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Notice

Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA); Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL)

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

Title I of WIA (Pub. L. 105-220) requires the U.S. Secretary of Labor (Secretary) to update and publish the LLSIL tables annually, for uses described in the law (including determining eligibility for youth). WIA defines the term “low income individual” as one who qualifies under various criteria, including an individual who received income for a six-month period that does not exceed the higher level of the poverty line or 70 percent of the LLSIL. This issuance provides the Secretary's annual LLSIL for 2012 and references the current 2012 Health and Human Services “Poverty Guidelines.”

DATES:

This notice is effective March 28, 2012.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR QUESTIONS ON LLSIL:

Please contact Samuel Wright, Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Room S-4231, Washington, DC 20210; Telephone: 202-693-2870; Fax: 202-693-33015 (these are not toll-free numbers); Email address: wright.samuel.e@dol.gov. Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via Text Telephone (TTY/TDD) by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at 1-877-889-5627 (TTY/TDD).

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR QUESTIONS ON FEDERAL YOUTH EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS:

Please contact Evan Rosenberg, Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Room N-4464, Washington, DC 20210; Telephone: 202-693-3593; Fax: 202-693-3110 (these are not toll-free numbers); Email: Rosenberg.Evan@dol.gov. Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at 1-877-889-5627 (TTY/TDD).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The purpose of WIA is to provide workforce investment activities through statewide and local workforce investment systems that increase the employment, retention, and earnings of participants. WIA programs are intended to increase the occupational skill attainment by participants and the quality of the workforce, thereby reducing welfare dependency and enhancing the productivity and competitiveness of the Nation.

LLSIL is used for several purposes under the WIA. Specifically, WIA Section 101(25) defines the term “low income individual” for eligibility purposes, and Sections 127(b)(2)(C) and 132(b)(1)(B)(v)(IV) define the terms “disadvantaged youth” and “disadvantaged adult” in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for State formula allotments. The governor and State/local workforce investment boards (WIBs) use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth and adults for certain services. ETA encourages governors and State/local WIBs to consult the WIA regulations and the preamble to the WIA Final Rule (published at 65 FR 49294 August 11, 2000) for more specific guidance in applying LLSIL to program requirements. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published the most current poverty-level guidelines in the Federal Register on January 26, 2012 (Volume 77, Number 17), pp. 4034-4035. The HHS 2012 Poverty guidelines may also be found on the Internet at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/12poverty.shtml. ETA plans to have the 2012 LLSIL available on its Web site at http://www.doleta.gov/llsil/2012/.

WIA Section 101(24) defines LLSIL as “that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Secretary [of Labor] based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary.” The most recent lower living family budget was issued by the Secretary in fall 1981. The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), provided the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL. BLS terminated the four-person family budget series in 1982, after publication of the fall 1981 estimates. Currently, BLS provides data to ETA, which ETA then uses to develop the LLSIL tables, as provided in the Appendices to this Federal Register notice.

ETA published the 2011 updates to the LLSIL in the Federal Register of March 21, 2011, at Vol. 76, No. 54, pp. 15343-15348. This notice again updates the LLSIL to reflect cost of living increases for 2011, by calculating the percentage change in the most recent 2011 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for an area to the 2010 CPI-U, and then applying this calculation to each of the March 21, 2011 LLSIL figures. The updated figures for a four-person family are listed in Appendix A, Table 1, by region for both metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Numbers in all of the Appendix tables are rounded up to the nearest dollar. Since program eligibility for low-income individuals, “disadvantaged adults” and “disadvantaged youth” may be determined by family income at 70 percent of the LLSIL, pursuant to WIA Sections 101(25), 127(b)(2)(C), and 132(b)(1)(B)(v)(IV), respectively, those figures are listed as well.

I. Jurisdictions

Jurisdictions included in the various regions, based generally on the Census Regions of the U.S. Department of Commerce, are as follows:

A. Northeast

Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania Rhode Island, Vermont

B. Midwest

Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin

C. South

Alabama, American Samoa, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Northern Marianas, Oklahoma, Palau, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Kentucky, Louisiana, Marshall Islands, Maryland, Micronesia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virgin Islands, Virginia, West Virginia

D. West

Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming

Additionally, separate figures have been provided for Alaska, Hawaii, and Guam as indicated in Appendix B, Table 2.

For Alaska, Hawaii, and Guam, the year 2011 figures were updated from the 2011 “State Index” based on the ratio of the urban change in the State (using Anchorage for Alaska and Honolulu for Hawaii and Guam) compared to the West regional metropolitan change, and then applying that index to the West regional metropolitan change.

Data on 23 selected Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) are also available. These are based on annual and semiannual CPI-U changes for a 12-month period ending in December 2011. The updated LLSIL figures for these MSAs and 70 percent of LLSIL are reported in Appendix C, Table 3.

Appendix D, Table 4 lists each of the various figures at 70 percent of the updated 2011 LLSIL for family sizes of one to six persons. Because Tables 1-3 only list the LLSIL for a family of four, Table 4 can be used to separately determine the LLSIL for families of between one and six persons. For families larger than six persons, an amount equal to the difference between the six-person and the five-person family income levels should be added to the six-person family income level for each additional person in the family. Where the poverty level for a particular family size is greater than the corresponding 70 percent of the LLSIL figure, the figure is shaded. A modified Microsoft Excel version of Appendix D, Table 4, with the area names, will be available on the ETA LLSIL Web site at http://www.doleta.gov/llsil/2012/. Appendix E, Table 5, indicates 100 percent of LLSIL for family sizes of one to six, and is used to determine self-sufficiency as noted at 20 CFR 663.230 of the WIA regulations and WIA Section 134(d)(3)(A)(ii).

II. Use of These Data

Governors should designate the appropriate LLSILs for use within the State from Appendices A, B, and C, containing Tables 1 through 3. Appendices D and E, which contain Tables 4 and 5, which adjust a family of four figure for larger and smaller families, may be used with any LLSIL designated. The governor's designation may be provided by disseminating information on MSAs and metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas within the State or it may involve further calculations. For example, the State of New Jersey may have four or more LLSIL figures for Northeast metropolitan, Northeast non-metropolitan, portions of the State in the New York City MSA, and those in the Philadelphia MSA. If a workforce investment area includes areas that would be covered by more than one figure, the governor may determine which is to be used.

Under 20 CFR 661.110, a State's policies and measures for the workforce investment system shall be accepted by the Secretary to the extent that they are consistent with WIA and WIA regulations.

III. Disclaimer on Statistical Uses

It should be noted that publication of these figures is only for the purpose of meeting the requirements specified by WIA as defined in the law and regulations. BLS has not revised the lower living family budget since 1981, and has no plans to do so. The four-person urban family budget estimates series has been terminated. The CPI-U adjustments used to update LLSIL for this publication are not precisely comparable, most notably because certain tax items were included in the 1981 LLSIL, but are not in the CPI-U. Thus, these figures should not be used for any statistical purposes, and are valid only for those purposes under WIA as defined in the law and regulations.

Appendix A

Table 1—Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four Persons) by Region 1

Region 22012 adjusted LLSIL70 percent LLSIL
Northeast
Metro$40,521$28,365
Non-Metro 338,74527,122
Midwest
Metro35,74925,024
Non-Metro34,62924,240
South
Metro34,57824,205
Non-Metro34,08223,857
West
Metro38,94427,261
Non-Metro 437,53026,271
1 For ease of use, these figures are rounded to the next highest dollar.
2 Metropolitan area measures were calculated from the weighted average CPI-U's for city size classes A and B/C. Non-metropolitan area measures were calculated from the CPI-U's for city size class D.
3 Non-metropolitan area percent changes for the Northeast region are no longer available. The Non-metropolitan percent change was calculated using the U.S. average CPI-U for city size class D.
4 Non-metropolitan area percent changes for the West region are based on unpublished BLS data.

Appendix B

Table 2—Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four Persons), for Alaska, Hawaii and Guam 1

Region2012 adjusted LLSIL70 percent LLSIL
Alaska
Metro$46,311$32,418
Non-Metro 247,09032,963
Hawaii, Guam
Metro50,08935,062
Non-Metro 250,27235,190
1 For ease of use, these figures are rounded to the next highest dollar.
2 Non-Metropolitan percent changes for Alaska, Hawaii and Guam were calculated from the CPI-U's for all urban consumers for city size class D in the Western Region. Generally the non-metro areas LLSIL is lower than the LLSIL in metro areas. This year the non-metro area LLSIL incomes were larger because the change in CPI-U was smaller in the metro areas compared to the change in CPI-U in the non-metro areas of Alaska, Hawaii and Guam.

Appendix C

Table 3—Lower Living Standard Income Level (for a Family of Four Persons), for 23 Selected MSAs 1

Metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)2012 adjusted LLSIL70 percent LLSIL
Anchorage, AK$47,469$33,228
Atlanta, GA32,61722,832
Boston—Brockton—Nashua, MA/NH/ME/CT43,36430,355
Chicago—Gary—Kenosha, IL/IN/WI37,01225,908
Cincinnati—Hamilton, OH/KY/IN35,18824,632
Cleveland—Akron, OH36,83625,785
Dallas—Ft. Worth, TX32,78122,947
Denver—Boulder—Greeley, CO37,06425,945
Detroit—Ann Arbor—Flint, MI34,47724,134
Honolulu, HI51,19135,834
Houston—Galveston—Brazoria, TX32,10922,476
Kansas City, MO/KS34,26123,983
Los Angeles—Riverside—Orange County, CA40,91528,641
Milwaukee—Racine, WI35,20524,644
Minneapolis—St. Paul, MN/WI35,18624,630
New York—Northern NJ—Long Island, NY/NJ/CT/PA42,83229,982
Philadelphia—Wilmington—Atlantic City, PA/NJ/DE/MD38,99227,294
Pittsburgh, PA42,59529,817
St. Louis, MO/IL33,34123,339
San Diego, CA44,73731,316
San Francisco—Oakland—San Jose, CA41,68929,182
Seattle—Tacoma—Bremerton, WA42,46529,726
Washington—Baltimore, DC/MD/VA/WV 243,60630,524
1 For ease of use, these figures are rounded to the next highest dollar.
2 Baltimore and Washington are calculated as a single metropolitan statistical area.

Appendix D

Table 4: 70 Percent of Updated 2012 Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL), by Family Size

To use the 70 percent LLSIL value, where it is stipulated for the WIA programs, begin by locating the region or metropolitan area where the program applicant resides. These are listed in Tables 1, 2 and 3. After locating the appropriate region or metropolitan statistical area, find the 70 percent LLSIL amount for that location. The 70 percent LLSIL figures are listed in the last column to the right on each of the three tables. These figures apply to a family of four. Larger and smaller family eligibility is based on a percentage of the family of four. To determine eligibility for other size families consult Table 4 and the instructions below.

To use Table 4, locate the 70 percent LLSIL value that applies to the individual's region or metropolitan area from Tables 1, 2 or 3. Find the same number in the “family of four” column of Table 4. Move left or right across that row to the size that corresponds to the individual's family unit. That figure is the maximum household income the individual is permitted in order to qualify as economically disadvantaged under the WIA.

Where the HHS poverty level for a particular family size is greater than the corresponding LLSIL figure, the LLSIL figure appears in a shaded block. Individuals from these size families may consult the 2012 HHS poverty guidelines found on the Health and Human Services Web site at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/12poverty.shtml to find the higher eligibility standard. Individuals from Alaska and Hawaii should consult the HHS guidelines for the generally higher poverty levels that apply in their States.

Family of oneFamily of twoFamily of threeFamily of fourFamily of fiveFamily of six
$8,098$13,267$18,209$22,476$26,526$31,021
8,22113,47318,50122,83226,94531,510
8,26613,54518,59222,94727,08431,671
8,40813,77518,90823,33927,54432,208
8,59514,08119,32623,85728,15432,925
8,63414,15319,43223,98328,30333,101
8,69114,23919,55224,13428,48033,304
8,71814,28419,60624,20528,56833,411
8,73314,30519,63924,24028,61133,459
8,87014,53619,95624,63029,07033,996
8,87014,53819,95824,63229,07033,995
8,87214,54219,96424,64429,08334,011
9,01014,76920,27125,02429,53034,541
9,28515,22020,88925,78530,43135,585
9,32815,29220,98525,90830,57735,761
9,34415,31321,02125,94530,61735,808
9,45915,50221,28426,27131,00536,262
9,76616,00821,97527,12232,00937,428
9,81516,08422,08327,26132,16937,625
9,83216,10822,11227,29432,21437,669
10,21516,74222,97828,36533,47639,146
10,31216,89823,20028,64133,79739,530
10,51117,22423,63929,18234,43940,278
10,70817,54024,08129,72635,08041,024
10,73917,59924,15729,81735,19041,152
10,79517,69424,28729,98235,37941,383
10,93017,91224,59530,35535,82441,892
10,99418,01624,72930,52436,02642,132
11,28018,47825,37031,31636,95743,222
11,67619,12826,26332,41838,25644,744
11,87219,44926,70332,96338,89845,489
11,96819,61226,91933,22839,21645,856
12,62920,68928,40635,06241,37748,393
12,67320,76828,50735,19041,52748,565
12,90521,14429,02635,83442,28649,458

Appendix E

Table 5: Updated 2012 LLSIL (100 Percent), by Family Size

To use the LLSIL to determine the minimum level for establishing self-sufficiency criteria at the State or local level, begin by locating the metropolitan area or region from Table 1, 2 or 3. Then locate the appropriate region or metropolitan statistical area and then find the 2012 adjusted LLSIL amount for that location. These figures apply to a family of four. Locate the corresponding number in the family of four in the column below. Move left or right across that row to the size that corresponds to the individual's family unit. That figure is the minimum figure that States must set for determining whether employment leads to self-sufficiency under WIA programs.

Family of oneFamily of twoFamily of threeFamily of fourFamily of fiveFamily of six
$11,569$18,953$26,013$32,109$37,894$44,316
11,74419,24726,43032,61738,49345,014
11,80819,35026,56032,78138,69145,244
12,01219,67927,01233,34139,34846,012
12,27920,11627,60934,08240,22047,036
12,33420,21827,76034,26140,43347,287
12,41620,34227,93134,47740,68547,577
12,45420,40628,00834,57840,81147,730
12,47620,43628,05534,62940,87347,798
12,67220,76528,50835,18641,52848,565
12,67120,76928,51135,18841,52848,564
12,67420,77428,52035,20541,54748,587
12,87121,09828,95835,74942,18549,344
13,26421,74329,84136,83643,47350,835
13,32521,84629,97937,01243,68151,087
13,34921,87530,03037,06443,73851,154
13,51322,14630,40637,53044,29351,803
13,95122,86831,39338,74545,72753,468
14,02122,97731,54738,94445,95553,750
14,04523,01131,58838,99246,02053,813
14,59323,91732,82540,52147,82355,923
14,73124,14033,14340,91548,28156,471
15,01624,60533,77041,68949,19857,540
15,29725,05734,40242,46550,11458,605
15,34225,14134,51042,59550,27158,788
15,42225,27734,69542,83250,54259,118
15,61425,58935,13543,36451,17759,845
15,70525,73735,32743,60651,46560,188
16,11426,39736,24344,73752,79561,746
16,68027,32637,51946,31154,65263,920
16,96027,78438,14747,09055,56964,984
17,09728,01738,45547,46956,02365,509
18,04229,55640,58050,08959,11069,133
18,10429,66840,72450,27259,32469,378
18,43630,20541,46551,19160,40870,654

Signed at Washington, DC, this 12th day of March, 2012.

Jane Oates,

Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training.

[FR Doc. 2012-7377 Filed 3-27-12; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4510-FT-P