Skip to Content


Certain Gaming and Entertainment Consoles, Related Software, and Components Thereof; Determination To Review a Final Initial Determination Finding a Violation of Section 337; Remand of the Investigation to the Administrative Law Judge

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Enhanced Content

Relevant information about this document from provides additional context. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.




Notice is hereby given that the U.S. International Trade Commission has determined to review the final initial determination (“ID”) issued by the presiding administrative law judge (“ALJ”) on April 23, 2012, finding a violation of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, 19 U.S.C. 1337, in this investigation. The Commission has also determined to remand the investigation to the ALJ.


Panyin A. Hughes, Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 205-3042. Copies of non-confidential documents filed in connection with this investigation are or will be available for inspection during official business hours (8:45 a.m. to 5:15 p.m.) in the Office of the Secretary, U.S. International Trade Commission, 500 E Street SW., Washington, DC 20436, telephone (202) 205-2000. General information concerning the Commission may also be obtained by accessing its Internet server at The public record for this investigation may be viewed on the Commission's electronic docket (EDIS) at Hearing-impaired persons are advised that information on this matter can be obtained by contacting the Commission's TDD terminal on (202) 205-1810.


The Commission instituted this investigation on December 23, 2010, based on a complaint filed by Motorola Mobility, Inc. of Libertyville, Illinois and General Instrument Corporation of Horsham, Pennsylvania (collectively “Motorola”). 75 FR 80843 (Dec. 23, 2010). The complaint alleged violations of section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1337) in the importation into the United States, the sale for importation, and the sale within the United States after importation of certain gaming and entertainment consoles, related software, and components thereof by reason of infringement of various claims of United States Patent Nos. 6,069,896 (“the ’896 patent”); 7,162,094 (“the ’094 patent”); 6,980,596 (“the ’596 patent”); 5,357,571 (“the ’571 patent”); and 5,319,712 (“the ’712 patent”). The notice of investigation named Microsoft Corporation of Redmond, Washington (“Microsoft”) as the sole respondent. The notice of investigation named the Office of Unfair Import Investigations (“OUII”) as a party in the investigation. See 75 FR 80843 (Dec. 23, 2010). OUII, however, withdrew from participation in accordance with the Commission's Strategic Human Capital Plan. See 75 FR 80843 (2010); Letter from OUII to the Administrative Law Judge (Mar. 3, 2011).

On April 23, 2012, the ALJ issued his final ID, finding a violation of section 337 by Microsoft. Specifically, the ALJ found that the Commission has subject matter jurisdiction: in rem jurisdiction over the accused products and in personam jurisdiction over the respondent. The ALJ also found that the importation requirement of section 337 (19 U.S.C. 1337(a)(1)(B)) has been satisfied. Regarding infringement, the ALJ found that Microsoft‘s accused products directly infringe claims 1 and 12 of the ’896 patent; claims 7, 8, and 10 of the ’094 patent; claim 2 of the ’596 patent; and claims 12 and 13 of the ’571 patent. Id. at 330. The ALJ, however, found that the accused products do not infringe asserted claims 6, 8, and 17, of the ’712 patent. With respect to invalidity, the ALJ found that the asserted claims of the ’896, ’094, ’571, ’712 patents and claim 2 of the ’596 patent were not invalid. However, he found asserted claim 1 of the ’596 patent invalid for anticipation. He also found that Microsoft failed to prevail on any of its equitable defenses and that Microsoft failed to establish that Motorola’s alleged obligation to provide a license on reasonable and nondiscriminatory terms (“RAND”) precluded a finding of violation of section 337. The ALJ finally concluded that an industry exists within the United States that practices the ’896, ’094, ’571, ’596 and ’712 patents as required by 19 U.S.C. 337(a)(2).

On May 7, 2012, Microsoft filed a petition for review of the ID. That same day, Motorola filed a petition and contingent petition for review. On May 15, 2012, the parties filed responses to the various petitions and contingent petition for review.

On June 8, 2012, Microsoft filed a post-RD statement on the public interest pursuant to Commission Rule 201.50(a)(4). Several non-parties also filed public interest statements in response to the post-RD Commission Notice issued on May 15, 2012. See 77 FR 28621-22 (May 15, 2012).

On June 22, 2012, Microsoft filed a motion for partial termination of the investigation. Specifically, Microsoft moved for termination of the ’094 and ’596 patents from the investigation based on facts alleged in the motion.

Having examined the record of this investigation, including the ALJ's final ID, the petitions for review, and the responses thereto, the Commission has determined to review the final ID in its entirety. Specifically, the Commission remands for the ALJ to (1) apply the Commission's opinion in Certain Electronic Devices With Image Processing Systems, Components Thereof, and Associated Software, Inv. No. 337-TA-724, Comm'n Op. (Dec. 21, 2011); (2) rule on Microsoft's motion for partial termination of the investigation filed June 22, 2012; and (3) set a new target date for completion of the investigation.

The authority for the Commission's determination is contained in section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (19 U.S.C. 1337), and in sections 210.42-46 of the Commission's Rules of Practice and Procedure (19 CFR 210.42-46).

By order of the Commission.

Issued: June 29, 2012.

Lisa R. Barton,

Acting Secretary to the Commission.

[FR Doc. 2012-16482 Filed 7-5-12; 8:45 am]