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Rule

Migratory Bird Hunting; Late Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits for general waterfowl seasons and those early seasons for which States previously deferred selection. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This rule permits the taking of designated species during the 2011-12 season.

DATES:

This rule is effective on September 24, 2011.

ADDRESSES:

You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird hunting regulations during normal business hours at the Service's office in room 4107, Arlington Square Building, 4501 N. Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the street address above, or from the Division of Migratory Bird Management's Web site at http://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds/​, or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2011-0014.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ron W. Kokel, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (703) 358-1714.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Regulations Schedule for 2011

On April 8, 2011, we published in the Federal Register (76 FR 19876) a proposal to amend 50 CFR part 20. The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. Major steps in the 2011-12 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings and Federal Register notifications were also identified in the April 8 proposed rule. Further, we explained that all sections of subsequent documents outlining hunting frameworks and guidelines were organized under numbered headings and that subsequent documents would refer only to numbered items requiring attention.

On June 22, 2011, we published in the Federal Register (76 FR 36508) a second document providing supplemental proposals for early- and late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. The June 22 supplement also provided information on the 2011-12 regulatory schedule and announced the Service Regulations Committee (SRC) and summer (July) Flyway Council meetings.

On June 22 and 23, 2011, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants where the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory shore and upland game birds and developed recommendations for the 2011-12 regulations for these species plus regulations for migratory game birds in Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; special September waterfowl seasons in designated States; special sea duck seasons in the Atlantic Flyway; and extended falconry seasons. In addition, we reviewed and discussed preliminary information on the status of waterfowl as it relates to the development and selection of the regulatory packages for the 2011-12 regular waterfowl seasons.

On July 26, 2011, we published in the Federal Register (76 FR 44730) a third document specifically dealing with the proposed frameworks for early-season regulations. On August 30, 2011, we published in the Federal Register (76 FR 54052) a final rule which contained final frameworks for early migratory bird hunting seasons from which wildlife conservation agency officials from the States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands selected early-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits. Subsequently, on September 1, 2011, we published a final rule in the Federal Register (76 FR 54658) amending subpart K of title 50 CFR part 20 to set hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for early seasons.

On July 27-28, 2011, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants at which the participants reviewed the status of waterfowl and developed recommendations for the 2011-12 regulations for these species. Proposed hunting regulations were discussed for late seasons. We published proposed frameworks for the 2011-12 late-season migratory bird hunting regulations in an August 26, 2011 Federal Register (76 FR 53536). We published final late-season frameworks for migratory game bird hunting regulations, from which State wildlife conservation agency officials selected late-season hunting dates, Start Printed Page 59272hours, areas, and limits for 2011-12, in a September 21, 2011, Federal Register.

The final rule described here is the final in the series of proposed, supplemental, and final rulemaking documents for migratory game bird hunting regulations for 2011-12 and deals specifically with amending subpart K of 50 CFR part 20. It sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for species subject to late-season regulations and those for early seasons that States previously deferred.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Consideration

NEPA considerations are covered by the programmatic document “Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (FSES 88-14),” filed with the Environmental Protection Agency on June 9, 1988. We published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on June 16, 1988 (53 FR 22582). We published our Record of Decision on August 18, 1988 (53 FR 31341). In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled “Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands” is available from the address indicated under the caption ADDRESSES.

In a notice published in the September 8, 2005, Federal Register (70 FR 53376), we announced our intent to develop a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) for the migratory bird hunting program. Public scoping meetings were held in the spring of 2006, as detailed in a March 9, 2006, Federal Register (71 FR 12216). We released the draft SEIS on July 9, 2010 (75 FR 39577). The draft SEIS is available either by writing to the address indicated under ADDRESSES or by viewing our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543; 87 Stat. 884), provides that, “The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act” (and) shall “insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out * * * is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat. * * *.” Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated under ADDRESSES.

Executive Order 12866

The Office of Management and Budget has determined that this rule is significant and has reviewed this rule under Executive Order 12866. OMB bases its determination of regulatory significance upon the following four criteria:

(a) Whether the rule will have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy or adversely affect an economic sector, productivity, jobs, the environment, or other units of the government.

(b) Whether the rule will create inconsistencies with other Federal agencies' actions.

(c) Whether the rule will materially affect entitlements, grants, user fees, loan programs, or the rights and obligations of their recipients.

(d) Whether the rule raises novel legal or policy issues.

An economic analysis was prepared for the 2008-09 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives are (1) Issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2007-08 season, (2) Issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) Issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2007-08 season.

For the 2008-09 season, we chose alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $205-$270 million. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10 and the 2010-11 seasons. In the April 8 proposed rule, we proposed no changes to the season frameworks for the 2011-12 season, and as such, we again considered these three alternatives. Population status information discussed in the August 26 proposed rule supported selection of alternative 3 for the 2011-12 season. For these reasons, we have not conducted a new economic analysis, but the 2008-09 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available at http://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds/​NewReportsPublications/​SpecialTopics/​SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2011-0014.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, and 2008. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2008 Analysis was based on the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 2008.

Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (see ADDRESSES) or from our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/​migratorybirds/​NewReportsPublications/​SpecialTopics/​SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2011-0014.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule would have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule would establish hunting seasons, we do not plan to defer the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1).

Paperwork Reduction Act

We examined these regulations under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 Start Printed Page 59273(44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). The various recordkeeping and reporting requirements imposed under regulations established in 50 CFR part 20, subpart K, are utilized in the formulation of migratory game bird hunting regulations.

Specifically, OMB has approved the information collection requirements of our Migratory Bird Surveys and assigned control number 1018-0023 (expires 4/30/2014). This information is used to provide a sampling frame for voluntary national surveys to improve our harvest estimates for all migratory game birds in order to better manage these populations. OMB has also approved the information collection requirements of the Alaska Subsistence Household Survey, an associated voluntary annual household survey used to determine levels of subsistence take in Alaska, and assigned control number 1018-0124 (expires 4/30/2013). A Federal agency may not conduct or sponsor and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this rulemaking would not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988

The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule would not result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, these rules would allow hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, reduce restrictions on the use of private and public property.

Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211

Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship with Tribes

In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally-recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the April 8 Federal Register, we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2011-12 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 8, 2011, proposed rule (76 FR 48694). By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with Tribes affected by this rule.

Federalism Effects

Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact assessment.

Regulations Promulgation

The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. In doing this, we recognized that when the comment period closed, time would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States would have insufficient time to select season dates and limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their decisions. We find that “good cause” exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and therefore, under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (July 3, 1918), as amended (16 U.S.C. 703-711), these regulations will take effect less than 30 days after publication. Accordingly, with each conservation agency having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its State or Territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: September 20, 2011.

Rachel Jacobson,

Acting Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

End Signature

For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

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PART 20—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 703-712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742a-j; Pub. Start Printed Page 59274L. 106-108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703.

End Authority

Note:

The following annual regulations provided for by §§ 20.104, 20.105, 20.106, 20.107, and 20.109 of 50 CFR part 20 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature.

Check State Regulations for Additional Restrictions and Delineations of Geographical Areas—Special Restrictions May Apply on Federal and State Public Hunting Areas and Federal Indian Reservations

Start Amendment Part

2. Section 20.104 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for rails, woodcock, and common snipe.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Area descriptions were published in the August 25, 2011 (76 FR 53536) and August 30, 2011 (76 FR 54052), Federal Registers.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 54658).

Sora and Virginia railsClapper and King railsWoodcockCommon snipe
Daily bag limit25 (1)15 (2)38
Possession limit25 (1)30 (2)616
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Massachusetts (5)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 5-Oct. 29 & Oct. 31-Nov. 19Sept. 1-Dec. 16.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Louisiana:
West ZoneSept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 5-Dec. 7 & Dec. 17-Feb. 28.
East ZoneSept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4Sept. 10-Sept. 25 & Nov. 12-Jan. 4Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 5-Nov. 30 & Dec. 10-Feb. 28.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Tennessee:
Reelfoot ZoneNov. 12-Nov. 13 & Dec. 3-Jan. 29ClosedOct. 29-Dec. 12Nov. 15-Feb. 29.
State ZoneNov. 26-Nov. 27 & Dec. 3-Jan. 29ClosedOct. 29-Dec. 12Nov. 15-Feb. 29.
Wisconsin:
North ZoneSept. 24-Nov. 22ClosedSept. 24-Nov. 7Sept. 24-Nov. 22.
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 9 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4ClosedSept. 24-Nov. 7Oct. 1-Oct. 9 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4.
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 24-Oct. 2 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4ClosedSept. 24-Nov. 7Sept. 24-Oct. 2 & Oct. 15-Dec. 4.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona (18):
North ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 7-Jan. 15.
South ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 21-Jan. 29.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Idaho:
Zone 1 & 2ClosedClosedClosedOct. 1-Jan. 13.
Zone 3ClosedClosedClosedOct. 15-Jan. 27.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Nevada:
Northeast ZoneClosedClosedClosedSept. 24-Jan. 6.
Northwest ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 15-Jan. 27.
South Zone (19)ClosedClosedClosedOct. 15-Jan. 27.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Oregon:
Zone 1ClosedClosedClosedNov. 5-Feb. 19.
Zone 2ClosedClosedClosedOct. 8-Nov. 27 & Nov. 30-Jan. 22.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Washington:
Start Printed Page 59275
East ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 15-Oct. 19 & Oct. 22-Jan. 29.
West ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 15-Oct. 19 & Oct. 22-Jan. 29.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(1) The bag and possession limits for sora and Virginia rails apply singly or in the aggregate of these species.
(2) All bag and possession limits for clapper and king rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species and, unless otherwise specified, the limits are in addition to the limits on sora and Virginia rails in all States. In Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, the limits for clapper and king rails are 10 daily and 20 in possession. See also footnote (6) below.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(5) In Massachusetts, the sora rail limits are 5 daily and 5 in possession; the Virginia rail limits are 10 daily and 10 in possession.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(16) In Nebraska and New Mexico, the rail limits are 10 daily and 20 in possession.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(18) In Arizona, Ashurst Lake in Unit 5B is closed to common snipe hunting.
(19) In Nevada, the snipe season in the Moapa Valley portion of the Overton Wildlife Management Area is only open November 5 to January 27.
Start Amendment Part

3. In § 20.105, paragraphs (a), (b), and (f) are amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order and paragraph (e) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for waterfowl, coots, and gallinules.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the August 25, 2011 (76 FR 53536) and August 30, 2011 (76 FR 5405225), Federal Registers.

(a) Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules (Atlantic, Mississippi, and Central Flyways)

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 54658). The zones named in this paragraph are the same as those used for setting duck seasons.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
GeorgiaNov. 19-Nov. 27 &1530
Dec. 10-Jan. 291530
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
VirginiaOct. 6-Oct. 10 &1530
Nov. 19-Dec. 3 &1530
Dec. 10-Jan. 281530
West VirginiaOct. 1-Oct. 8 &1530
Nov. 14-Nov. 19 &1530
Dec. 14-Jan. 281530
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
LouisianaSept. 10-Sept. 25 &1530
Nov. 12-Jan. 41530
Michigan:
North ZoneSept. 24-Nov. 18 &12
Nov. 24-Nov. 2712
Middle ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 27 &12
Dec. 3-Dec. 412
South ZoneOct. 8-Dec. 4 &12
Dec. 10-Dec. 1112
Minnesota (3):
North ZoneSept. 24-Nov. 221530
South ZoneSept. 24-Sept 25 &1530
Oct. 1-Nov. 271530
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Tennessee:
Reelfoot ZoneNov. 12-Nov. 13 &1530
Dec. 3-Jan. 291530
State ZoneNov. 26-Nov. 27 &1530
Start Printed Page 59276
Dec. 3-Jan. 291530
Wisconsin:
North ZoneSept. 24-Nov. 221530
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 9 &1530
Oct. 15-Dec. 41530
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 24-Oct. 2 &1530
Oct. 15-Dec. 41530
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
PACIFIC FLYWAY
All StatesSeasons are in aggregate with coots and listed in paragraph (e).
(3) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 30 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.

(b) Sea Ducks (Scoter, Eider, and Long-Tailed Ducks in Atlantic Flyway)

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 54658).

Within the special sea duck areas, the daily bag limit is 7 scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks of which no more than 4 may be scoters. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit. These limits may be in addition to regular duck bag limits only during the regular duck season in the special sea duck hunting areas.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
GeorgiaNov. 19-Nov. 27 &714
Dec. 10-Jan. 29714
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MarylandOct. 1-Jan. 28510
Massachusetts (4)Oct. 8-Jan. 31714
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
North CarolinaOct. 1-Jan. 31714
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
South CarolinaOct. 15-Jan. 29714
VirginiaOct. 6-Jan. 31714
Note: Notwithstanding the provisions of this part 20, the shooting of crippled waterfowl from a motorboat under power will be permitted in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Delaware, Virginia, and Maryland in those areas described, delineated, and designated in their respective hunting regulations as special sea duck hunting areas.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(4) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 eiders (only 1 of which may be a hen) and 4 long-tailed ducks.
* * * * *

(e) Waterfowl, Coots, and Pacific-Flyway Seasons for Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules

Definitions

The Atlantic Flyway: Includes Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.

The Mississippi Flyway: Includes Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

The Central Flyway: Includes Colorado (east of the Continental Divide), Kansas, Montana (Blaine, Carbon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Stillwater, Sweetgrass, Wheatland, and all counties east thereof), Nebraska, New Mexico (east of the Continental Divide except that the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation is in the Pacific Flyway), North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming (east of the Continental Divide).

The Pacific Flyway: Includes the States of Arizona, California, Colorado (west of the Continental Divide), Idaho, Montana (including and to the west of Hill, Chouteau, Cascade, Meagher, and Park Counties), Nevada, New Mexico (the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation and west of the Continental Divide), Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming (west of the Continental Divide including the Great Divide Basin).

Light Geese: Includes lesser snow (including blue) geese, greater snow geese, and Ross's geese.

Dark Geese: Includes Canada geese, white-fronted geese, emperor geese, brant (except in California, Oregon, Washington, and the Atlantic Flyway), and all other geese except light geese.

ATLANTIC FLYWAY

Flyway-wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (2 hen mallards), 2 scaup, 1 black duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 1 mottled duck, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, and 1 fulvous tree duck. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.Start Printed Page 59277

Harlequin Ducks: All areas of the Flyway are closed to harlequin duck hunting.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers with 10 in possession and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Connecticut
Ducks and Mergansers:612
North ZoneOct. 12-Oct. 22 & Nov. 9-Jan. 5
South ZoneOct. 12-Oct. 15 & Nov. 18-Jan. 21
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
AFRP UnitOct. 12-Oct. 22 &510
Nov. 9-Jan. 21 &510
Feb. 9-Feb. 15510
NAP H-UnitOct. 12-Oct. 25 &24
Nov. 21-Jan. 1424
AP UnitOct. 31-Nov. 5 &36
Nov. 24-Jan. 736
Special SeasonJan. 16-Feb. 15510
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 14 &25
Feb. 22-Mar. 1025
South ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 30 &25
Jan. 7-Mar. 1025
Brant:
North ZoneNov. 9-Jan. 524
South ZoneNov. 25-Jan. 2124
Delaware
DucksOct. 21-Oct. 29 &612
Nov. 21-Nov. 26 &612
Dec. 7-Jan. 28612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 21-Nov. 26 &24
Dec. 15-Jan. 2824
Light Geese (1)Oct. 1-Jan. 3125
BrantDec. 2-Jan. 2824
Florida
DucksNov. 19-Nov. 27 &612
Dec. 10-Jan. 29612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 19-Nov. 27 &510
Dec. 1-Jan. 30510
Light GeeseSame as for Ducks15
Georgia
DucksNov. 19-Nov. 27 &612
Dec. 10-Jan. 29612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese (special season)Same as for Ducks510
Light GeeseSame as for Ducks510
BrantClosed
Maine
Ducks (2):612
North ZoneSept. 26-Dec. 3
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 22 & Nov. 8-Dec. 24
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks510
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 924
South ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Light GeeseOct. 1-Jan. 3125
Brant:
North ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 2824
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 22 &24
Nov. 8-Dec. 1324
Maryland
Start Printed Page 59278
Ducks and Mergansers (3)Oct. 15-Oct. 22 &612
Nov. 12-Nov. 25 &612
Dec. 13-Jan. 28612
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
RP ZoneNov. 16-Nov. 25 &510
Dec. 15-Mar. 3510
AP ZoneNov. 19-Nov. 25 &24
Dec. 15-Jan. 2824
Light GeeseOct. 8-Nov. 25 &25
Dec. 12-Jan. 2825
BrantNov. 17-Nov. 25 &24
Dec. 12-Jan. 2824
Massachusetts
Ducks (4):612
Western ZoneOct. 12-Nov. 26 & Dec. 10-Jan. 2
Central ZoneOct. 13-Nov. 26 &
Dec. 15-Jan. 7
Coastal ZoneOct. 14-Oct. 22 &
Nov. 17-Jan. 16
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
NAP Zone:
Central ZoneOct. 13-Nov. 26 &24
Dec. 15-Jan. 724
(Special season)Jan. 16-Feb. 15510
Coastal ZoneOct. 14-Oct. 22 &24
Nov. 17-Jan. 1624
(Special season) (5)Jan. 17-Feb. 15510
AP ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 26 &36
Dec. 10-Dec. 2336
Light Geese:
Western ZoneSame as for Ducks1530
Central ZoneSame as for Ducks &1530
Jan. 16-Feb. 151530
Coastal ZoneSame as for Ducks &1530
Jan. 17-Feb. 151530
Brant:
Western & Central ZoneClosed
Coastal ZoneNov. 17-Nov. 26 &24
Dec. 15-Jan. 3124
New Hampshire
Ducks:612
Inland ZoneOct. 4-Nov. 6 &
Nov. 23-Dec. 18
Coastal ZoneOct. 5-Oct. 16 &
Nov. 23-Jan. 9
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Inland ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Coastal ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Light Geese:
Inland ZoneOct. 4-Dec. 1825
Coastal ZoneOct. 5-Jan. 925
Brant:
Inland ZoneOct. 4-Nov. 2224
Coastal ZoneOct. 5-Nov. 2324
New Jersey
Ducks:612
North ZoneOct. 8-Oct. 27 &
Nov. 12-Dec. 31
South ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 29 &
Nov. 15-Jan. 7
Coastal ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 12 &
Nov. 24-Jan. 24
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada and White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneNov. 12-Nov. 26 &36
Start Printed Page 59279
Dec. 10-Jan. 1636
South ZoneNov. 19-Dec 3 &36
Dec. 10-Jan. 1636
Coastal ZoneNov. 24-Dec. 3 &36
Dec. 6-Jan. 1636
(Special season)Jan. 17-Feb. 15510
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 15-Feb. 1525
South ZoneOct. 15-Feb. 1525
Coastal ZoneOct. 15-Feb. 1525
Brant:
North ZoneOct. 8-Oct. 27 &24
Nov. 24-Dec. 3124
South ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 29 &24
Nov. 19-Dec. 3124
Coastal ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 12 &24
Nov. 24-Jan. 1224
New York
Ducks and Mergansers:612
Long Island ZoneNov. 24-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 5-Jan. 29
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 12-Oct. 16 &
Oct. 29-Dec. 22
Northeastern ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 10 &
Oct. 22-Dec. 10
Southeastern ZoneOct. 8-Oct. 16 &
Nov. 5-Dec. 25
Western ZoneOct. 22-Dec. 5 &
Dec. 26-Jan. 9
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Western Long Island (AFRP)Nov. 24-Nov. 27 &816
Dec. 1-Mar. 10816
Central Long Island (NAP-L)Nov. 24-Nov. 27 &36
Dec. 1-Feb. 436
Eastern Long Island (NAP-H)Nov. 24-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 5-Jan. 2924
Lake Champlain (AP) ZoneOct. 20-Dec. 336
Northeast (AP) ZoneOct. 22-Dec. 536
East Central (AP) ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 18 &36
Nov. 26-Dec. 1236
Hudson Valley (AP) ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 18 &36
Dec. 17-Jan. 236
West Central (AP) ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 20 &36
Dec. 26-Jan. 936
South (AFRP)Oct. 22-Dec. 10 &510
Dec. 26-Jan. 9 &510
Feb. 25-Mar. 10510
(Special season)Feb. 5-Feb. 15510
Light Geese (6):
Long Island ZoneNov. 24-Mar. 925
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 2925
Northeastern ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 31 &25
Feb. 25-Mar. 1025
Southeastern ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 5 &25
Mar. 1-Mar. 1025
Western ZoneOct. 22-Dec. 10 &25
Dec. 26-Jan. 9 &25
Jan. 29-Mar. 1025
Brant:
Long Island ZoneNov. 24-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 15-Jan. 2924
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 12-Nov. 3024
Northeastern ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 1924
Southeastern ZoneOct. 8-Nov. 2624
Western ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 2024
North Carolina
Ducks (7)Oct. 5-Oct. 8 &612
Nov. 12-Dec. 3 &612
Dec. 17-Jan. 28612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Start Printed Page 59280
Canada Geese:
RP Hunt ZoneOct. 5-Oct. 15 &510
Nov. 12-Dec. 3 &510
Dec. 17-Feb. 4510
SJBP Hunt ZoneOct. 5-Nov. 4 &510
Nov. 12-Dec. 31510
Northeast Hunt Zone (8)Jan. 21-Jan. 2812
Light Geese (9)Oct. 19-Oct. 22 &25
Nov. 12-Mar. 1025
BrantNov. 19-Dec. 3 &24
Dec. 17-Jan. 2824
Pennsylvania
Ducks:612
North ZoneOct. 8-Oct. 22 &
Nov. 11-Jan. 4
South ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 22 &
Nov. 15-Jan. 14
Northwest ZoneOct. 8-Dec. 16
Lake Erie ZoneOct. 24-Dec. 31
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
AP ZoneNov. 15-Nov. 26 &36
Dec. 17-Jan. 2536
SJBP ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 26 &36
Dec. 12-Jan. 2536
Resident (RP) ZoneOct. 22-Oct. 29 &510
Nov. 11-Nov. 26 &510
Dec. 20-Feb. 25510
Light GeeseOct. 25-Jan. 2525
BrantOct. 8-Dec. 524
Rhode Island
DucksOct. 7-Oct. 10 &612
Nov. 23-Nov. 27 &612
Dec. 3-Jan. 22612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 19-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 3-Jan. 2224
(Special season)Jan. 27-Feb. 12510
Light GeeseOct. 8-Jan. 2215
BrantDec. 4-Jan. 2224
South Carolina
Ducks (10)(11)Nov. 19-Nov. 26 &612
Dec. 3 only &612
Dec. 10-Jan. 29612
Mergansers (12)Same as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada and White-fronted Geese (13)Nov. 19-Nov. 26 &510
Dec. 3-Feb. 3 &510
Feb. 6-Feb. 9510
Light GeeseSame as for Ducks25
BrantDec. 11-Jan. 2924
Vermont
Ducks:612
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 12-Oct 16 &
Oct. 29-Dec. 22
Interior ZoneOct. 12-Dec. 10
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 4-Nov. 6 &
Nov. 23-Dec. 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 20-Dec. 336
Interior ZoneOct. 20-Dec. 336
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 4-Nov. 6 &24
Nov. 23-Dec. 1824
Light Geese:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 2925
Interior ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 2925
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 4-Dec. 1825
Brant:
Start Printed Page 59281
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 12-Nov. 3024
Interior ZoneOct. 12-Nov. 3024
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 4-Nov. 2224
Virginia
Ducks (14)Oct. 6-Oct. 10 &612
Nov. 19-Dec. 3 &612
Dec. 10-Jan. 28612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneNov. 19-Dec. 3 &24
Dec. 23-Jan. 2824
Western (SJBP) ZoneNov. 19-Dec. 3 &36
Dec. 15-Jan. 14 &36
(Special season)Jan. 16-Feb. 15510
Western (RP) ZoneNov. 19-Dec. 3 &510
Dec. 10-Feb. 25510
Light GeeseOct. 6-Feb. 425
BrantNov. 19-Nov. 26 &24
Dec. 10-Jan. 2824
West Virginia
Ducks (15)Oct. 1-Oct. 8 &612
Nov. 14-Nov. 19 &612
Dec. 14-Jan. 28612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseOct. 1-Oct. 29 &510
Dec. 12-Jan. 31510
Light GeeseSame as for Canada Geese510
BrantDec. 14-Jan. 2824
(1) In Delaware, the Bombay Hook NWR snow goose season is open Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays only.
(2) In Maine, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any species, with no more than 8 of any one species in possession. The season for Barrow's goldeneye is closed.
(3) In Maryland, the black duck season is closed October 15 through October 22.
(4) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any single species in addition to the flyway-wide bag restrictions.
(5) In Massachusetts, the special season in the Coastal Zone is restricted to that portion of the Coastal Zone north of the Cape Cod Canal.
(6) In New York, light geese may be taken with the aid of recorded or electrically amplified calls in any area or zone when all other waterfowl seasons are closed.
(7) In North Carolina, the season is closed for black ducks October 5 through October 8 and November 12 through November 18. The daily bag limit for black and mottled ducks is combined with no more than 1 allowed in the daily bag.
(8) In North Carolina, a permit is required to hunt Canada geese in the Northeast Hunt Zone.
(9) In North Carolina, electronic calls and unplugged shotguns are allowed for light geese from February 6 through March 10.
(10) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit of 6 may not exceed 1 black-bellied whistling duck, and 1 black duck or 1 mottled duck in the aggregate.
(11) In South Carolina, on December 3, 2011, only youth less than 18 years of age may hunt, but they must be accompanied by an adult of at least 21 years of age who is fully licensed, including a Federal Waterfowl Stamp, State waterfowl stamp, and HIP permit. Youth who are 16 and 17 years of age, who hunt, must possess a Federal Waterfowl Stamp and HIP permit.
(12) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit for mergansers may include no more than 1 hooded merganser.
(13) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit may include no more than 2 white-fronted geese.
(14) In Virginia, the season is closed for black ducks October 6 through October 10.
(15) In West Virginia, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 long-tailed ducks and the season is closed for eiders, whistling ducks, and mottled ducks.

MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (no more than 2 of which may be females), 1 mottled duck, 1 black duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 2 redheads, 2 scaup, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The merganser limits include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In states that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Alabama
Ducks612
North ZoneNov. 25-Nov. 26 & Dec. 3-Jan. 29
South ZoneSame as North Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Start Printed Page 59282
Dark Geese:
North Zone:
SJBP ZoneSept. 24-Oct. 5 & Dec. 3-Jan. 292 24 4
Rest of North ZoneSame as SJBP Zone24
South ZoneSame as Rest of North Zone24
Light Geese:
North Zone:
SJBP ZoneSame as Rest of North Zone55
Monroe and Escambia CountiesSept. 24-Oct. 5 &55
Oct. 29-Nov. 13 &510
Dec. 3-Jan. 2955
Rest of North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese55
South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese55
Arkansas
DucksNov. 19-Nov. 27 &612
Dec. 8-Dec. 23 &612
Dec. 26-Jan. 29612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Northwest ZoneSept. 24-Oct. 3 &24
Nov. 19-Jan. 2924
Remainder of StateNov. 19-Jan. 2924
White-fronted GeeseNov. 19-Jan. 2924
BrantClosed
Light GeeseNov. 5-Jan. 2920
Illinois
Ducks612
North ZoneOct. 15-Dec. 13
Central ZoneOct. 22-Dec. 20
South Central ZoneNov. 12-Jan. 10
South ZoneNov. 24-Jan. 22
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 15-Jan. 724
Central ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 6 &24
Nov. 24-Jan. 3124
South Central ZoneNov. 12-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 13-Jan. 3124
South ZoneNov. 24-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 1-Jan. 3124
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneOct. 26-Jan. 724
Central ZoneNov. 19-Jan. 3124
South Central ZoneNov. 12-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 5-Jan. 3124
South ZoneNov. 24-Jan. 3124
BrantSame as for Light Geese12
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 15-Jan. 720
Central ZoneOct. 22-Jan. 3120
South Central ZoneNov. 12-Jan. 3120
South ZoneNov. 24-Jan. 3120
Indiana
Ducks612
North ZoneOct. 15-Dec. 11 &
Dec. 24-Dec. 25
South ZoneOct. 22-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 23-Jan. 12
Ohio River ZoneOct. 29-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 26-Jan. 22
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 15-Nov. 6 &24
Nov. 23-Jan. 8 &24
Jan. 14-Jan. 1724
South ZoneOct. 22-Oct. 30 &24
Nov. 23-Jan. 2624
Ohio River ZoneOct. 29-Oct. 30 &24
Start Printed Page 59283
Nov. 21-Jan. 3124
Late Season ZoneFeb. 1-Feb. 15510
White-fronted GeeseOct. 15-Nov. 6 &12
Nov. 23-Jan. 2612
BrantOct. 15-Jan. 2712
Light GeeseOct. 15-Jan. 2720
Iowa
Ducks612
North Duck ZoneSept. 17-Sept. 21 &
Oct. 15-Dec. 8
South Duck ZoneSept. 17-Sept. 21 &
Oct. 22-Dec. 15
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North Goose ZoneSept. 24-Oct. 9 &24
Oct. 15-Oct. 31 &24
Nov. 1-Jan. 436
South Goose ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 16 &24
Oct. 22-Oct. 31 &24
Nov. 1-Jan. 1136
White-fronted Geese:
North Goose ZoneSept. 24-Dec. 624
South Goose ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 1324
Brant:
North Goose ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
South Goose ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
Light Geese:
North ZoneSept. 24-Jan. 820
South Goose ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1320
Kentucky
Ducks:612
West ZoneNov. 24-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 5-Jan. 29
East ZoneSame as for West Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 23-Jan. 3124
White-fronted GeeseNov. 23-Jan. 3124
BrantNov. 23-Jan. 3124
Light GeeseNov. 23-Jan. 3120
Louisiana
Ducks:612
West ZoneNov. 12-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 17-Jan. 22
East Zone (including Catahoula Lake)Nov. 19-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 29
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese (1)Dec. 17-Jan. 2912
White-fronted (1):
West ZoneNov. 12-Dec. 4 &24
Dec. 17-Feb. 524
East ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 10-Jan. 2924
BrantClosed
Light GeeseSame as for White-fronted20
Michigan
Ducks (2)612
North ZoneSept. 24-Nov. 18 &
Nov. 24-Nov. 27
Middle ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 3-Dec. 4
South ZoneOct. 8-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 10-Dec. 11
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneSept. 17-Oct. 3124
Middle ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 8 &24
Nov. 24-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 3-Dec. 424
Start Printed Page 59284
South Zone:
Muskegon Wastewater GMUOct. 11-Nov. 13 &24
Dec. 1-Dec. 1124
Allegan County GMUNov. 12-Nov. 30 &24
Dec. 10-Dec. 20 &24
Dec. 31-Jan. 1424
Saginaw County GMUOct. 8-Nov. 10 &24
Nov. 24-Dec. 4 &24
Dec. 31-Jan. 2924
Tuscola/Huron GMUSame as Saginaw County GMU24
Remainder of South ZoneOct. 8-Nov. 10 &24
Nov. 24-Dec. 4 &24
Dec. 31-Jan. 29510
White-fronted Geese and BrantSame as for Canada geese12
Light GeeseSame as for Canada geese2060
Minnesota
Ducks:
North Duck ZoneSept. 24-Nov. 22612
South Duck ZoneSept. 24-Sept. 25 &612
Oct. 1-Nov. 27612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
Coots (3)Same as for Ducks1530
Geese:
North Duck Zone:Sept. 24-Dec. 17
Canada36
White-fronted and Brant12
Light Geese2040
South Duck Zone:Sept. 24-Sept. 25
Oct. 1-Dec. 22
Canada36
White-fronted and Brant12
Light Geese2040
Rochester Zone:Sept. 24-Sept 25 &
Oct. 1- Nov. 27 &
Dec. 8-Jan. 1
Canada36
White-fronted and Brant12
Light Geese2040
Mississippi
DucksNov. 25-Nov. 27 &612
Dec. 2-Dec. 4 &612
Dec. 7-Jan. 29612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 21-Jan. 2936
White-frontedNov. 17-Jan. 2924
BrantSame as for Canada geese24
Light GeeseSame as for White-fronted20
Missouri
Ducks and Mergansers612
North ZoneOct. 29-Dec. 27
Middle ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 3
South ZoneNov. 24-Jan. 22
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseOct. 1-Oct. 9 &36
Nov. 24-Jan. 3136
White-fronted GeeseNov. 24-Jan. 3124
BrantSame as for Canada geese12
Light GeeseOct. 29-Jan. 3120
Ohio
Ducks (2)612
Lake Erie Marsh ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 12-Dec. 25
North ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 19-Jan. 1
South ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 6 &
Dec. 17-Jan. 29
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Lake Erie Goose ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 30 &24
Nov. 12-Jan. 824
Start Printed Page 59285
North ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 30 &24
Nov. 19-Jan. 1 &24
Jan. 9-Jan. 2224
South ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 20 &24
Dec. 17-Jan. 2924
White-fronted GeeseSame as for Canada geese24
BrantSame as for Canada geese12
Light GeeseSame as for Canada geese1020
Tennessee
Ducks612
Reelfoot ZoneNov. 12-Nov. 13 &
Dec. 3-Jan. 29
State ZoneNov. 26-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 3-Jan. 29
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Northwest ZoneDec. 3-Feb. 1224
Southwest ZoneOct. 8-Oct. 19 &24
Nov. 26-Nov. 27 &24
Dec. 3-Jan. 2924
Kentucky/Barkley Lakes ZoneSame as Southwest Zone24
Rest of StateSame as Southwest Zone24
White-fronted GeeseDec. 3-Feb. 1224
BrantNov. 23-Jan. 3124
Light GeeseNov. 25-Mar. 1020
Wisconsin
Ducks (2)612
North ZoneSept. 24-Nov. 22
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 9 &
Oct. 15-Dec. 4
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 24-Oct. 2 &
Oct. 15-Dec. 4
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Horicon ZoneSept. 16-Dec. 16Tag System--See State Regulations
Exterior Zone:
North Portion:
Brown Co. Subzone—NorthSept. 16-Dec. 924
Remainder of North PortionSept. 16-Dec. 924
South Portion:
Brown Co. Subzone—SouthSept. 16-Oct. 9 &24
Oct. 15-Dec. 1424
Mississippi River SubzoneSept. 24-Oct. 2 &24
Oct. 15-Dec. 2924
Remainder of South PortionSame as Brown Co. Subzone—South24
White-fronted Geese:
Horicon ZoneSept. 20-Dec. 1612
Exterior ZonesSame as for Canada geese12
BrantSame as for Canada geese12
Light GeeseSame as for Canada geese1020
(1) In Louisiana, during the Canada goose season, the daily bag limit is 2 dark geese (whitefronts and Canada geese) with no more than 1 Canada goose. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits.
(2) In Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin, the daily bag limit may include no more than one hen mallard.
(3) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 30 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.

CENTRAL FLYWAY

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (2 female mallards), 1 mottled duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 2 redheads, 2 scaup, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers with 10 in possession and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In states that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.Start Printed Page 59286

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Colorado
Ducks612
Southeast ZoneOct. 26-Jan. 29
Northeast Zone:Oct. 8-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 23-Jan. 29
Mountain/Foothills Zone:Oct. 1-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 23-Jan. 29
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
Dark Geese:
Northern Front Range UnitOct. 1-Oct. 15 &48
Nov. 19-Feb. 1248
South Park/San Luis Valley UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit48
North Park UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit48
Rest of State in Central FlywayNov. 19-Feb. 1248
Light Geese:
Northern Front Range UnitOct. 29-Feb. 1220
South Park/San Luis Valley UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit20
North Park UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit20
Rest of State in Central FlywaySame as N. Front Range Unit20
Kansas
Ducks612
High PlainsOct. 8-Jan. 2 &
Jan. 21-Jan. 29
Low Plains:
Early ZoneOct. 8-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 17-Jan. 1
Late ZoneOct. 29-Jan. 1 &
Jan. 21-Jan. 29
Southeast ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 8 &
Jan. 21-Jan. 29
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese and BrantOct. 29-Nov. 6 &36
Nov. 9-Feb. 1236
White-fronted GeeseOct. 29-Jan. 1 &24
Feb. 4-Feb. 1224
Light GeeseOct. 29-Nov. 6 &20
Nov. 9-Feb. 1220
Montana
Ducks and Mergansers:612
Zone 1Oct. 1-Jan. 5
Zone 2Same as for Zone 1
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Dark GeeseOct. 1-Jan. 1348
Light GeeseOct. 1-Jan. 13612
Nebraska
Ducks:612
High PlainsOct. 8-Jan. 11
Low Plains:
Zones 1 and 2:Oct. 15-Oct. 16 &
Oct. 22-Jan. 1
Zones 3 and 4:Oct. 8-Dec. 18 &
Dec. 23-Dec. 24
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Niobrara UnitOct. 24-Feb. 536
East UnitOct. 8-Oct. 16 &36
Oct. 22-Jan. 2536
North Central UnitOct. 8-Jan. 2036
Platte River UnitOct. 24-Feb 536
Panhandle UnitNov. 12-Feb. 536
White-fronted GeeseOct. 8-Dec. 18 &24
Feb. 4-Feb. 512
Light GeeseOct. 8-Jan. 4 &20
Jan. 21-Feb. 520
New Mexico
Ducks and Mergansers (1):612
North ZoneOct. 8-Jan. 11
South ZoneOct. 26-Jan. 29
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Start Printed Page 59287
Dark Geese (2):
Middle Rio Grande Valley Unit (2)Dec. 31-Jan. 2222
Rest of StateOct. 15-Jan. 2948
Light GeeseOct. 15-Jan. 292080
North Dakota
Ducks612
High PlainsSept. 24-Dec. 4 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 1
Remainder of StateSept. 24-Dec. 4
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese (3):
Missouri River ZoneSept. 24-Dec. 3036
Rest of StateSept. 24-Dec. 2236
White-fronted GeeseSept. 24-Dec. 424
Light GeeseSept. 24-Dec. 3020
Oklahoma
Ducks612
High PlainsOct. 8-Jan. 4
Low Plains:
Zone 1:Oct. 29-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 22
Zone 2:Nov. 5-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 29
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseOct. 29-Nov. 27 &36
Dec. 10-Feb. 1236
White-fronted GeeseOct. 29-Nov. 27 &12
Dec. 10-Feb. 512
Light GeeseOct. 29-Nov. 27 &20
Dec. 10-Feb. 1220
South Dakota
Ducks612
High PlainsOct. 8-Dec. 20 &
Dec. 21-Jan. 12
Low Plains:
North ZoneSept. 24-Dec. 6
Middle ZoneSame as for North Zone
South ZoneOct. 8-Dec. 20
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
White-fronted GeeseSept. 24-Dec. 1812
Canada Geese:
Unit 1Oct. 1-Dec. 1836
Unit 2Oct. 29-Feb. 1036
Unit 3Oct. 15-Dec. 18 &36
Jan. 7-Jan. 1536
Light GeeseSept. 24-Dec. 1820
Texas
Ducks (4):612
High PlainsOct. 29-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 4-Jan. 29
Low Plains:
North ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 29
South ZoneSame as North Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese and Brant:
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 2936
North ZoneSame as for South Zone36
West Tier (5)Nov. 5-Feb. 5510
White-fronted Geese:
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 1524
North ZoneSame as for South Zone24
West Tier (5)Same as for Canada geese12
Light Geese:
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 2920
Start Printed Page 59288
North ZoneSame as for South Zone
West TierSame as for Canada geese
Wyoming
Ducks (6)612
Zone C1Oct. 1-Oct. 16 & Oct. 29-Jan. 17
Zone C2Sept. 24-Nov. 27 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 10
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Dark Geese:
Zone C1:
Goshen/Platte Co. (7)Oct. 1-Oct. 16 &24
Nov. 19-Feb. 1248
Rest of Zone C1Oct. 1-Oct. 16 &510
Nov. 5-Dec. 4 &510
Dec. 10-Feb. 6510
Zone C2:
Big Horn/Fremont CoSept. 24-Oct. 18 &510
Nov. 5-Dec. 4 &510
Dec. 10-Jan. 28510
Rest of Zone C2Sept. 24-Nov. 27 &510
Dec. 10-Jan. 18510
Light GeeseOct. 1-Dec. 25 &1040
Jan. 28-Feb. 151040
(1) In New Mexico, Mexican-like ducks are included in the aggregate with mallards.
(2) In New Mexico, the season for dark geese is closed in Bernalillo, Sandoval, Sierra, and Valencia Counties. In the Middle Rio Grande Valley Unit, a state permit is required.
(3) In North Dakota, see State regulations for additional shooting hour restrictions.
(4) In Texas, the daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (only 2 of which may be hens), 2 redheads, 2 scaup, 3 wood ducks, 1 canvasback, 2 pintails, and 1 dusky duck (mottled duck, black duck and their hybrids, or Mexican-like duck). The season for dusky ducks is closed the first 5 days of the season in all zones. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
(5) In Texas, in the West Tier the daily bag limit for dark geese is in the aggregate and may include no more than 1 white-fronted goose.
(6) In Wyoming, the daily bag limit may include no more than 1 hen mallard.
(7) See State regulations for additional restrictions.

PACIFIC FLYWAY

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck and Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit of 7 ducks (including mergansers) may include no more than 2 female mallards, 2 pintails, 2 redheads, 3 scaup, and 1 canvasback. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Coot and Common Moorhen Limits: Daily bag and possession limits are in the aggregate for the two species.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Arizona
Ducks (1):714
North Zone:
ScaupOct. 22-Jan. 1536
Other DucksOct.7-Jan.15
South Zone:
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2936
Other DucksOct. 21-Jan. 29
Coots and moorhensSame as Other Ducks2525
Dark Geese (2):
North Zone:Oct. 7-Jan. 1536
South Zone:Oct. 21-Jan. 2936
Light Geese:
North Zone:Oct. 7-Jan. 1548
South Zone:Oct. 21-Jan. 2948
California
Ducks:714
Northeastern Zone:
ScaupOct. 8-Jan. 136
Other DucksOct. 8-Jan. 20
Colorado River Zone:
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2936
Other DucksOct. 21-Jan. 29
Southern Zone:
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2936
Start Printed Page 59289
Other DucksOct. 22-Jan. 29
Southern San Joaquin Valley Zone:
ScaupNov. 12-Jan. 2936
Other DucksOct. 8-Oct. 30 &
Nov. 12-Jan. 29
Balance-of-State Zone:
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2936
Other DucksOct. 22-Jan. 29
Coots and moorhensSame as for Other Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
Northeastern ZoneOct. 8-Jan. 15612
Small Canada Geese (3)612
Large Canada Geese (4)24
White-fronted Geese612
Colorado River ZoneOct. 21-Jan. 2936
Southern ZoneOct. 22-Jan. 2936
Balance-of-State Zone816
Small Canada geese (3)Oct. 22-Jan. 29612
Large Canada geese (4)Oct. 1-Oct. 5612
Oct. 22-Jan. 29612
White-fronted Geese:
Sacramento ValleyOct. 22-Dec. 2124
Rest of ZoneOct. 22-Jan. 29 &612
Feb. 18-Feb. 22612
Del Norte & Humboldt Counties:612
Small Canada geese (3)Nov. 5-Jan. 26 &612
Feb. 18-Mar. 10612
Large Canada geese (4)Nov. 5-Jan. 2612
White-fronted GeeseOct. 22-Jan. 29612
Light Geese:
Northeastern ZoneOct. 8-Jan. 15612
Colorado River ZoneOct. 21-Jan. 29612
Southern Zone:
Imperial ValleyNov. 5-Jan. 29 &612
Feb. 11-Feb. 26612
Rest of ZoneOct. 22-Jan. 29612
Balance-of-State ZoneOct. 22-Jan. 29612
Del Norte & Humboldt CountiesOct. 22-Jan. 29612
Brant:
North ZoneNov. 7-Dec. 624
South ZoneNov. 12-Dec. 1124
Colorado:
Ducks714
ScaupSept. 24-Oct. 10 &36
Nov. 3-Jan. 1036
Other DucksSept. 24-Oct. 10 &
Nov. 3-Jan. 29
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Dark GeeseSept. 25-Oct. 2 &48
Nov. 4-Jan. 3048
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese1020
Idaho:
Ducks714
Zone 1:
ScaupOct. 22-Jan. 1336
Other DucksOct. 1-Jan. 13
Zone 2Same as for Zone 1
Zone 3:
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2736
Other DucksOct. 15-Jan. 27
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
Zone 1Oct. 1-Jan. 1348
Zone 2Oct. 15-Jan. 2748
Zone 3Same as for Zone 136
Light Geese:
Zone 1 (5)Oct. 1-Jan. 131020
Zone 2Nov. 6-Jan. 27 &1020
Feb. 18-Mar. 101020
Zone 3Oct. 23-Jan. 13 &1020
Feb. 18-Mar. 101020
Montana:
Start Printed Page 59290
Ducks714
ScaupOct. 1-Dec. 2336
Other DucksOct. 1-Jan. 13
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Dark Geese (6)Oct. 1-Jan. 1348
Light GeeseOct. 1-Jan. 13612
Nevada:
Ducks714
Northeast Zone:
ScaupSept. 24-Dec. 1636
Other DucksSept. 24-Jan. 6
Northwest Zone (7):
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2736
Other DucksOct. 15-Jan. 27
South Zone (8):
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2736
Other DucksOct. 15-Jan. 27
Coots and moorhensSame as for Other Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
Northeast ZoneSept. 24-Jan. 636
Northwest ZoneOct. 15-Jan. 2736
South Zone (8)Oct. 15-Jan. 2736
Light Geese (9):
Northeast ZoneSept. 24-Jan. 61020
Northwest ZoneOct. 15-Jan. 271020
South Zone (8)Oct. 15-Jan. 271020
New Mexico:
Ducks714
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2924
Other DucksOct. 17-Jan. 29
CootsSame as for Other Ducks1224
Moorhens and gallinulesSame as for Other Ducks1224
Dark Geese:
North ZoneSept. 24-Oct. 9 &36
Oct. 31-Jan. 2936
South ZoneOct. 15-Jan. 2924
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese1020
South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese1020
Oregon:
Ducks714
Zone 1:
Columbia Basin Unit:
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2936
Other DucksOct. 15-Oct. 23 &
Oct. 26-Jan. 29
Rest of Zone 1Same as Columbia Basin Unit
Zone 2:
ScaupOct. 8-Nov. 27 &36
Nov. 30-Jan. 336
Other DucksOct. 8-Nov. 27 &
Nov. 30-Jan. 22
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Geese:
Northwest General Goose Zone:
Dark GeeseOct. 15-Oct. 23 &48
Nov. 5-Jan. 2948
Small Canada Geese (3)36
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Northwest Special Permit Zone (10):
Dark GeeseNov. 5-Nov. 13 &48
Nov. 26-Jan. 15 &48
Feb. 4-Mar. 1048
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Small Canada geese (3)24
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese48
Southwest General Zone:
Dark GeeseOct. 15-Dec. 2 &48
Dec. 10-Jan. 2948
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Start Printed Page 59291
South Coast Zone:
Dark GeeseOct. 1-Oct. 30 &48
Nov. 24-Jan. 15 &48
Feb. 18-Mar. 1048
Light GeeseOct. 1-Oct. 30 &612
Nov. 24-Jan. 15612
Harney and Lake County Zone:
Dark Geese:Oct. 8-Nov. 27 &48
Dec. 12-Jan. 2948
Small Canada geese12
White-fronted geese:
Lake County12
Rest of Zone48
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Malheur County Zone:
Dark GeeseOct. 8-Nov. 27 &48
Dec. 12-Jan. 2948
Light GeeseOct. 8-Nov. 27 &1020
Dec. 29-Jan. 29 &1020
Feb. 18-Mar. 101020
Klamath County Zone:
Dark Geese:Oct. 8-Nov. 27 &48
Dec. 17-Jan. 17 &48
White-fronted geese (Special season)Feb. 18-Mar. 1048
Light GeeseOct. 8-Nov. 27 &612
Dec. 17-Jan. 17 &612
Feb. 18-Mar. 10612
Eastern Zone:
Dark GeeseOct. 15-Oct. 23 &48
Oct. 31-Jan. 2948
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Tillamook County (10):
Dark GeeseDec. 3-Jan. 15 &48
Jan. 21-Mar. 1048
Small Canada Geese (3)36
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese48
BrantNov. 19-Dec. 424
Utah: (11)
Ducks714
Zone 1:
ScaupOct. 1-Dec. 2436
Other DucksOct. 1-Jan. 14
Zone 2:Same as for Zone 1
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Geese:
Light:
North Goose ZoneOct. 22-Jan. 14 &1020
Feb. 18-Mar. 101020
Rest of StateOct. 14-Jan. 14 &1020
Mar. 1-Mar. 101020
Dark:
North Goose ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1436
Rest of StateOct. 1-Oct. 13 &36
Oct. 29-Jan. 2936
Washington:
Ducks714
East Zone:
ScaupNov. 5-Jan. 2936
Other DucksOct. 15-Oct 19 &
Oct. 22-Jan. 29
West Zone (12)Same as the East Zone
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Geese:
Management Area 1 (13):48
Light GeeseOct 15-Jan. 29
Dark GeeseOct 15-Oct. 27 &
Nov. 5-Jan. 29
Management Area 2A (14):Nov. 12-Nov. 23 &48
Nov. 26-Nov. 28 &48
Dec. 7-Jan. 2948
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Start Printed Page 59292
Late-Season Canada Geese:Feb. 4-Mar. 748
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Management Area 2B (14):Oct. 15-Oct. 26 &48
Nov. 5-Jan. 2948
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Management Areas 3 (13)Oct. 15-Oct. 27 &48
Nov. 5-Jan. 2948
Management Areas 4 & 5 (13)Oct. 15-Oct. 19 &48
Oct. 23-Jan. 2948
Brant (15):
Skagit CountyJan. 14-Jan. 2924
Pacific CountyJan. 7-Jan. 2224
Wyoming:
Ducks714
Snake River Zone:
ScaupSept. 24-Dec. 1836
Other DucksSept. 24-Jan. 6
Balance of State ZoneSame as Snake River Zone
CootsSame as for Other Ducks2525
Dark Geese:Sept. 24-Dec. 2936
(1) In Arizona, the daily limit may include no more than either 2 hen mallards or 2 Mexican-like ducks, or 1 of each; and not more than 4 hen mallards and Mexican-like ducks, in the aggregate, may be in possession.
(2) In Arizona, in Yuma County, La Paz County, Game Management Units 13B, 15, and that portion of Unit 16 lying within Mohave County, the bag and possession limits are 3 and 6 for Canada geese, respectively.
(3) In California and Oregon, small Canada geese are Cackling and Aleutian Canada geese.
(4) In California, large Canada geese are Western and Lesser Canada geese.
(5) In Idaho, the season on light geese is closed in Fremont and Teton Counties.
(6) In Montana, check State regulations for special seasons/exceptions in Freezeout Lake WMA; Canyon Ferry; Flathead; Deer Lodge County; and Missoula County.
(7) In Nevada, in Churchill County, the daily bag limit may include no more than 1 wood duck.
(8) In Nevada, in the Moapa Valley portion of the Overton Wildlife Management Area, the open season for all ducks, coots, moorhens, dark geese, and light geese is November 5 to January 27.
(9) In Nevada, there is no open season on light geese in Ruby Valley within Elko and White Pine Counties.
(10) In Oregon, the Northwest Special Permit Zone is closed to all goose hunting, except for designated areas. See State regulations for specific boundary descriptions, times, days, and other conditions of the special permit season.
(11) In Utah, the shooting hours are 7:30 a.m. to sunset on October 1 in Cache, Salt Lake, Davis, Weber, and Box Elder Counties.
(12) In Washington, the daily bag limit in the West Zone may include no more than 2 scoters, 2 long-tailed ducks, and 2 goldeneyes, with the possession limit twice the daily bag limit. The daily bag and possession limit, and the season limit, for harlequins is 1.
(13) In Washington, in State Goose Area 4, hunting is only on Saturdays, Sundays, Wednesdays, and certain holidays. In State Goose Areas 1, 3, and 5, hunting is everyday. See State regulations for details, including shooting hours.
(14) In Washington, see State regulations for specific dates and conditions of permit hunts and closures for Canada geese.
(15) In Washington, brant may be hunted in Skagit and Pacific Counties only; see State regulations for specific dates.
(f) Youth Waterfowl Hunting Days.
The following seasons are open only to youth hunters. Youth Hunters must be accompanied into the field by an adult at least 18 years of age. This adult cannot duck hunt but may participate in other open seasons.
Definition
Youth Hunters: Includes youths 15 years of age or younger.
Note: The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 54658). Bag and possession limits will conform to those set for the regular season.
Season dates
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
ConnecticutDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsOct. 1 & Nov. 5.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
FloridaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and geeseFeb. 4 & 5.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MarylandDucks, coots, snow geese, Canada geese, sea ducks, and brantOct. 29 & Nov. 5.
MassachusettsDucks, mergansers, coots, and geeseOct. 8 & 10.
New JerseyDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
North ZoneOct. 1 & Nov. 5.
South ZoneNov. 11 & 12.
Coastal ZoneOct. 22 & 29.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
North CarolinaDucks, mergansers, Canada geese (9), tundra swans (10), and cootsDec. 10 & Feb. 4.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
South CarolinaDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 4 & 5.
Start Printed Page 59293
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
VirginiaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, tundra swans (10), and Canada geese (11)Oct. 22 & Feb. 4.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
ArkansasDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesFeb. 4 & 5.
IllinoisDucks, geese, mergansers, and coots
North ZoneOct. 8 & 9.
Central ZoneOct. 15 & 16.
South Central ZoneNov. 5 & 6.
South ZoneNov. 12 & 13
IndianaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North ZoneOct. 8 & 9.
South ZoneOct. 15 & 16.
Ohio River ZoneOct. 22 & 23.
IowaDucks, Canada geese, light geese, mergansers, coots
North ZoneOct. 1 & 2.
South ZoneOct. 8 & 9.
KentuckyDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
West ZoneFeb. 4 & 5.
East ZoneNov. 5 & 6.
LouisianaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
West ZoneNov. 5 & 6.
East ZoneNov. 12 & 13.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MississippiDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geeseFeb. 4 & 5.
MissouriDucks, coots, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North ZoneOct. 22 & 23.
Middle ZoneOct. 22 & 23.
South ZoneNov. 19 & 20.
OhioDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geeseOct. 1 & 2.
TennesseeDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
Reelfoot ZoneFeb. 11 & 12.
Remainder of StateFeb. 4 & 5.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
CENTRAL FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Kansas (5)Ducks, dark geese, light geese, mergansers and coots:
High PlainsOct. 1 & 2.
Low Plains:
Early ZoneOct. 1 & 2.
Late ZoneOct. 22 & 23.
Southeast ZoneOct. 22 & 23.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
OklahomaDucks, mergansers, coots, and geese:
High PlainsOct. 1 & 2.
Low Plains:
Zone 1Oct. 15 & 16.
Zone 2Oct. 29 & 30
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
TexasDucks, geese, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and coots:
High PlainsOct. 22 & 23.
Low Plains:
North ZoneOct. 29 & 30.
South ZoneOct. 29 & 30.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
PACIFIC FLYWAY
ArizonaDucks, geese, brant, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
North ZoneOct. 1 & 2.
South ZoneFeb. 4 & 5.
CaliforniaDucks, geese, brant, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
Northeastern ZoneSept. 24 & 25.
Colorado River ZoneFeb. 4 & 5.
Southern ZoneFeb. 4 & 5.
Start Printed Page 59294
Southern San Joaquin ValleyFeb. 4 & 5.
Balance-of-State ZoneFeb. 4 & 5.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
NevadaDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
Northeast ZoneSept. 17 & Jan 14.
Northwest ZoneOct. 1 & Feb. 4.
South ZoneOct. 22 & Feb. 4.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(1) In Maryland, the daily bag limit may include no more than 2 Canada geese and 2 brant.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(5) In Kansas, the nonresident youth, must be licensed and possess state and federal duck stamps as required by state or federal regulation to hunt waterfowl.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(9) In North Carolina, the daily bag limit in the Northeast Hunt Zone may not include dark geese except by permit.
(10) In North Carolina and Virginia, the daily bag limit may not include tundra swans except by permit.
(11) In Virginia, the daily bag limit for Canada geese is 2.
Start Amendment Part

4. Section 20.106 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for sandhill cranes.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting and Hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Area descriptions were published in the August 30, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 54052).

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take sandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 54658).

Season datesBagLimits
Possession
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Kentucky (1)(6)Dec. 17-Jan. 1522
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
CENTRAL FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Oklahoma (1)Oct. 22-Jan. 2236
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Texas (1):
Zone ANov. 5-Feb. 536
Zone BNov. 25-Feb. 536
Zone CDec. 24-Jan. 2924
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(1) Each person participating in the regular sandhill crane seasons must have a valid Federal or State-issued sandhill crane hunting permit in their possession while hunting. However, in those States where the State-issued Harvest Information Survey Program (HIP) certification for game bird hunting also identifies the hunter as a sandhill crane hunter, the separate sandhill crane permit identified above is not required.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(6) In Kentucky, the season limit is 2 cranes. If the harvest objective of 400 cranes is obtained before the season ending date, the season will close.
Start Amendment Part

5. Section 20.107 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for swans.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Hunting is by State permit only.

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take Start Printed Page 59295sandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

Note:

Successful permittees must immediately validate their harvest by that method required in State regulations.

Season datesLimits
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
North CarolinaNov. 12-Jan. 311 tundra swan per season.
VirginiaDec. 1-Jan 311 tundra swan per season.
CENTRAL FLYWAY (1)
MontanaOct. 1-Jan. 51 tundra swan per season.
North DakotaOct. 1-Jan. 11 tundra swan per season.
South DakotaOct. 1-Dec. 181 tundra swan per permit.
PACIFIC FLYWAY (1)(2)
Montana (3)Oct. 15-Dec. 11 swan per season.
Nevada (4)(5)Oct. 15-Jan. 82 swans per season.
Utah (5)(6)Oct. 1-Dec. 111 swan per season.
(1) See State regulations for description of area open to swan hunting.
(2) Any species of swan may be taken.
(3) In Montana, all harvested swans must be reported by way of a bill measurement card within 3 days of harvest.
(4) All harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 5 days of harvest.
(5) Harvests of trumpeter swans are limited to 5 in Nevada and 10 in Utah. When it has been determined that the quota of trumpeter swans allotted to Nevada and Utah will have been filled, the season for taking of any swan species in the respective State will be closed by either the Director upon giving public notice through local information media at least 48 hours in advance of the time and date of closing, or by the State through State regulations with such notice and time (not less than 48 hours) as they deem necessary.
(6) In Utah, all harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 3 days of harvest.
Start Amendment Part

6. Section 20.109 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Extended seasons, limits, and hours for taking migratory game birds by falconry.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the August 25, 2011 (76 FR 53536) and August 30, 2011 (76 FR 54052) Federal Registers.

Limits: The daily bag limit may include no more than 3 migratory game birds, singly or in the aggregate. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. These limits apply to falconry during both regular hunting seasons and extended falconry seasons—unless further restricted by State regulations. The falconry bag and possession limits are not in addition to regular season limits. Unless otherwise specified, extended falconry for ducks does not include sea ducks within the special sea duck areas.

Although many States permit falconry during the gun seasons, only extended falconry seasons are shown below. Please consult State regulations for details.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the September 1, 2011, Federal Register (76 FR 54658).

Extended falconry dates
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Delaware
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsJan. 30-Mar. 2.
BrantJan. 30-Mar. 2.
Florida
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, light geese, and cootsOct. 30-Nov. 12 & Feb. 6-Mar. 2.
Georgia
Ducks, mergansers, gallinules, coots, and sea ducksNov. 28-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 10.
Maine
Ducks, mergansers, and coots (4):
North ZoneDec. 10-Feb. 1.
South ZoneJan. 7-Feb. 28.
Maryland
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
DucksFeb. 8-Mar. 10.
BrantJan. 29-Mar. 10.
Light GeeseFeb. 16-Mar. 10.
Massachusetts
Ducks, mergansers, sea ducks, and cootsFeb. 2-Feb. 9.
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New Hampshire
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Inland ZoneNov. 7-Nov. 22 & Dec. 19-Jan. 16.
Coastal ZoneJan. 26-Mar. 10.
New Jersey
Woodcock:
North ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 14 & Nov. 20-Jan. 15.
South ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 11 & Dec. 4-Dec. 16 & Dec. 31-Jan. 15.
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and brant:
North ZoneJan. 1-Feb. 7.
South ZoneJan. 8-Feb. 14.
Coastal ZoneJan. 25-Feb. 28.
New York
Ducks, mergansers and coots:
Long Island ZoneNov. 1-Nov. 23 & Nov. 28-Dec. 4 & Jan. 30-Feb. 13.
Northeastern ZoneOct. 11-Oct. 21 & Dec. 11-Jan. 13.
Southeastern ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 7 & Oct. 17-Nov. 4 & Dec. 26-Jan. 13.
Western ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 21 & Dec. 6-Dec. 25 & Jan. 10-Jan. 13.
North Carolina
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers and cootsOct. 24-Nov. 5 & Jan. 30-Feb. 18.
Pennsylvania
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneOct. 24-Nov. 10 & Jan. 5-Jan. 14 & Feb. 23-Mar. 10.
South ZoneOct. 24-Nov. 14 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Northwest ZoneDec. 17-Jan. 14 & Feb. 24-Mar. 10.
Lake Erie ZoneJan. 26-Mar. 10.
Canada Geese:
SJBP ZoneFeb. 28-Mar. 10.
AP ZoneFeb. 3-Mar. 10.
RP ZoneMar. 9-Mar. 10.
South Carolina
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNov. 1-Nov. 18 & Nov. 27-Dec. 2 & Jan. 30-Feb. 3.
Virginia
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Moorhens and gallinulesDec. 5-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 29.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsDec. 5-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 29.
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneDec. 10-Dec. 22 & Jan. 30-Feb. 29.
Western (SJBP) ZoneDec. 10-Dec. 14 & Feb. 16-Feb. 29.
BrantOct. 6-Nov. 18 & Nov. 28-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 4.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Arkansas
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 1-Feb. 15.
Illinois
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 12-Mar. 10.
Indiana
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneSept. 27-Sept. 30 & Feb. 14-Mar. 10.
South ZoneOct. 15-Oct. 21 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Ohio River ZoneOct. 22-Oct. 28 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Iowa
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneDec. 15-Jan. 28.
South ZoneDec. 16-Jan. 29.
White-fronted Geese:
North Goose ZoneDec. 7-Jan. 8.
South Goose ZoneDec. 14-Jan. 13.
Kentucky
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Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNov. 5-Nov. 23 & Nov. 28-Dec. 4 & Jan. 30-Jan. 31.
GeeseNov. 5-Nov. 22.
Louisiana
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Rails and moorhensNov. 5-Nov. 11 & Jan. 5-Feb. 3.
Ducks:
West ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 11 & Dec. 5-Dec. 16 & Jan. 23-Feb. 3.
East ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 18 & Nov. 28-Dec. 9 & Jan. 30-Feb. 3.
Michigan
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhensDec. 12-Jan. 15 & Mar. 1-Mar. 10.
Minnesota
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesSept. 26-Sept. 30 & Nov. 23-Jan. 7.
Mississippi
Mourning DovesNov. 19-Nov. 27 & Jan. 16-Feb. 10.
Ducks, mergansers and cootsFeb. 10-Mar. 10.
Missouri
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 10-Sept. 25 & Feb. 11-Mar. 10.
Ohio
Ducks and cootsSept. 1-Sept. 18 & Feb. 4-Mar. 3.
GeeseSept. 1-Sept. 18 & Feb. 4-Feb.18.
Tennessee
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 15-Oct. 21.
Wisconsin
Rails, snipe, moorhens, and gallinules:
North Duck ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 23 & Nov. 23-Dec. 16.
South Duck ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 30 & Oct. 10-Oct. 14 & Dec. 5-Dec. 16.
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 23 & Oct. 3-Oct. 14 & Dec. 5-Dec. 16.
WoodcockSept. 1-Sept. 23 & Nov. 8-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 17-Sept. 18 & Jan 6—Feb. 19.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Kansas
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low PlainsFeb. 25-Mar. 10.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Oklahoma
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low PlainsFeb. 13-Feb. 27.
South Dakota
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
High PlainsSept. 3-Sept. 10.
Low Plains:
North ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 16 & Sept. 19-Sept. 23 & Dec. 7-Dec. 18.
Middle ZoneSame as North Zone
South ZoneSept. 3-Sept. 16 & Sept. 19-Oct. 5.
Texas
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Low PlainsJan. 30-Feb. 13.
Wyoming
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and coots
Zone C1Sept. 24-Sept. 25 & Oct. 17-Oct. 24.
Zone C2Sept. 17-Sept. 18 & Nov. 28-Dec. 5.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks and mergansers:
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North ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 6.
South ZoneJan. 30-Feb. 2.
California
Ducks, mergansers, and coots:
Colorado River ZoneJan. 30-Feb. 2.
Southern ZoneJan. 30-Feb. 3.
Southern San Joaquin ZoneJan. 30-Feb. 1.
Canada Geese and White-fronted Geese:
Northeastern ZoneJan. 16-Jan. 18.
Southern Zone (5)Same as for Ducks.
Balance-of-State Zone (6)Same as for Ducks.
Brant:
Northern ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 6 & Dec. 7-Feb. 3.
Southern ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 11 & Dec. 12-Feb. 3.
Light Geese:
Northeastern ZoneJan. 16-Jan. 18.
Southern Zone (5)Same as for Ducks.
Balance-of-State Zone (6)Same as for Ducks.
New Mexico
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
RailsNov. 26-Jan. 1.
Utah
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, coots, geese, and snipe:
StatewideSept. 17 only.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(2) In Montana, the bag limit is 2 and the possession limit is 6.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(4) In Maine, the daily bag and possession limits for black ducks are 1 and 2, respectively.
(5) In California, the falconry season for geese is concurrent with the regular season for white geese in the Imperial County special management area.
(6) In California, the falconry season for geese is concurrent with the regular season for small Canada geese in Del Norte and Humbolt counties.
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2011-24675 Filed 9-22-11; 4:15 pm]

BILLING CODE 4310-55-P