Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM), Interior.
Final rule: clarification.
We recently approved an amendment to the Pennsylvania regulatory program (the Pennsylvania program) under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA or the Act). The changes related to blasting for the development of shafts for underground mines and other changes to the blasting regulations in the Pennsylvania program. After our approval of the amendment, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) requested a clarification of our findings in support of that approval. Therefore, Start Printed Page 21769OSM is publishing a clarification of our previous findings.
Effective Date: May 11, 2009.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
George Rieger, Director, Pittsburgh Field Division, Telephone: (717) 782-4036, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
I. Background on the Pennsylvania Program
II. Prior Approval of the Amendment
III. Clarification of OSM's Finding in Support of the Decision
IV. Procedural Determinations
I. Background on the Pennsylvania Program
Section 503(a) of the Act permits a State to assume primacy for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations on non-Federal and non-Indian lands within its borders by demonstrating that its State program includes, among other things, “* * * a State law which provides for the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations in accordance with the requirements of the Act * * *; and rules and regulations consistent with regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant to the Act.” See 30 U.S.C. 1253(a)(1) and (7). On the basis of these criteria, the Secretary of the Interior conditionally approved the Pennsylvania program on July 30, 1982. You can find background information on the Pennsylvania program, including the Secretary's findings, the disposition of comments, and conditions of approval in the July 30, 1982, Federal Register (47 FR 33050). You can also find later actions concerning Pennsylvania's program and program amendments at 30 CFR 938.11, 938.12, 938.13, 938.15 and 938.16.
II. Prior Approval of the Amendment
By letter dated June 8, 2006 (Administrative Record No. PA 887.00), PADEP sent OSM a program amendment to address blasting for the development of shafts for underground mines and to make administrative changes to regulations relating to blasting in 25 Pa. Code Chapters 77, 87, 88, 89 and 210.
OSM approved the amendment in a December 1, 2008, Federal Register notice (73 FR 72717). After publication of OSM's decision on the submitted amendment, PADEP contacted OSM requesting clarification of our characterization of the State's interpretation of 25 Pa. Code 87.127(a). In a letter dated December 17, 2008 (Administrative Record No. PA 887.15), PADEP stated the following:
In OSM's finding relating to 25 Pa. Code 87.127(a), and the Federal counterpart at 30 CFR 817.61, the following statement is made: “PADEP has determined that mine opening blasting conducted after the second blast is not subject to all of Pennsylvania's blasting regulations, because it is not blasting conducted pursuant to a surface coal mining operation, but rather is underground mine blasting * * *” This statement is wrong. Pennsylvania has determined that mine opening blasting is not regulated as “underground mine blasting.” Rather the regulation created a new category of surface blasting, specifically identified as “mine opening blasting.” It is subject to all of Pennsylvania's surface mining blasting regulations, which specifically allow, that “mine opening blasting conducted after the second blast, for that mine opening, may be conducted at any time of day or night * * *.”
PADEP specifically requested that OSM publish a clarification of this statement contained in our approval of the amendment in order to correct this error.
III. Clarification of OSM's Finding in Support of Our Decision
OSM's regulations apply to two categories of blasting: blasting associated with surface mining and surface blasting associated with underground mining. Our regulations at 30 CFR 817.61(a) specify that “Sections 817.61-817.68 apply to surface blasting activities incident to underground coal mining, including, but not limited to, initial rounds of slopes and shafts.” The definition of “mine opening blasting” as proposed by PADEP is “* * * blasting conducted for the purpose of constructing a shaft, slope, drift, or tunnel mine opening for an underground mine * * *” Based upon PADEP's definition, the requirements of 30 CFR 816.61-68, which regulate blasting at surface mining activities, do not apply. In addition, 30 CFR 817.61-68, regarding the regulation of surface blasting incident to underground coal mines, apply only to the initial rounds of slope and shaft development; blasting conducted subsequent to such activity (i.e. within the underground mine) is not regulated under these provisions. In our Federal Register notice announcing approval of the program amendment OSM stated that “[w]e find that mine opening blasting after the second blast is indeed a reasonable point to terminate full regulatory coverage pursuant to 30 CFR 817.61-68.”
OSM understands that PADEP does not classify mine opening blasting as underground mine blasting, but rather as a “new category of surface blasting.” In addition, OSM understands that PADEP will continue to regulate mine opening blasting subsequent to the second blast in accordance with the language of the approved program amendment, as well as any other applicable provisions of the Pennsylvania Code. In effect, the “new category of surface blasting” that PADEP described, provides for the regulation of blasting, after the initial rounds of slope and shaft development, above and beyond that required by SMCRA and the corresponding Federal regulations. OSM recognized in its approval of the proposed amendment that PADEP was proposing to regulate mine opening blasting subsequent to the second blast, and our approval did nothing to limit or restrict the State's ability to do so. However, in order to alleviate the State's concerns about its interpretation of 25 Pa. Code 87.127(a), OSM is publishing this clarification.
This clarification of OSM's finding does not affect our decision to approve the Pennsylvania amendment as published in the Federal Register on December 1, 2008.
VI. Procedural Determinations
Executive Order 12630—Takings
This rule does not have takings implications. This determination is based on the analysis performed for the counterpart Federal regulation.
Executive Order 12866—Regulatory Planning and Review
This rule is exempted from review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866.
Executive Order 12988—Civil Justice Reform
The Department of the Interior has conducted the reviews required by Section 3 of Executive Order 12988 and has determined that this rule meets the applicable standards of Subsections (a) and (b) of that section. However, these standards are not applicable to the actual language of State regulatory programs and program amendments because each program is drafted and promulgated by a specific State, not by OSM. Under Sections 503 and 505 of SMCRA (30 U.S.C. 1253 and 1255) and the Federal regulations at 30 CFR 730.11, 732.15, and 732.17(h)(10), decisions on proposed State regulatory programs and program amendments submitted by the States must be based solely on a determination of whether the submittal is consistent with SMCRA and its implementing Federal regulations and whether the other requirements of 30 CFR parts 730, 731, and 732 have been met.
Executive Order 13132—Federalism
This rule does not have Federalism implications. SMCRA delineates the roles of the Federal and State Start Printed Page 21770governments with regard to the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation operations. One of the purposes of SMCRA is to “establish a nationwide program to protect society and the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations.” Section 503(a)(1) of SMCRA requires that State laws regulating surface coal mining and reclamation operations be “in accordance with” the requirements of SMCRA, and Section 503(a)(7) requires that State programs contain rules and regulations “consistent with” regulations issued by the Secretary pursuant to SMCRA.
Executive Order 13175—Consultation and Coordination With Indian Tribal Government
In accordance with Executive Order 13175, we have evaluated the potential effects of this rule on Federally-recognized Indian tribes and have determined that the rule does not have substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian Tribes. The basis for this determination is that our decision is on a State Regulatory program and does not involve a Federal regulation involving Indian Lands.
Executive Order 13211—Regulations That Significantly Affect the Supply, Distribution, or Use of Energy
On May 18, 2001, the President issued Executive Order 13211 which requires agencies to prepare a Statement of Energy Effects for a rule that is (1) considered significant under Executive Order 12866, and (2) likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy. Because this rule is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866 and is not expected to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, distribution, or use of energy, a Statement of Energy Effects is not required.
National Environmental Policy Act
This rule does not require an environmental impact statement because Section 702(d) of SMCRA (30 U.S.C. 1292(d)) provides that agency decisions on proposed State regulatory program provisions do not constitute major Federal actions within the meaning of Section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)).
Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule does not contain information collection requirements that require approval by OMB under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3507 et seq.).
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Department of the Interior certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). The State submittal, which is the subject of this rule, is based upon counterpart Federal regulations for which an economic analysis was prepared and certification made that such regulations would not have a significant economic effect upon a substantial number of small entities. In making the determination as to whether this rule would have a significant economic impact, the Department relied upon data and assumptions for the counterpart Federal regulations.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act
This rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. This rule: (a) Does not have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million; (b) Will not cause a major increase in costs or prices for consumers, individual industries, Federal, State, or local government agencies, or geographic regions; and (c) Does not have significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of U.S.-based enterprises to compete with foreign-based enterprises. This determination is based upon the fact that the Pennsylvania submittal, which is the subject of this rule, is based upon counterpart Federal regulations for which an analysis was prepared and a determination made that the Federal regulation was not considered a major rule.
This rule will not impose an unfunded mandate on State, local, or tribal governments or the private sector of $100 million or more in any given year. This determination is based upon the fact that the Pennsylvania submittal, which is the subject of this rule, is based upon counterpart Federal regulations for which an analysis was prepared and a determination made that the Federal regulation did not impose an unfunded mandate.Start Signature
Dated: February 9, 2009.
Thomas D. Shope,
Regional Director Appalachian Region.
[FR Doc. E9-10954 Filed 5-8-09; 8:45 am]
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