Skip to Content


Plant Variety Protection Board; Reestablishment of the Plant Variety Protection Board

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.




In accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) (5 U.S.C. App.), this notice announces that the Secretary of Agriculture intends to reestablish the Plant Variety Protection Board.

Start Further Info


Paul Zankowski, USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), 10301 Baltimore Blvd., Room 401, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705-2351 or by phone at (301) 504-7475 or by Internet: or by e-mail:

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


The Plant Variety Protection Act (Act) (7 U.S.C. 2321 et seq.) provides legal protection in the form of intellectual property rights to developers of new varieties of plants, which are reproduced sexually by seed or are tuber-propagated. A Certificate of Plant Variety Protection is awarded to an owner of a crop variety after an examination shows that it is new, distinct from other varieties, genetically uniform and stable through successive generations. The term of protection is 20 years for most crops and 25 years for trees, shrubs, and vines.

The Act also provides for a statutory Board (7 U.S.C. 2327) to be appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture. The duties of the Board are to: (1) Advise the Secretary concerning the adoption of rules and regulations to facilitate the proper administration of the Act; (2) provide advisory counsel to the Secretary on appeals concerning decisions on applications by the PVP Office and on requests for emergency public-interest compulsory licenses; and (3) advise the Secretary on any other matters under the Regulations and Rules of Practice and on all questions under Section 44 of the Act, “Public Interest in Wide Usage” (7 U.S.C. 2404). Reestablishing the Board is necessary and in the public interest.

The Act provides that “the Board shall consist of individuals who are experts in various areas of varietal development covered by this Act.” The Board membership “shall include farmer representation and shall be drawn approximately equally from the private or seed industry sector and from the sector of government or the public.” The Board consists of 14 members, each of whom is appointed for a 2-year period, with no member appointed for more than three 2-year periods. Nominations are made by farmers' associations, trade associations in the seed industry, professional associations representing expertise in seed technology, plant breeding, and variety development, public and private research and development institutions (13 members) and the USDA (one member).

Equal opportunity practices, in agreement with USDA nondiscrimination policies, will be followed in all membership appointments to the Board. To ensure that the suggestions of the Board have taken into account the needs of the diverse groups served by USDA, membership shall include, to the extent practicable, individuals with demonstrated ability to represent minorities, women, and persons with disabilities.

The Charter for the Board will be available on the Web site at:​AMSv1.0/​getfile?​dDocName=​STELPRDC5O59988 or may be requested by contacting the individual identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this notice.

USDA prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (braille, large print, or audiotape) should contact USDA's Target Center at 202-720-2600 (voice and TTY).

To file a written complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964 (voice and TTY). USDA Start Printed Page 77613is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Start Signature

Dated: December 7, 2010.

Pearlie S. Reed,

Assistant Secretary for Administration.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2010-31219 Filed 12-10-10; 8:45 am]