In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-5960 or send comments to Maryam Daneshvar, CDC Acting Reports Clearance Officer, 1600 Clifton Road, MS-D74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send an e-mail to email@example.com.
Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice.
Formative Research on Lung Cancer Screening—New—Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
Currently, there is scientific debate about the value of lung cancer screening. For people in whom lung cancer is found and treated at an early, localized stage, the five-year survival rate is roughly 49%. However, only 16% of people with lung cancer are diagnosed at this early, localized stage. Screening for lung cancer using chest x-rays (CXR) was widely practiced, but studies have shown that CXR with or without sputum cytology does not reduce mortality from lung cancer. Studies are currently underway to provide more information about the effectiveness of other types of screening tests, such as computed tomography (CT) scans and spiral CT scans.
The purpose of this project is to conduct formative research to gather information from adult health care consumers and primary care physicians about experiences and practices related to lung cancer screening and testing as Start Printed Page 45226well as their knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to preventive cancer screenings. Of particular interest are adults of various races and ethnicities who are at high risk for lung cancer (i.e., long-term heavy smokers).
The proposed project will use focus groups to gather information about the target audiences' experiences and practices related to lung cancer screening and testing. If warranted from focus group data with adult consumers, follow-up personal interviews will be conducted with selected focus group participants, especially those reporting experience with screening tests, such as spiral computed tomography (CT).
A total of 16 focus groups will be conducted at professional focus group facilities with long-term heavy smokers ages 40-70. The data will be collected from a convenience sample of adults who will be screened and recruited using lists maintained by the focus group facilities. Each focus group will include approximately nine participants and last two hours. If warranted, additional in-depth interviews will be conducted with up to 16 focus group participants.
Eight telephone focus groups will be conducted with a random sample of primary care physicians recruited from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile list. Potential physician respondents will be mailed a screening packet to complete and return. Each focus group of physicians will include approximately six participants and last 75 minutes. Two alternates will be recruited for each physician focus group in order to ensure participation of the targeted number of respondents.
Information will be collected over the two-year project period. There are no costs to respondents except their time. The total estimated annualized burden hours are 198.
|Type of respondents||Form name||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Average burden per response (in hours)||Total burden (in hours)|
|Health Care Consumers||Health Care Consumer Screener Form||144||1||2/60||5|
|Moderator's Guide for Health Care Consumer Focus Groups||72||1||2||144|
|Guide for In-Depth Interviews with Health Care Consumers||8||1||1||8|
|Physicians||Physician Response Form||64||1||5/60||5|
|Moderator's Guide for Physician Focus Groups||24||1||1.5||36|
Marilyn S. Radke,
Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. E8-17772 Filed 8-1-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P