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Equal Credit Opportunity

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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.


Final rule; technical amendment.


The Board is revising the official staff commentary to Regulation B, which implements the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, to clarify an amendment published on November 9, 2007. The clarification and the earlier amendment relate to the electronic delivery of disclosures under Regulation B.


The amendment is effective January 14, 2008. The mandatory compliance date is October 1, 2008.

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John C. Wood, Counsel, Division of Consumer and Community Affairs, at (202) 452-2412 or (202) 452-3667. For users of Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact (202) 263-4869.

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I. Background

The Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), 15 U.S.C. 1691 et seq., makes it unlawful for creditors to discriminate in any aspect of a credit transaction on the basis of sex, race, color, religion, national origin, marital status, or age (provided the applicant has the capacity to contract), because all or part of an applicant's income derives from public assistance, or because an applicant has in good faith exercised any right under the Consumer Credit Protection Act. The Board's Regulation B (12 CFR part 202) implements the ECOA. The ECOA and Regulation B require certain disclosures to be provided to applicants, and some of those disclosures must be provided in writing.

The Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (the E-Sign Act), 15 U.S.C. 7001 et seq., was enacted in 2000. The E-Sign Act provides that electronic documents and electronic signatures have the same validity as paper documents and handwritten signatures. The E-Sign Act contains special rules for the use of electronic disclosures in consumer transactions. Under the E-Sign Act, consumer disclosures required by other laws or regulations to be provided or made available in writing may be provided or made available, as applicable, in electronic form if the consumer affirmatively consents after receiving a notice that contains certain information specified in the statute, and if certain other conditions are met.

Recently the Board published amendments to Regulation B and the official staff commentary to the regulation to provide guidance on the use of electronic disclosures, consistent Start Printed Page 71057with the E-Sign Act (72 FR 63,445, November 9, 2007). The amendments take effect on a mandatory basis on October 1, 2008. The Board has received questions about one aspect of the official staff commentary accompanying the November 2007 amendments to Regulation B. The Board is now issuing this clarification to the staff commentary to address the questions raised.

II. The November 2007 Final Rule

Under the Board's November 2007 final rule, creditors may provide certain disclosures required by Regulation B in electronic form without obtaining the consumer's consent pursuant to the E-Sign Act. These include the disclosures required in some circumstances to accompany a credit application (set forth in §§ 202.5, 202.13, and 202.14). Many creditors that commented on the Board's proposed rules, which were published for comment in April 2007, urged that they be permitted to provide these disclosures in paper form in appropriate cases, even when the application is accessed by the consumer electronically. They noted that a consumer or creditor's employee might complete an electronic application by entering information at a terminal or kiosk located in the creditor's office and that paper disclosures would be more appropriate in such cases. In response to the commenters' concerns, the November 2007 final rule states that if an application is accessed by the consumer in electronic form, the required application-related disclosures may (rather than must) be provided in electronic form on or with the application. See 12 CFR 202.4(d)(2).

Because the regulation allows disclosures to be given in either paper or electronic form when consumers access an application electronically, the Board also revised the commentary to Regulation B to provide examples of how creditors can satisfy the requirement that the disclosures be “on or with” the application in particular circumstances. As revised, the commentary reflects that where a consumer accesses and submits an application form using a home computer via the creditor's Web site, the creditor must provide the disclosures electronically with the application form on the Web site to provide disclosures in a timely manner on or with the application. If the creditor instead mailed paper disclosures to the consumer, the disclosures would not be timely and would not be provided on or with the application. In contrast, if a consumer is physically present in the creditor's office, and accesses and submits an electronic application—such as via a terminal or kiosk—the revised commentary notes that the creditor could use paper disclosures to comply with the timing and delivery requirements of the regulation (“on or with”). See comment 4(d)-2. For example, a loan officer could give the disclosures to the consumer in paper form, or in the case of an unattended kiosk, the kiosk could have a printer and provide paper disclosures.

III. Revisions to the Staff Commentary

Following publication of the November 2007 final rule, questions have been raised about other situations where creditors could provide paper disclosures in a timely manner to consumers accessing a credit application electronically, even though the consumers are not physically present in the creditor's office. For example, consumers might access a credit application using an electronic terminal or kiosk on the premises of the creditor's affiliate or a third party (such as a retail store) that has arranged with the creditor to provide applications to consumers. In these cases, consumers could receive paper disclosures with the credit application in the same manner as in the creditor's own office. This is consistent with the revised regulation and the Board's intent in issuing the November 2007 final rule. Accordingly, the Board is revising comment 4(d)-2 to clarify that these are additional examples where paper disclosures would satisfy the rule's requirements for providing disclosures “on or with” the application.

The Board is issuing this commentary revision in final form. Under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq., publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking is not required for interpretative rules, general statements of policy, or rules of agency organization, procedure, or practice. 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(A). In this case, the Board has determined that the public notice and comment provisions do not apply to this rulemaking because the revisions are interpretative rules. The commentary revision does not establish new regulatory requirements and merely clarifies, through additional examples, how creditors can meet the existing requirement for providing disclosures “on or with” applications in particular circumstances. Moreover, the commentary revision provides creditors with an expanded safe harbor for complying with the rule by allowing them to use either paper or electronic disclosures in the circumstances described, consistent with the public comments previously received by the Board. The changes, therefore, meet the requirements for exemption from notice and comment in 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(A).

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List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 202

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board amends the Official Staff Commentary to Regulation B,

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1. The authority citation for part 202 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 15 U.S.C. 1691-1691f.

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2. In Supplement I to part 202, in

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General Rules
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Paragraph (4)(d).

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2. Form of disclosures. Whether the disclosures required to be on or with an application must be in electronic form depends upon the following:

i. If an applicant accesses a credit application electronically (other than as described under ii below), such as online at a home computer, the creditor must provide the disclosures in electronic form (such as with the application form on its website) in order to meet the requirement to provide disclosures in a timely manner on or with the application. If the creditor instead mailed paper disclosures to the applicant, this requirement would not be met.

ii. In contrast, if an applicant is physically present in the creditor's office, and accesses a credit application electronically, such as via a terminal or kiosk (or if the applicant uses a terminal or kiosk located on the premises of an affiliate or third party that has arranged with the creditor to provide applications to consumers), the creditor may provide disclosures in either electronic or paper form, provided the creditor complies with the timing, delivery, and retainability requirements of the regulation.

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By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, acting through the Director of the Division of Consumer and Community Affairs under delegated authority, December 11, 2007.

Jennifer J. Johnson,

Secretary of the Board.

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[FR Doc. E7-24221 Filed 12-13-07; 8:45 am]