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Nurse Delivered Risk Reduction Intervention for HIV-Positive Women—New—National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
During the past two decades, HIV surveillance data indicates an increase in HIV/AIDS cases among women in the non-urban Southeastern United States. In 2006, the majority of HIV/AIDS cases (80%) among women were attributed to high-risk heterosexual contact with an infected partner. Black women in particular have been disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS. Factors shown to be associated with HIV in the South include poverty, lack of access to medical care, poor education, lack of awareness of the disease, and exposure to other sexually transmitted diseases. Presently, there is an urgent need for enhanced HIV transmission prevention interventions for HIV positive women in the southeastern United States.
The purpose of this project is to adapt and test the efficacy of an HIV transmission prevention intervention for reducing sexual risk among 330 HIV-positive women in North Carolina and to identify factors associated with risk among women. The study will be conducted in two parts (intervention trial and individual in-depth interviews). The intervention trial will evaluate a brief, nurse delivered, single session intervention. The trial will use a randomized wait-list comparison design with a three-month follow-up assessment. To determine eligibility for participation in the study, a brief, in-person, screening will be used. Eligible participants will complete baseline and follow-up behavioral assessments. The assessments contain questions about participants' background, health and health care, sexual activity, substance use, and other psychosocial issues. The in-depth interviews will be conducted with a subgroup of 25-30 women. The purpose of the in-depth interviews is to assess experiences with the intervention, elicit recommendations for developing risk reduction intervention strategies, and to better understand the factors that place women at risk for HIV. Study participants will be recruited from health departments and clinics providing healthcare to HIV-positive women and AIDS Service Organizations. There is no cost to the participants other than their time. The total estimated annual burden hours are 635.
|Type of respondents||Form name||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Avg. burden per response (in hours)|
|Potential Participants||Screener Contact Form||550||1||10/60|
|Intervention Participants—and Comparison Group)||Locator Form||330||1||3/60|
|Intervention Participants—and Comparison Group||Assessment Baseline||330||1||45/60|
|Intervention Participants—and Comparison Group||Assessment Follow-up||330||1||45/60|
|Subset of Intervention Group||In-depth Interview||30||1||1|
Dated: May 26, 2009.
Maryam I. Daneshvar,
Acting Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. E9-12622 Filed 5-29-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P