved accrediting body. The regulations pertaining to the application procedures for national accreditation organizations for DSMT are at § 410.142. After we approve and recognize the accreditation organization, it may accredit an entity to meet one of the sets of quality standards described in § 410.144.

II. Review Process

In evaluating an application from an accrediting organization, we consider the following factors under section 1865(b)(2) of the Social Security Act (the Act):

  • Accreditation requirements.
  • Survey procedures.
  • Ability to provide adequate resources for conducting required surveys and to supply information for use in enforcement activities.
  • Monitoring procedures.
  • Ability to provide us with the necessary data for validation.

We are required by § 410.142(d) to publish a proposed notice in the Federal Register after the receipt of a written request for approval from a national accreditation organization. After review of the national accreditation organization's application, the regulations require that we publish a notice of our approval or disapproval after we receive a complete package of the information and the organization's deeming application.

III. Analysis of and Responses to Public Comments and Provisions of the Final Notice

We received a complete application from the American Diabetes Association (ADA) on March 3, 2007. On May 25, 2007, we published a proposed notice in the Federal Register, (72 FR 29325) announcing the application of the ADA for continued approval as an accreditation organization for diabetes self-management training programs.

Comment: We received one comment on our proposed notice, which was supportive of the ADA's application. Although the comment supported ADA, the commenter expressed concern that some of ADA's accrediting requirements do not reflect the current state of health care practice for many DSMT programs. Specifically, the commenter expressed concern about the requirements pertaining to data collection, documentation, location requirements, and fees. The commenter stated that accreditation requirements can be burdensome for small DSMT practices that may operate outside of a large hospital-based setting. The commenter further specified that some large hospitals' DSMT programs have closed in recent years, due to a variety of factors that include the burdensome administrative requirements of accreditation combined with overall low reimbursement for DSMT services.

Response: Although reimbursement issues are not within the scope of this final notice, we recognize these are issues of concern. Some reimbursement issues associated with DMST are—

  • Entities' failure to meet the required number of participants for group training;
  • Entities' failure to meet the requirement for both a registered dietician (RD) and a registered nurse (RN) on the training team; and
  • Entities' failure to bill correctly.

Recent revisions made to the National Standards for Diabetes Self-Management Education Programs (NSDSMEP) include: 1) a reduction in the number of participants required for group training (from 15 to 10); and 2) a change in the instructional requirements that DSMT programs must meet. Previously, a DSMT entity was required to have both a RD and a RN conduct training. The recent revisions to the NSDSMEP changed this requirement. An entity may now have either a RD or a RN conduct training. This revision should help to alleviate some of the administrative burdens faced by entities when administering the DSMT benefit. Additionally, we have revised Chapter 18 of the CMS Claims Processing Manual, and Chapter 15 of the CMS Benefits Policy Manual to clarify the instructions for filing specific claims. Our findings indicate that the ADA continues to use one of the sets of quality standards described in § 410.144. It also continues to meet the CMS criteria as “a nonprofit organization with demonstrated experience in representing the interests of individuals with diabetes” to accredit entities to furnish training as specified in § 410.142(a).

The ADA began its Education Recognition Program (ERP) in 1986. At that time they formally recognized diabetes self-management education programs that meet the NSDSMEP. These standards, created by the National Diabetes Advisory Board (NDAB), were designed to promote quality diabetes self-management education nationwide for every person with diabetes.

A Task Force consisting of the ADA, the American Association of Diabetes Educators, the American Dietetic Association, the Veteran's Health Service, the National Certification Board for Diabetes Educators, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Diabetes Research and Training Centers, the Indian Health Service, and the National Certification Board for Diabetes Educators was convened on March 31, 2006 and again on September 19, 2006 as part of the update process. The revised standards were approved on March 25, 2007 and was published in the June 2007 issue of Diabetes Care, Volume 30, Number 6. The task force reviewed the standards for their appropriateness, relevancy, scientific basis, specificity, and ability to be implemented in multiple settings. The current NSDSMEP standards (7th Edition) were effectuated in June 2007 and reflect the changing approaches in diabetes training and education.

We reviewed ADA's materials and the findings presented by the Iowa Foundation for Medicare Care (IFMC, Contract #GS-35F-5831 H/HHDM 500-2006-0015IG), which was under contract with CMS to validate ADA's accreditation policies. IFMC surveyed a sample of ADA's accredited facilities. Based on these reviews, we have determined that the ADA's deeming authority has been exercised in compliance with § 410.142. Therefore, ADA's continued recognition as a national accrediting organization is approved and is effective for 6 years, beginning October 27, 2007.

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Authority: Sections 1865 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395bb).

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(Catalog of Federal Domestic Program No. 93.773, Medicare—Hospital Insurance Program; and No. 93.774, Medicare-Supplementary Medical Insurance Program)

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Dated: September 6, 2007.

Kerry Weems,

Acting Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

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[FR Doc. E7-20495 Filed 10-25-07; 8:45 am]