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Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review; Comment Request; Mental Models Study of Recruitment and Retention of Pregnant Women Into An Asthma Pregnancy Registry

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Food and Drug Administration, HHS.




The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that a proposed collection of information has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and clearance under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995.


Fax written comments on the collection of information by March 29, 2010.


To ensure that comments on the information collection are received, OMB recommends that written comments be faxed to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, OMB, Attn: FDA Desk Officer, FAX: 202-395-7285, or e-mailed to All comments should be identified with the OMB control number 0910-NEW and title Mental Models Study of Recruitment and Retention of Pregnant Women Into An Asthma Pregnancy Registry. Also include the FDA docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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Elizabeth Berbakos, Office of Information Management, Food and Drug Administration, 1350 Piccard Dr., PI50-400B, Rockville, MD 20850, 301-796-3792,

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In compliance with 44 U.S.C. 3507, FDA has submitted the following proposed collection of information to OMB for review and clearance.

Mental Models Study of Recruitment and Retention of Pregnant Women Into An Asthma Pregnancy Registry—(OMB Control Number 0910)—NEW

The authority for FDA to collect the information derives from the FDA Commissioner's authority, as specified in section 903(d)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 393(d)(2)).

The proposed information collection will help FDA advance public health by identifying priorities, perceptions, and communication needs about how pregnant women and their health care providers make decisions about participation in a pregnancy registry. Understanding these priorities, perceptions, and communication needs will foster more effective approaches to recruitment of pregnant women into pregnancy registries and full retention of those women until the end of the registry study period. Ultimately, early enrollment and complete followup of women in pregnancy registries will strengthen the quality of safety data about use of needed medications during pregnancy.

Before a medication is approved by FDA for sale in the United States, pregnant women are rarely included in experimental research studies of the medication because of concerns that the experimental treatment may harm the developing fetus and/or the pregnant woman. As a result, when a medication is approved for marketing in the United States, little systematically collected human data are available to define the chance of serious side effects in pregnant women and/or their developing fetuses from use of the medication during pregnancy.

A pregnancy registry is a research study conducted after a medication has been approved, during which pregnant women being treated with the medication are observed to identify possible harms to the woman and/or to her developing fetus. Pregnant women voluntarily enroll in a pregnancy registry; data about the pregnancy, labor, delivery, and newborn are collected and analyzed to identify any serious adverse outcomes and consider whether use of the medication may be linked to any observed harm. The quality of pregnancy registry data is enhanced by enrollment of women early in their pregnancy and by complete followup of all enrolled pregnancies to the end of the registry study period. Ultimately, high quality human Start Printed Page 8958pregnancy data gathered through a pregnancy registry and incorporated into medical product labeling will provide patients and their health care providers useful information so they may make informed medical treatment decisions during pregnancy. Data collected from this mental models study will be incorporated into recommendations for improvement of the quality of pregnancy registries, ultimately improving medical treatment decisions, and potentially improving pregnancy outcomes.

FDA engages in various regulatory and communication activities to support and at times require collection of safety data through establishment of a pregnancy registry. Pregnancy exposure registries are a major source of human pregnancy data for product labeling; therefore, FDA is committed to fostering ongoing improvements in the design and conduct of pregnancy registries. In 2002, FDA issued a guidance document entitled “Establishing Pregnancy Exposure Registries” (see​downloads/​Drugs/​GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/​Guidances/​ucm071639.pdf). This guidance provides an overview of pregnancy exposure registries, describing when and how to conduct a pregnancy registry about treatment of a disease in pregnancy or use of a specific medication or group of medications during pregnancy. FDA's Office of Women's Health maintains a list of current pregnancy registries on its Web site, see​ScienceResearch/​SpecialTopics/​WomensHealthResearch/​ucm134844.htm. FDA regulations (21 CFR 201.57) describe the content of required product labeling for prescription drugs. In the Federal Register of May 29, 2008 (73 FR 30831), FDA published a proposed rule to amend the agency's regulations for required labeling for drugs and biologics when they are used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. When finalized, these revised regulations will improve labeling information about the effects of medicines used during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Enactment of the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 gave FDA new legal authority to require postapproval studies to assess certain safety concerns, including, in certain situations, establishment of a pregnancy registry. Through this data collection and analysis, FDA will identify and address the perceptions and communication needs of pregnant women and health care providers to support their participation in pregnancy registries.

The project will use “mental modeling,” a qualitative research method that compares a model of the priorities, perceptions, communication needs, and decisionmaking processes of a group or groups to a model of the same priorities, perceptions, communication needs, and decisionmaking processes developed from expert knowledge and experience. In this study, the decision models of women who are current or potential participants in a pregnancy registry and of health care providers who have participated or might participate in a pregnancy registry will be derived through qualitative structured interviews. The project focuses on an asthma disease-based pregnancy registry; the three cohorts to be interviewed are described in detail in the following paragraphs.

Using information gathered from the interviews, the decision model about pregnancy registry involvement for pregnant women and health care providers will be developed. Once developed, that decision model will be compared to decision models about pregnancy registry involvement that were derived from experts in the fields of obstetrical and asthma treatment during pregnancy, design and conduct of pregnancy registries, FDA medication regulation, and biomedical ethics. FDA will use telephone interviews with the three cohorts to determine the priorities, perceptions, communication needs, and other factors that influence decisions about participation in a pregnancy registry by pregnant women and health care providers. A comparison between an expert model and models based on the information collected directly from women and health care providers may identify consequential perception, priority, and communication gaps. These critical areas can then be redressed through strategic efforts to foster involvement in pregnancy registries designed by FDA or others.

Using a protocol derived from the research that resulted in the “expert model,” trained interviewers will conduct 1-on-1 telephone discussions with a total of 60 individuals (20 individuals per cohort) from the 3 cohorts described here:

(1) Potential Pregnancy Registry Participants: Women older than 18 years who are currently being treated for asthma and are pregnant or have been pregnant within the past 18 months, and who may or may not currently be participating in a pregnancy registry;

(2) Current Pregnancy Registry Participants: Pregnant women older than 18 years who are current participants in any pregnancy registry for a chronic condition; and

(3) Health Care Providers: To include a mix of health care providers (including specialists, obstetrician-gynecologists, and primary care providers) some who have participated in a pregnancy registry and some who have not participated in a pregnancy registry.

In the Federal Register of August 25, 2009 (74 FR 42901), FDA published a 60-day notice requesting public comment on the proposed collection of information. One comment was received stating that the stakeholder agreed that the proposed study was valid and could provide information to support development of a clinically useful pregnancy registry. The stakeholder requested information about how physicians would be chosen for study participation and which subspecialties would be represented in the cohort. Noting that diversity would be beneficial, the comment suggested inclusion of physicians practicing in the following areas: Allergy/immunology, pulmonology, obstetrics and gynecology, and primary care.

FDA's response is, the Health Care Providers (HCPs) cohort for this mental models study will include a mix of targeted or known HCPs who have participated in pregnancy registries, a variety of specialists who may or may not have participated in pregnancy registries, and Ob/Gyn and primary care providers who may or may not have participated in pregnancy registries. Various resources may be used to identify a diverse sample of prospective primary care and subspecialty HCPs who practice in a variety of clinical settings. Examples might include physicians with privileges at or who refer/transfer patient care to tertiary care hospitals and HCPs who have contacted the Organization for Teratology Information Specialists regarding drug exposures during pregnancy or about pregnancy registry enrollment. The cohort of 20 HCPs will be interviewed by trained interviewers in 1-on-1 in-depth telephone interviews. The telephone interactions will take approximately 60 minutes and will include approximately 45 minutes of structured interview.

FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:Start Printed Page 8959

Table 1.—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden1

No. of RespondentsAnnual Frequency per ResponseTotal Annual ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

The study will involve about 60 respondents and take approximately 1 hour each to complete. These estimates are based on the contractor's extensive experience with mental models research.

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Dated: February 22, 2010.

Leslie Kux,

Acting Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2010-3912 Filed 2-25-10; 8:45 am]