In the Matter of: Theresa Huei-Min Chang, 11816 Pine Brook Court, Cupertino, California 95014 Respondent.
Order Relating to Theresa Huei-Min Chang
The Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S. Department of Commerce (“BIS”) has notified Theresa Huei-Min Chang (hereinafter referred to as “Chang”), of Start Printed Page 6135its intention to initiate an administrative proceeding against her pursuant to Section 766.3 of the Export Administration Regulations (“Regulations”)  and Section 13(c) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended (“Act”)  , through issuance of a proposed charging letter to Chang that alleged that she committed three violations of the Regulations. Specifically, these charges are:
Charge 1: 15 CFR 764.2(d)—Conspiracy To Export Items From the United States to Taiwan Without the Required License
Beginning in or about 2003 and continuing through on or about July 29, 2006, Chang conspired and acted in concert with others, known and unknown, to violate the Regulations and to bring about an act that constitutes a violation of the Regulations. The purpose of the conspiracy was to export items from the United States to Taiwan without the required U.S. Government authorization. Pursuant to Sections 742.2 or 742.3 of the Regulations, authorization was required from the Department of Commerce before certain chemicals, metals, and electronic components, items subject to the Regulations and classified under Export Control Classification Numbers (“ECCNs”) 1C227, 1C299, 1C230, 1C231, 1C234, 1C240, 1C350, and 3A201, could be exported from the United States to Taiwan. In furtherance of the conspiracy, the conspirators, including Chang, participated in a scheme in which a Taiwan company requested that an affiliated U.S. company, managed by Chang, procure specific items from U.S. suppliers and export them to Taiwan. The Taiwan company instructed the affiliated U.S. company not to tell U.S. suppliers that the affiliated U.S. company would export the items. Pursuant to this instruction, the affiliated U.S. company procured the items and exported them to Taiwan without the required license. In so doing, Chang committed one violation of Section 764.2(d) of the Regulations.
Charge 2: 15 CFR 764.2(e)—Acting With Knowledge of a Violation
On one occasion, on or about October 29, 2005, Chang ordered, bought, stored, sold, and forwarded nickel powder, an item that is subject to the Regulations and classified under ECCN 1 C240, with knowledge that a violation of the Regulations was occurring. Specifically, Chang ordered, bought, stored, sold, and forwarded ten kilograms of nickel powder with a value of approximately $551.00. Chang had knowledge that said item required a license for export to Taiwan and that it was being exported without the required license because Chang had been told by an employee of her company that an export of nickel powder to Taiwan required a license. In doing so, Chang committed one violation of Section 764.2(e) of the Regulations.
Charge 3: 15 CFR 764.2(g)—Misrepresentation or Concealment of Facts
On or about May 26, 2006, Chang made a false or misleading statement to officials of the U.S. Government in the course of an investigation subject to the Regulations. Specifically, in the course of an interview conducted by Special Agents of BIS's Office of Export Enforcement regarding unlicensed exports to Taiwan, Chang stated that, other than receiving payments for rent, she did not receive compensation from the Taiwanese company Gredmann/Well Being Enterprise Co., Ltd. (“Well Being”) for running Elecmat, a U.S. company, and that she ran Elecmat as a “favor.” This statement was false or misleading, as Chang knew that Well Being transferred approximately $6,500 per month into a United Commercial Bank account held in the name of Chang's brother, over which account Chang exercised complete control, which funds represented compensation for Chang's management of Elecmat. In so doing, Chang committed one violation of Section 764.2(g) of the Regulations.
Whereas, BIS and Chang have entered into a Settlement Agreement pursuant to Section 766.18(a) of the Regulations whereby they agreed to settle this matter in accordance with the terms and conditions set forth therein, and
Whereas, I have approved of the terms of such Settlement Agreement; it is therefore ordered:
First, that for a period of two years from the date of entry of this Order, Theresa Huei-Min Chang, (“Chang”), her representatives, assigns, or agents (“Denied Person”) may not participate, directly or indirectly, in any way in any transaction involving any commodity, software or technology (hereinafter collectively referred to as “item”) exported or to be exported from the United States that is subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List, set forth in Supplement No. ito 15 CFR part 774, or in any other activity subject to the Regulations that involves an item listed on the Commerce Control List, including, but not limited to:
A. Applying for, obtaining, or using any license, License Exception, or export control document that involves an item that is subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List;
B. Carrying on negotiations concerning, or ordering, buying, receiving, using, selling, delivering, storing, disposing of, forwarding, transporting, financing, or otherwise servicing in any way, any transaction involving any item exported or to be exported from the United States that is subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List, or in any other activity subject to the Regulations that involves an item listed on the Commerce Control List; or
C. Benefiting in any way from any transaction involving any item exported or to be exported from the United States that is subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List, or in any other activity subject to the Regulations that involves an item listed on the Commerce Control List.
Second, that no person may, directly or indirectly, do any of the actions described below with respect to an item that is subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List that has been, will be, or is intended to be exported or reexported from the United States:
A. Export or reexport to or on behalf of a Denied Person any item subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List;
B. Take any action that facilitates the acquisition or attempted acquisition by a Denied Person of the ownership, possession, or control of any item subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List that has been or will be exported from the United States, including financing or other support activities related to a transaction whereby a Denied Person acquires or attempts to acquire such ownership, possession or control;
C. Take any action to acquire from or to facilitate the acquisition or attempted acquisition from a Denied Person of any Start Printed Page 6136item subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List that has been exported from the United States;
D. Obtain from a Denied Person in the United States any item subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List with knowledge or reason to know that the item will be, or is intended to be, exported from the United States; or
E. Engage in any transaction to service any item subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List that has been or will be exported from the United States and that is owned, possessed or controlled by a Denied Person, or service any item, of whatever origin, that is owned, possessed or controlled by a Denied Person if such service involves the use of any item subject to the Regulations and listed on the Commerce Control List that has been or will be exported from the United States. For purposes of this paragraph, servicing means installation, maintenance, repair, modification or testing.
Third, that, after notice and opportunity for comment as provided in Section 766.23 of the Regulations, any person, firm, corporation, or business organization related to Chang by affiliation, ownership, control, or position of responsibility in the conduct of trade or related services may also be made subject to the provisions of the Order.
Fourth, that the proposed charging letter, the Settlement Agreement, and this Order shall be made available to the public.
Fifth, that this Order shall be served on the Denied Person and on BIS, and shall be published in the Federal Register.
This Order, which constitutes the final agency action in this matter, is effective immediately.Start Signature
Entered this 28th day of January 2009.
Acting Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement.
1. The Regulations are currently codified in the Code of Federal Regulations at 15 CFR Parts 730-774 (2008). The charged violation occurred in 2003 through 2006. The Regulations governing the violation at issue are found in the 2003 through 2006 versions of the Code of Federal Regulations (15 CFR Parts 730-774 (2003-2006)). The 2008 Regulations govern the procedural aspects of this case.Back to Citation
2. 50 U.S.C. app. section 240 1-2420 (2000). Since August 21, 2001, the Act has been in lapse and the President, through Executive Order 13222 of August 17, 2001 (3 CFR, 2001 Comp. 783 (2002)), which has been extended by successive Presidential Notices, the most recent being that of July 23, 2008 (73 FR 43,603 (July 25, 2008)), has continued the Regulations in effect under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706 (2000)).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E9-2319 Filed 2-4-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DT-M