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Hours of Service of Drivers; Renewal and Expansion of American Pyrotechnics Association Exemption From the 14-Hour Rule During Independence Day Celebrations

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Start Preamble


Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.


Notice of final disposition; granting of application for exemption.


FMCSA announces the granting of an exemption of 55 member-companies of the American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) from FMCSA's regulation prohibiting drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) from driving after the 14th hour after coming on duty. The FMCSA renews the exemption for 45 APA member-companies and grants 10 additional carriers coverage by the exemption, which is applicable during the periods June 28-July 8, 2013, and June 28-July 8, 2014, inclusive. The requested renewal of the exemption for one motor carrier is being denied. Additionally, the APA advised FMCSA of the removal from the original renewal application of two companies that are no longer in business or no longer members of the APA. The original application was for 58 carriers; two were removed by APA and one denied by FMCSA, leaving 55 carriers being granted the exemption. Drivers who operate these CMVs in conjunction with staging fireworks shows celebrating Independence Day will be allowed to exclude off-duty and sleeper-berth time of any length from the calculation of the 14 hours. These drivers will continue to be subject to a prohibition from driving after accumulating 14 hours on duty, the 11-hour driving time limit, and the 60- and 70-hour limits. FMCSA believes that with the terms and conditions in place, APA-member motor carriers will maintain a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level of safety that would be obtained by complying with the regulation.


This exemption is effective during the periods of June 28 (12:01 a.m.) through July 8, 2013 (11:59 p.m.) Start Printed Page 39058and from June 28 (12:01 a.m.) through July 8, 2014 (11:59 p.m.).

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Ms. Pearlie Robinson, FMCSA Driver and Carrier Operations Division, Office of Bus and Truck Standards and Operations, Telephone: 202-366-4325. Email:

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


APA Application for Exemption

The hours-of-service (HOS) rule in 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2) prohibits a property-carrying CMV driver from driving a CMV after the 14th hour after coming on duty following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Under 49 U.S.C. 31315 and 31136(e), FMCSA may grant an exemption from the HOS requirements in 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2) for a 2-year period if it finds such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level that would be achieved absent such exemption. The procedures for requesting an exemption (including renewals) are prescribed in 49 CFR part 381.

The APA, a trade association representing the domestic fireworks industry, applied for an exemption in 2004. Various APA members have held 2-year exemptions during Independence Day periods from 2005 through 2012. The last exemption, for 45 of its members, expired on July 9, 2012. The current application covers 45 members that previously held exemptions and 10 additional member-companies. The original application was for 58 carriers with two removed by APA and one denied by FMCSA; 55 carriers are being granted the exemption.

The initial APA exemption application for relief from the 14-hour rule was submitted in 2004; a copy of the application is in the docket. That application fully describes the nature of the pyrotechnic operations during a typical Independence Day period.

The CMV drivers employed by APA member-companies are trained pyrotechnicians who hold commercial driver's licenses (CDLs) with hazardous materials (HM) endorsements. They transport fireworks and related equipment by CMVs on a very demanding schedule during a brief Independence Day period, often to remote locations. After they arrive, the drivers are responsible for set-up and staging of the fireworks shows.

The APA states that it is seeking an HOS exemption for the 2013 and 2014 Independence Day periods because compliance with the current 14-hour rule in 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2) by its members would impose a substantial economic hardship on numerous cities, towns and municipalities, as well as its member-companies. To meet the demand for fireworks shows under the current HOS rules, APA member-companies state that they would be required to hire a second driver for most trips. The APA advises that the result would be a substantial increase in the cost of the fireworks shows—beyond the means of many of its members' customers—and that many Americans would be denied this important component of the celebration of Independence Day. The 55 APA member-companies within the scope of this exemption approval are listed in an appendix to this notice. A copy of the request for the exemption is included in the docket referenced at the beginning of this notice.

Method To Ensure an Equivalent or Greater Level of Safety

The APA believes that renewal of the exemption for previously exempt carriers and the granting of relief for new carriers will not adversely affect the safety of the fireworks transportation provided by these motor carriers. According to APA, its member-companies have operated under this exemption for eight previous Independence Day periods without a reported motor carrier safety incident. Moreover, it asserts, without the extra duty-period time provided by the exemption, safety would decline because APA drivers would be unable to return to their home base or other safe location after each show. They would be forced to park the CMVs carrying HM 1.1G, 1.3G and 1.4G products in areas less secure than the motor carrier's home base. As a condition of holding the exemption, each motor carrier would be required to notify FMCSA within 5 business days of any accident (as defined in 49 CFR 390.5) involving the operation of any its CMVs while under this exemption. To date, FMCSA has received no accident notifications, nor is the Agency aware of any accidents reportable under terms of the prior APA exemptions.

In its exemption request, APA asserted that the operational demands of this unique industry minimize the risk of CMV crashes. In the last few days before the 4th of July, these drivers transport fireworks over relatively short routes from distribution points to the site of the fireworks display, and normally do so in the early morning when traffic is light. At the site, they spend considerable time installing, wiring, and safety-checking the fireworks displays, followed by several hours off duty in the late afternoon and early evening prior to the event. During this time, the drivers are able to rest and nap, thereby reducing or eliminating the fatigue accumulated during the day. Before beginning another duty day, these drivers must take 10 consecutive hours off duty, the same as other CMV drivers. FMCSA believes that these APA operations conducted under the terms and conditions of this limited exemption will provide a level of safety that, at a minimum, is equivalent to the level of safety achieved without the exemption.

Public Comments

On May 7, 2013, FMCSA published notice of this application, and asked for public comment (78 FR 26690). One set of comments was received. Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety (Advocates) opposed the exemption from the HOS regulations. Their comments are available for review in the docket for this notice.

Advocates objected to this exemption on various grounds: (1) Advocates opposes the issuance of any HOS exemptions, especially “blanket” exemptions; (2) the carriers for which this exemption is requested have had out-of-service (OOS) orders issued during past exemption periods, have OOS rates above National averages, and may be “on alert” in one or more violation categories under FMCSA's Safety Measurement System; (3) the exemption is unnecessary because the APA has had 8 years during which to develop alternative operational methods that would not require an exemption; (4) claims that the exemption allows safer storage of hazardous materials are questionable; (5) Advocates objects to the length of time FMCSA has taken from receipt of the application to issue this disposition notice; and (6) FMCSA did not adequately investigate and announce the applicant-carriers' safety records when it published the notice of APA's exemption application.

FMCSA Response

Prior to publishing the Federal Register notice announcing the receipt of the APA exemption request, FMCSA ensured that the motor carriers involved have a current USDOT registration, Hazardous Materials Safety Permit (if required), minimum required levels of insurance, and are not subject to any “imminent hazard” or other OOS orders. The Agency comprehensively investigated the safety history of each applicant during the review process. FMCSA has reviewed its safety records, including inspection and accident reports, for each applicant motor carrier. The Agency also requested and received Start Printed Page 39059a records review of each carrier from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA).

Because each company is listed in the notice seeking public comment, and each company's safety performance record is reviewed by the Agency, there is no merit to Advocates' argument. FMCSA views Advocates' comments about blanket exemptions versus individual exemptions as a distinction without a substantive difference. Each carrier is listed and subject to the notice-and-comment process, and any individual carrier could be denied based on public comments and/or FMCSA's assessment. Therefore, the only entity potentially adversely affected by a lengthy process would be an applicant. FMCSA recognizes no potential harm to the public due to the current process. To the contrary, processing an application of this type too far in advance of the relevant event could result in the status of the applicants having changed between the time of the records review and the effective date of the exemption.

With regard to Advocates' suggestion that APA members should have developed alternative means to comply with the HOS regulations without an exemption, FMCSA does not believe reasonable alternatives are necessarily available in many locations. Such alternatives would include locating additional drivers with CDLs and HM endorsements. This is difficult for part-time, holiday-specific work. CDL holders with HM endorsements are likely to be in high demand, given the Transportation Security Administration requirements for a security threat analysis for such drivers. And, as indicated in this notice and APA's application, potential alternatives could drive the cost of the fireworks displays beyond the financial capabilities of many communities.

With regard to the security of alternative storage locations following a fireworks “shoot,” many sites do not provide security following a display and may require all vehicles to depart the area. Arrangements can be made for the next community at which a display is planned to begin their access and security upon the planned arrival of the fireworks team.

FMCSA Decision

The FMCSA has evaluated APA's application, the safety records of the companies to which the exemption would apply, and the public comments. The Agency believes that APA member-companies will likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to, or greater than, the level of safety achieved without the exemption [49 CFR 381.305(a)], and grants the requested exemption to the 55 APA member-companies listed in an appendix to this notice.

The exemption requested for one carrier is denied: Arthur Rozzi Pyrotechnics (Rozzi), Maineville, OH, USDOT 2008107. Rozzi is subject to an open investigation and enforcement action by PHMSA, involving violations of the Hazardous Materials Regulations. Under the circumstances, it would be inappropriate to grant Rozzi an exemption.

Terms and Conditions of the Exemption

Period of the Exemption

The requested exemption from the requirements of 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2) is effective during the periods of June 28 (12:01 a.m.) through July 8, 2013 (11:59 p.m.) and from June 28 (12:01 a.m.) through July 8, 2014 (11:59 p.m.). The exemption will expire on July 8, 2014, at 11:59 p.m. local time.

Extent of the Exemption

This exemption is restricted to the 55 motor carriers listed in the appendix to this notice and their CMV drivers. The drivers are provided a limited exemption from the requirements of 49 CFR 395.3(a)(2). This regulation prohibits a driver from driving a CMV after the 14th hour after coming on duty and does not permit off-duty periods to extend the 14-hour limit. Drivers covered by this exemption may exclude off-duty and sleeper-berth time of any length from the calculation of the 14-hour limit. This exemption is contingent on each driver driving no more than 11 hours in the 14-hour period after coming on duty as extended by any off-duty or sleeper-berth time in accordance with this exemption. The exemption is further contingent on each driver having a minimum of 10 consecutive hours off duty prior to beginning a new duty period. The carriers and drivers must comply with all other applicable requirements of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (49 CFR parts 350-399) and Hazardous Materials Regulations (49 CFR parts 105-180).

Other Conditions

This exemption is contingent upon each carrier maintaining USDOT registration, a Hazardous Materials Safety Permit (if required), minimum levels of public liability insurance, and not being subject to any “imminent hazard” or other out-of-service (OOS) order issued by FMCSA. Each driver covered by the exemption must maintain a valid CDL with required endorsements, not be subject to any OOS order or suspension of driving privileges, and meet all physical qualifications required by 49 CFR part 391.


During the periods the exemption is in effect, no State may enforce any law or regulation that conflicts with or is inconsistent with this exemption with respect to a person or entity operating under the exemption (49 U.S.C. 31315(d)).

FMCSA Accident Notification

Exempt motor carriers must notify FMCSA within 5 business days of any accidents (as defined by 49 CFR 390.5) involving the operation of any of its CMVs while under this exemption. The notification must include the following information:

a. Date of the accident,

b. City or town, and State, in which the accident occurred, or which is closest to the scene of the accident,

c. Driver's name and driver's license number,

d. Vehicle number and State license number,

e. Number of individuals suffering physical injury,

f. Number of fatalities,

g. The police-reported cause of the accident,

h. Whether the driver was cited for violation of any traffic laws, or motor carrier safety regulations, and

i. The total driving time and the total on-duty time of the CMV driver at the time of the accident.


The FMCSA does not believe the motor carriers and drivers covered by this exemption will experience any deterioration of their safety record. However, should this occur, FMCSA will take all steps necessary to protect the public interest, including revocation of the exemption. The FMCSA will immediately revoke the exemption for failure to comply with its terms and conditions.

Start Signature

Issued on: June 25, 2013.

T.F. Scott Darling,

Chief Counsel.

End Signature Start Printed Page 39060

Appendix to Notice of Renewal and Expansion of American Pyrotechnics Association (APA) Exemption for 55 Motor Carriers From the 14-Hour HOS Rule During 2013 and 2014 Independence Day Celebrations

Motor CarrierStreet AddressCity, State & Zip CodeDOT No.
1. Alonzo Fireworks Display, Inc846 Stillwater Bridge RdSchaghticoke, NY 12154420639
2. American Fireworks Company7041 Darrow RoadHudson, OH 44236103972
3. American Fireworks Display, LLCP.O. Box 980Oxford, NY 138302115608
4. AM Pyrotechnics, LLC2429 East 535th RdBuffalo, MO 656221034961
5. Atlas Enterprises Inc6601 Nine Mile Azle RdFort Worth, TX 761350116910
6. Atlas Pyrovision Productions, Inc136 Old Sharon RdJaffrey, NH 03452789777
7. B.J. Alan Company555 Martin Luther King, Jr BlvdYoungstown, OH 44502-1102262140
8. Central States Fireworks, Inc18034 Kincaid StreetAthens, IL 626131022659
9. Colonial Fireworks Company5225 Telegraph RoadToledo, OH 43612177274
10. East Coast Pyrotechnics, Inc4652 Catawba River RdCatawba, SC 29704545033
11. Entertainment Fireworks, Inc13313 Reeder Road SWTenino, WA 98589680942
12. Falcon Fireworks3411 Courthouse RoadGuyton, GA 313121037954
13. Fireworks & Stage FX America12650 Hwy 67S. Suite BLakeside, CA 92040908304
14. Fireworks by Grucci, Inc1 Grucci LaneBrookhaven, NY 11719324490
15. Fireworks Extravaganza174 Route 17 NorthRochelle Park, NJ 076622064141
16. Fireworks West Internationale910 North 3200 WestLogan, UT 84321245423
17. Garden State Fireworks, Inc383 Carlton RoadMillington, NJ 07946435878
18. Gateway Fireworks DisplaysP.O. Box 39327St Louis, MO 631391325301
19. Great Lakes Fireworks24805 MarineEastpointe, MI 480211011216
20. Hamburg Fireworks Display Inc2240 Horns Mill Road SELancaster, OH395079
21. Hawaii Explosives & Pyrotechnics, Inc17-7850 N. Kulani RoadMountain View, HI 967711375918
22. Hi-Tech FX, LLC18060 170th AveYarmouth, IA 526601549055
23. Hollywood Pyrotechnics, Inc1567 Antler PointEagan, MN 551221061068
24. Homeland Fireworks, IncP.O. Box 7Jamieson, OR 979091377525
25. Island Fireworks Co., IncN1597 County Rd VVHager City, WI 54014414583
26. J&M Displays, Inc18064 170th AveYarmouth, IA 52660377461
27. Lantis Fireworks, Inc130 Sodrac Dr., Box 229N. Sioux City, SD 57049534052
28. Lantis Productions dba Lantis Fireworks and Lasers799 N. 18150 WFairfield, UT 84013195428
29. Legion Fireworks Co., Inc10 Legion LaneWappingers Falls, NY 12590554391
30. Mad Bomber/Planet ProductionsP.O. Box 294, 3999 Hupp Road R31Kingsbury, IN 46345777176
31. Martin & Ware Inc. dba Pyro City Maine & Central Maine PyrotechnicsP.P. Box 322Hallowell, ME 04347734974
32. Melrose Pyrotechnics, Inc1 Kingsbury Industrial ParkKingsbury, IN 46345434586
33. Precocious Pyrotechnics, Inc4420-278th Ave NWBelgrade, MN 56312435931
34. Pyro Engineering Inc., dba/Bay Fireworks400 Broadhollow Rd. Ste #3Farmindale, NY 11735530262
35. Pyro Shows Inc701 W. Central AveLaFollette, TN 37766456818
36. Pyro Spectacluars, Inc3196 N Locust AveRialto, CA 92376029329
37. Pyro Spectaculars North, Inc5301 Lang AvenueMcClellan, CA 956521671438
38. Pyrotechnic Display, Inc8450 W. St. Francis RdFrankfort, IL 604231929883
39. Pyrotecnico (S. Vitale Pyrotechnic Industries, Inc.)302 Wilson RdNew Castle, PA 16105526749
40. Pyrotecnico, LLC60 West CtMandeville, LA 70471548303
41. Pyrotecnico FX6965 Speedway Blvd. Suite 115Las Vegas, NV 891151610728
42. Rainbow Fireworks, Inc76 Plum AveInman, KS 675461139643
43. RES Specialty Pyrotechnics21595 286th StBelle Plaine, MN 56011523981
44. Rozzi's Famous Fireworks, Inc11605 North Lebanon RdLoveland, OH 451400483686
45. Skyworks, Ltd13513 W. Carrier RdCarrier, OK 737271421047
46. Spielbauer Fireworks Co, Inc220 Roselawn BlvdGreen Bay, WI 54301046479
47. Starfire Corporation682 Cole RoadCarrolltown, PA 15722554645
48. Stonebraker-Rocky Mountain Fireworks Co5650 Lowell Blvd, Unit EDenver, CO 802210029845
49. Vermont Fireworks Co., Inc./Northstar Fireworks Co., Inc2235 Vermont Route 14 SouthEast Montpelier, VT 05651310632
50. Western Display Fireworks, Ltd10946 S. New Era RdCanby, OR 97013498941
51. Western Enterprises, IncP.O. Box 160Carrier, OK 73727203517
52. Western Fireworks, Inc14592 Ottaway Road NEAurora, OR 97002838585
53. Wolverine Fireworks Display, Inc205 W SeidlersKawkawlin, MI376857
54. Young Explosives CorpP.O. Box 18653Rochester, NY 14618450304
55. Zambelli Fireworks MFG, Co., IncP.O. Box 1463New Castle, PA 16103033167
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[FR Doc. 2013-15608 Filed 6-26-13; 8:45 am]