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Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Delaware; Amendments to the Handling, Storage, and Disposal of Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions; Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Coating Operations; Paper Coating; Coating of Flat Wood Paneling; Graphic Art Systems; and Industrial Cleaning Solvents

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Final rule.


EPA is approving a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the State of Delaware. This revision amends the control of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from industrial cleaning solvents facilities; automobile and light-duty truck coating operations; paper, film, and foil coating units; flat wood paneling products; and flexible packaging printing presses. EPA is approving this SIP revision to meet the requirements to implement reasonably available control technology (RACT) controls on emission sources covered by EPA's control techniques guidelines (CTG) in accordance with the requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA).


Effective Date: This final rule is effective on May 14, 2012.


EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID Number EPA-R03-OAR-2011-0998. All documents in the docket are listed in the Web site. Although listed in the electronic docket, some information is not publicly available, i.e., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through or in hard copy for public inspection during normal business hours at the Air Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. Copies of the State submittal are available at the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, 89 Kings Highway, P.O. Box 1401, Dover, Delaware 19903.


Gregory Becoat, (215) 814-2036, or by email at


I. Background

On February 2, 2012 (77 FR 5207), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) for the State of Delaware. The NPR proposed approval of the Delaware SIP revision that amends section 8.0, “Handling, Storage, and Disposal of Volatile Organic Compounds,” section 13.0, “Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Coating Operations,” section 16.0, “Paper Coating,” section 23.0, “Coating of Flat Wood Paneling,” section 37.0, “Graphic Art Systems,” and section 45.0, “Industrial Cleaning Solvents,” to reflect technology developments and expand VOC emission controls. The revision is part of Delaware's strategy to achieve and maintain the 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS) throughout the State. EPA received no comments on the NPR to approve Delaware's SIP revision. The formal SIP revision was submitted by the State of Delaware on June 20, 2011.

II. Summary of SIP Revision

The SIP revision consists of the following: (1) Amendments to section 8.0—Handling, Storage, and Disposal of Volatile Organic Compounds, in order to add definitions, update the existing work practice standards, and add an applicable cleaning solvent VOC content limit; (2) amendments to section 13.0—Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Coating Operations, in order to establish VOC limits in coating materials used in automobile and light-duty truck coating operations; (3) amendments to section 16.0—Paper Coating, in order to expand the regulated scope and add “film and foil coating” to the regulated category; (4) amendments to section 23.0—Coating of Flat Wood Paneling, in order to add tileboard panels and exterior sidings to the flat wood paneling product category and establish VOC emission limits, as well as establish more stringent emission limits to previously existing flat wood paneling products; (5) amendments to section 37.0—Graphic Arts Systems, in order to establish provisions for flexible packaging printing presses to the regulated category and establish efficiency requirements for control systems to be installed on the flexible packaging printing presses; and (6) amendments to section 45.0—Industrial Cleaning Solvents, in order to update the applicability for the industrial use of organic cleaning solvents and clarify that the requirements of section 45.0 are triggered based on a limit of VOC emissions rather than cleaning solvent used. Other specific requirements and the rationale for EPA's proposed action are explained in the NPR and will not be restated here.

III. Final Action

EPA is approving the control of VOC emissions from industrial cleaning solvents facilities; automobile and light-duty truck coating operations; paper, film, and foil coating units; flat wood paneling products; and flexible packaging printing presses (7 DE Admin Code 1124, sections 8.0, 13.0, 16.0, 23.0, 37.0, and 45.0) as a revision to the Delaware SIP. This SIP revision meets the requirements to implement RACT controls on emission sources.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. General Requirements

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

B. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

C. Petitions for Judicial Review

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by June 12, 2012. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action.

This action approving Delaware's control of VOCs from industrial cleaning solvents facilities; automobile and light-duty truck coating operations; paper, film, and foil coating units; flat wood paneling products; and flexible packaging printing presses may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

Dated: March 27, 2012.

W.C. Early,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region III.

40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:


1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

Subpart I—Delaware

2. In § 52.420, the table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising the entries for Regulation 1124, sections 8.0, 13.0, 16.0, 23.0, 37.0, and 45.0 to read as follows:

Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

EPA-Approved Regulations in the Delaware SIP

State regulation (7 DNREC 1100)Title/subjectState effective dateEPA approval dateAdditional explanation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
1124Control of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 8.0Handling, Storage, and Disposal of Volatile Organic Compounds3/11/114/13/12 [Insert page number where the document begins]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 13.0Automobile and Light-Duty Truck Coating Operations3/11/114/13/12 [Insert page number where the document begins]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 16.0Paper Coating3/11/114/13/12 [Insert page number where the document begins]Amended to add “film and foil coating” to the regulated category.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 23.0Coating of Flat Wood Paneling3/11/114/13/12 [Insert page number where the document begins]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 37.0Graphic Art Systems3/11/114/13/12 [Insert page number where the document begins]Amended to add “flexible packaging printing” to the regulated category.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Section 45.0Industrial Cleaning Solvents3/11/114/13/12 [Insert page number where the document begins]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *

[FR Doc. 2012-8854 Filed 4-12-12; 8:45 am]