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Air Pollution Control: Proposed Action on Clean Air Act Grants to the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality; Proposed Determination With Request for Comments; and a Notice of Opportunity for a Public Hearing

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Notice; Proposed determination with request for comments; and a notice of opportunity for a public hearing.


The U.S. EPA has made a proposed determination that reduction in expenditures of non-Federal funds for the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (IDEQ) in support of its continuing air program under Clean Air Act (CAA) Section 105 for the period of calendar year 2010 was not selective relative to the expenditures of all other executive branch agencies in the State for the same period. This determination, when final, will reset IDEQ's required recipient maintenance of effort level for 2010 and 2011, retain its federal award for the 2010 and 2011 grant years, and allow IDEQ to remain eligible for a § 105 grant for 2012 and beyond.


Comments and/or requests for a public hearing must be received by EPA at the address stated below by May 7, 2012.


Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-R10-OAR-2012-0211, by one of the following methods:


Michael McGown, Region 10, Idaho Operations Office, 1435 North Orchard, Boise, ID 83706, phone: (208)-378-5764, fax: (208)-378-5744, or email address at


Section 105 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) provides grant support for the continuing air programs of eligible state, local and tribal agencies. Section 105 contains two cost-sharing provisions to initially qualify for a § 105 grant under § 105(a)(1)(A). An eligible entity must meet a minimum match and to remain eligible for Section 105 grant funds, an eligible entity must continue to meet the match as well as meet a maintenance of effort (MOE) requirement under § 105(c)(1). The match requires that at least 2/5 of the total costs for approved § 105 program activities must be paid by the state/local recipient. Program activities relevant to the match consist of both recurring and non-recurring (unique, one-time only) expenses.

The MOE provision requires that a state or local agency spend at least the same dollar level of funds as it did in the previous grant year but only for the costs of recurring activities. Specifically, § 105(c)(1) [42 U.S.C. 7405(c)(1)], provides that “no agency shall receive any grant under this section during any fiscal year when its expenditures of non-Federal funds for recurrent expenditures for air pollution control programs will be less than its expenditures were for such programs during the preceding fiscal year. Pursuant to CAA § 105(c)(2), however, EPA may still award a grant to an agency not meeting the requirements of § 105(c)(1), “if the Administrator, after notice and opportunity for public hearing, determines that a reduction in expenditures is attributable to a non-selective reduction in the expenditures in the programs of all Executive branch agencies of the applicable unit of Government.” These statutory requirements are repeated in EPA's implementing regulations at 40 CFR 35.140 through 35.148.

EPA issued additional guidance to recipients on what constitutes a nonselective reduction on September 30, 2011. In consideration of legislative history, the guidance clarified that a non-selective reduction does not necessarily mean that each Executive branch agency need be reduced in equal proportion. However, it must be clear to EPA, from the weight of evidence, that a recipient's CAA-related air program is not being disproportionately impacted or singled out for a reduction.

A § 105 recipient must submit a final financial status report no later than 90 days from the close of its grant period that documents all of its federal and non-federal expenditures for the completed period. The recipient seeking an adjustment to its MOE for that period must provide the rationale and the documentation necessary to enable EPA to make a determination that a non-selective reduction has occurred. In order to expedite that determination, the recipient must provide details of the budget action and the comparative fiscal impacts on all the jurisdiction's executive branch agencies, the recipient agency itself, and the agency's air program. The recipient should identify any executive branch agencies or programs that should be excepted from comparison and explain why. The recipient must provide evidence that the air program is not being singled out for a reduction or being disproportionately reduced. Documentation in two key areas will be needed: Budget data specific to the recipient's air program and comparative budget data between the recipient's air program, the agency containing the air program and the other executive branch agencies. EPA may also request information from the recipient about how impacts on the its program operations will affect its ability to meet its CAA obligations and requirements.

In the case of IDEQ, EPA provides annual grant funding under the authority CAA § 105 to help IDEQ support the operation of its CAA-related continuing air pollution control program. IDEQ's § 105 annual grant period is based on the calendar year and as such is always impacted by two State budget years since the annual Idaho state budget cycle runs from July 1 of the current through June 30 of the following year. For the 2010 grant year EPA awarded the IDEQ $1,497,516 in § 105 funds. This represented 27.8% of the total approved program funding based on IDEQ's stated prospective contribution of $3,891,016 in its own non-federal funds to cover the costs of both non-recurring and recurring activities. The State's portion of the total recurring costs was to have been at least $3,842,589. This was the State's final level of recurrent expenditures for the 2009 grant year and constituted the required MOE level for the 2010 grant year.

However, on March 8, 2011, IDEQ informed EPA in writing that due to continued reductions in the State's overall budget for executive branch agencies, particularly in the State's SFY2011 budget (which funded the last 6 months of the calendar year 2010 grant), IDEQ would fall short of its required MOE level by $452,789. The resulting contribution of $3,389,800 would be 11.78% below the required level. EPA examined the IDEQ's request and confirmed that its 2010 final financial status report indicated a State contribution level of $3,389,800 of recurrent expenditures.

In its March 8, 2011 letter to EPA, IDEQ requested an adjustment of its 2010 MOE level based upon a non-selective reduction. IDEQ also sought to retain its 2011 § 105 award based on this lowered recipient contribution level. In support of its request IDEQ provided legislative appropriations information on State general fund levels by major departmental categories for the 2009, 2010 and 2011 budget years. In June, July and October of 2011, EPA requested additional clarifying information from IDEQ on the full range of state-only executive branch, IDEQ and air program appropriations and expenses for the 2010 grant period. IDEQ supplied additional information to EPA on July 21, July 25, October 17, October 27, and November 15th that further distinguished general fund, dedicated fund and federal stimulus resources. On November 28 and November 30, 2011 IDEQ further clarified its direct and indirect air program expenditures compared to changes in overall IDEQ environmental program expenditure levels, overall State general fund levels and overall State appropriations levels for the affected period. A summary of this information is shown in the tables below.

Table 1—IDEQ General Fund Changes From SFY 2009 Through SFY 2010

[Final amounts in $s]

IDEQ budget unit20092010Difference% Change
Administration (Recurring Appropriation)*3,115,8002,823,700−292,000−9.37
Administration (One Time Appropriation)*47,7000−47,700−100.00
Air Program (Recurring Appropriation)3,075,7002,769,200−306,500−9.97
Air Program (One Time Appropriation)1,023,70032,000−991,700−96.87
Water Program (Recurring Appropriation)7,847,7006,012,700−1,835000−23.38
Water Program (One Time Appropriation)36,000120,00084,000233.33
Waste Program (Recurring Appropriation)2,769,2002,450,500−318,700−11.51
Waste Program (One Time Appropriation)000n/a
INL Oversight Program164,500103,400−61,100−37.14
Coeur D'Alene Basin Commission98,400104,3005,9006.00
Total: Recurring Appropriation17.071,30014,263,800−2,807,500−16.45
Total: One Time Appropriation1,107,400152,000−955,400−86.27
Total: IDEQ18,178,70014,415,800−3,762,900−20.70
Notes: Table reflects comparison of general funds only. Dedicated state funds (e.g., non-Title V permit fees) are not included. Administration costs also need to be attributed to the various other program units. Addition of these funds would bring state recurring air totals for 2009 and 2010 to $3,842,589 and $3,389,800, respectively. Federal funds including ARRA funds are not included.

Table 1 compares overall IDEQ general funds expenses for years 2009 and 2010. While this table only shows general fund dollars, the inclusion of other dedicated funds by program unit shows similar results. As noted earlier, maintenance of effort is based solely on recurring program expenditures. The decline in recurring air program costs of just under 10% is less than the overall IDEQ budget decline of about 16.5% as well as the other individual program units of administration, water and waste. Only the smaller Coeur D'Alene Basin Commission showed any increase. Based on this information, a comparison of air program funding levels to other IDEQ programs shows that the air program was not singled out for a disproportionate or selective reduction. Table 2 compares both IDEQ and IDEQ Air program funding levels to the balance of other state agencies and programs. With only a few exceptions, the change in the IDEQ air program general funding level is consistent with changes in the budgets other state agencies and programs from 2009 to 2010. Comparison with all state agencies' aggregate budgets—totals that also include dedicated sources of funds, i.e., inclusion of revenue streams or sources that may not be subject to direct executive branch control—shows a more variable picture. EPA considered the relative size of the agencies and their budgets, their mission (e.g., public safety, health, education) and their sources of funding. Based upon these considerations, EPA concluded that neither the air program nor IDEQ overall was singled out for a disproportionate or selective reduction when compared to all the other executive agencies from 2009 to 2010.

Accordingly, consistent with criteria set forth in CAA § 105(c)(2) and consistent with the Agency's September 30, 2011 Guidance on qualifying for a non-selective reduction, EPA has determined that it is appropriate to approve IDEQ's request for a non selective reduction in its level of recurring expenditures for the 2010 grant year for its air program grant. The revised MOE level for 2010 and 2011 grant years is $3,389,800.

This notice constitutes a request for public comment and an opportunity for public hearing as required by the Clean Air Act. All written comments received by May 7, 2012 on this proposal will be considered. EPA will conduct a public hearing on this proposal only if a written request for such is received by EPA at the address above by May 7, 2012. If no written request for a hearing is received, EPA will proceed to the final determination. While notice of the final determination will not be published in the Federal Register, copies of the determination can be obtained by sending a written request to Michael McGown at the above address.

Dated: March 22, 2012.

Michelle L. Pirzadeh,

Deputy Regional Administrator, Region 10.



[FR Doc. 2012-8200 Filed 4-4-12; 8:45 am]