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WTO Dispute Settlement Proceeding Regarding Laws, Regulations and Methodology for Calculating Dumping Margins (“Zeroing”)

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Office of the United States Trade Representative.


Notice; request for comments.


The Office of the United States Trade Representative (“USTR”) is providing notice that pursuant to a request of the European Communities, the Dispute Settlement Body of the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) has established a compliance panel under the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (“WTO Agreement”) concerning the dispute United States—Laws, Regulations and Methodology for Calculating Dumping Margins (“zeroing”)—Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU by the European Communities. That request may be found at contained in a document designated as WT/DS294/25. USTR invites written comments from the public concerning the issues raised in this dispute.


Although USTR will accept any comments received during the course of the dispute settlement proceeding, comments should be submitted on or before December 21, 2007.


Comments should be submitted (i) electronically, to, Attn: “EC Zeroing (21.5)” in the subject line, or (ii) by fax, to Sandy McKinzy at 202-395-3640, with a confirmation copy sent electronically to the e-mail address above.

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Elizabeth V. Baltzan, Associate General Counsel, Office of the United States Trade Representative, 600 17th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20508, (202) 395-3582.

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USTR is providing notice that the DSB has established, at the request of the EC, a dispute settlement compliance panel pursuant to the WTO Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU). Such panel will hold any hearing in Geneva, Switzerland. It is possible that the public will be able to observe the hearing of the panel. If so, then USTR would intend to provide notice on USTR's Web site (under “Opportunities to View Dispute Settlement Hearings” on the Web page​Trade_​Agreements/​Monitoring_​Enforcement/​Dispute_​Settlement/​WTO/​Section_​Index.html) of the public hearing and the means by which the public may observe.

Major Issues Raised by the EC

In the European Communities' (the “EC”) request for the establishment of a panel in connection with the dispute United States—Laws, Regulations and Methodology for Calculating Dumping Margins (“zeroing”)—Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU by the European Communities, the EC challenges the following:

  • The consistency with Articles 17.14 and 21 of the DSU of the dates of entry into force of the SeCtion 129 determinations issued by the Department of Commerce to comply with the recommendations and rulings of the original proceeding;
  • The alleged failure to eliminate “zeroing” in 16 administrative reviews found, in the original proceeding, to be inconsistent with U.S. WTO obligations; the EC alleges that the failure to eliminate “zeroing” in these reviews is a breach of Articles 2, 9.3, and 11 of the Antidumping Agreement and Article VI:2 of the GATT 1994;
  • An alleged miscalculation with respect to one determination;
  • With respect to all measures identified in the request, the alleged imposition, collection, or liquidation of antidumping duties “inflated” by “zeroing” beyond April 9, 2007;
  • The increase in the “all-others” rate in connection with two determinations;
  • With respect to original investigations in which the recalculation of dumping margins led to the conclusion that some exporters were not dumping or had de minimis margins, the failure to establish whether the remaining amount of dumped imports was causing injury to the domestic industry and whether the volume of dumped imports was not negligible; and
  • The continued use of zeroing in the reviews related to the measures in question.

Public Comment: Requirements for Submissions

Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning the issues raised in this dispute. Persons submitting comments may either send one copy by fax to Sandy McKinzy at (202) 395-3640, or transmit a copy electronically to, with “EC Zeroing (21.5)” in the subject line. For documents sent by fax, USTR requests that the submitter provide a confirmation copy to the electronic mail address listed above.

USTR encourages the submission of documents in Adobe PDF format, as attachments to an electronic mail. Interested persons who make submissions by electronic mail should not provide separate cover letters; information that might appear in a cover letter should be included in the submission itself. Similarly, to the extent possible, any attachments to the submission should be included in the same file as the submission itself, and not as separate files.

A person requesting that information contained in a comment submitted by that person be treated as confidential business information must certify that such information is business confidential and would not customarily be released to the public by the submitter. Confidential business information must be clearly designated as such and the submission must be marked “BUSINESS CONFIDENTIAL” at the top and bottom of the cover page and each succeeding page of the submission.

Information or advice contained in a comment submitted, other than business confidential information, may be determined by USTR to be confidential in accordance with section 135(g)(2) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2155(g)(2)). If the submitting person believes that information or advice may qualify as such, the submitting person—

(1) Must clearly so designate the information or advice;

(2) Must clearly mark the material as “SUBMITTED IN CONFIDENCE” at the top and bottom of each page of the cover page and each succeeding page; and

(3) Is encouraged to provide a non-confidential summary of the information or advice.

Pursuant to section 127(e) of the URAA (19 U.S.C. 3537(e)), USTR will maintain a file on this dispute settlement proceeding, accessible to the public, in the USTR Reading Room, which is located at 1724 F Street, NW., Washington, DC 20508. The public file will include non-confidential comments received by USTR from the public with respect to the dispute; for the dispute settlement compliance panel or in the event of an appeal from such a panel, the U.S. submissions; the submissions, or non-confidential summaries of submissions, received from other participants in the dispute; the report of the panel; and, if applicable, the report of the Appellate Body. An appointment to review the public file (Docket No. WT/DS-294) may be made by calling the USTR Reading Room at (202) 395-6186. The USTR Reading Room is open to the public from 9:30 a.m. to noon and 1 p.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

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Daniel E. Brinza,

Assistant United States Trade Representative for Monitoring and Enforcement.

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[FR Doc. E7-22451 Filed 11-15-07; 8:45 am]