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Migratory Bird Hunting; Late Seasons and Bag and Possession Limits for Certain Migratory Game Birds

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ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This rule prescribes the hunting seasons, hours, areas, and daily bag and possession limits for general waterfowl seasons and those early seasons for which States previously deferred selection. Taking of migratory birds is prohibited unless specifically provided for by annual regulations. This rule permits the taking of designated species during the 2012-13 season.

DATES:

This rule is effective on September 22, 2012.

ADDRESSES:

You may inspect comments received on the migratory bird hunting regulations during normal business hours at the Service's office in room 4107, Arlington Square Building, 4501 N. Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA. You may obtain copies of referenced reports from the street address above, or from the Division of Migratory Bird Management's Web site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/, or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ron W. Kokel, Division of Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, (703) 358-1714.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Regulations Schedule for 2012

On April 17, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR 23094) a proposal to amend 50 CFR part 20. The proposal provided a background and overview of the migratory bird hunting regulations process, and addressed the establishment of seasons, limits, and other regulations for hunting migratory game birds under §§ 20.101 through 20.107, 20.109, and 20.110 of subpart K. Major steps in the 2012-13 regulatory cycle relating to open public meetings and Federal Register notifications were also identified in the April 17 proposed rule. Further, we explained that all sections of subsequent documents outlining hunting frameworks and guidelines were organized under numbered headings.

On May 17, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR 29516) a second document providing supplemental proposals for early- and late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. The May 17 supplement also provided detailed information on the 2012-13 regulatory schedule and announced the Service Regulations Committee (SRC) and Flyway Council meetings.

On June 12, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR 34931) a third document revising our previously announced dates of the June 2012 SRC meetings.

On June 19 and 20, 2012, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants where the participants reviewed information on the current status of migratory shore and upland game birds and developed recommendations for the 2012-13 regulations for these species plus regulations for migratory game birds in Alaska, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, special September waterfowl seasons in designated States, special sea duck seasons in the Atlantic Flyway, and extended falconry seasons. In addition, we reviewed and discussed preliminary information on the status of waterfowl as it relates to the development and selection of the regulatory packages for the 2012-13 regular waterfowl seasons.

On July 20, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR 42920) a fourth document specifically dealing with the proposed frameworks for early-season regulations. On August 30, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR 53118) a final rule that contained final frameworks for early migratory bird hunting seasons from which wildlife conservation agency officials from the States, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands selected early-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits. Subsequently, on August 31, 2012, we published a final rule in the Federal Register (77 FR 53752) amending subpart K of title 50 CFR part 20 to set hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for early seasons.

On July 25-26, 2012, we held open meetings with the Flyway Council Consultants, at which the participants reviewed the status of waterfowl and developed recommendations for the 2012-13 regulations for these species. Proposed hunting regulations were discussed for late seasons. On August 17, 2012, we published in the Federal Register (77 FR 49868) the proposed frameworks for the 2012-13 late-season migratory bird hunting regulations. We published final late-season frameworks for migratory game bird hunting regulations, from which State wildlife conservation agency officials selected late-season hunting dates, hours, areas, and limits for 2012-13, in a September 20, 2012, Federal Register.

The final rule described here is the final in the series of proposed, supplemental, and final rulemaking documents for migratory game bird hunting regulations for 2012-13 and deals specifically with amending subpart K of 50 CFR part 20. It sets hunting seasons, hours, areas, and limits for species subject to late-season regulations and those for early seasons that States previously deferred.

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Consideration

NEPA considerations are covered by the programmatic document “Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Issuance of Annual Regulations Permitting the Sport Hunting of Migratory Birds (FSES 88-14),” filed with the Environmental Protection Agency on June 9, 1988. We published a notice of availability in the Federal Register on June 16, 1988 (53 FR 22582). We published our Record of Decision on August 18, 1988 (53 FR 31341). In addition, an August 1985 environmental assessment entitled “Guidelines for Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations on Federal Indian Reservations and Ceded Lands” is available from the address indicated under the caption FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

In a notice published in the September 8, 2005, Federal Register (70 FR 53376), we announced our intent to develop a new Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS) for the migratory bird hunting program. Public scoping meetings were held in the spring of 2006, as detailed in a March 9, 2006, Federal Register (71 FR 12216). We released the draft SEIS on July 9, 2010 (75 FR 39577). The draft SEIS is available either by writing to the address indicated under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT or by viewing our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds.

Endangered Species Act Consideration

Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543; 87 Stat. 884), provides that, “The Secretary shall review other programs administered by him and utilize such programs in furtherance of the purposes of this Act” (and) shall “insure that any action authorized, funded, or carried out * * * is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered species or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of [critical] habitat * * * .” Consequently, we conducted formal consultations to ensure that actions resulting from these regulations would not likely jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat. Findings from these consultations are included in a biological opinion, which concluded that the regulations are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any endangered or threatened species. Additionally, these findings may have caused modification of some regulatory measures previously proposed, and the final frameworks reflect any such modifications. Our biological opinions resulting from this section 7 consultation are public documents available for public inspection at the address indicated under ADDRESSES.

Regulatory Planning and Review (Executive Orders 12866 and 13563)

Executive Order 12866 provides that the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) will review all significant rules. OIRA has determined that this rule is significant because it will have an annual effect of $100 million or more on the economy.

Executive Order 13563 reaffirms the principles of E.O. 12866 while calling for improvements in the nation's regulatory system to promote predictability, to reduce uncertainty, and to use the best, most innovative, and least burdensome tools for achieving regulatory ends. The executive order directs agencies to consider regulatory approaches that reduce burdens and maintain flexibility and freedom of choice for the public where these approaches are relevant, feasible, and consistent with regulatory objectives. E.O. 13563 emphasizes further that regulations must be based on the best available science and that the rulemaking process must allow for public participation and an open exchange of ideas. We have developed this rule in a manner consistent with these requirements.

An economic analysis was prepared for the 2008-09 season. This analysis was based on data from the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey, the most recent year for which data are available (see discussion in Regulatory Flexibility Act section below). This analysis estimated consumer surplus for three alternatives for duck hunting (estimates for other species are not quantified due to lack of data). The alternatives are (1) issue restrictive regulations allowing fewer days than those issued during the 2007-08 season, (2) Issue moderate regulations allowing more days than those in alternative 1, and (3) Issue liberal regulations identical to the regulations in the 2007-08 season. For the 2008-09 season, we chose alternative 3, with an estimated consumer surplus across all flyways of $205-$270 million. We also chose alternative 3 for the 2009-10 and the 2010-11 seasons. For the 2012-13 season, we are again selecting alternative 3. For these reasons, we have not conducted a new economic analysis, but the 2008-09 analysis is part of the record for this rule and is available at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The annual migratory bird hunting regulations have a significant economic impact on substantial numbers of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). We analyzed the economic impacts of the annual hunting regulations on small business entities in detail as part of the 1981 cost-benefit analysis. This analysis was revised annually from 1990-95. In 1995, the Service issued a Small Entity Flexibility Analysis (Analysis), which was subsequently updated in 1996, 1998, 2004, and 2008. The primary source of information about hunter expenditures for migratory game bird hunting is the National Hunting and Fishing Survey, which is conducted at 5-year intervals. The 2008 Analysis was based on the 2006 National Hunting and Fishing Survey and the U.S. Department of Commerce's County Business Patterns, from which it was estimated that migratory bird hunters would spend approximately $1.2 billion at small businesses in 2008. Copies of the Analysis are available upon request from the Division of Migratory Bird Management (see ADDRESSES) or from our Web site at http://www.fws.gov/migratorybirds/NewReportsPublications/SpecialTopics/SpecialTopics.html#HuntingRegs or at http://www.regulations.gov at Docket No. FWS-R9-MB-2012-0005.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

This rule is a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act. For the reasons outlined above, this rule will have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more. However, because this rule establishes hunting seasons, we are not deferring the effective date under the exemption contained in 5 U.S.C. 808(1).

Paperwork Reduction Act

We examined these regulations under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). The various recordkeeping and reporting requirements imposed under regulations established in 50 CFR part 20, subpart K, are utilized in the formulation of migratory game bird hunting regulations. Specifically, OMB has approved the information collection requirements of our Migratory Bird Surveys and assigned control number 1018-0023 (expires 4/30/2014). This information is used to provide a sampling frame for voluntary national surveys to improve our harvest estimates for all migratory game birds in order to better manage these populations. OMB has also approved the information collection requirements of the Alaska Subsistence Household Survey, an associated voluntary annual household survey used to determine levels of subsistence take in Alaska, and assigned control number 1018-0124 (expires 4/30/2013). A Federal agency may not conduct or sponsor and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

We have determined and certify, in compliance with the requirements of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, 2 U.S.C. 1502 et seq., that this rulemaking will not impose a cost of $100 million or more in any given year on local or State government or private entities. Therefore, this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Civil Justice Reform—Executive Order 12988

The Department, in promulgating this rule, has determined that this rule will not unduly burden the judicial system and that it meets the requirements of sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.

Takings Implication Assessment

In accordance with Executive Order 12630, this rule, authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, does not have significant takings implications and does not affect any constitutionally protected property rights. This rule will not result in the physical occupancy of property, the physical invasion of property, or the regulatory taking of any property. In fact, this rule allows hunters to exercise otherwise unavailable privileges and, therefore, reduces restrictions on the use of private and public property.

Energy Effects—Executive Order 13211

Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of Energy Effects when undertaking certain actions. While this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866, it is not expected to adversely affect energy supplies, distribution, or use. Therefore, this action is not a significant energy action and no Statement of Energy Effects is required.

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

In accordance with the President's memorandum of April 29, 1994, “Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments” (59 FR 22951), Executive Order 13175, and 512 DM 2, we have evaluated possible effects on Federally recognized Indian tribes and have determined that there are no effects on Indian trust resources. However, in the April 17 Federal Register, we solicited proposals for special migratory bird hunting regulations for certain Tribes on Federal Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and ceded lands for the 2012-13 migratory bird hunting season. The resulting proposals were contained in a separate August 16, 2012, proposed rule (77 FR 49680). By virtue of these actions, we have consulted with Tribes affected by this rule.

Federalism Effects

Due to the migratory nature of certain species of birds, the Federal Government has been given responsibility over these species by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We annually prescribe frameworks from which the States make selections regarding the hunting of migratory birds, and we employ guidelines to establish special regulations on Federal Indian reservations and ceded lands. This process preserves the ability of the States and tribes to determine which seasons meet their individual needs. Any State or Indian tribe may be more restrictive than the Federal frameworks at any time. The frameworks are developed in a cooperative process with the States and the Flyway Councils. This process allows States to participate in the development of frameworks from which they will make selections, thereby having an influence on their own regulations. These rules do not have a substantial direct effect on fiscal capacity, change the roles or responsibilities of Federal or State governments, or intrude on State policy or administration. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, these regulations do not have significant federalism effects and do not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.

Regulations Promulgation

The rulemaking process for migratory game bird hunting must, by its nature, operate under severe time constraints. However, we intend that the public be given the greatest possible opportunity to comment. Thus, when the preliminary proposed rulemaking was published, we established what we believed were the longest periods possible for public comment. In doing this, we recognized that when the comment period closed, time would be of the essence. That is, if there were a delay in the effective date of these regulations after this final rulemaking, States would have insufficient time to select season dates and limits; to communicate those selections to us; and to establish and publicize the necessary regulations and procedures to implement their decisions. We find that “good cause” exists, within the terms of 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) of the Administrative Procedure Act, and therefore, under authority of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (July 3, 1918), as amended (16 U.S.C. 703-711), these regulations will take effect less than 30 days after publication. Accordingly, with each conservation agency having had an opportunity to participate in selecting the hunting seasons desired for its State or Territory on those species of migratory birds for which open seasons are now prescribed, and consideration having been given to all other relevant matters presented, certain sections of title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K, are hereby amended as set forth below.

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 20

Dated: September 11, 2012.

Michael J. Bean,

Acting Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fish and Wildlife and Parks.

For the reasons set out in the preamble, title 50, chapter I, subchapter B, part 20, subpart K of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

PART 20—[AMENDED]

1. The authority citation for part 20 continues to read as follows:

Authority: Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 40 Stat. 755, 16 U.S.C. 703-712; Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956, 16 U.S.C. 742a-j; Pub. L. 106-108, 113 Stat. 1491, Note Following 16 U.S.C. 703.

Note:

The following annual regulations provided for by §§ 20.104, 20.105, 20.106, 20.107, and 20.109 of 50 CFR part 20 will not appear in the Code of Federal Regulations because of their seasonal nature. Check state regulations for additional restrictions and delineations of geographical areas. Special restrictions may apply on Federal and State public hunting areas and Federal Indian Reservations.

2. Section 20.104 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows:

Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for rails, woodcock, and common snipe.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Area descriptions were published in the August 17, 2012 (77 FR 49868) and August 30, 2012 (77 FR 53118), Federal Registers.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012, Federal Register (77 FR 53752).

Sora & virginia railsClapper & king railsWoodcockCommon snipe
Daily bag limit25 (1)15 (2)38.
Possession limit25 (1)30 (2)616.
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Massachusetts (5)Sept. 1-Nov. 9ClosedOct. 3-Oct. 27 & Oct. 29-Nov. 17Sept. 1-Dec. 15.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Louisiana:
West ZoneSept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 3-Dec. 10 & Dec. 22-Feb. 28.
East ZoneSept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 3-Dec. 3 & Dec. 15-Feb. 28.
Coastal ZoneSept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Sept. 15-Sept. 30 & Nov. 10-Jan. 2Dec. 18-Jan. 31Nov. 3-Dec. 3 & Dec. 15-Feb. 28.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Tennessee:
Reelfoot ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27ClosedOct. 27-Dec. 10Nov. 10-Nov. 11 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27.
State ZoneNov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27ClosedOct. 27-Dec. 10Nov. 24-Nov. 25 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27.
Wisconsin:
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 4 & Nov. 10-Nov. 25ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 22-Nov. 4 & Nov. 10-Nov. 25.
South ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 29-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2
Miss. River ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2ClosedSept. 22-Nov. 5Sept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona (18):
North ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 5-Jan. 13.
South ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 19-Jan. 27.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Idaho:
Zone 1ClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Jan. 18.
Zone 2ClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Jan. 25.
Zone 3ClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Jan. 25.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Nevada:
Northeast ZoneClosedClosedClosedSept. 22-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 6.
Northwest ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 27.
South Zone (19)ClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Oct. 31 & Nov. 3-Jan. 27.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Oregon:
Zone 1ClosedClosedClosedNov. 3-Feb. 17.
Zone 2ClosedClosedClosedOct. 6-Nov. 25 & Nov. 28-Jan. 20.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Washington:
East ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Oct. 17 & Oct. 20-Jan. 27.
West ZoneClosedClosedClosedOct. 13-Oct. 17 & Oct. 20-Jan. 27.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(1) The bag and possession limits for sora and Virginia rails apply singly or in the aggregate of these species.
(2) All bag and possession limits for clapper and king rails apply singly or in the aggregate of the two species and, unless otherwise specified, the limits are in addition to the limits on sora and Virginia rails in all States. In Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, the limits for clapper and king rails are 10 daily and 20 in possession. See also footnote (6) below.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(5) In Massachusetts, the sora rail limits are 5 daily and 5 in possession; the Virginia rail limits are 10 daily and 10 in possession.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(18) In Arizona, Ashurst Lake in Unit 5B is closed to common snipe hunting.
(19) In Nevada, the snipe season for the Clarke County portion of the South Zone is only open November 3 to January 27.

3. In § 20.105, paragraphs (a), (b), and (f) are amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order and paragraph (e) is revised to read as follows:

Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for waterfowl, coots, and gallinules.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the August 17, 2012 (77 FR 49868) and August 30, 2012 (77 FR 53118), Federal Registers.

(a) Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules. (Atlantic, Mississippi, and Central Flyways)

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012, Federal Register (77 FR 53752). The zones named in this paragraph are the same as those used for setting duck seasons.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
GeorgiaNov. 17-Nov. 25 &1530
Dec. 8-Jan. 271530
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
VirginiaOct. 4-Oct. 8 &1530
Nov. 17-Dec. 1 &1530
Dec. 8-Jan. 261530
West VirginiaOct. 1-Oct. 13 &1530
Dec. 17-Jan. 261530
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
LouisianaSept. 15-Sept. 30 &1530
Nov. 10-Jan. 21530
Michigan:
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 16 &12
Nov. 22-Nov. 2512
Middle ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 25 &12
Dec. 15-Dec. 1612
South ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 30 &12
Dec. 29-Jan. 112
Minnesota (3):
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 201530
Central ZoneSept. 22-Sept 30 &1530
Oct. 6-Nov. 251530
South ZoneSept. 22-Sept 30 &1530
Oct. 13-Dec. 21530
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Tennessee:
Reelfoot ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 11 &1530
Dec. 1-Jan. 271530
State ZoneNov. 24-Nov. 25 &1530
Dec. 1-Jan. 271530
Wisconsin:
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 4 &1530
Nov. 10-Nov. 251530
South ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 7 &1530
Oct. 13-Dec. 21530
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 &1530
Oct. 13-Dec. 21530
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
PACIFIC FLYWAY
All StatesSeasons are in aggregate with coots and listed in paragraph (e).
    *         *         *         *         *         *         *
(3) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 30 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.

(b) Sea Ducks (scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks in Atlantic Flyway).

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012, Federal Register (77 FR 53752).

Within the special sea duck areas, the daily bag limit is 7 scoter, eider, and long-tailed ducks of which no more than 4 may be scoters. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limit. These limits may be in addition to regular duck bag limits only during the regular duck season in the special sea duck hunting areas.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
GeorgiaNov. 17-Nov. 25 &714
Dec. 8-Jan. 27714
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MarylandOct. 1-Jan. 31510
Massachusetts (4)Oct. 8-Jan. 31714
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
North CarolinaOct. 1-Jan. 31714
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
South CarolinaOct. 13-Jan. 27714
VirginiaOct. 4-Jan. 31714
Note: Notwithstanding the provisions of this part 20, the shooting of crippled waterfowl from a motorboat under power will be permitted in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Delaware, Virginia, and Maryland in those areas described, delineated, and designated in their respective hunting regulations as special sea duck hunting areas.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(4) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 eiders (only 1 of which may be a hen) and 4 long-tailed ducks.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *

(e) Waterfowl, Coots, and Pacific-Flyway Seasons for Common Moorhens and Purple Gallinules.

Definitions

The Atlantic Flyway: Includes Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.

The Mississippi Flyway: Includes Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

The Central Flyway: Includes Colorado (east of the Continental Divide), Kansas, Montana (Blaine, Carbon, Fergus, Judith Basin, Stillwater, Sweetgrass, Wheatland, and all counties east thereof), Nebraska, New Mexico (east of the Continental Divide except that the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation is in the Pacific Flyway), North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming (east of the Continental Divide).

The Pacific Flyway: Includes the States of Arizona, California, Colorado (west of the Continental Divide), Idaho, Montana (including and to the west of Hill, Chouteau, Cascade, Meagher, and Park Counties), Nevada, New Mexico (the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation and west of the Continental Divide), Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming (west of the Continental Divide including the Great Divide Basin).

Light Geese: Includes lesser snow (including blue) geese, greater snow geese, and Ross's geese.

Dark Geese: Includes Canada geese, white-fronted geese, emperor geese, brant (except in California, Oregon, Washington, and the Atlantic Flyway), and all other geese except light geese.

Atlantic Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (2 hen mallards), 4 scaup, 1 black duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 1 mottled duck, 3 wood ducks, 2 redheads, and 1 fulvous tree duck. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Harlequin Ducks: All areas of the Flyway are closed to harlequin duck hunting.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers with 10 in possession and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Connecticut:
Ducks and Mergansers:612
North ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 24 &
Nov. 10-Jan. 7
South ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 18 &
Nov. 17-Jan. 19
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
AFRP UnitOct. 13-Oct. 18 &510
Nov. 15-Nov. 24 &510
Dec. 1-Feb. 15510
NAP H-UnitOct. 10-Oct. 24 &24
Nov. 22-Jan. 1524
AP UnitOct. 19-Oct. 24 &36
Nov. 17-Jan. 836
Special SeasonJan. 16-Feb. 9510
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 2-Jan. 16 &25
Feb. 22-Mar. 925
South ZoneOct. 2-Dec. 1 &25
Jan. 7-Mar. 925
Brant:
North ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 724
South ZoneNov. 23-Jan. 1924
Delaware:
DucksOct. 26-Nov. 7 &612
Nov. 19-Nov. 29 &612
Dec. 13-Jan. 26612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 19-Nov. 29 &24
Dec. 13-Jan. 2624
Light Geese (1)Oct. 1-Jan. 2625
BrantDec. 1-Jan. 2624
Florida:
DucksNov. 17-Nov. 25 &612
Dec. 8-Jan. 27612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 17-Nov. 25 &510
Dec. 1-Jan. 30510
Light GeeseSame as for Ducks15
Georgia:
DucksNov. 17-Nov. 25 &612
Dec. 8-Jan. 27612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseSame as for Ducks510
Light GeeseSame as for Ducks510
BrantClosed
Maine:
Ducks (2):612
North ZoneSept. 24-Dec. 1
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 &
Oct. 29-Dec. 22
Coastal ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 20 &
Nov. 19-Jan. 5
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks510
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 824
South ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Coastal ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Light GeeseOct. 1-Jan. 3125
Brant:
North ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 2724
South ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 13 &24
Oct. 29-Dec. 1124
Coastal ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 20 &24
Nov. 19-Dec. 2524
Maryland:
Ducks and Mergansers (3)Oct. 13-Oct. 20 &612
Nov. 10-Nov. 23 &612
Dec. 11-Jan. 26612
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
RP ZoneNov. 17-Nov. 23 &510
Dec. 11-Mar. 6510
AP ZoneNov. 17-Nov. 23 &24
Dec. 11-Jan. 3024
Light GeeseOct. 6-Nov. 23 &25
Dec. 11-Jan. 30 &25
Feb. 9 only25
BrantNov. 14-Nov. 23 &24
Dec. 11-Jan. 2624
Massachusetts:
Ducks (4)612
Western ZoneOct. 10-Nov. 24 &
Dec. 10-Jan. 1
Central ZoneOct. 8-Nov. 24 &
Dec. 17-Jan. 5
Coastal ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 20 &
Nov. 21-Jan. 21
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
NAP Zone:
Central ZoneOct. 8-Nov. 24 &24
Dec. 17-Jan. 524
(Special season)Jan. 17-Feb. 15510
Coastal ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 20 &24
Nov. 21-Jan. 2124
(Special season) (5)Jan. 22-Feb. 15510
AP ZoneOct. 10-Nov. 24 &36
Dec. 10-Dec. 2036
Light Geese:
Western ZoneSame as for Ducks1530
Central ZoneSame as for Ducks &1530
Jan. 17-Feb. 151530
Coastal Zone (5)Same as for Ducks &1530
Jan. 22-Feb. 151530
Brant:
Western & Central ZoneClosed
Coastal ZoneNov. 17-Nov. 24 &24
Dec. 13-Jan. 3124
New Hampshire:
Ducks612
Northern ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 30
Inland ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 &
Nov. 21-Dec. 16
Coastal ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 14 &
Nov. 21-Jan. 7
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Northern ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Inland ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Coastal ZoneSame as for Ducks24
Light Geese:
Northern ZoneOct. 2-Dec. 1625
Inland ZoneOct. 2-Dec. 1625
Coastal ZoneOct. 3-Jan. 725
Brant:
Northern ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 2024
Inland ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 2024
Coastal ZoneOct. 3-Nov. 2124
New Jersey:
Ducks612
North ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 25 &
Nov. 10-Jan. 5
South ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 3 &
Nov. 17-Jan. 10
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 17 &
Nov. 22-Jan. 22
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada and White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 24 &36
Dec. 15-Jan. 2636
South ZoneNov. 17-Dec 1 &36
Dec. 15-Jan. 2636
Coastal ZoneNov. 22-Dec. 1 &36
Dec. 6-Jan. 2236
(Special season)Jan. 28-Feb. 15510
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 17-Feb. 1525
South ZoneOct. 17-Feb. 1525
Coastal ZoneOct. 17-Feb. 1525
Brant:
North ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 25 &24
Nov. 22-Jan. 524
South ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 3 &24
Nov. 17-Dec. 2924
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 17 &24
Nov. 22-Jan. 1024
New York:
Ducks and Mergansers:612
Long Island ZoneNov. 23-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 2-Jan. 27
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 17 &
Oct. 27-Dec. 20
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 14 &
Oct. 27-Dec. 16
Southeastern ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 21 &
Nov. 10-Dec. 30
Western ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 9 &
Dec. 29-Jan. 13
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Western Long Island (AFRP)Nov. 23-Mar. 9816
Central Long Island (NAP-L)Nov. 23-Nov. 25 &36
Dec. 2-Feb. 636
Eastern Long Island (NAP-H)Dec. 2-Jan. 3024
Lake Champlain (AP) ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 136
Northeast (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 1536
East Central (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 16 &36
Nov. 24-Dec. 2236
Hudson Valley (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 16 &36
Dec. 8-Jan. 536
West Central (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 27 &36
Dec. 29-Jan. 1536
South (AFRP)Oct. 27-Dec. 11 &510
Dec. 29-Jan. 15 &510
Feb. 23-Mar. 10510
(Special season)Feb. 7-Feb. 14510
Light Geese (6):
Long Island ZoneNov. 23-Mar. 925
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 2925
Northeastern ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1525
Southeastern ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1525
Western ZoneOct. 1-Jan. 1525
Brant:
Long Island ZoneNov. 23-Nov. 25 &24
Dec. 12-Jan. 2724
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 124
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 2424
Southeastern ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 124
Western ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 2424
North Carolina:
Ducks (7)Oct. 3-Oct. 6 &612
Nov. 10-Dec. 1 &612
Dec. 15-Jan. 26612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
RP Hunt ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 13 &510
Nov. 10-Dec. 1 &510
Dec. 15-Feb. 9510
SJBP Hunt ZoneOct. 3-Oct. 31 &510
Nov. 10-Dec. 31510
Northeast Hunt Zone (8)Jan. 19-Jan. 2612
Light Geese (9)Oct. 17-Oct. 20 &25
Nov. 10-Mar. 925
BrantNov. 17-Dec. 1 &24
Dec. 15-Jan. 2624
Pennsylvania:
Ducks612
North ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 20 &
Nov. 13-Jan. 5
South ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 20 &
Nov. 15-Jan. 15
Northwest ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 14
Lake Erie ZoneOct. 22-Dec. 29
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneNov. 13-Nov. 24 &36
Dec. 13-Jan. 2636
SJBP ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 24 &36
Dec. 10-Jan. 1836
Resident (RP) ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 24 &510
Dec. 11-Jan. 15 &510
Feb. 1-Feb. 28510
Light Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneOct. 27-Jan. 2625
SJBP ZoneOct. 27-Jan. 1825
Resident (RP) ZoneOct. 27-Feb. 2825
BrantOct. 6-Dec. 324
Rhode Island:
DucksOct. 12-Oct. 15 &612
Nov. 21-Nov. 25 &612
Dec. 1-Jan. 20612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 17-Nov. 25 &24
Dec. 1-Jan. 2024
(Special season)Jan. 25-Feb. 10510
Light GeeseOct. 6-Jan. 2015
BrantDec. 2-Jan. 2024
South Carolina:
Ducks (10)(11)Nov. 17-Nov. 24 &612
Dec. 1 only &612
Dec. 8-Jan. 27612
Mergansers (12)Same as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada and White-fronted Geese (13)Nov. 17-Nov. 24 &510
Dec. 1-Feb. 1 &510
Feb. 4-Feb. 7510
Light GeeseSame as for Ducks25
BrantDec. 9-Jan. 2724
Vermont:
Ducks612
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Oct 17 &
Oct. 27-Dec. 20
Interior ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 11
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 &
Nov. 21-Dec. 16
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 136
Interior ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 136
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 4 &24
Nov. 21-Dec. 1624
Light Geese:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 2925
Interior ZoneOct. 1-Dec. 2925
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Dec. 1625
Brant:
Lake Champlain ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 124
Interior ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 124
Connecticut River ZoneOct. 2-Nov. 2024
Virginia:
Ducks (14)Oct. 4-Oct. 8 &612
Nov. 17-Dec. 1 &612
Dec. 8-Jan. 26612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Eastern (AP) ZoneNov. 17-Dec. 1 &24
Dec. 20-Jan. 3124
Western (SJBP) ZoneNov. 17-Dec. 1 &36
Dec. 14-Jan. 14 &36
(Special season)Jan. 15-Feb. 15510
Western (RP) ZoneNov. 17-Dec. 1 &510
Dec. 8-Feb. 23510
Light GeeseOct. 4-Jan. 3125
BrantNov. 17-Nov. 24 &24
Dec. 8-Jan. 2624
West Virginia:
Ducks (15)Oct. 1-Oct. 13 &612
Nov. 5-Nov. 10 &612
Dec. 17-Jan. 26612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseOct. 1-Oct. 27 &510
Nov. 5-Nov. 10 &510
Dec. 17-Jan. 31510
Light GeeseSame as for Canada Geese510
BrantDec. 17-Jan. 2624
(1) In Delaware, the Bombay Hook NWR snow goose season is open Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays only.
(2) In Maine, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any species, with no more than 8 of any one species in possession. The season for Barrow's goldeneye is closed.
(3) In Maryland, the black duck season is closed October 13 through October 20.
(4) In Massachusetts, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 of any single species in addition to the flyway-wide bag restrictions.
(5) In Massachusetts, the January 22 to February 15 portion of the season in the Coastal Zone is restricted to that portion of the Coastal Zone north of the Cape Cod Canal.
(6) In New York, light geese may be taken with the aid of recorded or electrically amplified calls in any area or zone when all other waterfowl seasons are closed.
(7) In North Carolina, the season is closed for black ducks October 3 through October 6 and November 10 through November 16. The daily bag limit for black and mottled ducks is combined with no more than 1 allowed in the daily bag.
(8) In North Carolina, a permit is required to hunt Canada geese in the Northeast Hunt Zone.
(9) In North Carolina, electronic calls and unplugged shotguns are allowed for light geese from February 11 through March 9.
(10) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit of 6 may not exceed 1 black-bellied whistling duck, and 1 black duck or 1 mottled duck in the aggregate.
(11) In South Carolina, on December 1, 2012, only youth less than 18 years of age may hunt, but they must be accompanied by an adult of at least 21 years of age who is fully licensed, including a Federal Waterfowl Stamp, State waterfowl stamp, and HIP permit. Youth who are 16 and 17 years of age, who hunt, must possess a Federal Waterfowl Stamp and HIP permit.
(12) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit for mergansers may include no more than 1 hooded merganser.
(13) In South Carolina, the daily bag limit may include no more than 2 white-fronted geese.
(14) In Virginia, the season is closed for black ducks October 4 through October 8.
(15) In West Virginia, the daily bag limit may include no more than 4 long-tailed ducks, and the season is closed for eiders, whistling ducks, and mottled ducks.

Mississippi Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit of 6 ducks may include no more than 4 mallards (no more than 2 of which may be females), 1 mottled duck, 1 black duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 2 redheads, 4 scaup, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The merganser limits include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In states that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Alabama:
Ducks:
North ZoneNov. 23-Nov. 24 & Dec. 1-Jan. 27612
South ZoneSame as North Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Dark Geese:
North Zone:
SJBP ZoneSept. 22-Oct. 9 &36
Nov. 23-Nov. 24 &36
Dec. 1-Jan. 2736
Rest of North ZoneSame as SJBP Zone36
South ZoneSame as Rest of North Zone36
White-fronted Geese:
North Zone:
SJBP ZoneNov. 23-Nov. 24 &24
Dec. 1-Jan. 2724
Rest of North ZoneSame as SJBP Zone24
South ZoneSame as Rest of North Zone24
Light Geese:
North Zone:
SJBP ZoneSame as Rest of North Zone510
Monroe and Escambia CountiesOct. 27-Nov. 11 &510
Nov. 23-Nov. 24 &510
Dec. 1-Jan. 27510
Rest of North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese510
South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese510
Arkansas:
DucksNov. 17-Nov. 25 &612
Dec. 6-Dec. 23 &612
Dec. 26-Jan. 27612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Northwest ZoneSept. 22-Oct. 1 &24
Nov. 17-Jan. 2724
Remainder of StateNov. 17-Jan. 2724
White-fronted GeeseNov. 17-Jan. 2724
BrantClosed
Light GeeseNov. 3-Jan. 2720
Illinois:
Ducks:
North ZoneOct. 20-Dec. 18612
Central ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 25
South Central ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 8
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 20
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 1724
Central ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 12 &24
Nov. 20-Jan. 3124
South Central ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 3124
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 3124
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 1724
Central ZoneNov. 19-Jan. 3124
South Central ZoneNov. 19-Jan. 3124
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 3124
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 1720
Central ZoneOct. 27-Jan. 3120
South Central ZoneNov. 10-Jan. 3120
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 3120
BrantSame as for Light Geese12
Indiana:
Ducks:
North ZoneOct. 20-Dec. 9 &612
Dec. 22-Dec. 30
Central ZoneNov. 3-Dec. 25 &
Jan. 14-Jan. 20
South ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 4 &
Nov. 24-Jan. 20
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 11 &36
Nov. 22-Jan. 6 &36
Jan. 19-Jan. 2336
Central ZoneNov. 3-Dec. 25 &36
Jan. 7-Jan. 2736
South ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 11 &36
Nov. 24-Jan. 2736
Late Season ZoneFeb. 1-Feb. 15510
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Canada Geese24
Central ZoneSame as for Canada Geese24
South ZoneSame as for Canada Geese24
Brant:
North ZoneSame as for Canada Geese12
Central ZoneSame as for Canada Geese12
South ZoneSame as for Canada Geese12
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 3120
Central ZoneSame as North Zone20
South ZoneSame as North Zone20
Iowa:
Ducks:
North ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 26 &612
Oct. 13-Dec. 6
Missouri River ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 26 &
Oct. 27-Dec 20
South ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 26 &
Oct. 20-Dec. 13
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 31 &24
Nov. 1-Jan. 436
Missouri River ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 31 &24
Nov. 1-Jan. 1836
South ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 31 &24
Nov. 1-Jan. 1136
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneSept. 29-Dec. 1124
Missouri River ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 2524
South ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 1824
Brant:
North ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
Missouri River ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
South ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
Light Geese:
North ZoneSept. 29-Jan. 1320
Missouri River ZoneOct. 13-Jan. 1820
South ZoneOct. 6-Jan. 1820
Kentucky:
Ducks:
West ZoneNov. 22-Nov. 25 &612
Dec. 3-Jan. 27
East ZoneSame as West Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 22-Jan. 3124
White-fronted GeeseNov. 22-Jan. 3124
BrantNov. 22-Jan. 3112
Light GeeseNov. 22-Jan. 3120
Louisiana:
Ducks:
West ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 9 &612
Dec. 22-Jan. 20
East Zone (including Catahoula Lake)Nov. 17-Dec. 2 & Dec. 15-Jan. 27
Coastal ZoneNov. 10 Dec. 2 &
Dec. 15-Jan. 20
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese (1):
West ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 9 &36
Dec. 22-Jan. 3136
East ZoneNov. 3-Dec. 2 &36
Dec. 15-Jan. 2736
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 2 &36
Dec. 15-Jan. 3136
White-fronted (1):
West ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 9 &24
Dec. 22-Feb. 324
East ZoneNov. 3-Dec. 2 &24
Dec. 15-Jan. 2724
Coastal ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 2 &24
Dec. 15-Feb. 324
BrantClosed
Light Geese:
West ZoneSame as for White-fronted20
East ZoneSame as for White-fronted20
Coastal ZoneSame as for White-fronted20
Michigan:
Ducks (2):
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 16 &612
Nov. 22-Nov. 25
Middle ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 15-Dec. 16
South ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 30 &
Dec. 29-Jan. 1
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneSept. 22-Dec. 2224
Middle ZoneSept. 29-Dec. 2924
South Zone:
Muskegon Wastewater GMUOct. 9-Nov. 13 & Dec. 1-Dec. 2324
Allegan County GMUOct. 6-Nov. 25 &24
Dec. 8-Dec. 23 &24
Dec. 29-Jan. 2224
Saginaw County GMUSept. 22-Sept. 25 &24
Oct. 6-Jan. 124
Tuscola/Huron GMUSame as Saginaw County GMU24
Remainder of South ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 23 &24
Oct. 6-Nov. 30 &24
Dec. 29-Jan. 1510
Southern MI Late Season (3)Jan. 12-Feb. 10510
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneSept. 22-Dec. 1812
Middle ZoneSept. 29-Dec. 2512
South ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 30 &12
Dec. 29-Jan. 1 &12
Jan. 12-Jan. 3112
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Canada geese20
Middle ZoneSame as for Canada geese20
South ZoneSame as for Canada geese20
Brant:
North ZoneSame as for White-fronted geese12
Middle ZoneSame as for White-fronted geese12
South ZoneSame as for White-fronted geese12
Minnesota:
Ducks:
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 20612
Central ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 &
Oct. 6-Nov. 25
South ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 &
Oct. 13-Dec. 2
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
Coots (4)Same as for Ducks1530
Geese:
North ZoneSept. 22-Dec. 16
Canada36
White-fronted and Brant12
Light Geese20
Central ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 &
Oct. 6-Dec. 21
Canada36
White-fronted and Brant12
Light Geese20
South ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 &
Oct. 13-Dec. 28
Canada36
White-fronted and Brant12
Light Geese20
Mississippi:
DucksNov. 23-Nov. 25 &612
Nov. 30-Dec. 2 &612
Dec. 5-Jan. 27612
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseNov. 15-Jan. 2736
White-frontedNov. 15-Jan. 2724
BrantSame as for Canada geese12
Light GeeseSame as for Canada geese20
Missouri:
Ducks and Mergansers:
North ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 25612
Middle ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 1
South ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 20
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 14 &36
Nov. 22-Jan. 3136
Middle ZoneSame as North Zone36
South ZoneSame as North Zone36
White-fronted Geese:
North ZoneNov. 22-Jan. 3124
Middle ZoneSame as North Zone24
South ZoneSame as North Zone24
Brant:
North ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
Middle ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
South ZoneSame as for Canada geese12
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 27-Jan. 3120
Middle ZoneSame as North Zone20
South ZoneSame as North Zone20
Ohio:
Ducks (2):
Lake Erie Marsh ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 & Nov. 10-Dec. 23612
North ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 &
Nov. 24-Jan. 6
South ZoneOct. 20-Oct. 28 &
Dec. 8-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Lake Erie Goose ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 &36
Nov. 10-Jan. 10
North ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 28 &36
Nov. 24-Jan. 6 &36
Jan. 12-Jan. 2936
South ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 11 &36
Dec. 8-Jan. 3136
White-fronted GeeseSame as for Canada geese12
BrantSame as for Canada geese12
Light GeeseSame as for Canada geese1020
Tennessee:
Ducks:
Reelfoot ZoneNov. 10-Nov. 11 &612
Dec. 1-Jan. 27
State ZoneNov. 24-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 1-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Northwest ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 16 &24
Nov. 10-Nov. 11 &24
Dec. 1-Feb. 1024
Southwest ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 30 &24
Nov. 24-Nov. 25 &24
Dec. 1-Jan. 2724
Kentucky/Barkley Lakes ZoneSame as Southwest Zone24
Rest of StateSame as Southwest Zone24
White-fronted GeeseDec. 1-Feb. 1024
BrantNov. 23-Jan. 3124
Light GeeseNov. 24-Mar. 1020
Wisconsin:
Ducks (2):
North ZoneSept. 22-Nov. 4612
Nov. 10-Nov. 25
South ZoneSept. 29-Oct. 7 &
Oct. 13-Dec. 2
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Dec. 2
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
North Zone:
Brown Co. Subzone—NorthSept. 16-Nov. 4 & Nov. 10-Dec. 21 Same as Brown Co2 2 24 4 4
Remainder of North ZoneSubzone—North24
South Zone:
Horicon ZoneSept. 16-Dec. 1624
Brown Co. Subzone—SouthSept. 16-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 212 24 4
Mississippi River SubzoneSept. 22-Sept. 30 &24
Oct. 13-Jan. 324
Same as Brown Co
Remainder of South ZoneSubzone—South24
White-fronted Geese:
North Zone:
Brown Co. Subzone—NorthSept. 20-Nov. 4 & Nov. 10-Dec. 212 24 4
Same as Brown Co
Remainder of North ZoneSubzone—North24
South Zone:
Horicon ZoneSept. 20-Dec. 1612
Brown Co. Subzone—SouthSept. 20-Oct. 7 & Oct. 13-Dec. 212 24 4
Mississippi River SubzoneSept. 26-Sept. 30 & Oct. 13-Jan. 32 24 4
Same as Brown Co
Remainder of South ZoneSubzone—South24
BrantSame as for Canada geese24
Light GeeseSame as for Canada geese20
(1) In Louisiana, during the Canada goose season, the daily bag limit is 3 dark geese (whitefronts and Canada geese) with no more than 2 white-fronted geese. Possession limits are twice the daily bag limits.
(2) In Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin, the daily bag limit may include no more than one hen mallard.
(3) In Michigan, the Southern Michigan Late Canada goose season excludes the Goose Management Units (GMUs).
(4) In Minnesota, the daily bag limit is 15 and the possession limit is 30 coots and moorhens in the aggregate.

Central Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck Limits: The daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (2 female mallards), 1 mottled duck, 2 pintails, 1 canvasback, 2 redheads, and 3 wood ducks. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit is 5 mergansers with 10 in possession and may include no more than 2 hooded mergansers daily and 4 in possession. In States that include mergansers in the duck bag limit, the daily limit is the same as the duck bag limit, of which only 2 daily and 4 in possession may be hooded mergansers.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Colorado:
Ducks612
Southeast ZoneOct. 24-Jan. 27
Northeast ZoneOct. 6-Nov. 26 &
Dec. 15-Jan. 27
Mountain/Foothills ZoneSept. 29-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 21-Jan. 27
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
Dark Geese:
Northern Front Range UnitSept. 29-Oct. 14 &48
Nov. 17-Feb. 1048
South Park/San Luis Valley UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit48
North Park UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit48
Rest of State in Central FlywayNov. 17-Feb. 1048
Light Geese:
Northern Front Range UnitOct. 27-Feb. 1020
South Park/San Luis Valley UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit20
North Park UnitSame as N. Front Range Unit20
Rest of State in Central FlywaySame as N. Front Range Unit20
Kansas:
Ducks612
High PlainsOct. 6-Dec. 30 &
Jan. 19-Jan. 27
Low Plains:
Early ZoneOct. 6-Dec. 2 &
Dec. 15-Dec. 30
Late ZoneOct. 27-Dec. 30 &
Jan. 19-Jan. 27
Southeast ZoneNov. 15-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese and BrantOct. 27-Nov. 4 &36
Nov. 7-Feb. 1036
White-fronted GeeseOct. 27-Dec. 30 &24
Feb. 2-Feb. 1024
Light GeeseOct. 27-Nov. 4 &20
Nov. 7-Feb. 1020
Montana:
Ducks and Mergansers612
Zone 1Sept. 29-Jan. 3
Zone 2Same as Zone 1
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Dark GeeseSept. 29-Jan. 6 &510
Jan. 9-Jan. 13510
Light GeeseSept. 29-Jan. 6 &2040
Jan. 9-Jan. 132040
Nebraska:
Ducks612
Zone 1Oct. 13-Dec. 25
Zone 2:
Low PlainsOct. 6-Dec. 18
High PlainsOct. 6-Dec. 18 &
Jan. 2-Jan. 23
Zone 3:
Low PlainsOct. 20-Jan. 1
High PlainsOct. 20-Jan. 1 &
Jan. 2-Jan. 23
Zone 4Oct. 6-Dec. 18
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese:
Niobrara UnitOct. 27-Feb. 836
East UnitOct. 6-Oct. 14 &36
Oct. 27-Jan. 3036
North Central UnitOct. 6-Jan. 1836
Platte River UnitOct. 27-Feb 836
Panhandle UnitNov. 10-Feb. 836
White-fronted GeeseOct. 6-Dec. 14 &24
Feb. 2-Feb. 312
Light GeeseOct. 6-Jan. 4 &20
Jan. 26-Feb. 820
New Mexico:
Ducks and Mergansers (1)612
North ZoneOct. 6-Jan. 9
South ZoneOct. 24-Jan. 27
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Dark Geese (2):
Middle Rio Grande Valley Unit (2)Dec. 29-Jan. 2022
Rest of StateOct. 13-Jan. 2748
Light GeeseOct. 13-Jan. 2720
North Dakota:
Ducks612
High PlainsSept. 22-Dec. 2 &
Dec. 8-Dec. 30
Remainder of StateSept. 22-Dec. 2
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese (3):
Missouri River ZoneSept. 22-Dec. 2836
Rest of StateSept. 22-Dec. 2036
White-fronted GeeseSept. 22-Dec. 224
Light GeeseSept. 22-Dec. 3020
Oklahoma:
Ducks612
High PlainsOct. 13-Jan. 9
Low Plains:
Zone 1Oct. 27-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 8-Jan. 20
Zone 2:Nov. 3-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 8-Jan. 27
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada GeeseOct. 27-Nov. 25 &36
Dec. 8-Feb. 1036
White-fronted GeeseOct. 27-Nov. 25 &12
Dec. 8-Feb. 312
Light GeeseOct. 27-Nov. 25 &20
Dec. 8-Feb. 1020
South Dakota:
Ducks612
High PlainsOct. 13-Dec. 25 &
Dec. 26-Jan. 17
Low Plains:
North ZoneSept. 29-Dec. 11
Middle ZoneSame as for North Zone
South ZoneOct. 13-Dec. 25
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
White-fronted GeeseSept. 29-Dec. 2312
Canada Geese:
Unit 1Oct. 1-Dec. 1636
Unit 2Nov. 3-Feb. 1536
Unit 3Oct. 13-Dec. 16 &36
Jan. 12-Jan. 2036
Light GeeseSept. 29-Dec. 2320
Texas:
Ducks (4)612
High PlainsOct. 27-Oct. 28 &
Nov. 2-Jan. 27
Low Plains:
North ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 8-Jan. 27
South ZoneSame as North Zone
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Canada Geese and Brant:
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 2736
North ZoneSame as South Zone36
West Tier (5)Nov. 3-Feb. 3510
White-fronted Geese:
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 5-Jan. 1324
North ZoneSame as South Zone24
West Tier (5)Same as for Canada geese12
Light Geese:
East Tier:
South ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 2720
North ZoneSame as South Zone
West TierSame as for Canada geese
Wyoming:
Ducks (6)612
Zone C1Oct. 6-Oct. 21 &
Nov. 3-Jan. 22
Zone C2Sept. 22-Nov. 25 &
Dec. 8-Jan. 8
Zone C3Same as Zone C2
MergansersSame as for Ducks510
CootsSame as for Ducks1530
Dark Geese:
Zone C1:
Goshen/Platte Co. (7)Oct. 6-Oct. 21 &24
Nov. 21-Feb. 1748
Rest of Zone C1Oct. 6-Oct. 21 &510
Nov. 3-Dec. 2 &510
Dec. 8-Feb. 4510
Zone C2Sept. 22-Nov. 25 &510
Dec. 8-Jan. 16510
Zone C3Same as Zone C2510
Light GeeseOct. 6-Dec. 30 &1040
Jan. 30-Feb. 171040
(1) In New Mexico, Mexican-like ducks are included in the aggregate with mallards.
(2) In New Mexico, the season for dark geese is closed in Bernalillo, Sandoval, Sierra, and Valencia Counties. In the Middle Rio Grande Valley Unit, a limited season is established. See State regulations for additional information.
(3) In North Dakota, see State regulations for additional shooting hour restrictions.
(4) In Texas, the daily bag limit is 6 ducks, which may include no more than 5 mallards (only 2 of which may be hens), 2 redheads, 3 wood ducks, 1 canvasback, 2 pintails, and 1 dusky duck (mottled duck, black duck and their hybrids, or Mexican-like duck). The season for dusky ducks is closed the first 5 days of the season in all zones. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.
(5) In Texas, in the West Tier the daily bag limit for dark geese is in the aggregate and may include no more than 1 white-fronted goose.
(6) In Wyoming, the daily bag limit may include no more than 1 hen mallard.
(7) See State regulations for additional restrictions.

Pacific Flyway

Flyway-Wide Restrictions

Duck and Merganser Limits: The daily bag limit of 7 ducks (including mergansers) may include no more than 2 female mallards, 2 pintails, 2 redheads, and 1 canvasback. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit.

Coot and Common Moorhen Limits: Daily bag and possession limits are in the aggregate for the two species.

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
Arizona:
Ducks (1)714
North ZoneOct.5-Jan. 13
South ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 27
Coots and moorhensSame as for Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
North ZoneOct. 5-Jan. 1336
South ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 2736
Light Geese:
North ZoneOct. 5-Jan. 1348
South ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 2748
California:
Ducks714
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Jan. 18
Colorado River ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 27
Southern ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 27
Southern San Joaquin Valley ZoneOct. 6-Oct. 14 &
Oct. 27-Jan. 27
Balance-of-State ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 27
Coots and moorhensSame as for Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Jan. 13612
Small Canada Geese (2)612
Large Canada Geese (3)24
White-fronted Geese612
Colorado River ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 2736
Southern ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 2736
Balance-of-State Zone:816
Small Canada geese (2)Oct. 20-Jan. 27612
Large Canada geese (3)Oct. 6-Oct. 10 &612
Oct. 20-Jan. 27612
White-fronted Geese:
Sacramento ValleyOct. 20-Dec. 2124
Rest of ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 27 &612
Feb. 16-Feb. 20612
Del Norte & Humboldt Counties:612
Small Canada geese (2)Oct. 31-Jan. 27 &612
Feb. 23-Mar. 10612
Large Canada geese (3)Oct. 31-Jan. 2712
White-fronted GeeseOct. 20-Jan. 27612
Light Geese:
Northeastern ZoneOct. 6-Jan. 13612
Colorado River ZoneOct. 19-Jan. 27612
Southern Zone:
Imperial ValleyNov. 3-Jan. 27 &612
Feb. 9-Feb. 24612
Rest of ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 27612
Balance-of-State ZoneOct. 20-Jan. 27 &612
Feb. 16-Feb. 20612
Del Norte & Humboldt CountiesOct. 20-Jan. 27612
Brant:
North ZoneNov. 7-Dec. 624
South ZoneNov. 10-Dec. 924
Colorado:
DucksSept. 22-Oct. 10 &714
Nov. 3-Jan. 27
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Dark GeeseSept. 22-Oct. 1 &48
Nov. 3-Jan. 2748
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese1020
Idaho:
Ducks714
Zone 1Oct. 6-Jan. 18
Zone 2Oct. 13-Jan. 25
Zone 3Oct. 13-Jan. 25
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
Zone 1Oct. 6-Jan. 1848
Zone 2Oct. 13-Jan. 2548
Zone 3Same as Zone 236
Light Geese:
Zone 1 (4)Oct. 6-Jan. 181020
Zone 2Oct. 19-Jan. 18 &1020
Feb. 16-Mar. 101020
Zone 3Nov. 5-Jan. 25 &1020
Feb. 16-Mar. 101020
Zone 4Oct. 13-Jan. 251020
Montana:
DucksSept. 29-Jan. 11714
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Dark Geese (5)Sept. 29-Jan. 1148
Light GeeseSept. 29-Jan. 111020
Nevada:
Ducks:714
Northeast ZoneSept. 22-Oct. 31 &
Nov. 3-Jan. 6
Northwest ZoneOct. 13-Oct. 31 &
Nov. 3-Jan. 27
South Zone (6)Same as Northwest Zone
Coots and moorhensSame as for Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
Northeast ZoneSame as for Ducks36
Northwest ZoneSame as for Ducks36
South Zone (6)Same as for Ducks36
Light Geese (7):
Northeast ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 6 &1020
Feb. 10-Feb. 281020
Northwest ZoneNov. 3-Jan. 27 &1020
Feb. 10-Feb. 281020
South Zone (6)Nov. 3-Jan. 271020
New Mexico:
DucksOct. 15-Jan. 27714
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Moorhens and gallinulesSame as for Ducks2525
Dark Geese:
North ZoneSept. 22-Oct. 7 &36
Oct. 29-Jan. 2736
South ZoneOct. 13-Jan. 2724
Light Geese:
North ZoneSame as for Dark Geese1020
South ZoneSame as for Dark Geese1020
Oregon:
Ducks714
Zone 1:
Columbia Basin Unit:Oct. 13-Oct. 21 &
Oct. 24-Jan. 27
Rest of Zone 1Same as Columbia Basin Unit
Zone 2Oct. 6-Nov. 25 &
Nov. 28-Jan. 20
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Geese:
Northwest General Goose Zone:
Dark GeeseNov. 3-Nov. 11 &48
Nov. 24-Jan. 13 &48
Feb. 2-Mar. 1048
Small Canada Geese (2)36
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Northwest Special Permit Zone (8):
Dark GeeseNov. 3-Nov. 11 &48
Nov. 24-Jan. 13 &48
Feb. 2-Mar. 1048
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Small Canada geese (2)36
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese48
Southwest General Zone:
Dark GeeseOct. 13-Nov. 30 &48
Dec. 8-Jan. 2748
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
South Coast Zone:
Dark GeeseSept. 29-Nov. 25 &48
Dec. 15-Jan. 14 &48
Feb. 23-Mar. 1048
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Harney and Lake County Zone:
Dark Geese:Oct. 6-Nov. 25 &48
Dec. 10-Jan. 2748
White-fronted geese:
  Lake County12
  Rest of Zone48
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Malheur County Zone (9):
Dark GeeseOct. 6-Nov. 25 &48
Dec. 10-Jan. 2748
Light GeeseOct. 6-Nov. 25 &1020
Dec. 28-Jan. 27 &1020
Feb. 16-Mar. 101020
Klamath County Zone:
Dark Geese:Oct. 6-Nov. 25 &48
Dec. 21-Jan. 27 &48
White-fronted geese (Special season)Feb. 23-Mar. 1048
Light GeeseOct. 6-Nov. 25 &612
Dec. 21-Jan. 27 &612
Feb. 23-Mar. 10612
Eastern Zone:
Dark GeeseOct. 13-Oct. 21 &48
Oct. 29-Jan. 2748
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese612
Tillamook County (8):
Dark GeeseNov. 3-Nov. 11 &48
Nov. 24-Jan. 13 &48
Feb. 2-Mar. 1048
Dusky Canada Geese1 per season
Small Canada Geese (2)36
Light GeeseSame as for Dark Geese48
BrantNov. 19-Dec. 424
Utah (10):
Ducks714
Zone 1Oct. 6-Jan. 19
Zone 2Same as Zone 1
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Geese:
Light:
North Goose ZoneOct. 27-Jan. 19 &1020
Feb. 18-Mar. 101020
Rest of StateOct. 16-Jan. 19 &1020
Mar. 1-Mar. 101020
Dark:
North Goose ZoneOct. 6-Jan. 1936
Rest of StateOct. 6-Oct. 18 &36
Oct. 27-Jan. 2736
Washington:
Ducks714
East ZoneOct. 13-Oct 17 &
Oct. 20-Jan. 27
West Zone (11)Same as East Zone
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Geese:
Management Area 1 (12)48
Light GeeseOct 13-Jan. 27
Dark GeeseOct 13-Oct. 25 &
Nov. 3-Jan. 27
Management Area 2A (13):Nov. 10-Nov. 21 &48
Nov. 24-Nov. 25 &48
Dec. 5-Jan. 2748
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Late-Season Canada Geese:Feb. 2-Mar. 648
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Management Area 2B (13):Oct. 13-Oct. 24 &48
Nov. 3-Jan. 1948
Dusky Canada geese1 per season
Management Areas 3 (12)Oct. 13-Oct. 25 &48
Nov. 3-Jan. 2748
Management Area 4 (12)Oct. 13-Oct. 14 &48
Oct. 17 &48
Oct. 20-Jan. 2748
Management Area 5 (12)Oct. 13-Oct. 15 &48
Oct. 20-Jan. 2748
Brant (14):
Skagit CountyJan. 12-Jan. 2724
Pacific CountyJan. 5-Jan. 2024
Wyoming:
Ducks714
Snake River ZoneSept. 22-Jan. 4
Balance of State ZoneSame as Snake River Zone
CootsSame as for Ducks2525
Dark GeeseSept. 22-Dec. 2736
(1) In Arizona, the daily limit may include no more than either 2 hen mallards or 2 Mexican-like ducks, or 1 of each; and not more than 4 hen mallards and Mexican-like ducks, in the aggregate, may be in possession.
(2) In California and Oregon, small Canada geese are Cackling and Aleutian Canada geese.
(3) In California, large Canada geese are Western and Lesser Canada geese.
(4) In Idaho, the season on light geese is closed in Fremont and Teton Counties.
(5) In Montana, check State regulations for special seasons/exceptions in Freezeout Lake WMA; Canyon Ferry; Flathead; Deer Lodge County; and Missoula County.
(6) In Nevada, in the South Zone, the open season for all ducks, coots, moorhens, dark geese, and light geese in the Clark County portion of the South Zone are only open November 3 to January 27.
(7) In Nevada, there is no open season on light geese in Ruby Valley within Elko and White Pine Counties. In addition, the season is closed in Kirch WMA, Mason Valley WMA, and Scripps WMA/Washoe State Park from February 10 to February 28.
(8) In Oregon, the Northwest Special Permit Zone is closed to all goose hunting, except for designated areas. See State regulations for specific boundary descriptions, times, days, and other conditions of the special permit season.
(9) In Oregon, in the Malhuer County Zone, the daily bag limit for light geese is 10 and all hunt days after the last Sunday in January must be concurrent with Idaho's Zone 2.
(10) In Utah, the shooting hours are 7:30 a.m. to sunset on October 1 in Cache, Salt Lake, Davis, Weber, and Box Elder Counties.
(11) In Washington, the daily bag limit in the West Zone may include no more than 2 scoters, 2 long-tailed ducks, and 2 goldeneyes, with the possession limit twice the daily bag limit. The daily bag and possession limit, and the season limit, for harlequins is 1.
(12) In Washington, in State Goose Area 4, hunting is allowed only on Saturdays, Sundays, Wednesdays, and certain holidays. In State Goose Areas 1, 3, and 5, hunting is allowed everyday. See State regulations for details, including shooting hours.
(13) In Washington, see State regulations for specific dates and conditions of permit hunts and closures for Canada geese.
(14) In Washington, brant may be hunted in Skagit and Pacific Counties only; see State regulations for specific dates.

(f) Youth Waterfowl Hunting Days.

The following seasons are open only to youth hunters. Youth hunters must be accompanied into the field by an adult at least 18 years of age. This adult cannot duck hunt but may participate in other open seasons.

Definition

Youth Hunters: Includes youths 15 years of age or younger.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012, Federal Register (77 FR 53752). Bag and possession limits will conform to those set for the regular season.

Season dates
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
ConnecticutDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsOct. 6 & Nov. 3.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
FloridaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and geeseFeb. 2 & 3.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Maryland (1)(8)Ducks, coots, snow geese, Canada geese, sea ducks, and brantNov. 3 & Feb. 9.
MassachusettsDucks, mergansers, coots, and geeseSept. 29 & Oct. 6.
New JerseyDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
North ZoneOct. 6 & Nov. 3.
South ZoneOct. 13 & Nov. 10.
Coastal ZoneOct. 27 & Nov. 3.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
North CarolinaDucks, mergansers, Canada geese (9), tundra swans (10), and cootsFeb. 2 & 9.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
South CarolinaDucks, geese, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 2 & 3.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
VirginiaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, tundra swans (10), and Canada geese (11)Oct. 20 & Feb. 2.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
*         *`         *         *         *         *         *
ArkansasDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesFeb. 2 & 3.
IllinoisDucks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
North ZoneOct. 13 & 14.
Central ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
South Central ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
South ZoneNov. 10 & 11.
IndianaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North ZoneOct. 13 & 14.
Central ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
South ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
IowaDucks, geese, mergansers, coots:
North ZoneOct. 6 & 7.
Missouri River ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
South ZoneOct. 13 & 14.
KentuckyDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
West ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
East ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
LouisianaDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
West ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
East ZoneNov. 10 & 11.
Coastal ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
MississippiDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geeseFeb. 2 & 3.
MissouriDucks, coots, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
North ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
Middle ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
South ZoneNov. 17 & 18.
OhioDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
Lake Erie MarshSept. 29 & 30.
North ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
South ZoneNov. 23 & 24.
TennesseeDucks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, gallinules, and geese:
Reelfoot ZoneFeb. 2 & 9.
Remainder of StateFeb. 2 & 9.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
CENTRAL FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Kansas (4)Ducks, dark geese, mergansers, and coots:
High PlainsSept. 29 & 30.
Low Plains:
Early ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
Late ZoneOct. 20 & 21.
Southeast ZoneNov. 3 & 4.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
NebraskaDucks, geese, mergansers, and coots:
Zone 1Oct. 6 & 7.
Zone 2Sept. 29 & 30.
Zone 3Oct. 13 & 14.
Zone 4Sept. 29 & 30.
OklahomaDucks, mergansers, coots, and geese:
High PlainsOct. 6 & 7.
Low Plains:
Zone 1Oct. 13 & 14.
Zone 2Oct. 27 & 28.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
TexasDucks, geese, mergansers, moorhens, gallinules, and coots:
High PlainsOct. 20 & 21.
Low Plains:
North ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
South ZoneOct. 27 & 28.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
PACIFIC FLYWAY
ArizonaDucks, geese, brant, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules
North ZoneSept. 29 & 30.
South ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
CaliforniaDucks, geese, brant, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
Northeastern ZoneSept. 22 & 23.
Colorado River ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
Southern ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
Southern San Joaquin ValleyFeb. 2 & 3.
Balance-of-State ZoneFeb. 2 & 3.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
NevadaDucks, geese, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinules:
Northeast ZoneSept. 15 & Jan. 12.
Northwest ZoneSept. 29 & Feb. 9.
South ZoneFeb. 9 & 10.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(1) In Maryland, youth hunter(s) must be accompanied by an adult at least 21 years old and who possesses a current Maryland hunting license or is exempt from the hunting license requirement. The adult accompanying the youth hunter(s) may not possess a hunting weapon and may not participate in other seasons that are open on the youth days.
    *         *         *         *         *         *         *
(4) In Kansas, the adult accompanying the youth must possess any licenses and/or stamps required by law for that individual to hunt waterfowl.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(8) In Maryland, the bag limit for Canada geese is 2 in the AP Zone and 5 in the RP Zone.
(9) In North Carolina, the daily bag limit in the Northeast Hunt Zone may not include dark geese except by permit.
(10) In North Carolina and Virginia, the daily bag limit may not include tundra swans except by permit.
(11) In Virginia, the daily bag limit for Canada geese is 2.

4. Section 20.106 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows:

Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for sandhill cranes.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting and hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Area descriptions were published in the August 30, 2012, Federal Register (77 FR 53118).

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take sandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012, Federal Register (77 FR 53752).

Season datesLimits
BagPossession
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Kentucky (1)(6)Dec. 15-Jan. 1322
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
CENTRAL FLYWAY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Oklahoma (1)Oct. 20-Jan. 2036
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Texas (1):
Zone ANov. 3-Feb. 336
Zone BNov. 23-Feb. 336
Zone CDec. 22-Jan. 2724
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
(1) Each person participating in the regular sandhill crane seasons must have a valid sandhill crane hunting permit and/or a State-issued Harvest Information Survey Program (HIP) certification for game bird hunting in their possession while hunting.
    *         *         *         *         *         *         *
(6) In Kentucky, the season limit is 2 cranes. If the harvest objective of 400 cranes is obtained before the season ending date, the season will close.

5. Section 20.107 is revised to read as follows:

Seasons, limits, and shooting hours for swans.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), shooting and hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits on the species designated in this section are as follows:

Shooting hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset, except as otherwise restricted by State regulations. Hunting is by State permit only.

Federally authorized, State-issued permits are issued to individuals, and only the individual whose name and address appears on the permit at the time of issuance is authorized to take sandhill cranes at the level allowed by the permit, in accordance with provisions of both Federal and State regulations governing the hunting season. The permit must be carried by the permittee when exercising its provisions and must be presented to any law enforcement officer upon request. The permit is not transferable or assignable to another individual, and may not be sold, bartered, traded, or otherwise provided to another person. If the permit is altered or defaced in any way, the permit becomes invalid.

Note:

Successful permittees must immediately validate their harvest by that method required in State regulations.

Season datesLimits
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
North CarolinaNov. 10-Jan. 311 tundra swan per season.
VirginiaDec. 1-Jan 311 tundra swan per season.
CENTRAL FLYWAY (1)
MontanaSept. 29-Jan. 31 tundra swan per season.
North DakotaSept. 29-Dec. 301 tundra swan per season.
South DakotaOct. 1-Dec. 231 tundra swan per permit.
PACIFIC FLYWAY (1)(2)
Montana (3)Oct. 13-Dec. 11 swan per season.
Nevada (4)(5)Oct. 13-Jan. 62 swans per season.
Utah (5)(6)Oct. 6-Dec. 91 swan per season.
(1) See State regulations for description of area open to swan hunting.
(2) Any species of swan may be taken.
(3) In Montana, all harvested swans must be reported by way of a bill measurement card within 3 days of harvest.
(4) All harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 5 days of harvest.
(5) Harvests of trumpeter swans are limited to 5 in Nevada and 10 in Utah. When it has been determined that the quota of trumpeter swans allotted to Nevada and Utah will have been filled, the season for taking of any swan species in the respective State will be closed by either the Director upon giving public notice through local information media at least 48 hours in advance of the time and date of closing, or by the State through State regulations with such notice and time (not less than 48 hours) as they deem necessary.
(6) In Utah, all harvested swans and tags must be checked or registered within 3 days of harvest.

6. Section 20.109 is amended by adding the entries for the following States in alphabetical order to read as follows:

Extended seasons, limits, and hours for taking migratory game birds by falconry.

Subject to the applicable provisions of the preceding sections of this part, areas open to hunting, respective open seasons (dates inclusive), hawking hours, and daily bag and possession limits for the species designated in this section are prescribed as follows:

Hawking hours are one-half hour before sunrise until sunset except as otherwise restricted by State regulations.

Area descriptions were published in the August 17, 2012 (77 FR 49868) and August 30, 2012 (77 FR 53118) Federal Registers.

Limits: The daily bag limit may include no more than 3 migratory game birds, singly or in the aggregate. The possession limit is twice the daily bag limit. These limits apply to falconry during both regular hunting seasons and extended falconry seasons—unless further restricted by State regulations. The falconry bag and possession limits are not in addition to regular season limits. Unless otherwise specified, extended falconry for ducks does not include sea ducks within the special sea duck areas.

Although many States permit falconry during the gun seasons, only extended falconry seasons are shown below. Please consult State regulations for details.

Note:

The following seasons are in addition to the seasons published previously in the August 31, 2012, Federal Register (77 FR 53752).

Extended falconry dates
ATLANTIC FLYWAY
Delaware
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsJan. 28-Mar. 1.
BrantJan. 28-Mar. 1.
Florida
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, light geese, and cootsOct. 30-Nov. 12 & Feb. 4-Mar. 1.
Georgia
Ducks, mergansers, gallinules, coots, and sea ducksNov. 26-Dec. 7 & Jan. 28-Feb. 1.
Maine
Ducks, mergansers, and coots (4)North ZoneDec. 12-Feb. 1.
South & Coastal ZonesJan. 8-Feb. 28.
Maryland
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
DucksFeb. 11-Mar. 9.
BrantJan. 28-Mar. 9.
Light GeeseFeb. 16-Mar. 9.
Massachusetts
Ducks, mergansers, sea ducks, and cootsFeb. 2-Feb. 9.
New Hampshire
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNorthern ZoneDec. 1-Jan. 14.
Inland ZoneNov. 5-Nov. 20 & Dec. 17-Jan. 14.
Coastal ZoneJan. 25-Mar. 10.
New Jersey
WoodcockNorth ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 19 & Nov. 25-Jan. 15.
South ZoneOct. 1-Nov. 9 & Dec. 2-Dec. 18 & Jan. 2-Jan. 15.
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and brantNorth ZoneJan. 6-Feb. 12.
South ZoneJan. 11-Feb. 17.
Coastal ZoneFeb. 4-Mar. 9.
New York
Ducks, mergansers and cootsLong Island ZoneNov. 1-Nov. 22 & Nov. 26-Dec. 1 & Jan. 28-Feb. 13.
Northeastern ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 5 & Oct. 15-Oct. 26 & Dec. 17-Jan. 13.
Southeastern ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 12 & Oct. 22-Nov. 9 & Dec. 31-Jan. 13.
Western ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 26 & Dec. 10-Dec. 28.
North Carolina
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers and cootsOct. 22-Nov. 3 & Jan. 28-Feb. 16.
Pennsylvania
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNorth ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 12 & Jan. 7-Jan. 12 & Feb. 21-Mar. 9.
South ZoneOct. 22-Nov. 13 & Feb. 16-Mar. 9.
Northwest ZoneDec. 15-Jan. 12 & Feb. 22-Mar. 9.
Lake Erie ZoneJan. 24-Mar. 9.
Canada GeeseSJBP ZoneMar. 6-Mar. 9.
AP ZoneFeb. 6-Mar. 9.
RP ZoneMar. 8-Mar. 9.
South Carolina
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNov. 1-Nov. 16 & Nov. 25-Nov. 30 & Jan. 28-Feb. 2.
Virginia
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Moorhens and gallinulesDec. 3-Dec. 7 & Jan. 28-Feb. 28.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsDec. 3-Dec. 7 & Jan. 28-Feb. 28.
Canada GeeseEastern (AP) ZoneDec. 8-Dec. 19 & Feb. 1-Feb. 28.
Western (SJBP) ZoneDec. 8-Dec. 13 & Feb. 16-Feb. 28.
BrantOct. 4-Nov. 16 & Nov. 26-Dec. 7 & Jan. 28-Jan. 31.
MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY
Arkansas
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 1-Feb. 15.
Illinois
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsFeb. 10-Mar. 10.
Indiana
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNorth ZoneSept. 27-Sept. 30 & Feb. 14-Mar. 10.
Central ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 2 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
South ZoneOct. 27-Nov. 2 & Feb. 17-Mar. 10.
Iowa
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNorth ZoneDec. 15-Jan. 28.
Missouri River ZoneDec. 21-Feb. 3.
South ZoneDec. 15-Jan. 28.
White-fronted GeeseNorth Goose ZoneDec. 12-Jan. 13.
Missouri River ZoneDec. 26-Jan. 18.
South Goose ZoneDec. 19-Jan. 18.
Kentucky
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsNov. 5-Nov. 21 & Nov. 26-Dec. 2 & Jan. 28-Jan. 31.
GeeseNov. 5-Nov. 21.
Louisiana
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Rails and moorhensNov. 3-Nov. 9 & Jan. 3-Feb. 1.
DucksWest ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 9 & Dec. 10-Dec. 21 & Jan. 21-Feb. 1.
East ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 16 & Dec. 3-Dec. 14 & Jan. 28-Feb. 1.
Coastal ZoneNov. 3-Nov. 9 & Dec. 3-Dec. 14 & Jan. 21-Feb. 1.
Michigan
Ducks, mergansers, coots, and moorhensJan. 2-Feb. 5 & Mar. 1-Mar. 10.
Minnesota
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, coots, moorhens, and gallinulesDec. 15-Jan. 29.
Mississippi
Mourning DovesNov. 17-Nov. 25 & Jan. 14-Feb. 8.
Ducks, mergansers and cootsFeb. 8-Mar. 8.
Missouri
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 8-Sept. 23 & Feb. 10-Mar. 10.
Ohio
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Feb. 8-Mar. 10.
GeeseSept. 1-Sept. 16 & Feb. 8-Mar. 10.
Tennessee
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 13-Oct. 18 & Nov. 15-Nov. 18.
Wisconsin
Rails, snipe, moorhens, and gallinulesNorth Duck ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 21 & Nov. 5-Nov. 9 & Nov. 26-Dec. 16.
South Duck ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 21 & Oct. 8-Oct. 12 & Dec. 3-Dec. 16.
Mississippi River ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 21 & Oct. 1-Oct. 12 & Dec. 3-Dec. 16.
WoodcockSept. 1-Sept. 21 & Nov. 6-Dec. 16.
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsSept. 15-Sept. 16 & Jan. 11-Feb. 24.
CENTRAL FLYWAY
Kansas
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsLow PlainsFeb. 25-Mar. 10.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Nebraska
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsZone 1Sept. 8-Sept. 23 & Oct. 6-Oct. 7 & Jan. 25-Feb. 8.
Zone 2:
Low PlainsSept. 8-Sept. 23 & Sept. 29-Sept. 30 & Jan. 25-Feb. 8.
High PlainsSept. 8-Sept. 16 & Sept. 29-Sept. 30.
Zone 3:
Low PlainsSept. 8-Sept. 23 & Oct. 13-Oct. 14 & Jan. 25-Feb. 8.
High PlainsSept. 8-Sept. 16 & Oct. 13-Oct. 14.
Zone 4Sept. 8-Sept. 23 & Sept. 29-Sept. 30 & Jan. 25-Feb. 8.
Oklahoma
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsLow PlainsFeb. 11-Feb. 25.
South Dakota
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsHigh PlainsSept. 1-Sept. 8.
Low Plains:
North ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 17-Sept. 21 & Dec. 12-Dec. 23.
Middle ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 15-Sept. 19 & Dec. 12-Dec. 23.
South ZoneSept. 1-Sept. 14 & Sept. 17-Oct. 3.
Texas
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsLow PlainsJan. 28-Feb. 11.
Wyoming
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsZone C1Sept. 29-Oct. 5 & Oct. 22-Oct. 24.
Zone C2 & C3Sept. 15-Sept. 16 & Nov. 26-Dec. 3.
PACIFIC FLYWAY
Arizona
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Ducks and mergansersNorth ZoneOct. 1-Oct. 4.
South ZoneJan. 28-Jan. 31.
California
Ducks, mergansers, and cootsColorado River ZoneJan. 28-Jan. 31.
Southern ZoneJan. 28-Jan. 31.
Southern San Joaquin ZoneJan. 28-Jan. 31.
Canada Geese and White-fronted GeeseNortheastern ZoneJan. 14-Jan. 18.
Colorado River ZoneSame as for Ducks.
Southern Zone (5)Same as for Ducks.
Balance-of-State Zone (6)Same as for Ducks.
BrantNorthern ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 6 & Dec. 7-Feb. 1.
Southern ZoneOct. 20-Nov. 9 & Dec. 10-Feb. 1.
Light GeeseNortheastern ZoneJan. 14-Jan. 18.
Colorado River ZoneSame as for Ducks.
Southern Zone (5)Same as for Ducks.
Balance-of-State Zone (6)Same as for Ducks.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
    *         *         *         *         *         *         *
(4) In Maine, the daily bag and possession limits for black ducks are 1 and 2, respectively.
(5) In California, the falconry season for geese is concurrent with the regular season for white geese in the Imperial County special management area.
(6) In California, the falconry season for geese is concurrent with the regular season for small Canada geese in Del Norte and Humbolt counties.

[FR Doc. 2012-23074 Filed 9-20-12; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4310-55-P