Federal Housing Finance Agency, Federal Housing Finance Board.
In this rulemaking, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is adopting a final rule that implements two separate proposed rules, which relate to Federal Home Loan Bank (Bank) director elections and director compensation, respectively. As to director elections, FHFA is amending its regulations relating to the process by which successor Bank directors are chosen after a directorship is redesignated to a new state prior to the end of the term as a result of the annual designation of Bank directorships. Under the final rule, the redesignation causes the original directorship to terminate and creates a new directorship that will be filled by an election of the members.
As to director compensation, FHFA is implementing section 1202 of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA), which amended section 7(i) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (Bank Act) by repealing the statutory caps on the annual compensation that can be paid to Bank directors. This aspect of the final rule allows each Bank to pay its directors reasonable compensation and expenses, subject to the authority of the FHFA Director to object to, and to prohibit prospectively, compensation and/or expenses that the Director determines are not reasonable.
This rule is effective May 5, 2010.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Daniel Coates, Associate Director, Division of FHLBank Regulation, 202-408-2959, firstname.lastname@example.org or Neil R. Crowley, Deputy General Counsel, 202-343-1316, email@example.com, Federal Housing Finance Agency, Fourth Floor, 1700 G Street, NW., Washington, DC 20552. The telephone number for the Telecommunications Device for the Deaf is (800) 877-8339.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
I. In General
On July 30, 2008, HERA, Public Law 110-289, 122 Stat. 2654 (2008), became law and created FHFA as an independent agency of the Federal government. Among other things, HERA transferred to FHFA the supervisory and oversight responsibilities over the Banks that formerly had been vested in the now abolished Federal Housing Finance Board (Finance Board). The Banks continue to operate under regulations promulgated by the Finance Board until such time as the existing regulations are supplanted by regulations promulgated by FHFA.
Section 1202 of HERA amended section 7 of the Bank Act, which governs the eligibility, election, compensation and expenses of Bank directors. See 12 U.S.C. 1427. FHFA has implemented section 7 in part 1261 of its rules. 12 CFR part 1261.
Section 1201 of HERA (codified at 12 U.S.C. 4513(f)) requires the Director of FHFA to consider the differences between the Banks and the Enterprises with respect to the Banks' cooperative ownership structure, mission of providing liquidity to members, affordable housing and community development mission, capital structure, and joint and several liability, whenever promulgating regulations that affect the Banks. The Director may also consider any other differences that are deemed appropriate. In preparing this final rule, the Director considered the differences between the Banks and the Enterprises as they relate to the above factors and determined that the rule is appropriate, particularly because this final rule applies only to the Banks.
II. Bank Director Eligibility and Elections
In December 2009, FHFA published a proposed rule that would deem terminated a directorship that is redesignated to a new state prior to the end of its term as a result of the annual designation of Bank directorships, with a new directorship created for the new state. See 74 FR 62708 (Dec. 1, 2009). The new directorship would be filled by an election of the members. The proposal constituted a change from the current Finance Board rule, which deems the redesignation to create a vacancy on the board. Under the Bank Act, vacancies on the board are filled by the remaining directors. See 12 U.S.C. 1427(f)(2); 12 CFR 1261.3 and 1261.4.
FHFA received one comment on the proposed rule, which was from a Bank and related to an aspect of the term limit provisions. Section 1261.4(d)(2) implements the term limit provision of section 7(d) of the Bank Act. See 12 CFR 1261.4(d)(2); 12 U.S.C. 1427(d). The rule provides that a term adjusted after July 30, 2008 (the effective date of HERA) to a period of fewer than four years is not considered a full term for purposes of calculating term limits. See 12 CFR 1261.4(d)(2)(i). The Bank suggested that FHFA use the term “adjusted” in new paragraph 1261.3(e) to make clear that a newly created directorship with a term of less than four years as a result of a redesignation of directorships would not be a full term for purposes of the statutory term limit. FHFA agrees that this will clarify application of the rule and has made the change in the final rule. FHFA is adopting the remainder of the changes as proposed.
FHFA also is making a technical change to part 1261. It is creating a new subpart A, which contains definitions common to all subparts. These definitions include the terms Act, Bank, FHFA, and Director. These terms no longer will appear in other subparts of part 1261. The succeeding subparts will be redesignated subparts B (eligibility and elections), C (compensation and expenses), and D (reserved). In the newly redesignated subpart B, FHFA is renumbering §§ 1261.1 through 1261.7 as §§ 1261.2 through 1261.8, respectively. It is removing § 1261.8, which was reserved. FHFA is correcting the cross-references within subpart B to take into account the new numbering.
III. Bank Director Compensation and Expenses
In October 2009, FHFA published a proposed rule to address changes HERA section 1202 made to section 7(i) of the Bank Act. See 74 FR 54758 (Oct. 23, 2009). Among other things, section 1202 repealed the statutory caps on the annual compensation a Bank can pay to its directors, the effect of which was to authorize the Banks to pay reasonable compensation and expenses to their directors subject to FHFA approval. See Start Printed Page 1703812 U.S.C. 1427(i). The proposed rule would implement the provisions of section 7(i) of the Bank Act in a manner that is consistent with the other authorities that the FHFA Director has over the compensation practices of the other regulated entities, i.e., the Federal National Mortgage Association and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.
FHFA received six public comments on the proposed rule, three from Banks, one from the Council of Banks, which is a trade group representing all twelve Banks, one from a trade association representing home builders, and one from a public interest group. All commenters generally supported the rule and the goal of increased transparency.
For aspects of the proposed rule with respect to which FHFA received no comments, FHFA is adopting those provisions as proposed, and they generally are not addressed in this preamble. One comment concerned provisions of part 1261 that were not the focus of this rulemaking, such as board diversity and differences between elected and independent Bank directors. Because those matters are beyond the scope of the proposed rules, FHFA is not addressing them in either the regulation or this supplementary information. FHFA discusses issues raised by the other comments in the analysis of the appropriate section of the final rule below.
A. Definitions—Section 1261.20
FHFA received no comments on the definition section. However, because the term “expense” is used throughout the subpart and because reimbursable expenses are described as part of proposed § 1261.24, FHFA has decided to relocate the substance of the description of reimbursable expenses into a new definition. The final rule adds the term “expenses” to the definition section without making any substantive changes from proposed § 1261.24, which is deleted from the final rule. FHFA received no comments on § 1261.24.
B. General—Section 1261.21
FHFA has separated proposed § 1261.21(b) into two parts—the first concerns annual reporting requirements relating to anticipated compensation for the coming year and the second concerns annual reporting requirements relating to compensation and expenses for the prior year. FHFA received comments on two aspects of the reporting requirements. The first comment concerned the report on compensation a Bank expects to pay in the upcoming year. A Bank suggested that FHFA change the due date for the report from December 1 to December 31 because some Banks address compensation issues at the last meeting of the year, which may occur later in December. FHFA has made this amendment in § 1261.21(b)(1).
The second group of comments concerned the reporting requirements for compensation and expenses that a Bank has paid in the prior year. In response to these comments, FHFA is making certain revisions to § 1261.21(b) and is deleting proposed § 1261.25, which would have required the Banks to disclose certain information about compensation practices in their annual reports to members. Finance Board regulations long had required the annual reports the Banks provide to their members to include certain information about the compensation and expenses paid to Bank directors. Section 1261.25 of the proposed rule would have expanded the elements a Bank had to include in the annual reports to provide members with additional information about director compensation, expenses, and meeting attendance. That proposal prompted comments questioning whether it effectively would require the Banks to include items in their filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) that are not required by the federal securities laws. Since the Banks became registered with the SEC, they generally have ceased providing their members an annual report separate from the Form 10-K that they file with SEC, which includes information about director and officer compensation. FHFA agrees that the expanded provisions of § 1261.25 of the proposed rule could have the unintended consequence of requiring a Bank to include in its Form 10-K information that differs from what otherwise is required for SEC registrants, and has determined that the appropriate course is to delete from the final rule any requirements relating to the content of the Banks' annual reports.
Because FHFA needs information about director compensation and expenses for its own supervisory and regulatory purposes, i.e., to assess the reasonableness of the compensation and to compile compensation information for its HERA-mandated annual report to Congress, it has decided to revise the final rule to require the Banks to report the information they would have provided in the annual reports to members to FHFA. Thus, § 1261.21(b)(2) of the final rule requires the Banks to report by the tenth day of the calendar year, seven categories of information relating to director compensation, expenses, and meeting attendance for the immediately preceding calendar year. Those categories relate to compensation and expenses paid to each director, compensation and expenses for all directors, group expenses, as well as the number of board and committee meetings held during the year and each director's attendance at those meetings. FHFA intends for these new reporting requirements to cover compensation, expenses, and meetings that occur in calendar year 2010.
FHFA received several comments about group expenses, such as dinners in conjunction with board or committee meetings that a Bank does not reimburse back to individual directors. Commenters suggested three different methods for dealing with group expenses: (1) Do not report it as an expense; (2) treat it as an aggregated expense that FHFA will review during exam process; or (3) aggregate it, with the average cost allocated back to each director. FHFA believes that these group expenses are “expenses” relating to the directors' attendance at board meetings, but agrees that allocating them among the attending directors might be burdensome. Therefore, FHFA has decided that the Banks need only provide an aggregate sum of group expenses as part of the report on prior year payments.
Several commenters asked FHFA to clarify that a director can attend a board or committee meeting either in person or through electronic means, such as video or teleconferencing. FHFA encourages in-person attendance by all directors, but will deem an individual director's participation in the entire meeting via video or teleconferencing as attendance solely for purposes of reporting that director's attendance under § 1261.21(b)(2)(vii). The board of directors is still required by § 1261.24(a) to hold a minimum of six in-person meetings each year, which requirement is separate from the reporting requirements of § 1261.21.
C. Director Disapproval—Section 1261.23
FHFA received several comments on proposed § 1261.23, which addresses the FHFA Director's authority to disapprove compensation arrangements that do not conform to the reasonableness standard imposed by section 7(i) of the Bank Act. One commenter asked FHFA to clarify that the prospective disapproval determination or order does not apply to earned but unpaid compensation and expenses incurred but not yet Start Printed Page 17039reimbursed. FHFA has done so in the final rule.
Two commenters suggested that the final rule establish a formal process for any determinations of unreasonable director compensation and that the Director provide a written factual analysis to a Bank along with any order directing a Bank to cease further payments at that level. FHFA does not see the need to establish a formal process for reviewing the reasonableness of a Bank's compensation practices, since there are in place already certain requirements to ensure the Agency makes decisions in a responsible manner. Under the Bank Act and principles of administrative law, FHFA must act reasonably in all cases and must have a reasonable factual basis for any regulatory or supervisory actions it takes. In light of these statutory requirements, FHFA believes that it is not necessary to create an additional formal process or to treat decisions made on director compensation any differently from the many other supervisory determinations FHFA makes. While FHFA may not issue a formal written analysis to a Bank whenever the Director deems its compensation arrangements to be unreasonable, it will endeavor to ensure that it provides an opportunity for the Bank to provide its views. Further, the Agency will provide guidance and will advise generally on the aspects of the compensation practices deemed objectionable and suggest improvements. The guidance likely will be in the form of a dialogue with the Bank, much like FHFA staff already engages in with respect to other matters of supervisory concern.
D. Board Meetings—Section 1261.24
In § 1261.24 of the final rule, FHFA has combined two separate provisions of the proposed rule relating to board and committee meetings. Proposed § 1261.26, which concerned the number of board and committee meetings, now appears in § 1261.24(a) without substantive change. Proposed § 1261.27, which concerned the site of board and committee meetings, now appears in 1261.24(b) without substantive change. FHFA did not receive any comments on these sections.
IV. Paperwork Reduction Act
The final rule does not contain any information collection requirements that require the approval of the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
V. Regulatory Flexibility Act
The final rule applies only to the Banks, which do not come within the meaning of “small entities” for purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA). See 5 U.S.C. 601(6). Therefore, in accordance with section 605(b) of the RFA, 5 U.S.C. 605(b), the FHFA certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 12 CFR Parts 918 and 1261
- Community development
- Conflicts of interest
- Ethical conduct
- Federal home loan banks
- Financial disclosure
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
For the reasons stated in the preamble, under the authority ofEnd Amendment Part
CHAPTER IX—FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARDStart Part
PART 918—[REMOVED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. RemoveEnd Amendment Part
CHAPTER XII—FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCYStart Part
PART 1261—FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
2. The authority citation for part 1261 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
3. Redesignate subparts A, B, and C as subparts B, C, and D, respectively.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
4. Redesignate §§ 1261.1 through 1261.7 as §§ 1261.2 through 1261.8, respectively.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
5. Add a new Subpart A to read as follows:End Amendment Part
As used in this part:
Bank written in title case means a Federal Home Loan Bank established under section 12 of the Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1432).
Bank Act means the Federal Home Loan Bank Act, as amended (12 U.S.C. 1421 through 1449).
Director means the Director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency.
FHFA means Federal Housing Finance Agency.
Subpart B—[Amended]Start Amendment Part
6. Amend newly redesignated subpart B as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
a. Revise all references to “the Act” to read “the Bank Act”; andEnd Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
b. Amend references as indicated in the table below:End Amendment Part
|Amend:||By removing the reference to:||And adding in its place:|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.2, definition of the term “Voting State”||12 CFR part 925||12 CFR part 1263.|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.4(a)(2)||12 CFR 925.20 and 925.22, or any successor provisions||§§ 1263.20 and 1263.22 of this chapter.|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.4(b)||12 CFR 925.20 and 925.22, or any successor provisions||§§ 1263.20 and 1263.22 of this chapter.|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.5(b)||§ 1261.3(c)||§ 1261.4(c).|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.5(e)(1)||§ 1261.3(c)||§ 1261.4(c).|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.6(b)||12 CFR 925.20 and 925.22, or any successor provisions||§§ 1263.20 and 1263.22 of this chapter.|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.7(a)(4)||§ 1261.5||§ 1261.6.|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.8(a)||§ 1261.6(f)||§ 1261.7(f).|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.8(a)(iii)||§ 1261.6(e)||§ 1261.7(e).|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.8(b)||§ 1261.6(a)||§ 1261.7(a).|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.8(b)||§ 1261.6(a)(3)||§ 1261.7(a)(3).|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.8(d), introductory text||§ 1261.5||§ 1261.6.|
|Newly redesignated § 1261.8(g)(2)||§ 1261.6(e)||§ 1261.7(e).|
|§ 1261.9(a)||§ 1261.6(a)||§ 1261.7(a).|
|Start Printed Page 17040|
|§ 1261.14(b)||paragraphs (c) and (d) of § 1261.6||§ 1261.7(c) and (d).|
7. In newly redesignated § 1261.2 revise the introductory text to read as set forth below, and remove the definitions of the termsEnd Amendment Part
As used in this Subpart B:
8. Amend newly redesignated § 1261.4 by revising paragraph (d) and adding new paragraph (e) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(d) Notification. On or before June 1 of each year, FHFA will notify each Bank in writing of the total number of directorships established for the Bank and the number of member directorships designated as representing the members in each voting state in the Bank district.
(e) Change of state. If the annual designation of member directorships results in an existing directorship being redesignated as representing members in a different State, that directorship shall be deemed to terminate in the previous State as of December 31 of that year, and a new directorship to begin in the succeeding State as of January 1 of the next year. The new directorship shall be filled by vote of the members in the succeeding State and, in order to maintain the staggered terms of directorships, shall be adjusted to a term equal to the remaining term of the previous directorship if it had not been redesignated to another State.
9. Amend newly redesignated § 1261.5 by revising paragraph (e) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(e) Loss of eligibility. A director shall become ineligible to remain in office if, during his or her term of office, the directorship to which he or she has been elected is eliminated. The incumbent director shall become ineligible after the close of business on December 31 of the year in which the directorship is eliminated.
10. Amend newly redesignated § 1261.8 by adding “(1)” after the “.” at the end of the italicized heading of paragraph (a).End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
11. Add subpart C to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart C—Federal Home Loan Bank Directors' Compensation and Expenses
As used in this subpart C:
Compensation means any payment of money or the provision of any other thing of current or potential value in connection with service as a director. Compensation includes all direct and indirect payments of benefits, both cash and non-cash, granted to or for the benefit of any director.
Expenses means necessary and reasonable travel, subsistence and other related expenses incurred in connection with the performance of official duties as are payable to senior officers of the Bank under the Bank's travel policy, except gift or entertainment expenses.
(a) Standard. Each Bank may pay its directors reasonable compensation for the time required of them, and their necessary expenses, in the performance of their duties, as determined by a resolution adopted by the board of directors of the Bank and subject to the provisions of this subpart.
(b) Reporting. (1) Following calendar year. By December 31 of each calendar year, each Bank shall report to the Director the compensation it anticipates paying to its directors for the following calendar year.
(2) Preceding calendar year. No later than the tenth business day of each calendar year, each Bank shall report to the Director the following information relating to director compensation, expenses and meeting attendance for the immediately preceding calendar year:
(i) The total compensation paid to each director;
(ii) The total expenses paid to each director;
(iii) The total compensation paid to all directors;
(iv) The total expenses paid to all directors;
(v) The total of all expenses incurred at group functions that are not reimbursed to individual directors, such as the cost of group meals in connection with board and committee meetings;
(vi) The total number of meetings held by the board and its designated committees; and
(vii) The number of board and designated committee meetings each director attended in-person or through electronic means such as video or teleconferencing.
(a) General. Each Bank's board of directors annually shall adopt a written compensation policy to provide for the payment of reasonable compensation and expenses to the directors for the time required of them in performing their duties as directors. Payments under the directors' compensation policy may be based on any factors that the board of directors determines reasonably to be appropriate, subject to the requirements in this subpart.
(b) Minimum contents. The compensation policy shall address the activities or functions for which director attendance or participation is necessary and which may be compensated, and shall explain and justify the methodology used to determine the amount of compensation to be paid to the Bank directors. The compensation policy shall require that any compensation paid to a director reflect the amount of time the director has spent on official Bank business, and shall require that compensation be reduced, as necessary to reflect lesser attendance or performance at board or committee meetings during a given year.
(c) Prohibited payments. A Bank shall not pay a director who regularly fails to attend board or committee meetings, and shall not pay fees to a director that do not reflect the director's performance of official Bank business conducted prior to the payment of such fees.
(d) Submission requirements. No later than the tenth business day after adopting its annual policy for director compensation and expenses, and at least 30 days prior to disbursing the first payment to any director, each Bank shall submit to the Director a copy of the policy, along with all studies or other supporting materials upon which the board relied in determining the level of compensation and expenses to pay to its directors.
The Director may determine, based upon his or her review of a Bank's Start Printed Page 17041director compensation policy, methodology and/or other related materials, that the compensation and/or expenses to be paid to the directors are not reasonable. In such case, the Director may order the Bank to refrain from making any further payments under that compensation policy. Any such order shall apply prospectively only and will not affect either compensation or expenses that have been earned but not yet paid or reimbursed or payments that had been made prior to the date of the Director's determination and order.
(a) Number of meetings. The board of directors of each Bank shall hold as many meetings each year as necessary and appropriate to carry out its fiduciary responsibilities with respect to the effective oversight of Bank management and such other duties and obligations as may be imposed by applicable laws, provided the board of directors of a Bank must hold a minimum of six in-person meetings in any year.
(b) Site of meetings. The bank usually should hold board of director and committee meetings within the district served by the Bank. The Bank shall not hold board of director or committee meetings in any location that is not within the United States, including its possessions and territories.
Dated: March 27, 2010.
Edward J. DeMarco,
Acting Director, Federal Housing Finance Agency.
[FR Doc. 2010-7418 Filed 4-2-10; 8:45 am]
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