Army Corps of Engineers, DoD.
In response to a memorandum opinion issued on March 26, 2008, in litigation relating to Nationwide Permit (NWP) 46, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is removing a sentence in the preamble that was published in the March 12, 2007, final notice for the reissuance of the Nationwide Permits and replacing that sentence and providing additional clarification. The preamble language at issue concerns when a pre-construction notification is required in connection with NWP 46, and we are soliciting comments on the removed sentence, the replacement sentences, and the additional clarification provided in this notice. The Corps is not proposing any changes to the terms and conditions of NWP 46.
Submit comments by May 15, 2009.
You may submit comments, identified by docket number COE-2009-0019, by any of the following methods:
Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Include the docket number, COE-2009-0019, in the subject line of the message.
Mail: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, ATTN: CECW-CO (David B. Olson), 441 G Street, NW., Washington, D.C. 20314-1000.
Hand Delivery/Courier: Due to security requirements, we cannot receive comments by hand delivery or courier.
Instructions: Direct your comments to docket number COE-2009-0019. All comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the commenter indicates that the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI, or otherwise protected, through regulations.gov or e-mail. The regulations.gov Web site is an anonymous access system, which means Start Printed Page 17457we will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail directly to the Corps without going through regulations.gov, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, we recommend that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If we cannot read your comment because of technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, we may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic comments should avoid the use of any special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.
Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov. All documents in the docket are listed. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, such as CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Mr. David Olson at 202-761-4922 or by e-mail at email@example.com.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
In the March 12, 2007, issue of the Federal Register (72 FR 11092), the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) issued Nationwide Permit (NWP) 46, a new NWP that authorizes discharges of dredged or fill material into non-tidal ditches that are: (1) Constructed in uplands, (2) receive water from an area determined to be a water of the United States prior to the construction of the ditch, (3) divert water to an area determined to be a water of the United States prior to the construction of the ditch, and (4) are determined to be waters of the United States. To be authorized by the NWP, the discharge cannot cause the loss of greater than one acre of waters of the United States. The terms and conditions of NWP 46 require pre-construction notification for all activities authorized by that NWP.
After NWP 46 was issued, the National Association of Home Builders filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, making a facial challenge to the issuance of the NWP, claiming that it is beyond the authority granted to Corps under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. In a memorandum opinion issued on March 26, 2008, the Court denied the Corps' motion to dismiss the action on the grounds that the plaintiff lacks constitutional standing. In that opinion, the Court cited preamble language in the March 12, 2007, Federal Register notice that discussed the pre-construction notification requirements for NWP 46 (see 72 FR 11142, first column, first full paragraph, third sentence: “To ensure that this NWP is used only to authorize discharges into those types of ditches, and to ensure that those activities result in minimal adverse effects on the aquatic environment, we are requiring pre-construction notification for all activities.”).
The reference to “all activities” in the sentence quoted in the preceding paragraph was intended to refer to, and in fact applies to, only those activities for which some person voluntarily elects to seek authorization under NWP 46, and to activities that qualify for authorization under NWP 46, because those activities satisfy all of the terms and conditions of NWP 46 (e.g., activities involving discharges of dredged or fill material to ditches meeting all of the criteria listed in the first paragraph of NWP 46). The pre-construction notification requirement in NWP 46 does not apply to any person who does not voluntarily elect to seek authorization under NWP 46, nor to any activity not satisfying all of the terms and conditions of NWP 46, nor to any ditch not meeting each of the four criteria listed in the first paragraph of NWP 46.
The purpose of today's notice is twofold: (1) To remove the sentence identified above that was published at 72 FR 11142 and replace it with new sentences that provide a more accurate explanation of the circumstances under which NWP 46 requires the submission of pre-construction notifications, and (2) to provide an opportunity for the interested public to submit comments on the replacement sentence and the additional clarification provided by this notice.
The new sentences that replace the removed sentence read as follows: “To ensure that this NWP authorizes only those activities that result in minimal adverse effects on the aquatic environment, we are requiring that persons who voluntarily choose to seek authorization under NWP 46 provide pre-construction notification prior to commencing the activity for which that person is seeking authorization, where the activity would satisfy all of the terms and conditions of NWP 46. Nationwide permit 46, like every other Corps general permit, does not make, and does not imply, any sort of assertion of geographic jurisdiction over any aquatic area or over any category of aquatic areas, nor does it make or imply any sort of assertion of activity-based jurisdiction over any activity or category of activities.” These replacement sentences are intended to avoid any inference that NWP 46 requires any person to submit a PCN unless that person is voluntarily seeking permit authorization under NWP 46, and believes that his proposed activity would satisfy all the terms and conditions of NWP 46.
If a project proponent believes that, for any reason, his proposed activities do not require authorization under CWA Section 404, he need not choose to seek authorization for his activities under NWP 46. Moreover, if a project proponent does not wish to voluntarily make use of an NWP, or if he believes that his proposed activity does not satisfy all terms and conditions of an NWP, any person who voluntarily wishes to obtain a Department of the Army permit authorization can apply for an individual permit or can make use of another applicable type of general permit, such as a regional general permit.
By its terms, NWP 46 authorizes discharges of dredged or fill material into non-tidal ditches that meet all of the following criteria: They are “(1) Constructed in uplands, (2) receive water from an area determined to be a water of the United States prior to the construction of the ditch, (3) divert water to an area determined to be a water of the United States prior to the construction of the ditch, and (4) are determined to be waters of the United States.” Authorization under NWP 46 is subject to a pre-construction notification requirement, as stated in the “Notification” paragraph of NWP 46: “The permittee must submit a pre-construction notification to the district engineer prior to commencing the activity. (See general condition 27.)” (72 FR 11190). This pre-construction notification requirement applies only to those particular discharges of dredged or fill material, for which some person voluntarily elects to seek permit authorization under NWP 46, where those particular discharges of dredged or fill material would go into the specific category of non-tidal ditches identified in the text of the NWP itself, i.e., into ditches that meet each of the four criteria identified in NWP 46.
If a project proponent believes, for any reason, his proposed activities do not require authorization under the Start Printed Page 17458CWA, or believes that NWP 46 does not apply to his or her particular proposed activity, and thus does not choose to voluntarily seek NWP 46 authorization for that activity, he or she is not required to submit an NWP 46 pre-construction notification to the appropriate Corps district office prior to commencing that activity. One reason why a landowner or other project proponent may choose not to make use of NWP 46, and thus may choose not to send in a pre-construction notification for NWP 46, could be that the project proponent believes that the ditch in question is not subject to CWA jurisdiction, or for any other reason believes that his proposed activities do not require authorization under CWA Section 404. In such a situation, there is nothing in NWP 46 that would require that project proponent to send in a pre-construction notification or to seek any form of CWA Section 404 permit authorization.
A person may desire to obtain a Corps Section 404 permit authorization, such as NWP 46, before discharging dredged or fill material into aquatic areas that may arguably be jurisdictional waters of the United States to avoid a citizens lawsuit seeking to enjoin his proposed activities, and/or avoid civil penalties. A citizens lawsuit challenging unpermitted discharges of dredged or fill material would be based on the application of the relevant Federal statutes and regulations relating to jurisdiction, and would not be based on or affected in any way by the terms or conditions of any NWP or other general permit, including NWP 46. A landowner or other person can voluntarily choose to avail himself of the legal protection from a possible citizens lawsuit that a permit authorization under NWP 46 can provide. If so, that person has the right to make use of NWP 46 if he voluntarily chooses to use it, and if his proposed activity meets all the terms and conditions of that NWP.
For any sort of water body that is subject to the geographic jurisdiction of the CWA, and for any proposed activity that would constitute or involve the discharge of dredged or fill material into that jurisdictional water body, said geographic or activity-based jurisdiction is derived from the relevant statute (e.g., the CWA) and its implementing regulations that specifically address jurisdiction. No NWP or any other form of general permit asserts jurisdiction in any way, either explicitly or by implication.
It follows from the principles explained above that the issuance of NWP 46 did not and does not involve, and does not result in, any assertion of Clean Water Act jurisdiction over any particular aquatic area or over any category of aquatic habitats, or over any particular activity or over any category of activities. Instead, issuance of NWP 46 or any other NWP is merely one means of providing permit authorization under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and/or Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899, if a landowner or other person voluntarily elects to make use of that form of permit authorization, whatever his reason for doing so may be.Start Signature
Dated: April 9, 2009. Approved by:
Steven L. Stockton,
Director of Civil Works.
[FR Doc. E9-8611 Filed 4-14-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3710-92-P