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Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Factors to Consider When Making Benefit-Risk Determinations in Medical Device Premarket Review; Availability

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of the draft guidance document entitled “Factors to Consider When Making Benefit-Risk Determinations in Medical Device Premarket Review.” The recommendations in this guidance are intended to provide greater clarity on FDA's decisionmaking process with regard to benefit-risk determinations in the premarket review of medical devices. This draft guidance is not final nor is it in effect at this time.

DATES:

Although you can comment on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)), to ensure that the Agency considers your comment on this draft guidance before it begins work on the final version of the guidance, submit electronic or written comments on the draft guidance by November 14, 2011.

ADDRESSES:

Submit written requests for single copies of the draft guidance document entitled “Factors to Consider When Making Benefit-Risk Determinations in Medical Device Premarket Review” to the Division of Small Manufacturers, International, and Consumer Assistance, Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH), Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 66, rm. 4613, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002; or to the Office of Communication, Outreach and Development (HFM-40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville Pike, suite 200N, Rockville, MD 20852-1448. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing your request, or fax your request to 301-847-8149. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for information on electronic access to the guidance.

Submit electronic comments on the draft guidance to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Identify comments with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For Devices Regulated by CDRH: Rachel Turow, Center for Devices and Start Printed Page 50484Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 66, rm. 5449, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-5094.

For Devices Regulated by CBER: Stephen Ripley, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-17), Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville Pike, suite 200N, Rockville, MD 20852, 301-827-6210.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

There are many factors that go into weighing the probable benefit of a device versus its probable risk. This draft guidance sets out the factors FDA considers when making this determination and explains them in detail. This draft guidance also gives examples of how the factors interrelate and how they may affect FDA's decisions. By clarifying FDA's decisionmaking process in this way, we hope to improve the predictability, consistency, and transparency of the review process for applicable devices.

This draft guidance also includes for public comment a draft worksheet that reviewers may use in making benefit-risk determinations. The worksheet is attached as appendix A to the guidance. This level of documentation is very helpful to maintaining the consistency of review across the different review divisions and better assuring that an appropriate decision is reached.

II. Significance of Guidance

This draft guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). This draft guidance, when finalized, will represent the Agency's current thinking on factors to consider when making benefit-risk determinations in medical device premarket review. It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statute and regulations.

III. Electronic Access

Persons interested in obtaining a copy of the draft guidance may do so by using the Internet. A search capability for all CDRH guidance documents is available at http://www.fda.gov/​MedicalDevices/​DeviceRegulationandGuidance/​GuidanceDocuments/​default.htm. Guidance documents are also available at either http://www.regulations.gov or http://www.fda.gov/​BiologicsBloodVaccines/​GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/​default.htm. To receive “Factors to Consider When Making Benefit-Risk Determinations in Medical Device Premarket Review” from CDRH, you may either send an e-mail request to dsmica@fda.hhs.gov to receive an electronic copy of the document or send a fax request to 301-847-8149 to receive a hard copy. Please use the document number 1772 to identify the guidance you are requesting.

IV. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

FDA tentatively concludes that this draft guidance contains no new collections of information. This draft guidance refers to currently approved collections of information found in FDA regulations. These collections of information are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The collections of information in 21 CFR part 807, subpart E have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0120; and the collections of information in 21 CFR part 814 have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0231.

V. Comments

Interested persons may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) either electronic or written comments regarding this document. It is only necessary to send one set of comments. It is no longer necessary to send two copies of mailed comments. Identify comments with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Received comments may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

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Dated: August 10, 2011.

Nancy K. Stade,

Deputy Director for Policy, Center for Devices and Radiological Health.

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[FR Doc. 2011-20652 Filed 8-12-11; 8:45 am]

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