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Airworthiness Directives; MORAVAN a.s. Model Z-143L Airplanes

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION:

Final Rule.

SUMMARY:

We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) issued by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as:

Vortex inserts are used inside the heat exchanger of the carburettor heating system. Up to serial number (s/n) 0044 inclusive those inserts have been produced from aluminium alloy which has been found to be susceptible of cracks. As a consequence, if left uncorrected some loose parts could migrate in the induction system, reduce the air flow through the carburettor's venturi and lead to a loss of engine power.

From s/n 0045 onwards vortex inserts have been produced from stainless steel.

We are issuing this AD to require actions to correct the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES:

This AD becomes effective July 16, 2008.

On July 16, 2008, the Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this AD.

ADDRESSES:

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov or in person at Document Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Doug Rudolph, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329-4059; fax: (816) 329-4090.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

We issued a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 14 CFR part 39 to include an AD that would apply to the specified products. That NPRM was published in the Federal Register on April 11, 2008 (73 FR 19766). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI states:

Vortex inserts are used inside the heat exchanger of the carburettor heating system. Up to serial number (s/n) 0044 inclusive those inserts have been produced from aluminium alloy which has been found to be susceptible of cracks. As a consequence, if left uncorrected some loose parts could migrate in the induction system, reduce the air flow through the carburettor's venturi and lead to a loss of engine power.

From s/n 0045 onwards vortex inserts have been produced from stainless steel.

Comments

We gave the public the opportunity to participate in developing this AD. We received no comments on the NPRM or on the determination of the cost to the public.

Conclusion

We reviewed the available data and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting the AD as proposed.

Differences Between This AD and the MCAI or Service Information

We have reviewed the MCAI and related service information and, in general, agree with their substance. But we might have found it necessary to use different words from those in the MCAI to ensure the AD is clear for U.S. operators and is enforceable. In making these changes, we do not intend to differ substantively from the information provided in the MCAI and related service information.

We might also have required different actions in this AD from those in the MCAI in order to follow FAA policies. Any such differences are highlighted in a Note within the AD.

Costs of Compliance

Based on the service information, we estimate that this AD will affect 7 products of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about 6 work-hours per product to comply with basic requirements of this AD. The average labor rate is $80 per work-hour. Required parts will cost about $100 per product.

Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of this AD to the U.S. operators to be $4,060 or $580 per product.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Start Printed Page 33001section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. “Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,” describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in “Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

We determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify this AD:

(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

(2) Is not a “significant rule” under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

(3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a regulatory evaluation of the estimated costs to comply with this AD and placed it in the AD Docket.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains the NPRM, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Office (telephone (800) 647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

End List of Subjects

Adoption of the Amendment

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Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends

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PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

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1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new AD:

End Amendment Part

2008-12-06 Moravan a.s.: Amendment 39-15549; Docket No. FAA-2008-0426; Directorate Identifier 2008-CE-016-AD.

Effective Date

(a) This airworthiness directive (AD) becomes effective July 16, 2008.

Affected ADs

(b) None.

Applicability

(c) This AD applies to Model Z-143L airplanes, all serial numbers (SNs), certificated in any category.

Subject

(d) Air Transport Association of America (ATA) Code 75: Engine Air.

Reason

(e) The mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) states:

Vortex inserts are used inside the heat exchanger of the carburetor heating system. Up to serial number (s/n) 0044 inclusive those inserts have been produced from aluminium alloy which has been found to be susceptible of cracks. As a consequence, if left uncorrected some loose parts could migrate in the induction system, reduce the air flow through the carburetor's venturi and lead to a loss of engine power.

From s/n 0045 onwards vortex inserts have been produced from stainless steel.

To address this unsafe condition, this Airworthiness Directive (AD) mandates initial inspections of the heat exchanger vortex inserts and replacement of the aluminium inserts by stainless steel ones if any damage is found; and recurrent inspections to be done as incorporated in the Revision of Airplane Maintenance Manual.

Actions and Compliance

(f) Unless already done, do the following actions:

(1) For all serial numbers (SNs) through SN 0044:

(i) Before further flight after July 16, 2008 (the effective date of this AD), inspect the vortex inserts inside the carburetor heating system heat exchanger for cracks and/or loose or missing rivets following paragraph 8 of Moravan Aviation s.r.o. Mandatory Service Bulletin Z143L/31a, dated June 8, 2007.

(ii) Before further flight, if as a result of the inspection required by paragraph (f)(1)(i) of this AD, you find any cracks and/or loose or missing rivets for the vortex inserts, replace all vortex inserts with new vortex inserts made from stainless steel following paragraph 8 of Moravan Aviation s.r.o. Mandatory Service Bulletin Z143L/31a, dated June 8, 2007.

(2) For SN 0045 and greater: Within 110 hours time-in-service (TIS) after July 16, 2008 (the effective date of this AD) or within 60 days after July 16, 2008 (the effective date of this AD), whichever occurs first, inspect the vortex inserts inside the carburetor heating system heat exchanger following new instructions introduced by new pages 05-28, 75-7, 75-7A, and 75-8 of ZLIN Z 143 L Airplane Maintenance Manual, Revision No. 9, dated: June 8, 2007, and replace with new vortex inserts made from stainless steel, if cracks and/or loose or missing rivets for the vortex inserts are found.

(3) For all SNs: Within 60 days after July 16, 2008 (the effective date of this AD), incorporate new pages 01-11, 01-12, 01-24, 01-35, 05-28, 75-7, 75-7A, 75-7B, and 75-8 of ZLIN Z 143 L Airplane Maintenance Manual, Revision No. 9, dated: June 8, 2007, into your maintenance program. These pages include compliance times and procedures for repetitive inspections and corrective actions.

FAA AD Differences

Note:

This AD differs from the MCAI and/or service information as follows: The MCAI requires compliance for the inspection of SN 0045 and greater at the next shop visit or within 110 hours TIS after the effective date of the MCAI. To assure the AD is clear for U.S. operators and all airplanes have the inspection done in a timely manner, this AD requires compliance for the inspection of SN 0045 and greater within 110 hours TIS after July 16, 2008 (the effective date of this AD) or within 60 days after July 16, 2008 (the effective date of this AD), whichever occurs first.

Other FAA AD Provisions

(g) The following provisions also apply to this AD:

(1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, Standards Office, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. Send information to ATTN: Doug Rudolph, Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Small Airplane Directorate, 901 Locust, Room 301, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; telephone: (816) 329-4059; fax: (816) 329-4090. Before using any approved AMOC on any airplane to which the AMOC applies, notify your appropriate principal inspector (PI) in the FAA Flight Standards District Office (FSDO), or lacking a PI, your local FSDO.

(2) Airworthy Product: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer or other source, use these actions if they are FAA-approved. Corrective actions are considered FAA-approved if they are approved by the State of Design Authority (or their delegated agent). You are required to assure the product is airworthy before it is returned to service.

(3) Reporting Requirements: For any reporting requirement in this AD, under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act Start Printed Page 33002(44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has approved the information collection requirements and has assigned OMB Control Number 2120-0056.

Related Information

(h) Refer to MCAI European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD No. 2008-0038, dated February 27, 2008; Moravan Aviation s.r.o. Mandatory Service Bulletin Z143L/31a, dated June 8, 2007; and new pages 01-11, 01-12, 01-24, 01-35, 05-28, 75-7, 75-7A, 75-7B, and 75-8 of ZLIN Z 143 L Airplane Maintenance Manual, Revision No. 9, dated: June 8, 2007, for related information.

Material Incorporated by Reference

(i) You must use Moravan Aviation s.r.o. Mandatory Service Bulletin Z143L/31a, dated June 8, 2007; and new pages 01-11, 01-12, 01-24, 01-35, 05-28, 75-7, 75-7A, 75-7B, and 75-8 of ZLIN Z 143 L Airplane Maintenance Manual, Revision No. 9, dated: June 8, 2007, to do the actions required by this AD, unless the AD specifies otherwise.

(1) The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by reference of this service information under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.

(2) For service information identified in this AD, contact Moravan Aviation s.r.o., ZLIN Service, 765 81 Otrokovice, Czech Republic.

(3) You may review copies at the FAA, Central Region, Office of the Regional Counsel, 901 Locust, Room 506, Kansas City, Missouri 64106; or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/​federal-register/​cfr/​ibr-locations.html.

Start Signature

Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on May 29, 2008.

David R. Showers,

Acting Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. E8-12754 Filed 6-10-08; 8:45 am]

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