Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing its determination that MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 milligrams (mg), was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for mephenytoin tablets, 100 mg, if all other legal and regulatory requirements are met.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Nikki Mueller, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, rm. 6312, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-3601.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
In 1984, Congress enacted the Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-417) (the 1984 amendments), which authorized the approval of duplicate versions of drug products approved under an ANDA procedure. ANDA applicants must, with certain exceptions, show that the drug for which they are seeking approval contains the same active ingredient in the same strength and dosage form as the “listed drug,” which is a version of the drug that was previously approved. ANDA applicants do not have to repeat the extensive clinical testing otherwise necessary to gain approval of a new drug application (NDA). The only clinical data required in an ANDA are data to show that the drug that is the subject of the ANDA is bioequivalent to the listed drug.
The 1984 amendments include what is now section 505(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)), which requires FDA to publish a list of all approved drugs. Start Printed Page 63406FDA publishes this list as part of the “Approved Drug Products With Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations,” which is known generally as the “Orange Book.” Under FDA regulations, drugs are removed from the list if the agency withdraws or suspends approval of the drug's NDA or ANDA for reasons of safety or effectiveness, or if FDA determines that the listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness (21 CFR 314.162). Under § 314.161(a)(1) (21 CFR 314.161(a)(1)), the agency must determine whether a listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness before an ANDA that refers to that listed drug may be approved. FDA may not approve an ANDA that does not refer to a listed drug.
Schiff & Co. submitted a citizen petition dated October 16, 2008 (Docket No. FDA-2008-P-0560), under 21 CFR 10.30, requesting that the agency determine whether MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 mg, was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 mg, is the subject of NDA 6-008, held by Novartis and initially approved on October 23, 1946. MESANTOIN is indicated to control grand mal, local, Jacksonian, and psychomotor seizures in patients who have been refractory to less toxic anticonvulsants. In a letter dated January 13, 2000, Novartis notified FDA that MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 mg, was being discontinued and FDA moved the drug product to the “Discontinued Drug Product List” section of the Orange Book.
FDA has reviewed its records and, under § 314.161, has determined that MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 mg, was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. The petitioner identified no data or other information suggesting that MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 mg, was withdrawn for reasons of safety or effectiveness. FDA has independently evaluated relevant literature and data for possible postmarketing adverse events and has found no information that would indicate that this product was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. Accordingly, the agency will continue to list MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 mg, in the “Discontinued Drug Product List” section of the Orange Book. The “Discontinued Drug Product List” delineates, among other items, drug products that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to MESANTOIN (mephenytoin) Tablets, 100 mg, may be approved by the agency if all other legal and regulatory requirements for the approval of ANDAs are met. If FDA determines that labeling for this drug product should be revised to meet current standards, the agency will advise ANDA applicants to submit such labeling.Start Signature
Dated: November 30, 2009.
Assistant Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. E9-28872 Filed 12-2-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4160-01-S