Skip to Content


Self-Regulatory Organizations; The Options Clearing Corporation; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change to Change the Expiration Date For Most Option Contracts to the Third Friday of the Expiration Month Instead of the Saturday Following the Third Friday

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Enhanced Content

Relevant information about this document from provides additional context. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble April 30, 2013.

Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”),[1] and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,[2] notice is hereby given that on April 17, 2013 The Options Clearing Corporation (“OCC”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been substantially prepared by the clearing agency.[3] The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.

I. Clearing Agency's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change

This proposed rule change would allow OCC to change the expiration date for most option contracts to the third Friday of the expiration month instead of the Saturday following the third Friday.

II. Clearing Agency's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

In its filing with the Commission, the clearing agency included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The clearing agency has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.[4]

(A) Clearing Agency's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change

Most option contracts (“Standard Expiration Contracts”) currently expire at the “expiration time” (11:59 p.m. Eastern Time) on the Saturday following the third Friday of the specified expiration month (“Expiration Date”).[5] The purpose of this proposed rule change is to change the Expiration Date for Standard Expiration Contracts to the third Friday of the expiration month. (The expiration time would continue to be 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the Expiration Date.) The proposed change would apply only to Standard Expiration Contracts expiring after February 1, 2015, and OCC does not propose to change the Expiration Date for any outstanding option contract. The proposed change will apply only to series of option contracts opened for trading after the effective date of this proposed rule change and having Expiration Dates later than February 1, 2015. Option contracts having non-standard expiration dates (“Non-standard Expiration Contracts”) will be unaffected by this proposed rule change.[6]

In order to provide a smooth transition to the Friday expiration, OCC would, beginning June 21, 2013, move the expiration exercise procedures to Friday for all Standard Expiration Contracts even though the contracts would continue to expire on Saturday. After February 1, 2015, virtually all Standard Expiration Contracts will actually expire on Friday. The only Standard Expiration Contracts that will expire on a Saturday after February 1, 2015 are certain options that were listed prior to the effectiveness of this rule change, and a limited number of options that may be listed prior to necessary systems changes of the options exchanges, which are expected to be completed in August 2013. The exchanges have agreed that once these systems changes are made they will not open for trading any new series of option contracts with Saturday expiration dates falling after February 1, 2015.


Saturday was established as the standard Expiration Date for OCC-cleared options primarily in order to allow sufficient time for processing of Start Printed Page 26414option exercises, including correction of errors, while the markets were closed and positions remained fixed. However, improvements in technology and a great deal of experience have rendered Saturday expiration processing inefficient, and Saturday processing also poses unnecessary operational risk upon OCC and its clearing members. Therefore, it has been a long-term goal of OCC and its clearing members to move the expiration process for all options with Standard Expiration Contracts from Saturday to Friday night.

Eliminating Saturday expirations will allow OCC to streamline the expiration process between Standard Expiration Contracts and Non-standard Expiration Contracts, which will increase operational efficiencies and reduce operational risk for OCC and its clearing members. After the expiration date for Standard Expiration Contracts is moved to Friday night, expiration processing for standard options, quarterly options, and weekly options will all occur on the same day and will be a single, and inherently more efficient, operational process. The move to Friday night processing will also align expiration processing schedules for United States markets with expiration processing schedules for European markets and will allow affected clearing members to run a single, consistent, and efficient operational process for all U.S. equity/index options regardless of where such options are exercised. Moreover, the move to Friday night processing will also eliminate the operational risk presented by scheduling an expiration process to run on one Saturday per month when it is otherwise run weekly on Friday night. Saturdays are typically reserved for system maintenance and installs of system enhancements so Saturday expiration processes force such maintenance and installs to be rescheduled and sometimes delayed.

From a risk management perspective, the proposed rule change will compress the operational timeframe for processing option expirations such that clearing members will be required to reconcile options trades on trade date. Trade date reconciliation is a better risk management practice and will facilitate and promote the use of intra-day risk management systems by clearing members as well as move clearing members toward adopting real-time trade date reconciliation and position balancing systems.

Industry groups, clearing members, and options exchanges have been active participants in planning for the transition to the Friday expiration. In March, 2012, OCC began to discuss moving Standard Expiration Contracts to Friday expiration dates with industry groups, including two Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (“SIFMA”) committees, the Operations and Technology Steering Committee and the Options Committee, and at two major industry conferences, the SIFMA Operations Conference and the Options Industry Conference. OCC also discussed the project with the Intermarket Surveillance Group and at an OCC Operations Roundtable. In each case, OCC received broad support for the initiative. Also, OCC surveyed all of its clearing members as well as its service bureaus and learned that a significant majority of those surveyed are currently ready to move to Friday night expiration processing. OCC has worked with the other clearing members and service bureaus so that all affected parties experience a smooth transition to Friday night expiration processing. OCC has obtained assurances from all options industry participants that they will be ready to move to Friday night expiration processing by June 2013.

Friday night expiration processing is also consistent with the long-standing rules and procedures of the options exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”),[7] which generally provide that exercise decisions with respect to Standard Expiration Contracts must be made by, and exercise instructions may not be accepted from customers after, 5:30 p.m. Eastern Time on the business day preceding expiration (usually Friday).[8] Brokerage firms may set earlier cutoff times for customers submitting exercise notices. Clearing members are permitted to submit exercise instructions after the cutoff time (“Supplementary Exercises”) only in case of errors or other unusual situations, and may be subject to fines or disciplinary actions.[9] OCC believes that the extended period between cutoff time and expiration of options is no longer necessary given modern technology.

Transition Period

Based on significant dialogue between OCC and clearing members regarding the move to Friday expiration, OCC believes that the adoption of Friday expiration for Standard Expiration Contracts is best accomplished through an appropriate transition period during which processing activity for all options, whether expiring on Friday or Saturday, would move to Friday, followed by a change in the expiration day for new series of options. In May 2012, OCC and its clearing members determined that Friday, June 21, 2013, would be an appropriate date on which to move expiration processing from Saturday to Friday night. Accordingly, OCC proposes that, beginning June 21, 2013, Friday expiration processing will be in effect for all expiring Standard Expiration Contracts, regardless of whether the contract's actual expiration date is Friday or Saturday. However, for contracts having a Saturday expiration date, exercise requests received after Friday expiration processing is complete but before the Saturday contract expiration time will continue to be processed so long as they are submitted in accordance with OCC's procedures governing such requests. After the transition period and the expiration of all existing Saturday-expiring options, expiration processing will be a single operational process and will run on Friday night for all Standard Expiration Contracts.

Friday Expiration Processing Schedule

Currently, expiration processing for Standard Expiration Contracts begins on Saturday morning at 6:00 a.m. Central Time and is completed at approximately noon Central Time when margin and settlement reports are available. The window for submission of instructions in accordance with OCC's exercise-by-exception procedures under Rule 805(d) is open from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. Central Time on Saturday morning.[10] OCC proposes that the window for submission of exercise-by-exception instructions be open from 6:00 p.m. to 9:15 p.m. Central Time on Friday evening.[11] Friday expiration processing Start Printed Page 26415for Standard Expiration Contracts would therefore begin at 6:00 p.m. Central Time on Friday evening and end at approximately 2:00 a.m. Central Time on Saturday morning when margin and settlement reports will be available.[12]

Exercises for Standard Expiration Contracts with Saturday expirations must be allowed under the terms of the contracts. However, in order to accommodate the proposed new expiration schedule, OCC also proposes to shorten the period of time in which clearing members may submit a Supplementary Exercise notice under Rule 805(b). In addition, Rule 801 would be amended to eliminate the ability of clearing members to revoke or modify exercise notices submitted to OCC. This proposed change, along with the proposed change in the processing timeline discussed above, will more closely align OCC's expiration processing procedures with exchange rules, under which exchange members must submit exercise instructions by 5:30 p.m. Central Time on Friday and may not accept exercise instructions from customers after 4:30 p.m. Central Time on Friday. Accordingly, this proposed change will not represent a departure from current practices for clearing members or their customers.

In connection with moving from Saturday to Friday night processing and expiration, OCC reviewed other aspects of its business to confirm that there would be no unintended consequences, and concluded that there would be none. For example, OCC believes the proposed changes do not affect OCC's liquidity forecasting procedures, nor do they impact OCC's liquidity needs, since OCC's liquidity forecasts and liquidity needs are driven by settlement obligations, which occur on the same day (T+3) irrespective of the move to Friday night processing and expiration dates.

Grandfathering of Certain Options Series

Certain option contracts have already been listed on exchanges with expiration dates as distant as December 2016. Such options have Saturday expiration dates and OCC cannot change the terms of existing option contracts. In addition, clearing members have expressed a clear preference to not have open interest in any particular month with different expiration dates. Therefore, OCC will designate certain expiration dates as “grandfathered,” and any option contract that is listed, or may be listed in the future, that expires on a grandfathered date will have a Saturday expiration date even if such expiration date is after February 1, 2015.[13] Further, certain FLEX options that have already been accepted for clearance and have expiration dates beyond February 1, 2015, will also be designated as grandfathered. The Friday night expiration transition period processing schedule, as described above, will be in effect for any grandfathered Saturday expiration contract. In order to minimize the number of grandfathered expiration dates, exchanges have already agreed that, if there is not already a previously listed Standard Expiration Contract with an expiration in a particular month that is after February 1, 2015,[14] they will not open for trading any new series of Standard Expiration Contracts with Saturday expiration dates in such month.

Proposed Amendments to By-Laws and Rules

In order to implement the change to Friday expiration processing and eventual transition to Friday expiration for all Standard Expiration Contracts, OCC proposes to amend the definition of “expiration date” in Article I and certain other articles of the By-Laws. As amended, the applicability of the definition would not be limited to stock options, and the definition of “expiration date” in certain articles of the By-Laws therefore can be deleted in reliance on the Article I definition. OCC also proposes to amend Rule 805, and all rules supplementing or replacing Rule 805, to allow for Friday expiration processing during the transition to Friday expiration. Section 18 of Article VI of the By-Laws would also be amended to align procedures for delays in producing Expiration Exercise Reports and submission of exercise instructions with the amended expiration exercise procedures in Rule 805. Rule 801 would be amended to modify the prohibition against exercising an American-style option contract on the business day prior to its expiration date because this prohibition is necessary only for options expiring on a Saturday. The prohibition can be removed altogether when there are no longer any options expiring on a Saturday.

Rule 801 is also being amended to remove clearing members' ability to revoke or modify exercise notices in order to accommodate the proposed compressed Friday expiration processing expiration schedule. Finally, Rules 801 and 805 would be amended to allow certain determinations to be made by high-level officers of OCC, rather than the Board of Directors, in order to provide OCC with greater operational flexibility in processing exercise requests received after Friday expiration processing is complete but before the Saturday contract expiration time, and to replace various references to the expiration date of options with reference to the procedures of Rule 805.

Under the proposed rule change, OCC would preserve the ability of the options exchanges to designate (or, in the case of flexibly structured options, permit clearing members to designate) non-standard expiration dates for options, or classes or series of options, so long as the designated expiration date is not a date OCC has specified as ineligible to be an expiration date.

OCC believes the proposed rule change is consistent with the purposes and requirements of Section 17A of the Exchange Act [15] because it provides for the prompt and accurate clearance and settlement of securities transactions and the protection of securities investors and the public interest [16] by improving the processing time for clearing of option contracts, standardizing the expiration day of numerous options contracts, and requiring clearing members to reconcile options transactions on the trade date, which will facilitate and promote intra-day risk management by the clearing members. OCC believes the proposed rule change is not inconsistent with any existing OCC By-Laws or Rules.

(B) Clearing Agency's Statement on Burden on Competition

OCC does not believe that the proposed rule change would impose a burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. The proposed rule change, which will apply to all OCC clearing members, involves operational improvements that will allow OCC and its clearing members to become more operationally efficient and Start Printed Page 26416reduce operational risk. Moreover, OCC has coordinated moving to a Friday night expiration process with options industry participants and has also obtained assurance from all such participants that they are able to adhere to OCC's Friday night expiration implementation schedule. Therefore, OCC does not believe the proposed rule change would impose a burden on competition.

(C) Clearing Agency's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others

While the matters discussed in this proposed rule change have been subject to extensive discussion with clearing members, including during an OCC Operations Roundtable, written comments were not and are not intended to be solicited with respect to the proposed rule change, and none have been received.

III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action

Within 45 days of the date of publication of this notice in the Federal Register or within such longer period up to 90 days (i) as the Commission may designate if it finds such longer period to be appropriate and publishes its reasons for so finding or (ii) as to which the self-regulatory organization consents, the Commission will:

(A) By order approve or disapprove such proposed rule change, or

(B) institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be disapproved.

The proposal shall not take effect until all regulatory actions required with respect to the proposal are completed.[17]

IV. Solicitation of Comments

Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Exchange Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:

Electronic Comments

Paper Comments

  • Send paper comments in triplicate to Elizabeth M. Murphy, Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549.

All submissions should refer to File Number SR-OCC-2013-04. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site (​rules/​sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of OCC and on OCC's Web site: (​components/​docs/​legal/​rules_​and_​bylaws/​sr_​occ_​13_​04.pdf). All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR-OCC-2013-04 and should be submitted on or before May 28, 2013.

Start Signature

For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.18

Kevin M. O'Neill,

Deputy Secretary.

End Signature End Preamble


3.  OCC also filed the proposed rule change as an advance notice under Section 806(e)(1) of Title VIII of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank Act”) entitled the Payment, Clearing, and Settlement Supervision Act of 2010 (“Clearing Supervision Act”). 12 U.S.C. 5465(e)(1); SR-OCC-2013-802.

Back to Citation

4.  The Commission has modified the text of the summaries prepared by the clearing agency.

Back to Citation

5.  See the definition of “expiration time” in Article I of OCC's By-Laws.

Back to Citation

6.  Examples of options with Non-standard Expiration Contracts include flex options, quarterly, monthly and weekly options, where the expiration exercise processing for such options presently occurs on a weekday.

Back to Citation

7.  OCC has contacted FINRA regarding the need to review the Contrary Exercise Advisory Rule to ensure such rule is consistent with the industry effort to move to Friday expiration dates. FINRA has determined that no changes to its current rules are needed in order to accommodate the transition of expiration processing from Saturday to Friday night. FINRA has agreed that it will work with the industry to implement coordinated and appropriate modifications to its rules in order to accommodate Friday night expiration dates, which will begin on or after February 1, 2015.

Back to Citation

8.  See, e.g., FINRA Rule 4210(b)(23)(A)(iii). “Option holders have until 5:30 p.m. Eastern Time (“ET”) on the business day immediately prior to the expiration date to make a final exercise decision to exercise or not exercise an expiring option. Members may not accept exercise instructions for customer or noncustomer accounts after 5:30 p.m. ET.” Member firms may specify earlier cutoff times.

Back to Citation

9.  See OCC Rule 805(g).

Back to Citation

10.  OCC's exercise-by-exception procedures are described in Rule 805(d), which generally provides that each clearing member will automatically be deemed to have submitted an exercise notice immediately prior to the expiration time for all in-the-money option contracts unless the clearing member has instructed OCC otherwise in a written exercise notice.

Back to Citation

11.  The exercise-by-exception window for weekly and quarterly expiration options is from 6:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Central Time on the expiration date.

Back to Citation

12.  The proposed expiration schedule for Friday expiration processing is similar to the expiration schedule for weekly options, which begins at 6:00 p.m. Central Time on Friday evening and ends at 11:30 p.m. Central Time on Friday evening. All timeframes would be set forth in OCC's procedures and subject to change based on OCC's experience with Friday expiration processing.

Back to Citation

13.  After OCC designates an expiration date as grandfathered, the exchanges have agreed to not permit the listing of, and OCC will not accept for clearance, any newly listed standard expiration option contract with a Friday expiration in the applicable month.

Back to Citation

14.  Until exchanges complete certain systems enhancements in August 2013, it is possible that additional option contracts may be listed with Saturday expiration dates beyond February 1, 2015.

Back to Citation

15.  15 U.S.C. Section 78q-1.

Back to Citation

16.  15 U.S.C. Section 78q-1(b)(3)(F).

Back to Citation

17.  OCC also filed the proposed rule change as an advance notice under Section 806(e)(1) of the Clearing Supervision Act. 12 U.S.C. 5465(e)(1); SR-OCC-2013-802. Proposed changes filed under the Clearing Supervision Act may be implemented pursuant to Section 806(e)(1)(G) of the Clearing Supervision Act if the Commission does not object to the proposed change within 60 days of the later of (i) the date that the proposed change was filed with the Commission or (ii) the date that any additional information requested by the Commission is received. 12 U.S.C. 5465(e)(1)(G).

Back to Citation

[FR Doc. 2013-10605 Filed 5-3-13; 8:45 am]