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United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.

ACTION:

Correcting amendments.

SUMMARY:

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) published a final rule in the Federal Register on March 21, 2008 (FR Doc. 08-1058), revising the United States Standards of Grades of Potatoes. As published, the final regulations contain errors in §§ 51.1545, 51.1546, 51.1664, and 51.1565 that are misleading and are in need of clarification. This document corrects those errors.

DATES:

Effective Date: November 21, 2008.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Vincent J. Fusaro, Standardization Section, Fresh Products Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs (202) 720-2185.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

This document provides correcting amendments to the U.S. Grade Standards for Grades of Potatoes, found respectively at 7 CFR part 51.

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List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 51

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PART 51—[CORRECTED]

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1. The authority citation for part 51 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1621-1627.

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3. In § 51.1545, Table 1 is revised to read as follows:

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Size.
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Table 1

Size designationMinimum diameter 1 or weightMaximum diameter 1 or weight
InchesOuncesInchesOunces
Creamer3/4(3)15/8(3)
Chef23/4841/228
Size A217/8(3)(3)(3)
Size B11/2(3)21/4(3)
Small13/4(3)21/26
Medium21/4531/410
Large31041/228
1 Diameter means the greatest dimension at right angles to the longitudinal axis, without regard to the position of the stem end.
2 In addition to the minimum size specified, a lot of potatoes designated as Size A shall contain at least 40 percent of potatoes which are 21/2 inches in diameter or larger or 6 ounces in weight or larger.
3 No requirement.
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3. In § 51.1546, paragraph (a) is revised to read as follows:

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Tolerances.
* * * * *

(a) For defects—(1) U.S. No. 1. (i) At Shipping Point. A total of 8 percent for potatoes in any lot which fail to meet the requirements for the grade: Provided, that included in this tolerance not more than the following percentages shall be allowed for the defects listed:

(A) 5 percent for external defects;

(B) 5 percent for internal defects;

(C) Including therein not more than 1 percent for potatoes which are frozen or affected by soft rot or wet breakdown. See § 51.1547.

(ii) En route or at Destination. A total of 10 percent for potatoes in any lot which fail to meet the requirements for the grade: Provided, that included in this tolerance not more than the following percentages shall be allowed for the defects listed:

(A) 7 percent for external defects;

(B) 7 percent for internal defects;

(C) Including therein not more than 2 percent for potatoes which are frozen or affected by soft rot or wet breakdown. See § 51.1547.

(2) U.S. Commercial. A total of 20 percent for potatoes in any lot which fail to meet the requirements for the grade: Provided, that included in this tolerance not more than the following percentages shall be allowed for the defects listed:

(i) 10 percent for potatoes which fail to meet the requirements for U.S. No. 2 grade, including therein not more than:

(ii) 6 percent for external defects;

(iii) 6 percent for internal defects; or,

(iv) Including therein not more than 1 percent for potatoes which are frozen or affected by soft rot or wet breakdown. See § 51.1547.

(3) U.S. No. 2. (i) At Shipping Point: A total of 10 percent for potatoes in any lot which fail to meet the requirements for the grade: Provided, that included in this tolerance not more than the following percentages shall be allowed for the defects listed:

(A) 6 percent for external defects; Start Printed Page 70586

(B) 6 percent for internal defects;

(C) Including therein not more than 1 percent for potatoes which are frozen or affected by soft rot or wet breakdown. See § 51.1547.

(ii) En route or at Destination: A total of 12 percent for potatoes in any lot which fail to meet the requirements for the grade: Provided, that included in this tolerance not more than the following percentages shall be allowed for the defects listed:

(A) 8 percent for external defects;

(B) 8 percent for internal defects;

(C) Including therein not more than 2 percent for potatoes which are frozen or affected by soft rot or wet breakdown. See § 51.1547.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

4. In § 51.1564, Table III, the entries “Bruises (Not including pressure bruise and sunken discolored areas)”; “Growth Cracks”; and “Sprouts” are revised to read as follows:

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External Defects.
* * * * *

Table III—External Defects

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DefectDamageSerious
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Bruises (Not including pressure bruise and sunken discolored areas)When removal causes a loss of more than 5 percent of the total weight of the potato or when the area affected is more than 5 percent of the surface in the aggregate (i.e., 3/4 inch on a 6 oz. potato). Correspondingly lesser or greater areas in smaller or larger areasWhen the removal causes a loss of more than 10 percent of the total weight of the potato or when the area affected is more than 10 percent of the surface in the aggregate (i.e., 11/4 inches on a 21/2 inch or 6 oz. potato). Correspondingly lesser or greater areas in smaller or larger potatoes.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Growth CracksWhen the growth crack(s) affects more than 1/2 the length of the potato in the aggregate on round varieties or more than 1/3 the length in the aggregate on long varieties; or, when the depth is greater than that as outlined in Table V. (See Table V.)When the growth crack(s) affects more than 3/4 the length of the potato in the aggregate or when the depth is greater than that as outlined in Table V. (See Table V.).
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
SproutsWhen more than 5 percent of the potatoes in a lot have sprouts in clusters or any individual sprout more than 1/4 inch in length at shipping point and 1/2 inch in length at destinationWhen more than 10 percent of the potatoes in a lot have sprouts in clusters or any individual sprout more than 1/2 inch in length at shipping point and 1 inch in length at destination.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
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5. In § 51.1565, the heading of Table I is revised and the entry “Light Brown Discoloration (Brown Center)” is revised to read as follows:

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[Amended]

Table VII—Internal Defects

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DefectsDamageSerious
Maximum allowedMaximum allowed
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Light Brown Discoloration (Brown Center)Area affected not to exceed that of a circle 1/2 inch in diameter in a potato 21/2 inches in diameter or 6 ounces in weight.1Area affected not to exceed that of a circle 3/4 inch in diameter in a potato 21/2 inches in diameter or 6 ounces in weight.1
*         *         *         *         *         *
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Start Printed Page 70587 Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1621-1627.

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Dated: November 12, 2008.

David R. Shipman,

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

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[FR Doc. E8-27288 Filed 11-20-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3410-02-P