Cost Accounting Standards Board, Office of Federal Procurement Policy, OMB.
Staff Discussion Paper (SDP).
The Cost Accounting Standards Board (the Board), Office of Federal Procurement Policy, invites public comments on a staff discussion paper (SDP) addressing potential revisions to Cost Accounting Standard (CAS) 403, “Allocation of Home Office Expenses to Segments.” This SDP addresses whether the current thresholds that require use of the three factor formula for allocating residual home office expenses require revision.
Comments must be in writing and must be received by April 14, 2008.
Due to delays in receipt and processing of mail, respondents are strongly encouraged to submit comments electronically to ensure timely receipt. Electronic comments may be submitted to email@example.com. Please include your name, title, organization, and reference case “CAS-2008-01S.” Start Printed Page 8261Comments may also be submitted via facsimile to (202) 395-5105. Comments via regular mail should be addressed to the Office of Federal Procurement Policy, 725 17th Street, NW., Room 9013, Washington, DC 20503, ATTN: Laura Auletta. Please note that any comments received will be posted in their entirety, including any personal and/or business confidential information provided, at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/procurement/casb.html after the close of the comment period.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Laura Auletta, Manager, Cost Accounting Standards Board, 725 17th Street, NW., Room 9013, Washington, DC 20503 (telephone: 202-395-3256).End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
A. Regulatory Process
The Board's rules, regulations and standards are codified at 48 CFR Chapter 99. The Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act, 41 U.S.C. 422(g)(1), requires the Board, prior to the establishment of any new or revised Standard, to complete a prescribed rulemaking process. The process generally consists of the following four steps:
1. Consult with interested persons concerning the advantages, disadvantages and improvements anticipated in the pricing and administration of government contracts as a result of the adoption of a proposed Standard (i.e., prepare and publish SDP).
2. Promulgate an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM).
3. Promulgate a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM).
4. Promulgate a Final Rule.
The SDP published with this notice is issued by the Board in accordance with the requirements of 41 U.S.C. 422(g)(1)(B), and is the first of the four-step process.
The Board has received two recommendations to revise the CAS 403 operating revenue thresholds used in determining if a contractor is required to apply the three factor formula to allocate residual home office expenses to segments. The research accomplished to date by the Board staff is the basis for the SDP being released today.
Over the past few years, the Board has received two proposals to revise the CAS operating revenue thresholds for determining if a contractor is required to use the three factor formula to allocate residual home office expenses to segments.
1. Consumer Price Index: A proposal from the Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) recommends that the operating revenue thresholds be raised by 400 percent to reflect the changes in the consumer price index (CPI) from 1973 to 2003.
2. Conduct Staff Study: A proposal from the Department of Defense (DoD) recommends that the Board obtain actual statistics of various companies and conduct a staff study similar to that performed by the original Board. This proposal recommends that the study update the thresholds to reflect the impact that economic changes, industry changes, and the advent of acquisition reform have had in the years since the thresholds were established.
C. Staff Discussion Paper
- 48 CFR 9904.403-40(c)(2) requires that home office residual expenses be allocated to segments using the three factor formula if the residual expenses exceed:
○ 3.35 percent of the first $100 million of operating revenue;
○ .95 percent of the next $200 million of operating revenue;
○ .30 percent of the next $2.7 billion of operating revenue; and
○ .20 percent of all amounts over $3 billion of operating revenue.
- The operating revenue thresholds at 48 C.F.R 9904.403-40(c)(2) were promulgated in December 1972 and have not been revised in the 35 years since.
- The Board has decided to initiate a case to determine if the current thresholds require revision. This case will analyze all aspects of this issue. For example, in addition to the inflation of the dollar, the last 35 years have also seen a change in the nature of home offices. In particular, the number of home offices have significantly increased due to the proliferation of intermediate home offices. In determining whether to revise the current thresholds, the Board will need to analyze if and to what extent such a proliferation impacts the thresholds. In addition, the Board will need to determine if and to what extent a data call is needed to obtain information necessary to reach an informed decision on this issue.
II. Staff Research
Comments on Alternatives
1. Use Consumer Price Index (CPI): On August 26, 2003, AIA sent a letter to the Board recommending that the operating revenue thresholds be raised by 400 percent to reflect the changes in the CPI from 1973 to 2003. The staff believes the AIA recommendation offers the advantage of a simple and quick revision to the out-of-date thresholds. It is also an objective measure of the economic escalation that has occurred since the thresholds were initially promulgated. A significant disadvantage is that the increase in the CPI may not be a good measure of increases necessary to the three factor formula. For example, the number of home offices have significantly increased due to the proliferation of intermediate home offices. The increase in home offices may warrant a smaller increase in the three factor formula than the CPI would provide. A second disadvantage is that the Board will not be aware of the exact impact the revision will have on the number of companies covered by the three factor formula.
The CPI represents changes in prices of all goods and services purchased for consumption by urban households. User fees (such as water and sewer service) and sales and excise taxes paid by the consumer are also included. Income taxes and investment items (like stocks, bonds, and life insurance) are not included. It is an objective measure of the economic escalation that has occurred since the thresholds were initially promulgated.
A potential problem concerning the use of the CPI is that historical values are not revised when there are improvements in the index. Consequently, past errors in methodology are only corrected prospectively (i.e., the historical data is not corrected). Most of the major improvements in the CPI have tended to reduce measured inflation. As a result, the increase in the CPI since 1972 overstates inflation.
The overstatement in the CPI can be mitigated by using alternative versions that incorporate current methodology in measuring past price movements. From 1972 to 1978, the best alternative version is the CPI-U-X1, which provides an adjustment to the CPI that computes housing costs using rental equivalents (this method was adopted for the official CPI in the early 1980s). However, the CPI-U-X1 does not include other improvements to the CPI that were adopted in the early 1980s.
The CPI-U-RS, which was developed in the late 1990s, incorporates changes in methodology implemented since 1978. Thus, it can be used to analyze inflationary trends in the CPI without interference from changes in methodology. New values based on current methods are released each April.
From December 1972 through December 1977, the CPI-U-X1 Start Printed Page 8262increased by a factor of 1.43. From January 1978 through February 2007, the CPI-U-RS increased by a factor of 3.26. To compute the increase for the period December 1972 through February 2007, the factor for the CPI-U-X1 is multiplied by the factor for the CPI-U-RS (1.43 x 3.26) to obtain an inflation factor of 4.66.
Applying this factor to the current thresholds at 48 C.F.R 9904.403-50 yields the following revised thresholds for application of the three factor formula:
○ 3.35 percent of the first $470 million of operating revenue;
○ .95 percent of the next $930 million of operating revenue;
○ .30 percent of the next $12.6 billion of operating revenue; and
○ .20 percent of all amounts over $14.0 billion of operating revenue.
2. Conduct Staff Study: On September 26, 2002, DoD sent a letter to the Board recommending that, as part of the comprehensive review, the Board obtain actual statistics of various companies and conduct a staff study similar to that performed by the original Board. DoD recommended that the study update the thresholds to reflect the impact that economic changes, industry changes, and the advent of acquisition reform have had in the years since the thresholds were established. The staff believes that the DoD recommendation offers the Board an opportunity to understand the impact that various revisions would have on the number of companies subject to the three factor formula before drafting an ANPRM. The disadvantage is that the analysis will require significant time and effort to accomplish, and it is possible that such an analysis would not yield useful data for determining the appropriate thresholds.
III. Public Input
The Board is requesting public input on whether the thresholds should be raised, the potential advantages and disadvantages of the two alternatives described above, and any additional recommended alternatives the commenters may have. Key questions for consideration include, but are not limited to, the following:
1. Should the operating revenue thresholds be revised? Why or why not?
2. If the threshold should be revised, what should be the basis of that revision (e.g., CPI, staff study, other)?
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the two alternatives described above?
4. What type of data is currently available for performance of the staff study?
5. Is the administrative burden of collecting the data associated with the staff study commensurate with risk?
6. To what extent does the proliferation of intermediate home offices impact any potential revision of the operating revenue thresholds?Start Signature
Paul A. Denett,
Administrator, Office of Federal Procurement Policy.
[FR Doc. E8-2666 Filed 2-12-08; 8:45 am]
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