On March 17, 2008, the New York Stock Exchange LLC (“NYSE” or “Exchange”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”), pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”), and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, a proposed rule change to make permanent an existing portable phone pilot. On March 27, 2008, and April 2, 2008, the Exchange submitted Amendments No. 1 and 2, respectively, to the proposed rule change. The proposed rule change was published for comment in the Federal Register on April 9, 2008. The Commission received no comments regarding the proposal. This order approves the proposed rule change, as modified by Amendments No. 1 and 2.
I. Description of the Proposal
The Exchange proposes to make permanent NYSE Rule 36 (Communications Between Exchange Member's Offices), which permits Floor brokers and Registered Competitive Market-Makers (“RCMMs”)  to use on a pilot basis an Exchange authorized and issued portable phone (“Exchange Phone”) on the Exchange Floor (“Pilot”). The Commission originally approved the Pilot to be implemented for a six-month period  in 2003. Since the inception of the Original Pilot, the Exchange extended the Pilot ten times, with the current Pilot set to expire on June 30, 2008. In 2006, the Exchange incorporated RCMMs into the Pilot  and subsequently amended the Pilot to allow RCMMs to use Exchange Phones to call to and receive calls from their booths.
NYSE Rule 36 governs the establishment of telephonic or electronic communications between the Exchange Floor and any other location. Prior to the Pilot, NYSE Rule 36 prohibited the use of portable phone communications between the Exchange Floor and any off-Floor location. Floor brokers could communicate from the Exchange Floor to off-Floor location only by means of a telephone located at a broker's booth. Such communication often involved a customer calling a broker at the booth for “market look” information. A broker could not use a portable phone in a trading crowd at the point of sale to speak with a person located off the Exchange Floor.
Currently, on a pilot basis, NYSE Rule 36 outlines the conditions under which Floor brokers and RCMMs may use Exchange Phones. Only Exchange Phones are permitted to be used under the Pilot and any other type of portable phones are prohibited pursuant to NYSE Rule 36. A Floor broker may, with the Exchange's approval, engage in direct voice communication from the point of sale to an off-Floor location, such as a member firm's trading desk or the office of one of the broker's customers. The Pilot permits both incoming and outgoing calls, provided all requirements of NYSE Rule 36 and other Exchange rules have been met.
During the permitted communication as provided in NYSE Rule 36, a broker may accept orders, provide status and oral execution reports as to orders previously received, and provide market look observations as historically have been routinely transmitted from a broker's booth location. A Floor broker, however, may not represent and execute any order received as a result of such communication unless the order is first properly recorded by the member and entered into the Exchange's Front End Systemic Capture (“FESC”) electronic database. In addition, Exchange rules require that Floor brokers receiving orders from the public over Exchange Phones must be properly qualified to engage in such direct access business under NYSE Rules 342 and 345, among others.
The Pilot also allows RCMMs to use an Exchange Phone, solely to call and receive calls from their booths on the Exchange Floor, to communicate with their or their member organizations' off-Floor office, and to communicate with the off-Floor office of their clearing member organization to enter off-Floor orders and to discuss matters related to the clearance and settlement of transactions, provided the off-Floor office uses a wired phone line for these discussions. RCMMs and their or their member organization's off-Floor offices may not use Exchange Phones to transmit to the Exchange Floor orders for the purchase or sale of securities by public customers or any other agency business.
Under the Pilot, Floor brokers may not use call-forwarding or conference calling. Likewise, RCMMs, their booth Start Printed Page 39364personnel, their member organization's off-Floor office, and their clearing member organization's off-Floor office may not use call-forwarding or conference calling. Accordingly, Exchange Phones used by Floor brokers and RCMMs do not have call-forwarding or conference calling capabilities. The Exchange also prohibits booth phones used to make calls to and receive calls from RCMMs from having call-forwarding or conference calling features enabled. Further, Floor brokers and their member organizations must have procedures designed to deter anyone calling their Exchange Phone from using caller ID block or attempting to conceal the phone number from which the call is being made. Similarly, RCMMs and their member organizations must implement procedures designed to deter their or their member organization's off-Floor office and the off-Floor office of their clearing member organization from doing the same.
Use of the Exchange Phone by Floor brokers and RCMMs must comply with all other rules, policies, and procedures of both the federal securities laws and the Exchange, including the record retention requirements, as set forth in NYSE Rule 440 and Rules 17a-3 and 17a-4 under the Act. Further, every Floor broker and RCMM must sign a written agreement consenting to specified terms of usage in connection with the operation of the Pilot and their use of the Exchange authorized and provided portable phones. For surveillance purposes, the Exchange receives records of all incoming and outgoing calls on Exchange Phones. The Exchange represents that it will continue to receive such records on a monthly basis.
Specialists are subject to separate restrictions in NYSE Rule 36 on their ability to engage in communications from the specialist post to an off-Floor location. The Exchange's proposal would not apply to specialists, who would continue to be prohibited from communicating from the post to upstairs trading desks or customers.
The Exchange is proposing to adopt the Pilot on a permanent basis under the same rules and conditions that currently exist.
The Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with the requirements of the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to a national securities exchange. In particular, the Commission finds that the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6(b)(5) of the Act, which requires that the rules of the an exchange be designed to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to remove impediments to and perfect the mechanism of a free and open market and a national securities system, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest.
The Exchange adopted the prohibition on the use of portable telephones on the Exchange Floor in 1988. In approving the prohibition, the Commission noted that, by being able to communicate directly with a broker in the trading crowd, a customer (invariably, a large or institutional one) could have a significant time and place advantage. The Commission further noted that certain concerns could result from such advantage. The Commission, however, also observed that the approval of the prohibition did not foreclose an exchange from devising a program to permit the use of portable phones on the floor and that such prohibition was not the only approach consistent with the Act.
The Exchange subsequently proposed to permit on a pilot basis the use of Exchange Phones on the Exchange Floor. In approving the Original Pilot, the Commission noted that Exchange Phones could provide more direct access to the Exchange's trading crowds and increase speed in the transmittal and execution of orders. The Commission, however, continued to express an ongoing concern and requested that, if the Exchange decides to request permanent approval, it submit information documenting the usage of the Exchange Phones, any problems that has occurred, and any advantages or disadvantages of such usage. The Commission noted that such information would help ensure that the Exchange Phones provide for fair access, with adequate monitoring of orders being taken and information being disseminated.
The Exchange has duly provided such information with each extension of the Pilot and in its proposal to permanently adopt the Pilot. Since the inception of the Original Pilot, the Commission also notes that the Exchange did not identify significant regulatory issues and also represented that that no administrative or technical problems, other than routine telephone maintenance issues, have occurred. Further, in its proposal to permanently adopt the Pilot, the Exchange states that there has been a reasonable degree of usage of the Exchange Phones. In addition, the Commission notes that there does not appear to be any complaints concerning fair access to the NYSE's trading floor as a result of the Pilot. Rather, the Exchange states in its proposal that the Pilot demonstrates that the Exchange Phones facilitate communication without any corresponding drawbacks.
The Commission also notes that, as proposed to be permanently adopted, NYSE Rule 36 requires Floor brokers and RCMMs to comply with all rules, policies, and procedures of the Exchange and the federal securities law, including the record retention requirements. Additionally, a Floor broker would not be permitted to Start Printed Page 39365represent and execute an order unless first inputted in FESC. Floor brokers and RCMMs, moreover, are not permitted to use call-forwarding or conference calling and must implement procedures designed to deter anyone calling the Exchange Phones from concealing the phone number from which a call is being made. Further, the Exchange has the right to request from the Exchange Phone service provider any records relating to incoming and outgoing calls. The Exchange represents that it has received, and will continue to receive, records of such calls on a monthly basis. With respect to Exchange Phones, these requirements and records should help the Exchange detect and deter any violations of the Exchange rules and the Act.
The Commission, therefore, finds that the proposal is consistent with the Act. The conditions stated above should continue to aid the Exchange in surveilling for compliance with Exchange rules and the Act and address concerns identified in the adoption of the original prohibition. The Commission also believes that the operation of the Pilot without incident since its inception helps to address the Commission's initial concerns. Accordingly, as noted by the Commission when it approved the Original Pilot, the Commission continues to believe that the Pilot helps to expedite orders and make the flow of information more direct.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 19(b)(2) of the Act, that the proposed rule change (SR-NYSE-2008-20), as modified by Amendments No. 1 and 2 be, and it hereby is, approved.Start Signature
For the Commission by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.
Florence E. Harmon,
4. See NYSE Rule 107A, which defines and governs the registration and dealings of RCMMs.Back to Citation
5. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 47671 (April 11, 2003), 68 FR 19048 (April 17, 2003) (SR-NYSE-2002-11) (“Original Pilot”). The Original Pilot permitted Exchange Phones to be used only by Floor brokers. See note 8 and 9 infra and accompanying text.Back to Citation
6. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 47992 (June 5, 2003), 68 FR 35047 (June 11, 2003) (SR-NYSE-2003-19) (delaying the implementation date for Exchange Phones from on or about May 1, 2003, to no later than June 23, 2003).Back to Citation
7. See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 48919 (December 12, 2003), 68 FR 70853 (December 19, 2003) (SR-NYSE-2003-38) (extending the Pilot for an additional six months ending on June 16, 2004); 49954 (July 1, 2004), 69 FR 41323 (July 8, 2004) (SR-NYSE-2004-30) (extending the Pilot for an additional five months ending on November 30, 2004); 50777 (December 1, 2004), 69 FR 71090 (December 8, 2004) (SR-NYSE-2004-67) (extending the Pilot for an additional four months ending March 31, 2005); 51464 (March 31, 2005), 70 FR 17746 (April 7, 2005) (SR-NYSE-2005-20) (extending the Pilot for additional four months ending July 31, 2005); 52188 (August 1, 2005), 70 FR 46252 (August 9, 2005) (SR-NYSE-2005-53) (extending the Pilot for an additional six months ending January 31, 2006); 53277 (February 13, 2006), 71 FR 8877 (February 21, 2006) (SR-NYSE-2006-03) (extending the Pilot for an additional six months ending July 31, 2006); 54276 (August 4, 2006), 71 FR 45885 (August 10, 2006) (SR-NYSE-2006-55) (extending the Pilot for an additional six months ending January 31, 2007); 55218 (January 31, 2007), 72 FR 6025 (February 8, 2007) (SR-NYSE-2007-05) (extending the Pilot for an additional twelve months ending January 31, 2008); 57249 (January 31, 2008), 73 FR 7024 (February 6, 2008) (SR-NYSE-2008-10) (extending the Pilot for an additional three months ending April 30, 2008); and 57746 (April 30, 2008), 73 FR 25816 (May 7, 2008) (SR-NYSE-2008-34) (extending the Pilot to no later than the approval of SR-NYSE-2008-20 or June 30, 2008, the earlier thereof).Back to Citation
8. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 53213 (February 2, 2006), 71 FR 7103 (February 10, 2006) (SR-NYSE-2005-80).Back to Citation
9. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 54215 (July 26, 2006), 71 FR 43551 (August 1, 2006) (SR-NYSE-2006-51).Back to Citation
10. See also Member Education Bulletins 2005-20 (November 28, 2005) and 2005-23 (December 2, 2005) (“MEBs”). MEBs describe the conditions for the use of a portable phone by Floor brokers and RCMMs, the acknowledgement procedure, and the rule text. These MEBs were previously filed as exhibits with the Commission in connection with the operation of the Pilot. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 53213 (February 2, 2006), 71 FR 7103 (February 10, 2006) (SR-NYSE-2005-80). The Exchange represents that revised MEBs would be sent to all Floor brokers and RCMMs utilizing portable phones pursuant to NYSE Rule 36. The Commission notes that MEBs and acknowledgment forms attached thereto are part of this rule proposal.Back to Citation
11. See NYSE Rule 123(e). See also Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 43689 (December 7, 2000), 65 FR 79145 (December 18, 2000) (SR-NYSE-98-25) and 44943 (October 16, 2001), 66 FR 53820 (October 24, 2001) (SR-NYSE-2001-39) (discussing certain exceptions to FESC, such as orders to offset an error or a bona fide arbitrage, which may be entered within 60 seconds after a trade is executed).Back to Citation
12. Floor brokers and RCMMs agree to comply with NYSE Rule 36, all other rules, policies, and procedures of both federal securities laws and the Exchange, including the record retention requirements of NYSE Rule 440 and Rules 17a-3 and 17a-4 under the Act, and acknowledge that the Exchange has the right to request from their Exchange Phone service provider any records relating to incoming and outgoing calls that NYSE Regulation, Inc. deems necessary. Floor brokers additionally agree that, to the extent they are aware that a customer or any other incoming caller is using a caller ID block, the Floor broker would request in writing that the customer/caller disable such block when calling the Floor broker. Such written request must be documented and a copy of the same retained. RCMMs acknowledge that they may only call and receive calls from the locations provided in NYSE Rule 36.22. RCMMs additionally agree to disable the functionality that allows call-forwarding, conference calling, caller ID block, or any other means to conceal the phone number from which the call is being made.Back to Citation
13. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 46560 (September 26, 2002), 67 FR 62088 (October 3, 2002) (SR-NYSE-00-31) (discussing restrictions on specialists' communications from the post).Back to Citation
14. NYSE Rule 36.30 provides that, with the approval of the Exchange, a specialist unit may maintain a telephone line at its stock trading post location to the off-Floor offices of the specialist unit or the unit's clearing firm. Such telephone connection may not be used for the purpose of transmitting to the Exchange Floor orders for the purchase or sale of securities but may be used to enter options or futures hedging orders through the unit's off-Floor office or the unit's clearing firm or through a member (on the Exchange Floor) of an options or futures exchange.Back to Citation
15. In approving this proposed rule change, the Commission has considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. See 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
17. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 25842 (June 23, 1998), 53 FR 24539 (June 29, 2008) (SR-NYSE-87-18). The proposal resulting in the adoption of the prohibition was in response to a Commission order setting aside actions by the Exchange denying two of its members permission to install telephone connections to communicate from the Exchange Floor with non-member customers located off-Floor. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 24429 (May 6, 1987). The Exchange's proposal ultimately approved by the Commission permitted access to non-member customers at the Floor booth but prohibited such access through portable phones in the trading crowd.Back to Citation
18. See note 5 supra.Back to Citation
19. The Commission notes that since the inception of the Original Pilot, the Commission received only one comment letter. The comment letter pertains to the Original Pilot and was supportive of it. See note 5 supra.Back to Citation
20. See note 10 supra.Back to Citation
21. In approving this proposal, the Commission has considered the proposed rule's impact on efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
22. In this regard, the Commission notes that proper surveillance is an essential component of any telephone access policy to an Exchange Floor.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E8-15485 Filed 7-8-08; 8:45 am]
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