Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.
This document contains a temporary regulation that provides the time and manner for making an election to treat the sale or exchange of musical compositions or copyrights in musical works created by the taxpayer (or received by the taxpayer from the works' creator in a transferred basis transaction) as the sale or exchange of a capital asset. The regulation reflects changes to the law made by the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 and the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006. The regulation affects taxpayers making the election under section 1221(b)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) to treat gain or loss from such a sale or exchange as capital gain or loss. The text of this temporary regulation also serves as the text of the proposed regulation (REG-153589-06) set forth in the Proposed Rules section of this issue of the Federal Register.
Effective Date: This regulation is effective on February 8, 2008.
Applicability Dates: For dates of applicability, see § 1.1221-3T(d).Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Jamie Kim, (202) 622-4950 (not a toll-free number).End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Section 1221(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) generally provides that capital assets include all property held by a taxpayer with certain specified exclusions. Section 1221(a)(1) excludes from the definition of a capital asset inventory property or property held by a taxpayer primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of the taxpayer's trade or business. Section 1221(a)(3) excludes from the definition of a capital asset copyrights, literary, musical, or artistic compositions, letters or memoranda, or similar property held by a taxpayer whose personal efforts created the property (or held by a taxpayer whose basis in the property is determined by reference to the basis of such property in the hands of the taxpayer whose personal efforts created the property).
Section 1221(b)(3) of the Code, added by section 204 of the Tax Increase Prevention and Reconciliation Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-222, 120 Stat. 345) and amended by section 412 of the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432, 120 Stat. 2922), provides that, at the election of a taxpayer, the section 1221(a)(1) and (a)(3) exclusions from capital asset status do not apply to musical compositions or copyrights in musical works sold or exchanged by a taxpayer described in section 1221(a)(3). Thus, if a taxpayer who owns a musical composition or copyright in a musical work created by the taxpayer (or transferred to the taxpayer by the work's creator in a section 1221(a)(3)(C) transferred basis transaction) elects the application of this provision, gain or loss from the sale or exchange of the musical composition or copyright is treated as capital gain or loss.
Explanation of Provisions
This temporary regulation provides rules regarding the time and manner for making an election under section 1221(b)(3) to treat gain or loss from the sale or exchange of certain musical compositions or copyrights in musical works as gain or loss from the sale or exchange of a capital asset.
It has been determined that this Treasury decision is not a significant regulatory action as defined in Executive Order 12866. Therefore, a regulatory assessment is not required. It also has been determined that section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 5) does not apply to this regulation. For application of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. Chapter 6) please refer to the cross reference notice of proposed rulemaking published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register. Pursuant to section Start Printed Page 74657805(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, this regulation has been submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small business.
The principal author of these regulations is Jamie Kim of the Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Income Tax & Accounting). However, other personnel from the IRS and Treasury Department participated in their development.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1End List of Subjects
Amendments to the RegulationsStart Amendment Part
Accordingly,End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 1—INCOME TAXESEnd Part Start Amendment Part
End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
End Amendment Part
(a) Description. Section 1221(b)(3) allows an electing taxpayer to treat the sale or exchange of a musical composition or copyright in a musical work created by the taxpayer's personal efforts (or having a basis determined by reference to the basis of such property in the hands of a taxpayer whose personal efforts created such property) as the sale or exchange of a capital asset. As a consequence, gain or loss from the sale or exchange is treated as capital gain or loss. An election may be made for sales and exchanges in taxable years beginning after May 17, 2006.
(b) Time and manner for making the election. An election described in this section is made separately for each musical composition (or copyright in a musical work) sold or exchanged during the taxable year. An election must be made on or before the due date (including extensions) of the income tax return for the taxable year of the sale or exchange. An election is to be made on Schedule D, “Capital Gains and Losses,” of the appropriate income tax form (for example, Form 1040, “U.S. Individual Income Tax Return;” Form 1065, “U.S. Return of Partnership Income;” Form 1120, “U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return”) by treating the sale or exchange as the sale or exchange of a capital asset, in accordance with the form and its instructions.
(c) Revocability of election. An election described in this section is revocable with the consent of the Commissioner. To seek consent to revoke an election, a taxpayer must submit a request for a letter ruling under the appropriate revenue procedure. See, for example, Rev. Proc. 2007-1, 2007-1 CB 1 (updated annually). Alternatively, an automatic extension of 6 months from the due date of the taxpayer's income tax return (excluding extensions) is granted to revoke an election, provided the taxpayer timely filed the taxpayer's income tax return and, within this 6-month extension period, the taxpayer files an amended income tax return that treats the sale or exchange as the sale or exchange of property that is not a capital asset. See § 601.601(d)(2)(ii)(b) of this Chapter.
(d) Effective/applicability date. (1) The rules of this section apply to sales and exchanges in taxable years beginning after May 17, 2006.
(2) Expiration date. This section expires on February 7, 2011.
Linda E. Stiff,
Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.
Approved: January 28, 2008.
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (Tax Policy).
[FR Doc. E8-2309 Filed 2-7-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4830-01-P