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Rule

Increase in Tax Rates on Tobacco Products and Cigarette Papers and Tubes; Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes; and Changes to Basis for Denial, Suspension, or Revocation of Permits (2009R-118P)

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, Treasury.

ACTION:

Temporary Rule.

SUMMARY:

The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau is amending its regulations to implement certain provisions of the Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (the Act). This final rule amends existing regulations to reflect increases in the Federal excise tax rates on tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes, revises existing floor stocks tax regulations to reflect the scope of the floor stocks tax provisions of the Act, and revises existing regulations to include the new statutory criteria for denial, suspension, or revocation of tobacco permits. We also are soliciting comments from all interested parties on these amendments through a notice of proposed rulemaking published elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register.

DATES:

Effective date: March 31, 2009. Applicability dates: The amendments in 27 CFR 40.21, 40.23, 40.25, 40.25a, 40.351, 40.352, 41.30 through 41.35, 46.75, and 46.191 through 46.274, are applicable April 1, 2009. The amendments in 27 CFR 40.74, 40.332, 41.198, 44.92, 44.162, 71.46, and 71.46b were applicable on February 4, 2009.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For questions concerning floor stocks tax, contact the National Revenue Center, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (FloorStocksTax@ttb.gov, 513-684-3334 or 1-877-TTB-FAQS (1-877-882-3277)); for other questions concerning this document, contact Amy Greenberg, Regulations and Rulings Division, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (202-927-8210).

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

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Impact of the Homeland Security Act on This Rulemaking

Effective January 24, 2003, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Pub. L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135 (2002)) divided the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) into two new agencies, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) in the Department of the Treasury and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives in the Department of Justice. The regulation and taxation of tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes remains a function of the Department of the Treasury and is the responsibility of TTB. References to ATF in this document reflect the time period prior to January 24, 2003, while references to TTB are after that date.

TTB Authority

Chapter 52 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (IRC) contains permit, Federal excise tax payment, and related provisions regarding tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes. TTB has authority to issue, deny, suspend, and revoke permits of manufacturers, importers, and export warehouse proprietors pursuant to regulations contained in parts 40, 41, 44, and 71 of title 27 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). TTB also collects Federal excise taxes on tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes from proprietors of domestic bonded manufacturing premises pursuant to regulations contained in 27 CFR part 40; the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) collects these taxes from importers of these products pursuant to regulations contained in title 19 of the CFR. TTB also has authority to regulate the importation and exportation of tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes, and the removal of tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes for use of the United States under 27 CFR parts 41, 44 and 45, respectively. Under 27 CFR part 46, TTB has authority to administer floor stocks taxes and other miscellaneous matters involving these products.

Tax Increase

The Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (the Act), Public Law 111-3, was enacted on February 4, 2009. Section 701 of the Act increases the rate of Federal excise tax on tobacco products and cigarette papers and tubes removed from the factory or from internal revenue bond or from Customs custody on or after April 1, 2009.

This document amends the tobacco regulations in parts 40, 41, 44, and 46 to reflect the new excise tax rates. These amendments include additional examples of computations that show the new tax rates.

Floor Stocks Tax

Section 701 of the Act also imposes a floor stocks tax on taxpaid or tax determined tobacco products (other than large cigars described in 26 U.S.C. 5701(a)(2)), and on cigarette papers and tubes, held for sale on April 1, 2009. The floor stocks tax rate is equal to the difference between the new Federal excise tax rate and the immediately prior rate. Persons likely to be holding articles for sale that are subject to the floor stocks tax include manufacturers, importers, and wholesale and retail dealers of these articles. The floor stocks tax provisions of section 701 also permit a credit against the floor stocks tax of $500 or the amount of tax due, whichever is less, and also contain rules for handling articles in foreign trade zones and for controlled groups.

The floor stocks tax regulations currently in 27 CFR part 46, subpart I, were promulgated by ATF to administer the 2000 and 2002 cigarette floor stocks taxes imposed by section 9302(j) of Public Law 105-33. There is no need to retain those regulations (any collection or other administrative action relating to those taxes would be conducted under the provisions of the law and regulations in effect at the time). Accordingly, in this document, TTB revises subpart I of part 46 to implement the new floor stocks tax imposed by the Act, relying on and replicating the prior provisions to the greatest extent possible. However, TTB notes that there are some differences between the law that imposed the earlier floor stocks tax and the 2009 floor stocks tax imposed by the Act, which are addressed in the new regulations adopted in this document as follows:

  • The 2009 floor stocks tax applies to more articles (that is, not only to cigarettes), so the instructions for taking inventories and computing appropriate tax are modified accordingly.
  • For purposes of the previous floor stocks tax regime, ATF included instructions for keeping separate inventories of cigarettes marked for export. Since holding products marked for export is prohibited by 26 U.S.C. 5751, inventory instructions for such products are not necessary.
  • The Act provides no exemption for products held in vending machines, so no such exemption is provided in this circumstance.
  • Under the previous floor stocks tax, ATF regulations provided that a person holding articles subject to floor stocks tax who owed no tax after taking the allowed credit, would not have to file a return. However, based on experience under that previous floor stocks tax, TTB believes that it is necessary to require the filing of a return even when no tax is due. If TTB were to provide an exemption from filing a return when no tax is due, TTB would not be able to determine if the failure to file a return is due to zero liability or willful noncompliance with the requirements of the statute, so no exemption is provided for in the regulatory texts adopted in this document. Therefore, those whose tax owed is zero must file a return.

Section 702(d) of the Act expanded the definition of “roll-your-own” tobacco to include tobacco for making cigars and tobacco for use as wrappers for cigars, effective April 1, 2009. The floor stocks tax, however, applies only to “roll-your-own” products covered by the old definition (that is, “any tobacco which, because of its appearance, type, packaging, or labeling, is suitable for use and likely to be offered to, or purchased by, consumers as tobacco for making cigarettes”). Therefore, in order to avoid confusion in the implementation of the floor stocks tax, that definition change will be reflected in a separate rulemaking.

Denial, Suspension and Revocation of Permits

Section 702(b) of the Act amended 26 U.S.C. 5712 and 5713 to expand the basis for denial, suspension and revocation of tobacco permits with effect from February 4, 2009. In this document, TTB includes the amended statutory language in the pertinent sections of the TTB regulations, that is, in §§ 40.74, 40.332, 41.198, 44.92, 44.162, 71.46, and 71.49b.

Temporary Rule

Based on the February 4, 2009, enactment of the changes to the criteria for denial, suspension, and revocation of permits and the April 1, 2009, effective date of the tax increases and floor stocks tax, TTB believes that proper administration and enforcement of those requirements necessitates the immediate adoption of implementing regulations as a temporary rule. TTB believes that such implementing action ensures that affected industry members will have timely knowledge of the regulatory requirements.Start Printed Page 14481

Public Participation

For submitting comments, please refer to the notice of proposed rulemaking on this subject published in the Proposed Rules section of this issue of the Federal Register.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

We certify that this temporary rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Accordingly, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required. The regulatory obligations and relevant collections of information derive directly from the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and the regulations in this rule concerning these obligations and collections merely implement and provide necessary standards for complying with the statutory requirements. Likewise, any secondary or incidental effects, and any reporting, recordkeeping, or other compliance burdens flow directly from the statute. Pursuant to 26 U.S.C. 7805(f), this temporary regulation will be submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small businesses.

Paperwork Reduction Act

TTB has provided estimates of the burden that the collection of information contained in these regulations imposes, and the estimated burden has been reviewed and approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507) and assigned control numbers 1513-0129 and 1513-0030.

Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number.

Comments concerning suggestions for reducing the burden of the collections of information in this document should be directed to Mary A. Wood, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, at any of these addresses:

  • P.O. Box 14412, Washington, DC 20044-4412;
  • 202-927-8525 (facsimile); or
  • formcomments@ttb.gov (e-mail).

Executive Order 12866

This is not a significant regulatory action as defined in E.O. 12866. Therefore, it requires no regulatory assessment.

Inapplicability of Prior Notice and Comment and Delayed Effective Date Procedures

Because this document implements provisions of a law which are effective on February 4 and on April 1, 2009, and because immediate guidance is necessary to implement these provisions, it is found to be impracticable to issue this Treasury decision with notice and public procedure under 5 U.S.C. 553(b).

Pursuant to the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(2), and (d)(3), we are issuing these regulations without a delayed effective date. TTB has determined that this regulation is an interpretative rule that implements Public Law 111-3 as provided for in section 553(d)(2). TTB also has determined that good cause exists to provide industry members with immediate guidance on procedures to conduct an inventory and pay the appropriate floor stocks tax in accordance with section 553(d)(3).

Drafting Information

Marjorie D. Ruhf of the Regulations and Rulings Division drafted this document. Other employees of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau participated in its development.

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List of Subjects

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Amendments to the Regulations

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, chapter I of title 27 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

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PART 40—MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES

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1. The authority citation for part 40 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 5142, 5143, 5146, 5701, 5703-5705, 5711-5713, 5721-5723, 5731, 5741, 5751, 5753, 5761-5763, 6061, 6065, 6109, 6151, 6301, 6302, 6311, 6313, 6402, 6404, 6423, 6676, 6806, 7011, 7212, 7325, 7342, 7502, 7503, 7606, 7805; 31 U.S.C. 9301, 9303, 9304, 9306.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Paragraph (a) of § 40.21 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigar tax rates.

(a) Cigars are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(a):

Type and amountTax rate for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Small cigars per thousand$1.828$50.33
Large cigars*
• percentage of sale price20.719%52.750%
• but not to exceed—$48.75 per thousand$0.4026 per cigar.
* For large cigars: Until March 31, 2009, the percentage tax rate applies when the sale price is $235.294 per thousand or less, and the flat tax rate applies when the sale price is more than $235.294 per thousand. On and after April 1, 2009, the percentage tax rate applies when the sale price is $763.222 or less per thousand cigars, and the flat tax rate applies when the sale price is more than $763.222 per thousand cigars.
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* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

3. Section 40.23 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigarette tax rates.

Cigarettes are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(b):

ProductTax rate per thousand for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Small cigarettes$19.50$50.33
Large cigarettes up to 61/2″ long$40.95$105.69
Large cigarettes over 61/2″ longTaxed at the rate for small cigarettes, counting each 23/4″ or fraction thereof of the length of each as one cigarette.
Start Amendment Part

4. Section 40.25 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Smokeless tobacco tax rates.

Smokeless tobacco products are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(e):

ProductTax rate per pound* for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Snuff$ 0.585$ 1.51
Chewing tobacco$ 0.195$ 0.5033
* Prorate tax for fractions of a pound.
Start Amendment Part

5. Section 40.25a is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Pipe tobacco and roll-your-own tobacco tax rates.

Pipe tobacco and roll-your-own tobacco are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(f) and (g), respectively:

ProductTax rate per pound* for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Pipe tobacco$ 1.0969$ 2.8311
Roll-your-own tobacco$ 1.0969$ 24.78
* Prorate tax for fractions of a pound.
Start Amendment Part

6. Section 40.74 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Investigation of applicant.

(a) Investigation. The appropriate TTB officer may cause inquiry or investigation to be made to verify the information furnished in connection with an application for permit and to ascertain whether the applicant is eligible for a permit. Any of the following conditions may be grounds for denial of a permit:

(1) The premises on which it is proposed to conduct the business are not adequate to protect the revenue;

(2) The activity proposed to be carried out at such premises does not meet the minimum manufacturing or activity requirements of § 40.61(b); or

(3) The applicant (including, in the case of a corporation, any officer, director, or principal stockholder and, in the case of a partnership, a partner)—

(i) Is, by reason of his business experience, financial standing, or trade connections or by reason of previous or current legal proceedings involving a felony violation of any other provision of Federal criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, not likely to maintain operations in compliance with this chapter;

(ii) Has been convicted of a felony violation of any provision of Federal or State criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes; or

(iii) Has failed to disclose any material information required or made any material false statement in the application therefor.

(b) TTB action. The appropriate TTB officer, if there is reason to believe that the applicant is not entitled to a permit, shall promptly give the applicant notice of the contemplated disapproval of the application and opportunity for hearing thereon in accordance with part 71 of this chapter, which part (including the provisions relating to the recommended decision and to appeals) is applicable to such proceedings. If, after such notice and opportunity for hearing, the appropriate TTB officer finds that the applicant is not entitled to a permit, he shall, by order stating the findings on which his decision is based, deny the permit.

(26 U.S.C. 5712)

Start Amendment Part

7. Section 40.183 is amended by revising paragraph (e) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Record of tobacco products.
* * * * *

(e) Removed subject to tax (itemize large cigars by sale price in accordance with § 40.22, except that before April 1, 2009, cigars that cost more than $235.294 may optionally be shown as if the price were $236 per thousand, and on and after April 1, 2009, cigars that cost more than $763.222 may optionally be shown as if the price were $764 per thousand);

* * * * *
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8. Section 40.184 is amended by revising paragraph (a)(4) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Record of removals subject to tax.

(a) * * *

(4) For large cigars, show the sale price (if the sale price is more than $235.294 per thousand before April 1, 2009, or more than $763.222 per thousand on and after April 1, 2009, you may place a note to that effect in the record instead of the actual price).

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

9. Section 40.332 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Suspension and revocation of permit.

Where the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that a manufacturer of tobacco products has not in good faith complied with the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 52, and regulations thereunder, or with any other provision of 26 U.S.C. with intent to defraud, or has violated any condition of his permit, or has failed to disclose any material information required or made any material false statement in the application for the permit, or has failed to maintain his premises in such manner as to protect the revenue, or is, by reason of previous or current legal proceedings involving a felony violation of any other provision of Federal criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, not likely to maintain operations in compliance with 26 U.S.C. chapter 52, or has been convicted of a felony violation of any provision of Federal or State criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, the appropriate TTB officer shall issue an order, stating the facts charged, citing such person to show cause why his permit should not be suspended or revoked. Such citation shall be issued and opportunity for hearing afforded in accordance with part 71 of this chapter, which part is applicable to such proceedings. If, after hearing, the hearing examiner, or on appeal, the Administrator, finds that such person has not shown cause why his permit should not be suspended or revoked, such permit shall be suspended for such period as the appropriate TTB officer deems proper or shall be revoked.

(72 Stat 1421, as amended; 26 U.S.C. 5713)

Start Amendment Part

10. Section 40.351 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigarette papers.

Cigarette papers are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(c):

ProductTax rate for each 50 papers* for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Cigarette papers up to 61/2″ long$ 0.0122$ 0.0315
Cigarette papers over 61/2″ longUse rates above, but count each 23/4 inches, or fraction thereof, of the length of each as one cigarette paper.
* Tax rate for less than 50 papers is the same. The tax is not prorated.

(72 Stat. 1414; 26 U.S.C. 5701)

Start Amendment Part

11. Section 40.352 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigarette tubes.

Cigarette tubes are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(d):

ProductTax rate for each 50 tubes* for removals during the years:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Cigarette tubes up to 61/2” long$ 0.0244$ 0.0630
Cigarette tubes over 61/2” longUse rates above, but count each 23/4 inches, or fraction thereof, of the length of each as one cigarette tube.
* Tax rate for less than 50 tubes is the same. The tax is not prorated.

(72 Stat. 1414; 26 U.S.C. 5701)

Start Part

PART 41—IMPORTATION OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES

End Part Start Amendment Part

12. The authority citation for part 41 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 18 U.S.C. 2342; 26 U.S.C. 5701, 5703, 5704, 5705, 5708, 5712, 5713, 5721-5723, 5741, 5754, 5761-5763, 6301, 6302, 6313, 6404, 7101, 7212, 7342, 7606, 7651, 7652, 7805; 31 U.S.C. 9301, 9303, 9304, 9306.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

13. Section 41.30 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Pipe tobacco and roll-your-own tobacco tax rates.

Pipe tobacco and roll-your-own tobacco are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(f) and (g), respectively:

ProductTax rate per pound* for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Pipe tobacco$ 1.0969$ 2.8311
Roll-your-own tobacco$ 1.0969$ 24.78
* Prorate tax for fractions of a pound.
Start Printed Page 14484 Start Amendment Part

14. Paragraph (a) of § 41.31 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigar tax rates.

(a) Cigars are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(a):

Type and amountTax rate for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Small cigars per thousand$1.828$50.33
Large cigars*
• percentage of sale price20.719%52.750%
• but not to exceed—$48.75 per thousand$0.4026 per cigar.
* For large cigars: Until March 31, 2009, the percentage tax rate applies when the sale price is $235.294 per thousand or less, and the flat tax rate applies when the sale price is more than $235.294 per thousand. On and after April 1, 2009, the percentage tax rate applies when the sale price is $763.222 or less per thousand cigars, and the flat tax rate applies when the sale price is more than $763.222 per thousand cigars.
* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

15. Section 41.32 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigarette tax rates.

Cigarettes are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(b):

ProductTax rate per thousand for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Small cigarettes$19.50$50.33
Large cigarettes up to 61/2″ long$40.95$105.69
Large cigarettes over 61/2″ longTaxed at the rate for small cigarettes, counting each 23/4 or fraction thereof of the length of each as one cigarette.
Start Amendment Part

16. Section 41.33 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Smokeless tobacco tax rates.

Smokeless tobacco products are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(e):

ProductTax rate per pound* for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Snuff$0.585$1.51
Chewing tobacco$0.195$0.5033
* Prorate tax for fractions of a pound.
Start Amendment Part

17. Section 41.34 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigarette papers.

Cigarette papers are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(c):

ProductTax rate for each 50 papers* for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Cigarette papers up to 61/2 long$0.0122$0.0315
Cigarette papers over 61/2″ longUse rates above, but count each 23/4″ or fraction thereof of the length of each as one cigarette paper.
* Tax rate for less than 50 papers is the same. The tax is not prorated.
Start Amendment Part

18. Section 41.35 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Cigarette tubes.

Cigarette tubes are taxed at the following rates under 26 U.S.C. 5701(d):

ProductTax rate for each 50 tubes* for removals during the following periods:
2002 to March 31, 2009April 1, 2009 and after
Cigarette papers up to 61/2 long$0.0244$ 0.0630
Start Printed Page 14485
Cigarette papers over 61/2 longUse rates above, but count each 23/4 or fraction thereof of the length of each as one cigarette tube.
* Tax rate for less than 50 tubes is the same. The tax is not prorated.
Start Amendment Part

19. Section 41.81 is amended by revising paragraphs (c)(4)(ii) and (c)(4)(iii) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Taxpayment.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(4) * * *

(ii) For large cigars with a sale price of not more than $235.294 per thousand before April 1, 2009, or a sale price of not more than $763.222 per thousand on and after April 1, 2009, the number and total sale price of such cigars;

(iii) For large cigars with a sale price of more than $235.294 per thousand before April 1, 2009, or a sale price equal to or more than $763.222 per thousand on and after April 1, 2009, the number of cigars;

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

20. Section 41.106 is amended by revising paragraphs (a)(5) and (a)(6) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Record of shipment by taxpayer.

(a) * * *

(5) The number and total sale price of large cigars having a sale price of not more than $235.294 per thousand before April 1, 2009, or a sale price of not more than $763.222 per thousand on and after April 1, 2009, to be shipped;

(6) The number of large cigars having a sale price equal to or more than $235.294 per thousand before April 1, 2009, or a sale price equal to or more than $763.222 per thousand on and after April 1, 2009, to be shipped;

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

21. Section 41.110 is amended by revising paragraphs (e) and (f) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Record of tax computation and shipment by bonded manufacturer under deferred taxpayment.
* * * * *

(e) The number and total sale price of large cigars having a sale price of not more than $235.294 per thousand before April 1, 2009, or a sale price of not more than $763.222 per thousand on and after April 1, 2009, to be shipped;

(f) The number of large cigars having a sale price equal to or more than $235.294 per thousand before April 1, 2009, or a sale price equal to or more than $763.222 per thousand on and after April 1, 2009, to be shipped;

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

22. Section 41.198 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Investigation of applicant.

Appropriate TTB officers may inquire or investigate to verify the information in connection with an application for a permit. The investigation will ascertain whether the applicant is eligible for a permit. A permit may be denied if the applicant (including, in the case of a corporation, any officer, director, or principal stockholder and, in the case of a partnership, a partner)—

(a) Is, by reason of his business experience, financial standing, or trade connections or by reason of previous or current legal proceedings involving a felony violation of any other provision of Federal criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, not likely to maintain operations in compliance with this chapter;

(b) Has been convicted of a felony violation of any provision of Federal or State criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes; or

(c) Has failed to disclose any material information required or made any material false statement in the application therefor.

Start Part

PART 44—EXPORTATION OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES, WITHOUT PAYMENT OF TAX, OR WITH DRAWBACK OF TAX

End Part Start Amendment Part

23. The authority citation for part 44 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 5142, 5143, 5146, 5701, 5703, 5704, 5708, 5711-13, 5721-5723, 5731, 5741, 5751, 5754, 6066, 6065, 6151, 6402, 6404, 6806, 7011, 7212, 7342, 7606, 7805; 31 U.S.C. 9301, 9303, 9304, 9306.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

24. Section 44.92 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Investigation of applicant.

(a) Investigation. The appropriate TTB officer shall promptly cause such inquiry or investigation to be made, as may be necessary, to verify the information furnished in connection with an application for permit and to ascertain whether the applicant is eligible for a permit. Any of the following conditions may be grounds for denial of a permit:

(1) The premises on which it is proposed to conduct the business are not adequate to protect the revenue; or

(2) The applicant (including, in the case of a corporation, any officer, director, or principal stockholder and, in the case of a partnership, a partner)—

(A) Is, by reason of his business experience, financial standing, or trade connections or by reason of previous or current legal proceedings involving a felony violation of any other provision of Federal criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, not likely to maintain operations in compliance with this chapter;

(B) Has been convicted of a felony violation of any provision of Federal or State criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes; or

(C) Has failed to disclose any material information required or made any material false statement in the application therefor.

(b) TTB action. An appropriate TTB officer who has reason to believe that the applicant is not entitled to a permit shall promptly give the applicant notice of the contemplated disapproval of his application and opportunity for hearing thereon in accordance with part 71 of this chapter, which part (including the provisions relating to the recommended decision and to appeals) is made applicable to such proceedings. If, after such notice and opportunity for hearing, the appropriate TTB officer finds that the applicant is not entitled to a permit, he shall, by order stating the findings on which his decision is based, deny the permit.

(72 Stat. 1421; 26 U.S.C. 5712)

Start Amendment Part

25. Section 44.162 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Suspension and revocation of permit.

Where the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that an export warehouse proprietor has not in good faith complied with the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 52, and regulations Start Printed Page 14486thereunder, or with any other provision of 26 U.S.C. with intent to defraud, or has violated any condition of his permit, or has failed to disclose any material information required or made any material false statement in the application for permit, or has failed to maintain his premises in such manner as to protect the revenue, or is, by reason of previous or current legal proceedings involving a felony violation of any other provision of Federal criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, not likely to maintain operations in compliance with 26 U.S.C. chapter 52, or has been convicted of a felony violation of any provision of Federal or State criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, the appropriate TTB officer shall issue an order, stating the facts charged, citing such export warehouse proprietor to show cause why the permit should not be suspended or revoked after hearing thereon in accordance with part 71 of this chapter, which part (including the provisions relating to appeals) is made applicable to such proceedings. If, after hearing, the hearing examiner, or on appeal, the Administrator, finds that such person has not shown cause why the permit should not be suspended or revoked, such permit shall be suspended for such period as the appropriate TTB officer deems proper or shall be revoked.

(72 Stat. 1421; 26 U.S.C. 5713)

Start Part

PART 46—MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS RELATING TO TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES

End Part Start Amendment Part

26. The authority citation for Part 46 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 18 U.S.C. 2341-2346, 26 U.S.C. 5704, 5708, 5751, 5754, 5761-5763, 6001, 6601, 6621, 6622, 7212, 7342, 7602, 7606, 7805; 44 U.S.C. 3504(h), 49 U.S.C. 782, unless otherwise noted.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

27. Section 46.75 is amended by removing the tables titled “Example using 1993-1999 Rates” and “Example using 2000-2001 Rates” and by adding a new example at the end:

End Amendment Part
Required information for claims.
* * * * *

Example Using Rates for April 1, 2009 and After

QuantityArticleRate of taxAmount
20,000Small cigars$50.33 per thousand$1,006.60
1,000Large cigars—sale price $100/thousand52.75% of sale price52.75
500Large cigars—sale price $0.77 per cigar$0.4026 per cigar201.30
10,000Small cigarettes$50.33 per thousand503.30
5,000Large cigarettes$105.69 per thousand528.45
199,975Cigarette papers$0.0315 per 50 papers126.00
1,000Cigarette tubes$0.0630 per 50 tubes1.26
100 lbsChewing tobacco$0.5033 per pound50.33
200 lbsSnuff$1.51 per pound302.00
100 lbsPipe tobacco$2.8311 per pound283.11
300 lbsRoll-your-own tobacco$24.78 per pound7,434.00
Total claimed10,489.10
Start Amendment Part

28. Subpart I is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Subpart I—Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 General
46.191
Purpose of this subpart.
46.192
Definitions used in this subpart.
46.193
Persons liable for floor stocks tax.
46.194
Persons not liable for floor stocks tax.
46.195
Floor stocks requirements.
Inventories
46.201
General.
46.202
Physical inventory requirements.
46.203
Record (book) inventory requirements.
46.204
Articles in transit.
46.205
Guidelines to determine title to articles in transit.
46.206
Articles in a foreign trade zone.
46.207
Articles held in bond.
46.208
Unmerchantable articles.
46.209
Articles in vending machines.
46.210
Articles marked “not for sale” or “complimentary.”
Tax Liability Calculation
46.221
Floor stocks tax rates.
46.222
Determination of amount of tax due.
46.223
Tax credit.
Filing Requirements
46.231
Floor stocks tax return.
46.232
Preparation of floor stocks tax return.
46.233
Payment of floor stocks tax.
46.234
Tax payment deadline.
46.235
Filing requirements for multiple locations.
46.236
Articles in a warehouse.
46.237
Controlled group member.
Records
46.241
Required records.
46.242
Period for maintaining records.
46.243
Articles at multiple locations.
46.244
Location of records.
46.245
Errors in records.
Claims
46.251
Payment of tax required.
46.252
Claim based on error on return.
46.253
Destruction of articles by a Presidentially-declared major disaster.
46.254
Additional reasons for filing a claim.
Alternate Methods or Procedures
46.261
Purpose of an alternate method or procedure.
46.262
Application.
46.263
Conditions for approval.
46.264
Withdrawal of an approval.
TTB Authorities
46.270
[Reserved]
46.271
Entry, examination and testimony.
46.272
Issuance of summons.
46.273
Refusing entry or examination.
46.274
Penalties for failure to comply.

Subpart I—Floor Stocks Tax on Certain Tobacco Products, Cigarette Papers, and Cigarette Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009

Start Authority

Authority: Section 701, Pub. L. 111-3, unless otherwise noted.

End Authority

General

Purpose of this subpart.

The regulations in this subpart implement the floor stocks tax on certain tobacco products, cigarette papers, and cigarette tubes held for sale on April 1, 2009.

Definitions used in this subpart.

As used in this subpart, the following terms have the meanings indicated unless the context in which they are used requires a different meaning or a different definition is prescribed for a Start Printed Page 14487particular section or portion of this subpart.

(a) Appropriate TTB officer. An officer or employee of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) authorized to perform any functions relating to the administration or enforcement of this part by TTB Order 1135.46, Delegation of the Administrator's Authorities in 27 CFR 46, Miscellaneous Regulations Relating to Tobacco Products and Cigarette Papers and Tubes.

(b) Articles subject to floor stocks tax. All Federally taxpaid or tax determined tobacco products (other than large cigars described in 26 U.S.C. 5701(a)(2)), cigarette papers, and cigarette tubes that are held for sale on April 1, 2009.

(c) Cigarette paper. Paper, or any other material except tobacco, prepared for use as a cigarette wrapper.

(d) Cigarette tube. Cigarette paper made into a hollow cylinder for use in making cigarettes.

(e) Controlled group. A related group of dealers under common control. Controlled groups include:

(1) Controlled group of corporations. The term “controlled group of corporations” has the meaning given to that term by 26 U.S.C. 1563(a) and the implementing regulations in 26 CFR 1.1563-1 through 1.1563-4, except that the phrase “more than 50 percent” shall be substituted for the phrase “at least 80 percent” each time it appears. Controlled groups of corporations include, but are not limited to:

(i) Parent-subsidiary controlled groups as defined in 26 CFR 1.1563-1T(a)(2).

(ii) Brother-sister controlled groups as defined in 26 CFR 1.1563-1T(a)(3).

(iii) Combined groups as defined in 26 CFR 1.1563-1T(a)(4).

(2) Nonincorporated dealers under common control. A group of dealers is considered to be a controlled group when the group would qualify as a controlled group of corporations, except for the fact that one or more of the dealers is not incorporated.

(f) Dealer. A person or other entity holding articles subject to floor stocks tax for sale on April 1, 2009, including manufacturers, importers, wholesalers, and retailers.

(g) Floor stocks tax. A tax imposed on all Federally taxpaid or tax determined tobacco products (other than large cigars described in 26 U.S.C. 5701(a)(2)), cigarette papers, and cigarette tubes held for sale on April 1, 2009. The floor stocks tax is the difference between the previous excise tax rate and the new excise tax rate.

(h) Foreign trade zone. A foreign trade zone established and operated pursuant to the Act of June 18, 1934, as amended, 19 U.S.C. 81a.

(i) Person. An individual, trust, estate, partnership, association, company, or corporation, any State, including the District of Columbia, or political subdivision thereof, or any agency or instrumentality of a State or political subdivision thereof.

(j) Tobacco products. Cigars, cigarettes, snuff, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, and roll-your-own tobacco as described in 26 U.S.C. 5702(a), (b), (m)(2), (m)(3), (n) and (o), respectively.

Persons liable for floor stocks tax.

A dealer who holds for sale any articles subject to floor stocks tax on April 1, 2009, is liable for floor stocks tax. See §§ 46.204 and 46.205 regarding articles subject to floor stocks tax that are in transit on April 1, 2009 and § 46.206 regarding articles subject to floor stocks tax that are held in a foreign trade zone on April 1, 2009.

Persons not liable for floor stocks tax.

A person who does not meet the definition of a dealer is not liable for the floor stocks tax under this subpart.

Floor stocks requirements.

(a) Take inventory. The dealer must establish the quantity of articles subject to the floor stocks tax held for sale on April 1, 2009. The dealer may take a physical inventory or may use a record (book) inventory, as specified in § 46.202 or § 46.203.

(b) Compute tax. The dealer must compute the amount of tax for the articles held for sale on April 1, 2009. Refer to the table in § 46.222. The dealer may apply the tax credit as provided in § 46.223.

(c) File tax return and pay tax. After computing the floor stocks tax, the dealer must file a return even if no tax is due. See § 46.233 for payment methods if tax is due.

(d) Maintain records. The dealer must maintain all records used to determine the quantity of articles subject to floor stocks tax and the quantity of articles held for sale on April 1, 2009 that are not subject to floor stocks tax. The dealer must also maintain records of all computations used to determine the amount of tax owed. Refer to § 46.241.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Inventories

General.

(a) Date. The dealer must take an inventory to establish the quantities of articles subject to the floor stocks tax held for sale on April 1, 2009. The dealer must take the physical inventory or record (book) inventory not earlier than March 26, 2009 and not later than April 10, 2009.

(b) Reconciliation. If the dealer takes a physical inventory on any day other than April 1, 2009, the resulting records must be reconciled to reflect the actual quantity of articles held at 12:01 a.m. on April 1, 2009. These records must include all supporting records of receipt and disposition.

(c) Method. The dealer may take a physical inventory in accordance with § 46.202 or a record (book) inventory in accordance with § 46.203. The following table lists the taxable articles and the method to use for each to determine quantities:

ArticleInventory method
Small cigarettesCount the number of cigarettes.
Large cigarettes 61/2″ or less in lengthCount the number of large cigarettes.
Large cigarettes more than 61/2″ in lengthKeep a separate count for each size of large cigarette. Count each 23/4″, or fraction thereof, as one small cigarette.
Small CigarsCount the number of small cigars.
SnuffCount the number of packages at each weight, noting the weight in pounds and ounces. Convert the ounces to pounds.
Chewing tobaccoCount the number of packages at each weight, noting the weight in pounds and ounces. Convert the ounces to pounds.
Pipe tobaccoCount the number of packages at each weight, noting the weight in pounds and ounces. Convert the ounces to pounds.
Roll-your-own tobaccoCount the number of packages at each weight, noting the weight in pounds and ounces. Convert the ounces to pounds.
Cigarette papers 61/2″ or less in lengthCount the number of cigarette papers, divide by 50, and round up if there is any remainder.
Start Printed Page 14488
Cigarette papers more than 61/2″ in lengthCount the number for each size of cigarette paper. Count each 23/4″, or fraction thereof, as new cigarette paper. Divide adjusted total by 50 and round up if there is any remainder.
Cigarette tubes 61/2″ or less in lengthCount the number of cigarette tubes, divide by 50, and round up if there is any remainder.
Cigarette tubes more than 61/2″ in lengthCount the number for each size of cigarette tube. Count each 23/4″, or fraction thereof, as one cigarette tube. Divide adjusted total by 50 and round up if there is any remainder.
Physical inventory requirements.

The dealer's physical inventory must result in a written record of:

(a) The quantity and type of each article subject to floor stocks tax recorded in sufficient detail to determine the tax rate as stated in § 46.222. See the table in § 46.201(c) for the information required for each type of article;

(b) The date and time the inventory was taken;

(c) The name of the individual(s) conducting the inventory and the name of the dealer for whom the inventory was taken; and

(d) The location where the inventory was taken (street address, city and State).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Record (book) inventory requirements.

(a) The dealer may use a record (book) inventory if the dealer has source records that show:

(1) The quantities of receipts and dispositions of all articles subject to floor stocks tax;

(2) The types and quantities of articles actually on hand as if a physical inventory had taken place on April 1, 2009. See the table in § 46.201(c) for the information required for each type of article;

(3) The name and address of the consignor and consignee. For over the counter sales by retail dealers, the consignee name and address is not required;

(4) The date of receipt or disposition of the articles; and

(5) The brand name of each product.

(b) If the dealer does not take the inventory as of the close of business on the last business day before April 1, 2009, the records must be reconciled as provided in § 46.201(b).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Articles in transit.

The dealer must include articles subject to floor stocks tax that are in transit in the inventory if the dealer holds title to those articles. If the dealer has transferred title to the article, the dealer must document the title transfer in writing. For example, the dealer may mark the bill of lading with a written statement that indicates the time and place of the title transfer.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Guidelines to determine title to articles in transit.

The dealer may use the following guidelines to establish who holds title to articles in transit.

(a) If State law mandates the change in title, then no agreement or contract between seller and buyer can alter it.

(b) In the absence of State law governing the change of title between seller and buyer, the Uniform Commercial Code allows the seller and buyer to agree when title passes.

(c) If there is no State law or agreement between the seller and buyer, the Uniform Commercial Code states that title transfer depends on how the seller ships the articles.

(1) If the shipment is free on board (F.O.B.) destination, the title transfer occurs when the seller completes the physical delivery of the articles.

(2) If the shipment is free on board (F.O.B.) shipping point, the title transfer occurs at the time and place of shipment, which is generally by common carrier.

Articles in a foreign trade zone.

If articles subject to floor stocks tax are stored in a foreign trade zone established under the Foreign Trade Zone Act (the Act of June 18, 1934, 48 Stat. 998, 19 U.S.C. 81a et seq.), the dealer is liable for the tax and must take an inventory in accordance with § 46.207 or when either of the following conditions apply:

(a) Internal revenue taxes have been determined or customs duties liquidated, with respect to the articles pursuant to the first proviso of section 3(a) of the Foreign Trade Zone Act; or

(b) Articles are held by a customs officer pursuant to the second proviso of section 3(a) of the Foreign Trade Zone Act.

Articles held in bond.

If the dealer is a manufacturer or an export warehouse proprietor and holds articles in TTB bond on April 1, 2009, the floor stocks tax does not apply to those articles. Likewise, if the dealer holds articles in a customs bonded warehouse on which tax has not been paid or determined, the floor stocks tax does not apply on those articles. However, if the dealer on April 1, 2009, holds articles in a customs bonded warehouse or foreign trade zone on which tax has been paid or determined pursuant to 26 U.S.C. 5703(b)(2)(B), the floor stocks tax applies to those articles.

Unmerchantable articles.

Articles that the dealer holds for return to a supplier because of some defect are not subject to the floor stocks tax. However, the dealer must segregate any such unmerchantable articles and include them in a separate section of the inventory record. The dealer cannot include as unmerchantable any items that may be held because of poor market demand or to reduce the dealer's inventory. If, for any reason, the tobacco products or cigarette papers or tubes that were determined to be unmerchantable are not subsequently returned or destroyed, the dealer must file an additional floor stocks tax return and pay tax on such products plus any applicable penalties and interest.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Articles in vending machines.

There is no exemption for articles in vending machines. They are subject to the floor stocks tax and must be included in the dealer's inventory record.

Articles marked “not for sale” or “complimentary”.

Articles marked “not for sale” or “complimentary” that are part of a sale (for example, buy two packs and get one pack free) are subject to the floor stocks tax and must be included in the physical or record (book) inventory as provided in §§ 46.202 or § 46.203.

Tax Liability Calculation

Floor stocks tax rates.Start Printed Page 14489
ProductFloor stocks tax rate
Small cigars$48.502 per thousand.
Small cigarettes30.83 per thousand.
Large cigarettes 6½ inch or less in length64.74 per thousand.
Large cigarettes more than 6½ inch in length30.83 per thousand units of length.
Snuff0.925 per pound.
Chewing tobacco0.3083 per pound.
Pipe tobacco1.7342 per pound.
Roll-your-own23.6831 per pound.
Cigarette papers0.0193 per 50 papers or fraction thereof
Cigarette tubes0.0386 per 50 tubes or fraction thereof.
Determination of amount of tax due.

After the dealer has taken the inventory, the dealer must convert the inventory quantities to taxable units using the table below. For tobacco products, round the quantities to two decimal places. The dealer must then apply the applicable tax rate for each type of taxable article using the table in § 46.221 to determine the amount of tax due.

ProductComputation
Small cigars weighing not more than 3 pounds thousandDivide number of cigars by 1,000 and multiply by the small cigar tax rate.
Small cigarettes weighing not more than 3 pounds thousandDivide number of cigarettes by 1,000 and multiply by the small cigarette tax rate.
Large cigarettes weighing more than 3 pounds thousand, measuring 61/2″ or less in lengthDivide number of cigarettes by 1,000 and multiply by the large cigarette tax rate.
Large cigarettes weighing more than 3 pounds thousand, measuring more than 61/2″ in lengthMathematically adjust the number of large cigarettes using the instructions below.* Divide the adjusted number of large cigarettes by 1,000 and multiply by the small cigarette tax rate.
SnuffMultiply the total in pounds by the snuff tax rate.
Chewing tobaccoMultiply the total in pounds by the chewing tobacco tax rate.
Pipe tobaccoMultiply the total in pounds by the pipe tobacco tax rate.
Roll-your-ownMultiply the total in pounds by the roll-your-own tax rate.
Cigarette papers 61/2″ or less in lengthDivide the number of cigarette papers by 50, add 1 if there is a remainder, and multiply that number by the cigarette paper tax rate.
Cigarette papers more than 61/2″ in lengthMathematically adjust the number of cigarette papers using the instructions below.* Divide the adjusted number of cigarette papers by 50, add 1 if there is a remainder, and multiply that number by the cigarette paper tax rate.
Cigarette tubes 61/2″ or less in lengthDivide the number of cigarette tubes by 50, add 1 if there is a remainder, and multiply that number by the cigarette tube tax rate.
Cigarette tubes more than 61/2″ in lengthMathematically adjust the number of cigarette tubes using the instructions below.* Divide the adjusted number of cigarette tubes by 50, add 1 if there is a remainder, and multiply that number by the cigarette tube tax rate.
*Large cigarettes, cigarette papers, and cigarette tubes more than 61/2 inch in length are counted as multiple units. Each 23/4 inch or fraction of the length is counted as a separate taxable unit. For each different length of product in this category, divide the length by 23/4 inch and add 1 to the result if there is a remainder. Multiply the number of cigarettes, cigarette papers, or tubes of that length by the resulting number.
Tax credit.

The dealer is allowed a credit of up to $500 against the total floor stocks tax. However, controlled groups are eligible for only one credit for the entire group. The credit may be divided equally among the members or apportioned in any other manner agreeable to the members.

Filing Requirements

Floor stocks tax return.

Form 5000.28T09, 2009 Floor Stocks Tax Return—Tobacco Products and Cigarette Papers and Tubes, is available for printing through the TTB Web site (http://www.ttb.gov) or by mailing a request to the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau, National Revenue Center, 550 Main Street, Suite 8002, Cincinnati, OH 45202-5215.

Preparation of floor stocks tax return.

The dealer must complete and file the floor stocks tax return in accordance with the instructions for the form.

Payment of floor stocks tax.

(a) Electronic funds transfer. If the dealer pays any other excise taxes collected by TTB by electronic funds transfer, then the dealer must also send the payment for the floor stocks tax by an electronic funds transfer. Other dealers may voluntarily elect to pay the floor stocks tax by electronic funds transfer. Electronic funds transfers of floor stocks tax must be received on or before July 31, 2009.

(b) Check or money order. Dealers not paying floor stocks tax by electronic fund transfer must pay by a check or money order sent with Form 5000.28T09.

Tax payment deadline.

Section 701 of Public Law 111-3 specifies a tax payment deadline of August 1, 2009. However, section 5703(b)(2)(E) of the Internal Revenue Code requires that when a due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday or a legal holiday, the preceding day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday will be the due date. Therefore, the floor stocks tax is due on July 31, 2009, since August 1, 2009, falls on a Saturday.

Start Printed Page 14490
Filing requirements for multiple locations.

The dealer may file a consolidated return if all locations or places of business have the same employer identification number. The dealer also has the option of filing a separate return for each place of business or location.

Articles in a warehouse.

(a) Articles warehoused at one or more locations must be reported on the tax return representing the location where the articles will be offered for sale.

(b) Articles offered for sale at several locations must be reported on a tax return filed by one or more of the locations. The articles can be reported by a single location or apportioned among several locations.

Controlled group member.

If the dealer is a member of a controlled group, but has its own employer identification number, the dealer must file a separate floor stocks tax return. The dealer may take the tax credit referred to in § 46.223 if it is apportioned to the dealer as a member of the controlled group.

Records

Required records.

The dealer must maintain:

(a) Inventory records;

(b) Tax computation records;

(c) Names, addresses and employer identification numbers of all controlled group members, if applicable;

(d) A copy of the tax return, if the dealer filed one;

(e) A list of locations covered by the tax return; and

(f) A copy of any alternate method or procedure approval issued under § 46.263.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Period for maintaining records.

The dealer must maintain the required records for a period of three years from the due date of the tax return or the date the return was filed, whichever is later. However, the appropriate TTB officer may require, in writing, that the dealer keep these records for an additional period of not more than 3 years.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Articles at multiple locations.

The dealer must maintain a list of all places where the dealer holds articles subject to the floor stocks tax. This list must include:

(a) Address;

(b) Name of the proprietor (if different);

(c) The employer identification number (if different); and

(d) Types and quantities of articles held at each location.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Location of records.

The dealer must keep the inventory records at the principal place of business. All records must be made available to an appropriate TTB officer upon demand.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Errors in records.

If the inventory records or tax computation records contain an error that resulted in an overpayment of tax, the dealer may file a claim for refund. If the inventory or tax computation records contain an error that resulted in an underpayment of tax, the dealer must file an additional tax return on which the dealer shows and pays the additional tax, interest and any applicable penalties.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0129)

Claims

Payment of tax required.

Before the dealer can file a claim for refund, the dealer must have paid the floor stocks tax and subsequently determined that there was an overpayment of the tax.

Claim based on error on return.

If the dealer overpaid tax due to an error on the return, the dealer may file a claim for refund. The claim must be filed within 3 years from the date the tax return was filed or 2 years from the time the tax was paid, whichever is later. The dealer's claim must be filed on TTB Form 2635 (5620.8). The claim must include detailed and sufficient evidence explaining why the dealer believes the tax was overpaid. The claim and supporting documentation must be mailed or delivered to the address shown on the form.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1513-0030)

Destruction of articles by a Presidentially-declared major disaster.

After the dealer has paid the floor stocks tax, the dealer may file a claim for refund of tax on articles lost, rendered unmarketable, or condemned because of a Presidentially-declared major disaster. Subpart C of this part prescribes the time, evidence, and procedures for filing such a claim.

Additional reasons for filing a claim.

(a) Manufacturer. Subparts I and K of part 40 of this chapter prescribe the times, reasons and procedures for filing other claims for refunds.

(b) Export warehouse proprietor. Subpart G of part 44 of this chapter prescribes the time, evidence, and procedures for filing other claims for refunds.

(c) Exported taxpaid. If taxpaid articles are shipped from the United States, the dealer may file a claim for drawback of taxes under subpart K of part 44 of this chapter.

(d) Importer. An importer may follow the procedures for filing a claim as set forth in subpart I of part 41 of this chapter.

Alternate Methods or Procedures

Purpose of an alternate method or procedure.

For purposes of this subpart, an alternate method or procedure is a different way of meeting a requirement imposed by this subpart. An alternate method or procedure must be approved in writing by TTB.

Application.

The dealer seeking approval of an alternate method or procedure under this subpart must apply in writing to the National Revenue Center, 550 Main Street, Room 8002, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202-5215. The dealer must describe the alternate method or procedure and reasons the dealer wishes to use it. The dealer cannot use the alternate method until the dealer receives written approval from the appropriate TTB officer.

Conditions for approval.

The alternate method or procedure may be approved if it meets all of the following conditions:

(a) There is good cause for its use;

(b) It is consistent with the purpose and effect intended by the prescribed method or procedure;

(c) It affords equivalent security to the revenue;

(d) It is not contrary to any provision of law;

(e) It will not result in an increase in cost to the Government;

(f) It will not hinder the effective administration of this subpart such as delaying timely payment of taxes; and

(g) It is not a method or procedure that relates to the payment or collection of tax.

Start Printed Page 14491
Withdrawal of an approval.

The approval will be withdrawn if revenue is jeopardized or administration of this subpart is hindered. The appropriate TTB officer will give the dealer a written notice of the withdrawal.

TTB Authorities

[Reserved]
Entry, examination and testimony.

Appropriate TTB officers, in performing official duties, may enter any premises to examine articles subject to floor stocks tax. They may enter the premises during the day or may also enter at night if the premises are open. Appropriate TTB officers may audit and examine all articles, inventory records, books, papers, or other resource data for the purpose of ascertaining, determining, or collecting floor stocks tax. They may take testimony, under oath, of any person when inquiring as to proper payment of floor stocks taxes.

Issuance of summons.

Appropriate TTB officers can issue summonses when there is no referral to the Justice Department under the authority stated in § 70.22 of this chapter. The summons will state a place and time for such items or person to appear. TTB will issue a summons to require:

(a) Any books of account or other data pertaining to liability for floor stocks tax;

(b) Any person liable for the floor stocks tax or having possession of books of account or other data; and

(c) Any other appropriate person in connection with the books or tax liability.

Refusing entry or examination.

If the dealer or another person in charge of the premises refuses to admit any appropriate TTB officer or prevents any appropriate TTB officer from examining the records or articles, the dealer may be liable for the penalties described in 26 U.S.C. 7342 or 7212.

Penalties for failure to comply.

If the dealer fails to follow the regulations set forth in this subpart, TTB may apply applicable civil and criminal penalties under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. For example, failure to file and failure to pay penalties may be assessed against the dealer if the dealer does not timely file the tax return or timely pay the taxes due. In addition, interest under 26 U.S.C. 6621 accrues for any underpayment of tax and on all assessed penalties until paid.

Start Part

PART 71—RULES OF PRACTICE IN PERMIT PROCEEDINGS

End Part Start Amendment Part

29. The authority citation for part 71 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 26 U.S.C. 5271, 5181, 5712, 5713, 7805, 27 U.S.C. 204.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

30. Section 71.46 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Suspension and revocation of tobacco permits.

Whenever the appropriate TTB officer has reason to believe that any person has not in good faith complied with any of the provisions of 26 U.S.C. chapter 52 or regulations issued thereunder, or has not complied with any provision of 26 U.S.C. which involves intent to defraud, or has violated any of the conditions of his permit, or has failed to disclose any material information required, or has made any materially false statement, in the application for his permit, or has failed to maintain his premises in such manner as to protect the revenue, or is, by reason of previous or current legal proceedings involving a felony violation of any other provision of Federal criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, not likely to maintain operations in compliance with 26 U.S.C. chapter 52, or has been convicted of a felony violation of any provision of Federal or State criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, the appropriate TTB officer shall issue a citation for the revocation or suspension of such permit.

(72 Stat 1421, as amended; 26 U.S.C. 5713)

Start Amendment Part

31. Section 71.49b is revised to read as follows:

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Denial of application for tobacco permit.

The appropriate TTB officer may issue a citation for the contemplated disapproval of an application for a tobacco permit provided for in 26 U.S.C. 5713, if the appropriate TTB officer on examination of the application has reason to believe—

(a) The premises on which it is proposed to conduct the business are not adequate to protect the revenue;

(b) The applicant for a permit does not meet the minimum manufacturing and activity requirements in § 40.61 of this chapter; or

(c) The applicant (including, in the case of a corporation, any officer, administrator, or principal stockholder and, in the case of a partnership, a partner) is, by reason of his business experience, financial standing, or trade connections, or by reason of previous or current legal proceedings involving a felony violation of any other provision of Federal criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, not likely to maintain operations in compliance with 26 U.S.C. chapter 52, or has been convicted of a felony violation of any provision of Federal or State criminal law relating to tobacco products, processed tobacco, cigarette paper, or cigarette tubes, or has failed to disclose any material information required or made any material false statement in the application.

(72 Stat. 1421, as amended; 26 U.S.C. 5712)

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Signed: March 10, 2009.

John J. Manfreda,

Administrator.

Approved: March 12, 2009.

Timothy E. Skud,

Deputy Assistant Secretary (Tax, Trade, and Tariff Policy).

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[FR Doc. E9-7077 Filed 3-27-09; 11:15 am]

BILLING CODE 4810-31-P