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Texas Mid-Coast National Wildlife Refuge Complex, Brazoria, Fort Bend, Matagorda, and Wharton Counties, TX; Comprehensive Conservation Plan and Environmental Assessment

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.


Notice of availability; request for comments.


We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the availability of a draft comprehensive conservation plan (CCP) and an environmental assessment (EA) for public review and comment. The draft CCP/EA describes our proposal for managing the Texas Mid-Coast National Wildlife Refuge Complex for the next 15 years. The Complex, which includes Brazoria, San Bernard, and Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs), is located approximately 50 miles south of Houston, Texas.


To ensure consideration, please send your written comments by August 15, 2012. We will announce upcoming public meetings in local news media.


You may submit comments or requests for copies or more information on the Draft CCP/EA by any of the methods listed below. You may request hard copies or a CD-ROM of the documents. Please contact Jennifer Sanchez, Project Leader, or Carol Torrez, Lead Planner/R2 NWRS NEPA Coordinator.

Email: Include “TMC NWR Complex Draft CCP and EA” in the subject line of the message.

Fax: Attn: Carol Torrez, 505-248-6803.

U.S. Mail: Carol Torrez, Lead Planner/NWRS NEPA Coordinator, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, NWRS Division of Planning, P.O. Box 1306, Albuquerque, NM 87103.

In-Person Drop-off, Viewing, or Pickup: You may drop off comments during regular business hours (8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.) at 500 Gold Street SW., 4th Floor, Room 4336, Albuquerque, NM 87102.


Jennifer Sanchez, Project Leader, Texas Mid-Coast National Wildlife Refuge Complex, CCP—Project, 5247 CR 316, Brazoria, TX 77422; phone: 979-964-4011; fax: 979-964-4021.



With this notice, we continue the CCP process for the Texas Mid-Coast NWR Complex. We started this process through a notice in the Federal Register (74 FR 29714; June 23, 2009).

The Complex is located along the upper Texas Gulf Coast, approximately 50 miles south of Houston, Texas. It is comprised of three refuges: Brazoria NWR, which was established in 1966, and encompasses 44,414 acres; San Bernard NWR, which was established in 1968, and encompasses 52,400 acres; and Big Boggy NWR, which was established in 1983, and encompasses 4,526 acres. These lands provide a vital complex of salt and freshwater marshes, sloughs, ponds, coastal prairies, and bottomland hardwood forests that provide habitat for a wide variety of resident and migratory wildlife.


The CCP Process

The National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee) (Refuge Administration Act), as amended by the National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997, requires us to develop a CCP for each national wildlife refuge. The purpose for developing a CCP is to provide refuge managers with a 15-year plan for achieving refuge purposes and contributing toward the mission of the National Wildlife Refuge System, consistent with sound principles of fish and wildlife management, conservation, legal mandates, and our policies. In addition to outlining broad management direction on conserving wildlife and their habitats, CCPs identify wildlife-dependent recreational opportunities available to the public, including opportunities for wildlife observation and photography, and environmental education and interpretation. We will review and update the CCP at least every 15 years in accordance with the Refuge Administration Act.

Public Outreach

Formal scoping began with publication of a notice of intent to prepare a comprehensive conservation plan and environmental assessment (EA) in the Federal Register on June 23, 2009 (74 FR 29714). The Refuge solicited comments on issues and concerns to aid in CCP development through three open house meetings held in September 2009.

An ecoregion-wide coordination meeting was held at the Complex's Discovery Center on December 2, 2009, to gain a better understanding of the issues within the Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes Ecoregion, where the Complex is located, and to determine the Complex's role in addressing issues impacting fish, wildlife, and their habitats within the larger landscape. In February 2010, the Complex met with representatives from the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department to discuss their concerns regarding past management, future management, and issues common to both agencies.

Additional public scoping for the Land Protection Planning process was conducted in January 2012. Three open house meetings were held to provide information on the proposed expansion and respond to questions and concerns.

The feedback received at the conclusion of the public involvement period identified numerous concerns from a variety of stakeholders. These concerns were organized by five broad issue categories and one administrative category: Ecoregion, Habitat, Wildlife, Visitor Services, and Facilities/Infrastructure Management.

CCP Alternatives We Are Considering

During the public scoping process with which we started work on this draft CCP, we, other governmental partners, Tribes, and the public, raised multiple issues. Our draft CCP addresses them. A full description of each alternative is in the EA. To address these issues, we developed and evaluated the following alternatives, summarized below.

Issue topicAlternative A—no actionAlternative B— proposed actionAlternative C
Ecoregion Management Issue 1: Climate ChangeSupplement natural forest regeneration with restoration efforts; monitor carbon sequestration; conduct education programs; and use “green” technologies and building products on all new constructionSame as Alternative A plus increase restoration efforts; utilize exchange of carbon credits; gather baseline data on habitat composition/wildlife diversity; update refuge displays; and increase use of “green” technologiesSame as Alternative B plus increase restoration efforts above described levels.
Ecoregion Management Issue 2: Erosion/Saltwater IntrusionConstruct/Use a variety of structural and some restoration techniques at various locationsSame as Alternative A plus increase the types and amounts of structural and restoration techniques usedSame as Alternative A plus increase the types and amounts of structural and restoration techniques used.
Ecoregion Management Issue: 3 Wildland Fire UseFollow direction of current Fire Management Plan (FMP)Same as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Ecoregion Management Issue 4: Petroleum DevelopmentWork cooperatively with companies to minimize impacts to refuge resourcesSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Ecoregion Management Issue 5: Land ConservationThe Complex will continue to acquire lands under the 1997 Austin's Woods Conservation Plan until the 28,000-acre cap is reachedThe Complex will acquire lands under the new Land Protection Plan up to 70,000 acresSame as Alternative B.
Habitat Management Issue 1: Gulf Coast Prairie and Marshes—Restoration and ManagementCooperative haying conducted; wetland and farmland rehabilitation. Native prairie restorationSame as Alternative A, plus increase acreage of haying, and increase number of rehabilitation projects. Increase prairie restorationSame as Alternative B plus develop seed bank on prairie restoration areas.
Habitat Management Issue 2: Gulf Coast Prairie and Marshes—Management of Invasive Species (Flora)Mechanical, chemical, and prescribed fire use allowed; grazing not allowedSame as Alternative A plus increase the types and amounts of management prescriptions used, including limited livestock grazingSame as Alternative B but diversify the types of management prescriptions used, including bison grazing.
Habitat Management Issue 3: Gulf Coast Prairie and Marshes—Prescribed Fire UseAllowed Complex-wide to improve habitats and reduce hazardous fuelsSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Habitat Management Issue 4: Gulf Coast Prairie and Marshes—Farming ProgramCooperative farming and force account farming occur on all three refugesSame as A, plus incorporate additional moist soil units into farming rotation at Brazoria NWRReduce cooperative farming acres at Brazoria NWR and eliminate farming at Big Boggy and San Bernard NWRs.
Habitat Management Issue 5: Gulf Coast Prairie and Marshes—Water ManagementRestore prairie pothole hydrology as opportunity arises; use established wells to provide freshwater to moist soil units during drought periods; and purchase water from various water authorities annuallySame as Alternative A plus drill additional wells, and develop new/rehabilitate existing water control structuresSame as Alternative B plus increase water availability through the development of partnerships and purchase of water rights; expand wetlands; and rehabilitate marshes.
Habitat Management Issue 6: Bottomland Hardwood Forest—RestorationAllow natural regeneration; where appropriate add supplemental planting of hardwood species; treat invasive speciesSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Habitat Management Issue 7: Bottomland Hardwood Forest—Water ManagementRestore previously drained wetlandsSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Habitat Management Issue 8: Dune and Beach ManagementManagement of beach resources has not been clearly defined due to recent silting in of Cedar Lakes Cut and trespass across upland vegetation on private land to access the CutCooperatively work with County and General Land Office (GLO) to provide additional protection on San Bernard Beach restricting type of access and activities by visitors that would be compatible with Refuge PurposeSame as Alternative B.
Wildlife Management Issue 1: Threatened and Endangered SpeciesImplement the Sea Turtle Recovery PlanSame as A, plus if reintroduction of APC and whooping crane occur, implement APC and whooping crane recovery plansSame as Alternative B.
Wildlife Management Issue 2: Migratory Bird Species and Species of Special Management ConcernManage a variety of habitats for resting, feeding, and reproductive purposesSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Wildlife Management Issue 3: Management of Invasive Species (Fauna)Hunting and trapping used to control feral hogs. Baiting and broad scale treatments to control antsSame as Alternative A plus release natural predators to control antsSame as Alternative A, but diversify the types of management prescriptions used for each invasive.
Visitor Services Issue 1: HuntingAllowed in designated areas for waterfowl, youth deer/feral hog hunt on San Bernard NWR, and a youth feral hog hunt. One permit area and ATV use allowed in designated area for disabled huntersSame as Alternative A plus provide a youth waterfowl hunt; revise the hunting schedule at two locationsSame as Alternative B plus provide a population reduction deer hunt.
Visitor Services Issue 2: FishingAllowed on all navigable waters and from designated locationsSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Visitor Services Issue 3: Wildlife ObservationBrazoria and San Bernard NWRs open to wildlife observation; visitors directed to designated public use areasSame as Alternative A plus construct additional photo blinds, new trails, a boardwalk, and road pull-offs to provide for additional opportunitySame as Alternative B.
Visitor Services Issue 4: Wildlife PhotographyPhoto blind at Hudson WoodsSame as Alternative A plus develop additional photography opportunitiesSame as Alternative B.
Visitor Services Issue 5: Environmental EducationVarious programs and events conductedSame as Alternative A plus increase number of programs conducted and expand programs into additional school districts at San Bernard NWRSame as Alternative B.
Visitor Services Issue 6: InterpretationOne annual 3-day eventSame as Alternative A plus expand organized interpretive programs at a variety of Refuge venues on a monthly basisSame as Alternative B.
Visitor Services Issue 7: Preservation of Historic SitesHistorical sites are identified and interpreted in public use areas when appropriateSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Visitor Services Issue 8: Entrance FeeNo entrance fee requiredRequire entrance feeProvide donation boxes at various public use areas.
Facilities Issue 1: Visitor OrientationVisitor contact station located at Brazoria NWR Discovery CenterSame as Alternative A plus additional Visitor Contact Station at San Bernard NWRSame as Alternative A plus construct stand-alone Visitor Center at San Bernard NWR Field Office.
Facilities Issue 2: Visitor Use—TrailsHiking trail provided at Brazoria and San Bernard NWRsSame as Alternative A plus construct a new trail at Brazoria NWR Field Office; provide bicycle access at Dow Woods UnitSame as Alternative B.
Facilities Issue 3: Visitor—Non-Motorized Boat Launches VisitorCanoe/Kayak launches provided at San Bernard and Brazoria NWRsSame as Alternative A plus construct one additional launchSame as Alternative B plus construct two additional launches.
Facilities Issue 4: Visitor—Signs/ExhibitsSigns and exhibits at Brazoria and San Bernard NWRsConstruct new exhibits and signs and improve quality and content of existing exhibits and signsSame as Alternative B.
Facilities Issue 5 Visitor—RoadwaysVehicular access allowed on designated refuge roadsSame as Alternative ASame as Alternative A.
Facilities Issue 6: Administrative—VolunteerRecreation vehicle pads provided at Brazoria and San Bernard NWRsConstruct new recreation vehicle site at Brazoria NWR, and expand recreation vehicle sites at San Bernard NWR; include additional facilities at both locationsSame as A, plus construct additional facilities at Brazoria NWR.
Facilities Issue 7: Administrative FacilitiesA variety of administrative/maintenance facilities available at various refugesConstruct new administrative/maintenance facilities at various refugesSame as Alternative B.

Public Availability of Documents

In addition to any methods in ADDRESSES, you can view or obtain documents at the following locations:

LibraryAddressPhone No.
Brazoria County Library City of Lake Jackson Branch250 Circle Way, Lake Jackson, TX 77566979-297-1271
Brazoria County Library West Columbia Branch518 East Brazos, West Columbia, TX 77486979-345-3394
Bay City Public Library1100 7th Street, Bay City, Texas 77414979-245-6931

Submitting Comments/Issues for Comment

We consider comments substantive if they:

  • Question, with reasonable basis, the accuracy of the information in the document;
  • Question, with reasonable basis, the adequacy of the environmental assessment (EA);
  • Present reasonable alternatives other than those presented in the EA; and/or
  • Provide new or additional information relevant to the assessment.

Next Steps

After this comment period ends, we will analyze the comments and address them in the form of a final CCP and finding of no significant impact.

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Dated: July 26, 2012.

Joy E. Nicholopoulos,

Regional Director, Southwest Region.

[FR Doc. 2012-19891 Filed 8-14-12; 8:45 am]