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Proposed Rule

Medical Devices; Pediatric Uses of Devices; Requirement for Submission of Information on Pediatric Subpopulations That Suffer From a Disease or Condition That a Device Is Intended to Treat, Diagnose, or Cure

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Proposed rule.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is proposing to amend the regulations on premarket approval of medical devices to include requirements relating to the submission of information on pediatric subpopulations that suffer from the disease or condition that a device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure. Elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, we are publishing a companion direct final rule. This Start Printed Page 16366proposed rule will provide a procedural framework to finalize the rule in the event we receive significant adverse comment and withdraw the direct final rule.

DATES:

Submit electronic or written comments on the proposed rule by June 15, 2010. Submit electronic or written comments on the information collection requirements by June 1, 2010.

ADDRESSES:

You may submit comments, identified by Docket No. FDA-2009-N-0458, by any of the following methods:

Electronic Submissions

Submit electronic comments in the following way:

Written Submissions

Submit written submissions in the following ways:

  • FAX: 301-827-6870.
  • Mail/Hand delivery/Courier (for paper, disk, or CD-ROM submissions): Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name and docket number and regulatory information number (RIN) for this rulemaking. All comments received may be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. For additional information on submitting comments, see the “Comments” heading of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document.

Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov and insert the docket number, found in brackets in the heading of this document, into the “Search” box and follow the prompts and/or go to the Division of Dockets Management, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Robert Gatling, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 66, rm. 1640, Silver Spring, MD 20993, 301-796-6560.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Why Is This Companion Proposed Rule Being Issued?

This proposed rule is a companion to a direct final rule regarding the submission of information on pediatric subpopulations that suffer from a disease or condition that a device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure. The direct final rule is published in the final rules section of this issue of the Federal Register. The direct final rule and this companion proposed rule are substantively identical. This companion proposed rule provides the procedural framework to finalize the rule in the event that the direct final rule receives any significant adverse comment and is withdrawn. We are publishing the direct final rule because we believe the rule is noncontroversial, and we do not anticipate receiving any significant adverse comments. If no significant adverse comment is received in response to the direct final rule, no further action will be taken relating to this proposed rule. Instead, we will publish a notice within 30 days after the comment period ends confirming when the direct final rule will go into effect.

If we receive any significant adverse comment regarding the direct final rule we will withdraw the direct final rule within 30 days after the comment period ends and proceed to respond to all of the comments under this companion proposed rule using our usual notice-and-comment rulemaking procedures under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 552a et seq.). The comment period for this companion proposed rule runs concurrently with the direct final rule's comment period. Any comments received under this companion proposed rule will be considered as comments regarding the direct final rule and vice versa. We will not provide additional opportunity for comment.

A significant adverse comment is defined as a comment that explains why the rule would be inappropriate, including challenges to the rule's underlying premise or approach, or would be ineffective or unacceptable without change. In determining whether an adverse comment is significant and warrants withdrawing a direct final rulemaking, we will consider whether the comment raises an issue serious enough to warrant a substantive response in a notice-and-comment process in accordance with section 553 of the APA (5 U.S.C. 553). Comments that are frivolous, insubstantial, or outside the scope of the rule will not be considered a significant adverse comment, unless the comment states why the rule would be ineffective without the additional change. In addition, if a significant adverse comment applies to part of a rule and that part can be severed from the remainder of the rule, we may adopt as final those parts of the rule that are not the subject of a significant adverse comment.

In the Federal Register of November 21, 1997 (62 FR 62466), you can find additional information about FDA's direct final rulemaking procedures in our guidance document entitled “Guidance for FDA and Industry: Direct Final Rule Procedures.” This guidance document is available at http://www.fda.gov/​RegulatoryInformation/​Guidances/​ucm125166.htm.

II. What Is the Background of This Proposed Rule?

On September 27, 2007, the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA)1 (Public Law 110-85) amended the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) by adding, among other things, a new section 515A of the act (21 U.S.C. 360e-1). Section 515A(a) of the act requires persons who submit certain medical device applications to include readily available information providing a description of any pediatric subpopulations that suffer from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure, and the number of affected pediatric patients. This proposed rule amends FDA's regulations to implement the requirements of section 515A(a) of the act.

Section 515A(c) of the act states that, for the purposes of that section, the term “pediatric subpopulation” has the meaning given the term in section 520(m)(6)(E)(ii) of the act (21 U.S.C. 360j(m)(6)(E)(ii)). Section 520(m)(6)(E)(ii) of the act defines the term “pediatric subpopulation” to mean one of the following populations:

  • Neonates;
  • Infants;
  • Children; or
  • Adolescents.

We have previously issued guidance recommending the age range for each of the populations included in the term “pediatric subpopulation.” See Premarket Assessment of Pediatric Medical Devices (May 14, 2004); http://www.fda.gov/​MedicalDevices/​DeviceRegulationandGuidance/​GuidanceDocuments/​ucm089740.htm.

The term “pediatric patient” is defined, for purposes of section 520(m)(6)(E)(i) of the act as patients who are 21 years of age or younger at the time of the diagnosis or treatment. Because no other definition of “pediatric patient” is included in the Pediatric Medical Device Safety and Improvement Act of 2007, and because the definition in section 520(m)(6)(E)(i) of the act is consistent with the definition of pediatric subpopulations in section 520(m)(6)(E)(ii), FDA has concluded Start Printed Page 16367that the term “pediatric patient” in section 515A of the act refers to patients who are 21 years of age or younger at the time of the diagnosis or treatment.

The information submitted under section 515A(a) of the act will help FDA track the following information that it is required to report annually to Congress, in accordance with section 515A(a)(3) of the act:

  • The number of approved devices for which there is a pediatric subpopulation that suffers from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure;
  • The number of approved devices labeled for use in pediatric patients;
  • The number of approved pediatric devices that were exempted from a review fee under section 738(a)(2)(B)(v) of the act (21 U.S.C. 379j(a)(2)(B)(v)); and
  • The review time for each such device.

III. What Applications Are Subject to This Proposed Rule?

In accordance with the act, these requirements apply to the following applications when submitted on or after the effective date of this proposed rule:

  • Any request for a humanitarian device exemption (HDE) submitted under section 520(m) of the act;
  • Any premarket approval application (PMA) or supplement to a PMA submitted under section 515 of the act; and
  • Any product development protocol (PDP) submitted under section 515 of the act.

If the applicant of a supplement to a PMA has previously submitted information satisfying these requirements, the applicant may incorporate that information by reference rather than resubmitting the same information. However, if additional information has become readily available to the applicant since the previous submission, the applicant must submit that information as part of the supplement.

Many PMAs begin with the submission of one or more PMA modules; see Premarket Approval Application Modular Review—Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff, available at http://www.fda.gov/​MedicalDevices/​DeviceRegulationandGuidance/​GuidanceDocuments/​ucm089764.htm. Applicants who choose to use the modular approach should submit the information required by section 515A(a) of the act in the final PMA module (i.e., the module that includes final clinical data, proposed labeling, and the summary of safety and effectiveness).

IV. What Does This Proposed Rule Do?

This proposed rule would implement new section 515A(a) of the act by amending 21 CFR Part 814, Premarket Approval of Medical Devices, to include requirements relating to the submission of information on pediatric subpopulations that suffer from the disease or condition that a device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure.

A. What Information Must Be Provided?

This proposed rule requires each applicant who submits an HDE, PMA, supplement to a PMA, or PDP to include, if “readily available,” a description of any pediatric subpopulations that suffer from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure, and the number of affected pediatric patients.

B. What Are the Consequences of Not Submitting “Readily Available” Information?

If you do not submit the information required by section 515A(a) of the act, FDA may not approve your application until you provide the required information. We intend to contact you during the normal course of our review to inform you that your submission lacks the information required by section 515A(a) of the act and by this proposed rule, and to ask you to amend your application to provide the required information. If your application has no other deficiencies and otherwise meets applicable statutory and regulatory requirements for approval, but still lacks information required by section 515A(a) of the act, we intend to send you an “approvable” letter informing you that we will approve your application after you provide the information required by section 515A(a). If your application has other deficiencies or does not meet all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements for approval, we intend to send you a “not approvable” letter or a “major deficiency” letter describing what information or data you need to provide before FDA can approve your application; the “not approvable” or “major deficiency” letter may cite the absence of 515A(a) information in the section listing minor deficiencies. For additional information concerning the interactive process we will use during our review, see Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff: Interactive Review for Medical Device Submissions: 510(k)s, Original PMAs, PMA Supplements, Original BLAs, and BLA Supplements, available at http://www.fda.gov/​MedicalDevices/​DeviceRegulationandGuidance/​GuidanceDocuments/​ucm089402.htm. For additional information concerning “approvable,” “not approvable,” and “major deficiency” letters, see FDA and Industry Actions on Premarket Approval Applications (PMAs): Effect on FDA Review Clock and Goals, available at http://www.fda.gov/​MedicalDevices/​DeviceRegulationandGuidance/​GuidanceDocuments/​ucm089733.htm.

V. What Is the Legal Authority for This Proposed Rule?

This proposed rule, if finalized, would amend §§ 814.1, 814.2, 814.20, 814.37, 814.39, 814.44, 814.100, 814.104, and 814.116. FDA's legal authority to modify §§ 814.1, 814.2, 814.20, 814.37, 814.39, 814.44, 814.100, 814.104, and 814.116 arises from the same authority under which FDA initially issued these regulations, the device and general administrative provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321, 331, 351, 352, 360e, 360e-1, 360j, and 371).

VI. What Is the Environmental Impact of This Proposed Rule?

FDA has determined under 21 CFR 25.30(h) and 25.34(a) that this action is of a type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required.

VII. What Is the Economic Impact of This Proposed Rule?

We have examined the impacts of this proposed rule under Executive Order 12866 and the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612), and the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4). Executive Order 12866 directs agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, when regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety, and other advantages; distributive impacts; and equity). We believe that this proposed rule is not a significant regulatory action as defined by the Executive order.

The Regulatory Flexibility Act requires agencies to analyze regulatory options that would minimize any significant impact of a rule on small entities. Because this regulation only requires that some submissions include a small amount of readily available information, creating little additional burden, the agency certifies that the proposed rule will not have a significant Start Printed Page 16368economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.

Section 202(a) of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 requires that agencies prepare a written statement, which includes an assessment of anticipated costs and benefits, before proposing “any rule that includes any Federal mandate that may result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100,000,000 or more (adjusted annually for inflation) in any one year.” The current threshold after adjustment for inflation is $133 million, using the most current (2008) Implicit Price Deflator for the Gross Domestic Product. We do not expect this rule to result in any 1-year expenditure that would meet or exceed this amount.

We believe that the only costs to industry are those that we account for in our Paperwork Reduction Act analysis, which immediately follows this section. The proposed rule does not require additional clinical research or other costly efforts, and simply requires the applicant to briefly summarize readily available information that will have been reviewed by the applicant during the course of its development of the device and preparation of its application to FDA. We have also limited the proposed rule to exclude supplements that do not involve a new intended use; if a supplement does not involve a new intended use, we do not expect the applicant will have new information pertinent to the requirement of section 515A(a) of the act and this rule, and the limitation avoids the needless submission of duplicate information to FDA. We expect FDA's additional costs will be inconsequential, as the information required here will be filed and managed as an integral part of each submission, using existing filing, storage, and data management systems and processes.

VIII. How Does the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 Apply to This Proposed Rule?

This proposed rule contains information collection requirements that are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The title, description, and respondent description of the information collection provisions are shown below with an estimate of the annual reporting burden. Included in the estimate is the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing each collection of information. FDA invites comments on: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.

Title: Medical Devices; Pediatric Uses of Devices; Requirement for Submission of Information on Pediatric Subpopulations That Suffer From a Disease or Condition That a Device Is Intended to Treat, Diagnose, or Cure.

Description: Section 515A(a) of FDAAA requires applicants who submit certain medical device applications to include readily available information providing a description of any pediatric subpopulations that suffer from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure, and the number of affected pediatric patients. The information submitted will allow FDA to track the number of approved devices for which there is a pediatric subpopulation that suffers from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure; the number of approved devices labeled for use in pediatric patients; the number of approved pediatric devices that were exempted from a review fee under section 738(a)(2)(B)(v) of the act; and the review time for each such device.

Description of Respondents: These requirements apply to applicants who submit the following applications when submitted on or after the effective date of this rule:

  • Any request for an HDE submitted under section 520(m) of the act;
  • Any PMA submitted under section 515 of the act;
  • Any PDP submitted under section 515 of the act; and
  • Any supplement to an HDE, PMA, or PDP that proposes a new intended use, whether for an adult population or a pediatric population.

Burden: FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:

Table 1.—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden1

21 CFR SectionNo. of RespondentsAnnual Frequency per ResponseTotal Annual ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
814.20(b)(3)(i)251254100
814.37(b)(2)10110440
814.39(h)10110440
814.104(b)(6)515420
Totals200
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

All that is required is to access, organize, and submit information that is readily available, using any approach that meets the requirements of section 515A(a) of the act and this rule. FDA expects to receive approximately 40 original PMA/PDP/HDE applications each year, 5 of which FDA expects to be HDEs. This estimate is based on the actual average of FDA's receipt of new PMA applications in FY 2007 through FY 2008. The agency estimates that 10 of those 40 original PMA submissions will fail to provide the required pediatric use information and their sponsors will therefore be required to submit PMA amendments. The agency also expects to receive 10 supplements that describe a new indication for use and will include the pediatric use information required by 515A(a) of the act and this rule. We believe that because the rule requires that the applicant organize and submit only Start Printed Page 16369readily available information, no more than 4 hours will be required to comply with section 515A(a) of the act and this rule. FDA estimates that the total burden created by this rule is 200 hours.

We based this estimate on our experience with similar information collection requirements and on consultations with the Interagency Pediatric Devices Working Group which includes the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, FDA, National Institutes of Health, members of the Pediatric Advisory Committee, researchers, healthcare practitioners, medical device trade associations, and medical device manufacturers.

In compliance with the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507(d)), the agency has submitted the information collection provisions of this proposed rule to OMB for review. As provided in 5 CFR 1320.5(c)(1), collections of information in a proposed rule are subject to the procedures set forth in 5 CFR 1320.10. Interested persons and organizations may submit comments on the information collection requirements of this proposed rule (see DATES) to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES).

At the close of the 60-day comment period, FDA will review the comments received, revise the information collection provisions as necessary, and submit these provisions to OMB for review. FDA will publish a notice in the Federal Register when the information collection provisions are submitted to OMB, and an opportunity for public comment to OMB will be provided at that time. Prior to the effective date of the direct final rule, FDA will publish a notice in the Federal Register of OMB's decision to approve, modify, or disapprove the information collection provisions. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

IX. What Are the Federalism Impacts of This Proposed Rule?

FDA has analyzed this proposed rule in accordance with the principles set forth in Executive Order 13132. We have determined that the rule does not contain policies that have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Accordingly, we have concluded that the rule does not contain policies that have federalism implications as defined in the Executive order and, consequently, a federalism summary impact statement is not required.

X. How Do You Submit Comments on This Rule?

Interested persons may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) electronic or written comments regarding this proposed rule. Submit a single copy of electronic comments or two paper copies of any mailed comments, except that individuals may submit one paper copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Received comments may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 814

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Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, 21 CFR part 814 is proposed to be amended as follows:

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PART 814—PREMARKET APPROVAL OF MEDICAL DEVICES

1. The authority citation for 21 CFR part 814 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 351, 352, 353, 360, 360c-360j, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 379, 379e, 381. 2. In § 814.1, revise paragraph (a) to read as follows:

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Scope.

(a) This section implements sections 515 and 515A of the act by providing procedures for the premarket approval of medical devices intended for human use.

3. Revise § 814.2 to read as follows:

Purpose.

The purpose of this part is to establish an efficient and thorough device review process—

(a) To facilitate the approval of PMAs for devices that have been shown to be safe and effective and that otherwise meet the statutory criteria for approval;

(b) To ensure the disapproval of PMAs that have not been shown to be safe and effective or that do not otherwise meet the statutory criteria for approval; and

(c) To ensure PMAs include readily available information concerning actual and potential pediatric uses of medical devices.

4. In § 814.20, revise paragraph (b)(3)(i) to read as follows:

Application.

(b) * * *

(3) * * *

(i) Indications for use. (A) A general description of the disease or condition the device will diagnose, treat, prevent, cure, or mitigate, including a description of the patient population for which the device is intended.

(B) Information concerning uses in pediatric patients who are 21 years of age or younger: The application must include the following information, if readily available:

(1) A description of any pediatric subpopulations (neonates, infants, children, adolescents) that suffer from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure; and

(2) The number of affected pediatric patients.

5. In § 814.37, revise the section heading and paragraph (b) to read as follows:

PMA amendments and resubmitted PMAs.

(b)(1) FDA may request the applicant to amend a PMA or PMA supplement with any information regarding the device that is necessary for FDA or the appropriate advisory committee to complete the review of the PMA or PMA supplement.

(2) FDA may request the applicant to amend a PMA or PMA supplement with information concerning pediatric uses as required under § 814.20(b)(3)(i).

6. In § 814.39, add paragraph (h) to read as follows:

PMA supplements.

(h) The application must include the following information, if readily available:

(1) A description of any pediatric subpopulations (neonates, infants, children, adolescents) that suffer from the disease or condition that the device is intended to treat, diagnose, or cure; and

(2) The number of affected pediatric patients who are 21 years of age or younger.

(3) If information concerning the device that is the subject of the supplement was previously submitted under § 814.20(b)(3)(i), that information may be incorporated by reference to the application or submission that contains Start Printed Page 16370the information. However, if additional information required under § 814.20(b)(3)(i) has become readily available to the applicant since the previous submission, the applicant must submit that information as part of the supplement.

7. In § 814.44, redesignate paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) through (e)(1)(iv) as paragraphs (e)(1)(iii) through (e)(1)(v), respectively, and add new paragraph (e)(1)(ii) to read as follows:

Procedures for review of a PMA.

(e) * * *

(1) * * *

(ii) The submission of additional information concerning potential pediatric uses required by § 814.20(b)(3)(i) that is readily available to the applicant;

8. Amend § 814.100 as follows:

a. Redesignate paragraphs (b) through (e) as paragraphs (d) through (g), respectively;

b. Redesignate paragraph (a) as paragraph (b), and remove the first sentence of redesignated paragraph (b); and

c. Add new paragraphs (a) and (c) to read as follows:

Purpose and scope.

(a) This subpart H implements sections 515A and 520(m) of the act.

(c) Section 515A of the act is intended to ensure the submission of readily available information concerning actual and potential pediatric uses of medical devices.

9. Amend § 814.104 as follows:

a. Revise the last sentence of paragraph (b)(4)(ii);

b. Revise the last sentence of paragraph (b)(5); and

c. Add paragraph (b)(6) to read as follows:

Original applications.

(b) * * *

(4) * * *

(ii) * * * The effectiveness of this device for this use has not been demonstrated.

(5) * * * If the amount charged is $250 or less, the requirement for a report by an independent certified public accountant or an attestation by a responsible individual of the organization is waived; and

(6) Readily available information concerning actual and potential pediatric uses of the device, as required by § 814.20(b)(3)(i).

10. In § 814.116, redesignate paragraphs (c)(2) through (c)(4) as paragraphs (c)(3) through (c)(5), respectively, and add new paragraph (c)(2) to read as follows:

Procedures for review of an HDE.

(c) * * *

(2) The submission of additional information concerning potential pediatric uses required by § 814.20(b)(3)(i) that is readily available to the applicant;

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Dated: March 17, 2010.

Leslie Kux,

Acting Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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Footnotes

1.  Title III of FDAAA, which includes new section 515A, is also known as the Pediatric Medical Device Safety and Improvement Act of 2007.

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[FR Doc. 2010-7192 Filed 3-31-10; 8:45 am]

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