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Direct Investment Surveys: BE-12, 2007 Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Bureau of Economic Analysis, Commerce.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This final rule amends regulations concerning the reporting requirements for the BE-12, Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States. The BE-12 survey is conducted once every 5 years and covers virtually the entire universe of foreign direct investment in the United States in terms of value. The benchmark survey will be conducted for 2007. BEA is changing the reporting requirements on the BE-12 Benchmark survey to: Increase the exemption level for reporting on the BE-12(LF) (Long Form) from $125 million to $175 million; increase the exemption level for reporting on the BE-12(SF) (Short Form) from $10 million to $40 million; and increase the exemption level for reporting on the BE-12 Bank Form from Start Printed Page 72918$10 million to $15 million. In addition, BEA is amending Form BE-12(X) by: Re-naming it the Form BE-12 Claim for Not Filing and deleting several questions, which will be moved to a new Form BE-12 Mini. The Claim for Not Filing will be completed only by persons that are not subject to the reporting requirements of the BE-12 survey but have been contacted by BEA concerning their reporting status. The BE-12 Mini is an abbreviated form for reporting U.S. affiliates with total assets, sales or gross operating revenues, and net income (loss) less than or equal to $40 million.

DATES:

This final rule will be effective January 25, 2008.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

David H. Galler, Chief, Direct Investment Division (BE-50), Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230; phone (202) 606-9835 or e-mail (david.galler@bea.gov).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In the September 21, 2007, Federal Register, 72 FR 53970-53973, BEA published a notice of proposed rulemaking setting forth revised reporting requirements for the BE-12, Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States. No comments on the proposed rule were received. Thus, the proposed rule is adopted without change. This final rule amends 15 CFR 806.17 to set forth the reporting requirements for the BE-12, 2007 Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, and 15 CFR 806.18 to list the OMB control number for this survey.

Description of Changes

The BE-12 benchmark survey is a mandatory survey and is conducted once every five years by BEA under the authority of the International Investment and Trade in Services Survey Act (22 U.S.C. 3101-3108), hereinafter, “the Act.” BEA will send the survey to potential respondents in March 2008; responses will be due by May 31, 2008. This final rule (1) increases the exemption level for reporting on the BE-12(LF) (Long Form) from $125 million to $175 million; (2) increases the exemption level for reporting on the BE-12(SF) (Short Form) from $10 million to $40 million; and (3) increases the exemption level for reporting on the BE-12 Bank form from $10 million to $15 million. In addition, it amends Form BE-12(X) by: (1) Re-naming it the Form BE-12 Claim for Not Filing; and (2) deleting several questions, which have been moved to a new Form BE-12 Mini. The Claim for Not Filing will be completed only by persons that are not subject to the reporting requirements of the BE-12 survey but have been contacted by BEA concerning their reporting status. The BE-12 Mini is a new abbreviated form for reporting U.S. affiliates with total assets, sales or gross operating revenues, and net income (loss) less than or equal to $40 million. U.S. affiliates with assets, sales, and net income (loss) less than or equal to $15 million are required to report only selected items on the BE-12 Mini.

In addition to these changes in the reporting criteria, this final rule adds questions to the BE-12(LF) (Long Form), BE-12(SF) (Short Form), and BE-12 Bank form to: (1) Collect detail on the broad occupational structure of employment; (2) identify companies that engage in cross-border services transactions; and (3) identify the financial reporting standards used to compile and report the survey. For the BE-12(LF) (Long Form), this rule adds questions to collect additional detail on the composition of external finances, trade, and research and development. For the BE-12(SF) (Short Form), this rule adds questions to collect sales of goods, sales of services, and investment income for majority-owned U.S. affiliates, including sales of services to U.S. persons and to foreign persons. For the BE-12 Bank form, this rule adds questions to make it easer to integrate data collected for banks with data collected for nonbank U.S affiliates. The items to be collected on this form include those needed to calculate value added as well as expenditures for property, plant, and equipment; sales of goods; and sales of services to the foreign parent group(s), to foreign affiliates owned by the U.S. affiliate, and to other foreign persons.

To offset the burden imposed by these additional questions, this final rule amends the BE-12 survey to discontinue collecting information on U.S. trade in goods by product, which had been collected on previous versions of the BE-12(LF) (Long Form), and to reduce the amount of detail collected for minority-owned U.S. affiliates on the BE-12(SF) (Short Form) and BE-12 Bank form. In addition, questions on services transactions between U.S. affiliates and their foreign parent group(s) are dropped from the BE-12 survey because collection of this information has been shifted to BEA's surveys of cross-border transactions in services and intangible assets (the BE-120, BE-125, and BE-185).

Survey Background

The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), U.S. Department of Commerce, conducts the BE-12 survey under the authority of the International Investment and Trade in Services Survey Act (22 U.S.C. 3101-3108), hereinafter, “the Act.” Section 4(b) of the Act provides that with respect to foreign direct investment in the United States, the President shall conduct a benchmark survey covering year 1980, a benchmark survey covering year 1987, and benchmark surveys covering every fifth year thereafter. In conducting surveys pursuant to this subsection, the President shall, among other things and to the extent he determines necessary and feasible—

(1) Identify the location, nature, and magnitude of, and changes in the total investment by any parent in each of its affiliates and the financial transactions between any parent and each of its affiliates;

(2) Obtain (A) information on the balance sheet of parents and affiliates and related financial data, (B) income statements, including the gross sales by primary line of business (with as much product line detail as is necessary and feasible) of parents and affiliates in each country in which they have significant operations, and (C) related information regarding trade, including trade in both goods and services, between a parent and each of its affiliates and between each parent or affiliate and any other person;

(3) Collect employment data showing both the number of United States and foreign employees of each parent and affiliate and the levels of compensation, by country, industry, and skill level;

(4) Obtain information on tax payments by parents and affiliates by country; and

(5) Determine, by industry and country, the total dollar amount of research and development expenditures by each parent and affiliate, payments or other compensation for the transfer of technology between parents and their affiliates, and payments or other compensation received by parents or affiliates from the transfer of technology to other persons.

In Section 3 of Executive Order 11961, as amended by Executive Orders 12318 and 12518, the President delegated the responsibility for performing functions under the Act concerning direct investment to the Secretary of Commerce, who has redelegated it to BEA.

The benchmark surveys are BEA's censuses, intended to cover the universe of foreign direct investment in the United States in terms of value, and are BEA's most comprehensive surveys of such investment in terms of subject matter. Foreign direct investment in the Start Printed Page 72919United States is defined as the ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by one foreign person (foreign parent) of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of an incorporated U.S. business enterprise or an equivalent interest in an unincorporated U.S. business enterprise, including a branch.

The purpose of the benchmark survey is to obtain universe data on the financial and operating characteristics of U.S. affiliates, and on positions and transactions between U.S. affiliates and their foreign parent groups (which are defined to include all foreign parents and foreign affiliates of foreign parents). These data are needed to measure the size and economic significance of foreign direct investment in the United States, measure changes in such investment, and assess its impact on the U.S. economy. Such data are generally found in enterprise-level accounting records of respondent companies. These data are used to derive current universe estimates of direct investment from sample data collected in other BEA surveys in nonbenchmark years. In particular, they would serve as benchmarks for the quarterly direct investment estimates included in the U.S. international transactions and national income and product accounts, and for annual estimates of the foreign direct investment position in the United States and of the operations of the U.S. affiliates of foreign companies.

The survey consists of a number of report forms and a claim for not filing. The amount and type of data required to be reported will vary according to the size of the U.S. affiliate, whether it is a bank or a nonbank, and whether or not it is majority-owned by foreign direct investors. The report forms to be used in the survey consist of the following:

1. Form BE-12(LF) (Long Form)—Report for a majority-owned nonbank U.S. affiliate (a majority-owned U.S. affiliate is one in which the combined direct and indirect ownership interest of all foreign parents of the U.S. affiliate exceeds 50 percent) with total assets, sales or gross operating revenues, or net income greater than $175 million (positive or negative);

2. Form BE-12(SF) (Short Form)—Report for (1) a majority-owned nonbank U.S. affiliate with total assets, sales or gross operating revenues, or net income greater than $40 million (positive or negative), but not greater than $175 million (positive or negative), and (2) a minority-owned nonbank U.S. affiliate (owned 50 percent or less) with total assets, sales or gross operating revenues, or net income greater than $40 million (positive or negative);

3. Form BE-12 Bank—Report for a U.S. affiliate that is a bank; and

4. Form BE-12 Mini—Report for a nonbank U.S. affiliate with total assets, sales or gross operating revenues, and net income (positive or negative) less than or equal to $40 million.

The Form BE-12 Claim for Not Filing will be provided for response by persons that are not subject to the reporting requirements of the BE-12 survey but have been contacted by BEA concerning their reporting status.

Executive Order 12866

This final rule has been determined to be not significant for purposes of E.O. 12866.

Executive Order 13132

This final rule does not contain policies with Federalism implications sufficient to warrant preparation of a Federalism assessment under E.O. 13132.

Paperwork Reduction Act

The collection-of-information in this final rule has been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA).

Not withstanding any other provisions of the law, no person is required to respond to, nor shall any person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with, a collection-of-information subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection displays a currently valid OMB control number. The OMB number for the BE-12 is 0608-0042; the collection will display this control number.

The BE-12 survey is expected to result in the filing of reports from approximately 18,550 respondents. The respondent burden for this collection of information is estimated to vary from 20 minutes to 715 hours per response, with an average of 11.3 hours per response, including time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Thus, the total respondent burden for the survey is estimated at 209,650 hours (18,550 times 11.3 hours average burden).

Comments regarding the burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information should be addressed to: Director, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BE-1), U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230; Fax: 202-606-5311; and to the Office of Management and Budget, O.I.R.A., Paperwork Reduction Project 0608-0042, Attention PRA Desk Officer for BEA, via e-mail at pbugg@omb.eop.gov, or by Fax at 202-395-7245.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Chief Counsel for Regulation, Department of Commerce, has certified to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy, Small Business Administration, under the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b)), that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The factual basis for the certification was published in the proposed rule and is not repeated here. No comments were received regarding the economic impact of the rule. As a result, no final regulatory flexibility analysis was prepared.

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List of Subjects in 15 CFR Part 806

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Dated: December 6, 2007.

Rosemary D. Marcuss,

Acting Director, Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, BEA amends

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PART 806—DIRECT INVESTMENT SURVEYS

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1. The authority citation for

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Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301; 22 U.S.C. 3101-3108; E.O. 11961 (3 CFR, 1977 Comp., p. 86), as amended by E.O. 12318 (3 CFR, 1981 Comp., p. 173) and E.O. 12518 (3 CFR, 1985 Comp., p. 348).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Sections 806.17 and 806.18 are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Rules and regulations for BE-12, 2007 Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States.

A BE-12, Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States will be conducted covering 2007. All legal authorities, provisions, definitions, and requirements contained in § 806.1 through § 806.13 and § 806.15(a) through (g) are applicable to this survey. Specific additional rules and regulations for the BE-12 survey are given in this section.

(a) Response required. A response is required from persons subject to the reporting requirements of the BE-12, 2007 Benchmark Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, contained in this section, whether or not they are contacted by BEA. Also, a person, or their agent, contacted by BEA Start Printed Page 72920about reporting in this survey, either by sending them a report form or by written inquiry, must respond pursuant to § 806.4. This may be accomplished by:

(1) Filing the properly completed BE-12 report—Form BE-12(LF), Form BE-12(SF), Form BE-12 Mini, or Form BE-12 Bank, by May 31, 2008, as required;

(2) Completing and returning the Form BE-12 Claim for Not Filing by May 31, 2008; or

(3) Certifying in writing, by May 31, 2008, to the fact that the person is not a U.S. affiliate of a foreign person and not subject to the reporting requirements of the BE-12 survey.

(b) Who must report. A BE-12 report is required for each U.S. affiliate, that is, for each U.S. business enterprise in which a foreign person (foreign parent) owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, 10 percent or more of the voting securities in an incorporated U.S. business enterprise, or an equivalent interest in an unincorporated U.S. business enterprise, at the end of the business enterprise's fiscal year that ended in calendar year 2007. A BE-12 report is required even if the foreign person's ownership interest in the U.S. business enterprise was established or acquired during the 2007 reporting year. Beneficial, not record, ownership is the basis of the reporting criteria.

(c) Forms to be filed. (1)—Form BE-12(LF) (Long Form) must be completed by a U.S. affiliate that was majority-owned by one or more foreign parents (for purposes of this survey, a “majority-owned” U.S. affiliate is one in which the combined direct and indirect ownership interest of all foreign parents of the U.S. affiliate exceeds 50 percent), if:

(i) It is not a bank and is not owned directly or indirectly by a U.S. bank holding company or financial holding company, and

(ii) On a fully consolidated basis, or, in the case of real estate investment, on an aggregated basis, any one of the following three items for the U.S. affiliate (not just the foreign parent's share), was greater than $175 million (positive or negative) at the end of, or for, its fiscal year that ended in calendar year 2007:

(A) Total assets (do not net out liabilities);

(B) Sales or gross operating revenues, excluding sales taxes; or

(C) Net income after provision for U.S. income taxes.

(2) Form BE-12(SF) (Short Form) must be completed by a U.S. affiliate if:

(i) It is not a bank and is not owned directly or indirectly by a U.S. bank holding company or financial holding company, and

(ii) On a fully consolidated basis, or, in the case of real estate investment, on an aggregated basis, any one of the three items listed in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section for a majority-owned U.S. affiliate (not just the foreign parent's share), was greater than $40 million (positive or negative) but none of these items was greater than $175 million (positive or negative) at the end of, or for, its fiscal year that ended in calendar year 2007.

(iii) On a fully consolidated basis, or, in the case of real estate investment, on an aggregated basis, any one of the three items listed in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section for a minority-owned U.S. affiliate (not just the foreign parent's share), was greater than $40 million (positive or negative) at the end of, or for, its fiscal year that ended in calendar year 2007. (A “minority-owned” U.S. affiliate is one in which the combined direct and indirect ownership interest of all foreign parents of the U.S. affiliate is 50 percent or less.)

(3) Form BE-12 Mini must be completed by a U.S. affiliate if:

(i) It is not a bank, and is not owned directly or indirectly by a U.S. bank holding company or financial holding company, and

(ii) On a fully consolidated basis, or, in the case of real estate investment, on an aggregated basis, none of the three items listed in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section for a U.S. affiliate (not just the foreign parent's share), was greater than $40 million (positive or negative) at the end of, or for, its fiscal year that ended in calendar year 2007.

(4) Form BE-12 Bank must be completed by a U.S. affiliate if:

(i) The U.S. affiliate is a bank. For purposes of the BE-12 survey, a “bank” is a business entity engaged in deposit banking or closely related functions, including commercial banks, Edge Act corporations engaged in international or foreign banking, U.S. branches and agencies of foreign banks whether or not they accept domestic deposits, savings and loans, savings banks, bank holding companies and financial holding companies under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, including all subsidiaries or units of a bank holding company or financial holding company, and

(ii) On a fully consolidated basis any one of the three items listed in paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section for a U.S. affiliate (not just the foreign parent's share), was greater than $15 million (positive or negative) at the end of, or for, its fiscal year that ended in calendar year 2007.

(5) Form BE-12 Claim for Not Filing will be provided for response by persons that are not subject to the reporting requirements of the BE-12 survey but have been contacted by BEA concerning their reporting status.

(d) Aggregation of real estate investments. All real estate investments of a foreign person must be aggregated for the purpose of applying the reporting criteria. A single report form must be filed to report the aggregate holdings, unless written permission has been received from BEA to do otherwise. Those holdings not aggregated must be reported separately on the same type of report that would have been required if the real estate holdings were aggregated.

(e) Due date. A fully completed and certified Form BE-12(LF), BE-12(SF), BE-12 Mini, BE-12 Bank, or Form BE-12 Claim for Not Filing is due to be filed with BEA not later than May 31, 2008.

OMB control numbers assigned to the Paperwork Reduction Act.

(a) Purpose. This section complies with the requirements of section 3507 (f) of the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) which requires agencies to display a current control number assigned by the Director of OMB for each agency information collection requirement.

(b) Display.

15 CFR section where identified and describedCurrent OMB control No.
806.1 through 806.170608-0020
0024
0032
0004
0035
0030
0009
0023
0034
0042
0053
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[FR Doc. E7-24972 Filed 12-21-07; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3510-06-P