Foreign Agricultural Service and Commodity Credit Corporation, USDA.
Advanced notice of proposed rulemaking.
This advanced notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPR) solicits comments on options to reform the USDA, Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), Facility Guarantee Program (FGP). The purpose of the ANPR is to invite suggestions on improvements and changes to be made in the implementation and operation of the FGP, with the intent of improving the FGP's effectiveness and efficiency and lowering costs.
Comments on this notice must be received by October 5, 2009 to be assured consideration.
You may submit comments by any of the following methods:
- E-Mail: FGP.ANPR@fas.usda.gov.
- Fax: (202) 720-2495, Attention: “FGP/ANPR Comments.”
- Mail to: P. Mark Rowse, Director, Office of Trade Programs, Credit Programs Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Stop 1025, Washington, DC 20250-1025.
- Hand Delivery or Courier: 1250 Maryland Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20024.
All comments received will be available for public inspection at the above address during regular business hours.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
P. Mark Rowse, Director, Credit Programs Division, at the address stated above or by telephone: (202) 720-6211.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The FGP is currently authorized by the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (the 1990 Act), as amended. Under the FGP, CCC provides payment guarantees to facilitate the financing of manufactured goods and services exported from the United States to improve or establish agriculture-related facilities in emerging markets. By supporting such facilities, the FGP is designed to enhance sales of U.S. agricultural commodities and products to emerging markets where the demand for such commodities and products may be limited due to inadequate storage, processing, handling or distribution capabilities for such products.
Under the FGP, CCC guarantees a loan established by a U.S. bank (or, less typically, by a U.S. exporter) to an importer's bank. The eligible importer's bank issues a dollar-denominated letter of credit in favor of the exporter. The eligible U.S. bank, working with the exporter, extends credit to finance the sale of equipment, goods or services for an FGP approved project.
As a Participant to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits, the United States has agreed to adopt the terms and conditions of that Arrangement for the FGP. The Arrangement can be found on the OECD's Web site at: http://www.oecd.org/topic/0,3373,en_2649_34169_1_1_1_1_37431,00.html.
USDA does not designate specific projects but instead solicits proposals from exporters. Private sector importers, exporters and the banking sector should determine which projects are commercially viable. The FGP will support the financing of projects that Start Printed Page 39241focus on improvements to the storage, processing, handling or distribution of agricultural commodities. The exporter, with information from the importer, must make a reasonable economic argument that the project will primarily benefit U.S. agricultural commodity exports.
Payment and Coverage
CCC requires a minimum 15 percent initial payment by the importer to the exporter prior to the export of the goods or services. After the initial payment is deducted from the net contract value, the FGP guarantee covers a portion of the facility base value (historically 95 percent) and a portion of the interest for a repayment term of up to 10 years, depending on the country. By financing less than 100 percent of the net contract value, CCC encourages risk-sharing by the exporter or the exporter's assignee.
The CCC must qualify FGP participants before accepting guarantee applications. An exporter must have a business office in the United States and must not be debarred or suspended, or otherwise excluded, from any U.S. government program. Financial institutions must be approved by the CCC.
The CCC evaluates the ability of each country and each approved foreign bank to service CCC-guaranteed debt. For programming purposes, a credit limit is established for each obligor country. Banks within the approved obligor country are reviewed and individual bank credit lines are established. New banks may be added or existing approved bank levels may be increased or decreased as appropriate, based on available information.
If the foreign bank fails to make any payment as agreed under the FGP guaranteed transaction, the exporter or assignee must submit a notice of default to the CCC. A claim for loss also may be filed, and the CCC will promptly pay claims found to be in good order. For CCC audit purposes, the U.S. exporter must obtain documentation to show that the commodity arrived in the eligible country, and must maintain all transaction documents for 5 years from the date of completion of all payments.
The issuance of the guarantee is subject to a fee paid by the applicant. Fees are based on the risk grade of the obligor country, tenor of the guarantee (length of credit period), and terms for principal payment installments, whether 6 months or annually.
Statutory Authority and Revisions
The FGP is authorized by section 1542 of the Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, as amended (1990 Act). Section 1542(a) of the 1990 Act, as amended, provides that CCC make available, for fiscal years 1996 through 2012, not less than $1 billion in direct credits or export credit guarantees for exports to emerging markets. A portion of such credit guarantees must, in accordance with section 1542(b) of the 1990 Act, be made available for the export of goods and services for agricultural facilities.
Guarantees are to be made available if the Secretary of Agriculture determines that such guarantees will primarily promote the export of U.S. agricultural commodities and products thereof. Specifically, eligible projects must provide for (1) the establishment or improvement of agricultural facilities in emerging markets, or (2) the provision of services or U.S. products goods in emerging markets, by U.S. persons, to improve handling, marketing, processing, storage, or distribution of imported agricultural commodities or products in such markets. The phrase “establishment or improvement of facilities” allows for varied types of projects ranging from the sale of equipment (e.g., refrigeration, processing, transportation) and other goods needed to alleviate impediments to increasing export sales of U.S. agricultural commodities, to providing services, such as equipment installation, testing, and training to facilitate achievement of the same purposes.
Section 1542(b) further requires CCC to give priority to projects that (1) encourage the privatization of the agricultural sector in emerging markets, (2) benefit private farms or cooperatives in emerging markets, and (3) are supported by nongovernmental persons who agree to assume a relatively larger share of the costs.
Section 1542(f) of the 1990 Act defines “emerging market” as any country that the Secretary of Agriculture determines (1) is taking steps towards a market-oriented economy through food, agriculture, or rural business sectors of the economy of the country and (2) has the potential to provide a viable and significant market for U.S. agricultural commodities or their products.
The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 extended the authority for the FGP through fiscal year 2012, and amended section 1542(b) by providing for a “Construction Waiver” that would allow the Secretary of Agriculture to waive the requirement for U.S. goods used in the construction of the facility if the Secretary determines that U.S. goods are not available or the use of U.S. goods is not practicable.
CCC published an FGP interim rule on March 1, 1993 (58 FR 11786), in response to the 1990 Act. However, the interim rule was deleted effective November 18, 1994, when CCC revised 7 CFR 1493 and issued a final rule on the GSM-102 and GSM-103 programs, and the program was not made operational before its authority expired on September 30, 1995. Congress changed the targeting of the FGP in the Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 to countries determined by the Secretary of Agriculture to be emerging markets. On August 8, 1997, a new interim rule with request for comment was issued that provided for facility payment guarantees to be issued by the CCC. To date, no final rule has been issued for the FGP and the comments received related to the 1997 interim rule were never addressed by CCC.
CCC is soliciting the responses of interested parties to the following specific questions concerning options under consideration for the FGP. Interested parties may choose to address any or all of the questions listed or provide other comments. CCC's aim is to streamline the FGP's application process and to improve upon the program's effectiveness and efficiency. Additional program information is available on our Web site at: http://www.fas.usda.gov/excredits/ecgp.asp.
1. Application and Review Process
—Should CCC simplify or eliminate the preliminary review stage of the application process?
—Should CCC simplify/reduce the information required by 7 CFR 1493.240(a)(20) that is intended to ensure that the facility being financed will primarily promote the exports of U.S. agricultural commodities?
—What information should CCC require to ensure that the facility being financed will primarily promote the exports of U.S. agricultural commodities?
—Should CCC continue to require an analysis of project outputs as required by 7 CFR 1493.240(a)(21)?
—In what way could 7 CFR 1493.240(a)(21) be simplified?
—Should CCC continue to require per 7 CFR 1493.240(a)(5) that letters of interest from U.S. and foreign banks Start Printed Page 39242be submitted at the time of initial application?
—What documentation should an applicant submit to CCC to establish evidence that the initial 15 percent down payment requirement has been met?
—What coverage should CCC offer under the FGP (principal and interest)?
—Should CCC continue to require a risk share partner? If not, please explain why a risk share partner is unnecessary.
3. Construction Waiver
With the enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, the Secretary of Agriculture may waive the requirement for U.S. goods used in the construction of the facility if the Secretary determines that U.S. goods are not available or the use of U.S. goods is not practicable.
—What documentation should CCC require the applicant provide to support a request for a determination that U.S. goods are unavailable?
—What documentation should CCC require the applicant provide to support a request for a determination that the use of goods from the United States is not practicable?
—How does CCC incorporate delivery lead time of the goods in a determination of non-availability?
—Should pricing of goods be a determinant of practicability?
—Should practicability take into consideration the compatibility of U.S. goods with local inputs?
Consideration of Comments:
Additional comments on other program modifications to the FGP that are responsive to the principles outlined herein are encouraged. CCC will carefully consider all comments submitted by interested parties. After consideration of the comments received, CCC will consider what changes should be made to the FGP. Some of the changes described above would require solicitation and consideration of comments received from interested parties via the rulemaking process. Other changes might be adopted by changing internal policies and procedures. Comments received will help CCC to determine the extent and scope of any future rulemaking.Start Signature
Signed at Washington, DC, on July 24, 2009.
Acting Administrator, Foreign Agricultural Service, and Executive Vice President, Commodity Credit Corporation.
[FR Doc. E9-18801 Filed 8-5-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-10-P