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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.
We are amending the regulations that allow the importation of Fuji variety apples from Japan to allow all varieties of Malus domestica apples into the United States under the same conditions as those for Fuji variety apples. We have determined that the risk associated with allowing other varieties of M. domestica apples from Japan into the United States is the same as that posed by Fuji variety apples. This rule allows all varieties of M. domestica apples from Japan to be imported into the United States while continuing to protect against the introduction of quarantine pests.
Effective Date: October 22, 2010.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Ms. Claudia Ferguson, M.S., Regulatory Policy Specialist, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 39, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 734-0754.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The regulations in “Subpart—Fruits and Vegetables” (7 CFR 319.56-1 through 319.56-50, referred to below as the regulations) prohibit or restrict the importation of fruits and vegetables into the United States from certain parts of the world to prevent the introduction and dissemination of plant pests that are new to or not widely distributed within the United States.
The regulations in § 319.56-27 allow the importation of Fuji variety apples from Japan and the Republic of Korea if the apples are cold treated and then fumigated under the supervision of an Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) inspector for the peach fruit moth (Carposina niponensis), the yellow peach moth (Conogethes punctiferalis), and the fruit tree spider mite (Tetranychus viennensis), in accordance with 7 CFR part 305. The regulations also provide that the apples must be inspected upon completion of the cold treatment and fumigation, prior to export from Japan or the Republic of Korea, by an APHIS inspector and an inspector from the national plant protection organization (NPPO) of Japan or the Republic of Korea. The regulations also require the NPPO of the exporting country to enter into a trust fund agreement with APHIS in accordance with § 319.56-6 before APHIS will provide the services necessary for Fuji apples to be imported into the United States from Japan or the Republic of Korea.
On March 10, 2010, we published in the Federal Register (75 FR 11071-11072, Docket No. APHIS-2009-0020) a proposal  to amend the regulations in § 319.56-27 by allowing all varieties of Malus domestica apples into the United States from Japan under the same treatment and inspection conditions required for Fuji variety apples from Japan. We prepared a commodity import evaluation document (CIED) as part of our evaluation of Japan's request to allow M. domestica varietal apples into the United States. Based on the evidence presented in the CIED, we determined that the measures currently in place for Fuji apples are adequate to manage pest risks associated with all varieties of M. domestica apples from Japan.
We solicited comments concerning the proposed rule for 60 days ending May 10, 2010. We received six comments by that date. They were from private citizens and from an association of horticultural producers. Four commenters supported the rule. The other two commenters opposed the proposal to allow the importation of all varieties of M. domestica apples into the United States from Japan.
One commenter stated that allowing the importation of additional variety of apples from Japan would be unreasonable since Japan continues to restrict apples and cherries from the United States, requiring separate testing for treatment efficacy for each variety of those fruits without providing scientific evidence to justify their requirement. The commenter stated that the varietal testing requirements constitute a trade barrier and suggested that, if Japan is unwilling to allow additional varieties of apples and cherries to be exported from the United States, then we should not allow additional apple varieties to be imported from Japan.
The second commenter asked why we thought the importation of additional varieties of apples from Japan was necessary. Specifically, the commenter wanted to know whether the demand for apples had increased enough to necessitate the importation of additional apple varieties from Japan, which could increase the potential for importing pests into the United States.
We have evaluated the potential pest risk associated with the importations of additional apple varieties from Japan. Based on our evaluation, we have determined that the measures currently in place for Fuji apples are adequate to manage pest risks associated with all varieties of M. domestica apples from Japan. In any case, the mitigations currently in place for Fuji apples are sufficient to mitigate the risk of importing pests into the United States. Therefore, it is appropriate to grant Japan's request to allow the importation of additional apple varieties into the United States.
Any increase in the quantity of apples from Japan because of importation of these other, scarcely grown M. domestica varieties is expected to be insignificant. We will continue to work with the NPPO of Japan to resolve technical barriers to exporting U.S. fruits.
Therefore, for the reasons given in the proposed rule and in this document, we are adopting the proposed rule as a final rule, without change.
This is a substantive rule that relieves restrictions and, pursuant to the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553, may be made Start Printed Page 65214effective less than 30 days after publication in the Federal Register.
Immediate implementation of this rule is necessary to provide relief to those persons who are adversely affected by restrictions we no longer find warranted. The shipping season for M. domestic apple varieties from Japan is in progress. Making this rule effective immediately will allow interested producers and others in the marketing chain to benefit during this year's shipping season. Therefore, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this rule should be effective upon publication in the Federal Register.
Executive Order 12866 and Regulatory Flexibility Act
This final rule has been determined to be not significant for the purposes of Executive Order 12866 and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget.
In accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act, we have analyzed the potential economic effects of this action on small entities. The analysis is summarized below. Copies of the full analysis are available on the Regulations.gov Web site (see footnote 1 in this document for a link to Regulations.gov) or by contacting the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.
Allowing imports of all varieties of M. domestica apples from Japan into the United States is expected to have minimal economic impact on U.S. entities, large or small. Although the Fuji apple is the most common variety grown in Japan, it constituted only 0.1 percent of U.S. apple imports in 2008. Allowing entry of other M. domestica varieties is expected to change the quantity of apple imports from Japan only minimally. The wide price differential between apples grown in Japan and in the United States suggests that apples imported from Japan are not a close substitute for the principal U.S.-grown apple varieties.
Under these circumstances, the Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has determined that this action will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
This final rule allows all varieties of M. domestica apples to be imported into the United States from Japan. State and local laws and regulations regarding the importation of M. domestica apples under this rule will be preempted while the fruit is in foreign commerce. Fresh fruits are generally imported for immediate distribution and sale to the consuming public, and remain in foreign commerce until sold to the ultimate consumer. The question of when foreign commerce ceases in other cases must be addressed on a case-by-case basis. No retroactive effect will be given to this rule, and this rule will not require administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court challenging this rule.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This final rule contains no new information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 319
- Nursery stock
- Plant diseases and pests
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
Accordingly, we are amendingEnd Amendment Part Start Part
PART 319—FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICESEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 319 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 319.56-27 is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
a. By revising the section heading and the introductory text to read as set forth below.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
b. In paragraphs (b) and (c), by removing the words “Fuji variety” each time they occur.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
c. In paragraphs (b) and (c), by removing the word “agency” each time it occurs and adding the word “organization” in its place.End Amendment Part
Any variety of Malus domestica apples may be imported into the United States from Japan, and Fuji variety apples may be imported into the United States from the Republic of Korea, only in accordance with this section and all other applicable provisions of this subpart.
Done in Washington, DC, this 18th day of October 2010.
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
1. To view the proposed rule, the CIED, and the comments we received, go to http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/main?main=DocketDetail&d=APHIS-2009-0020.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. 2010-26750 Filed 10-21-10; 8:45 am]
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