Department of State.
This rule adopts as final without change the Department's interim rule published on December 17, 2002, at 67 FR 77158. The rule changes the requirements pertaining to the issuance of visas to certain health care workers. Certain foreign health care workers now need to present certificates establishing competency in a specific health care field. Certification is issued by the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS) or other credentialing organizations that have been approved by the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS). This rule facilitates greater uniformity between the regulations of DHS and the Department of State.
Effective Date: Effective October 20, 2008.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Penafrancia D. Salas, Legislation and Regulations Division, Visa Services, Department of State, Washington, DC 20520-0106. Phone: 202-663-1202. E-mail: (firstname.lastname@example.org).End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
What Is The Background of This Rule?
An alien who seeks to enter the United States for the purpose of performing labor as a health care worker, other than as a physician, is ineligible for visa issuance and is inadmissible to the United States unless the alien presents to the consular officer a certificate from the CGFNS or a certificate from an equivalent independent credentialing organization approved by DHS in consultation with HHS that indicates the following:
(a) The alien's education, training, license, and experience:
1. Meet all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements for admission Start Printed Page 62198into the United States under the specified visa;
2. Are comparable with those required for an American health care worker of the same type;
3. Are authentic; and,
4. In the case of a license is unencumbered (not burdened or affected);
(b) The alien has the level of competence in oral and written English considered by the Secretary of HHS, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, to be appropriate for the health care work in which the alien will be engaged. HHS's finding is to be based on an established score on one or more nationally recognized, commercially available, standardized assessments; and,
(c) If a majority of states licensing the profession in which the alien intends to work recognize a test predicting an applicant's success on the profession's licensing or certification examination, the alien has passed such a test, or has passed the certification examination.
The Immigration and Nationality Act section 212(r) created an alternative certification process for certain aliens seeking to enter the United States to perform nursing services. In general, such procedures apply to those aliens who already possess a valid, unrestricted, authentic and unencumbered license as a nurse in a state where the alien intends to be employed and who received their nursing training in a country where the quality of education and the English proficiency of nursing graduates have been recognized by the CGFNS as meeting its standards.
On July 25, 2003, the Department of Homeland Security published in the Federal Register at 68 FR 43901 its final rule establishing at 8 CFR 212.15 the regulations governing the certification process for aliens seeking to enter to provide labor as health care providers. Aliens in covered health care occupations (with the exception of aliens who, under 8 CFR 212.15(b) are not subject to the certification requirement of 212(a)(5)(C) and 212(r) of the INA (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(5)(C) and 8 U.S.C. 1182(r) respectively, and the Department of Homeland Security Regulations at 8 CFR 212.15) specified at 8 CFR 212.15(c)) are inadmissible.
Were Comments Solicited on This Rule?
Yes, comments were solicited. Although the Department received four comments in response to this rule, the comments raised issues regarding the hardship on the individual commenters that the statutory requirements imposed. For example, several comments focused on the shortage of nurses in the United States and the need for foreign nurses to make up the shortage. Other comments focused on issues relating to the licensure of nurses.
Administrative Procedure Act
The Department's implementation of the interim rule was based upon the “good cause” exception found at 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B). Section 553(b) of the APA authorizes agencies to dispense with certain notice procedures for rules when they are “impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to public interest.” Nevertheless, the Department solicited public comments. This rule makes final an amendment to the regulation that implemented a legislative mandate that codified current practices.
Regulatory Flexibility Act/Executive Order 13272: Small Business
The Department of State, pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b), has assessed this regulation and, by approving it, certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
Section 202 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UFMA), Public Law 104-4, 109 Stat. 48, 2 U.S.C. 1532, generally requires agencies to prepare a statement before proposing any rule that may result in an annual expenditure of $100 million or more by State, local, or tribal governments, or by the private sector. This rule will not result in any such expenditure, nor will it significantly or uniquely affect small governments.
The Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804, for purposes of congressional review of agency rulemaking under the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, Public Law 104-121. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and import markets.
Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Review
The Department of State has reviewed this rule to ensure its consistency with the regulatory philosophy and principles set forth in Executive Order 12866 and has determined that the benefits of the regulation justify its costs. The Department does not consider the rule to be an economically significant action within the scope of section 3(f)(1) of the Executive Order since it is not likely to have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or to adversely affect in a material way the economy, a sector of the economy, competition, jobs, the environment, public health or safety, or State, local or tribal governments or communities.
Executive Orders 12372 and 13132: Federalism
This regulation will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Nor will the rule have federalism implications warranting the application of Executive Orders No. 12372 and No. 13132.
Executive Order 12988: Civil Justice Reform
The Department has reviewed the proposed regulations in light of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order No. 12988 to eliminate ambiguity, minimize litigation, establish clear legal standards, and reduce burden.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule does not impose any new reporting or recordkeeping requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 22 CFR Part 40End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
Accordingly, the interim rule amendingEnd Amendment Part Start Signature
Dated: October 6, 2008.
Janice L. Jacobs,
Assistant Secretary for Consular Affairs Department of State.
[FR Doc. E8-24474 Filed 10-17-08; 8:45 am]
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