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Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company Turbofan Engines

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION:

Final rule; request for comments.

SUMMARY:

We are superseding emergency airworthiness directive (AD) 2013-14-51 for General Electric Company (GE) GE90-110B1 and GE90-115B turbofan engines with affected transfer gearbox assembly (TGB) radial gearshafts installed. AD 2013-14-51 was sent previously to all known U.S. owners and operators of GE90-110B1 and GE90-115B turbofan engines. AD 2013-14-51 prohibited operation of an airplane if more than one installed engine has an affected TGB radial Start Printed Page 47535gearshaft. This AD contains the same prohibition as AD 2013-14-51 and also prohibits operation of any airplane 60 days after the effective date of this new AD if any installed engine has an affected TGB radial gearshaft. This new AD also revises the applicability by adding GE90-76B, GE90-77B, GE90-85B, GE90-90B, GE90-94B, and GE90-113B turbofan engine models and adds a mandatory terminating action. This new AD was prompted by reports of three failures of TGB radial gearshafts which resulted in in-flight shutdowns (IFSDs). We are issuing this new AD to prevent failure of the TGB radial gearshaft, which could result in IFSD of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and damage to the airplane.

DATES:

This AD is effective August 21, 2013.

We must receive any comments on this AD by September 20, 2013.

ADDRESSES:

You may send comments by any of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
  • Fax: 202-493-2251.
  • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
  • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

For service information identified in this AD, contact General Electric Company, One Neumann Way, Room 285, Cincinnati, OH; phone: 513-552-3272; email: geae.aoc@ge.com. You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781-238-7125.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov;​ or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Carlos Fernandes, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7189; fax: 781-238-7199; email: carlos.fernandes@faa.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Discussion

On May 16, 2013, we issued emergency AD 2013-10-52 (issued on June 16, 2013, as a Final Rule, Request for Comments (78 FR 38195, June 26, 2013)), which was immediately effective to owners and operators of GE GE90-110B1 and GE90-115B turbofan engines. That AD resulted from reports of two failures of TGB radial gearshafts that resulted in IFSDs. That AD prohibited operation of an airplane with affected TGBs installed on both engines.

On July 12, 2013, we issued emergency AD 2013-14-51, superseding AD 2013-10-52 (78 FR 38195, June 26, 2013). AD 2013-14-51 also prohibits operation of an airplane with affected TGB radial gearshafts installed on both engines. AD 2013-14-51 resulted from a report of an additional failure of a TGB radial gearshaft, outside the population identified in AD 2013-10-52. We issued ADs 2013-10-52 and 2013-14-51 to prevent failure and separation of the TGB radial gearshaft, which could result in IFSD of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and damage to the airplane.

Actions Since AD 2013-14-51 Was Issued

Since we issued emergency AD 2013-14-51, dated July 12, 2013, we determined that airplanes with an installed engine with an affected TGB radial gearshaft should not be allowed to operate more than 60 days after the effective date of this new AD. We also revised the Applicability of this new AD since we determined that the affected TGB radial gearshafts are installed on additional GE90 engine models besides the GE90-110B1 and GE90-115B. We also determined the need to add a mandatory terminating action.

Relevant Service Information

We reviewed GE GE90-100 Series Alert Service Bulletin (ASB) No. GE90-100 S/B 72-A0568, dated July 10, 2013; GE GE90-100 Series Service Bulletin (SB) No. GE90-100 S/B 72-0569, Revision 0, dated July 19, 2013; and GE GE90 SB No. GE90 S/B 72-1091, Revision 0, dated June 11, 2013, which provide additional information regarding the affected TGB radial gearshafts. We also reviewed GE GE90-100 Series SB No. GE90-100 S/B 72-0563, Revision 0, dated June 21, 2013, and Revision 1, dated July 10, 2013; and GE GE90 SB No. GE90 S/B 72-1066, Revision 0, dated June 21, 2013; which provide information regarding the mandatory terminating action.

FAA's Determination

We are issuing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design.

AD Requirements

This AD prohibits operation of an airplane with affected TGB radial gearshafts installed on both engines after the effective date of this AD. This AD also prohibits operation of an airplane with affected TGB radial gearshafts installed on any engine 60 days after the effective date of this AD. This AD also adds a mandatory terminating action, namely, to install a TGB radial gearshaft that is eligible for installation.

FAA's Justification and Determination of the Effective Date

An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of this AD. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public justifies waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule because of the before further flight compliance time. Therefore, we find that notice and opportunity for prior public comment are impracticable and that good cause exists for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days.

Comments Invited

This AD is a final rule that involves requirements affecting flight safety, and we did not provide you with notice and an opportunity to provide your comments before it becomes effective. However, we invite you to send any written data, views, or arguments about this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include the docket number FAA-2013-0447 and directorate identifier 2013-NE-17-AD at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this AD because of those comments.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each Start Printed Page 47536substantive verbal contact we receive about this AD.

Costs of Compliance

We estimate that this AD will affect about 16 GE90 engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it will take about eight hours per engine to replace the TGB radial gearshaft. The average labor rate is $85 per hour. The cost of this part is about $16,700. Based on these figures, we estimate the total cost of this AD to U.S. operators to be $278,080.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701, “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:

(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866,

(2) Is not a “significant rule” under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),

(3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska to the extent that it justifies making a regulatory distinction, and

(4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

End List of Subjects

Adoption of the Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA amends part 39 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (14 CFR part 39) as follows:

Start Part

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Removing AD 2013-10-52 (

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Adding the following new AD: 2013-15-20: Amendment 39-17536; Docket No. FAA-2013-0447; Directorate Identifier 2013-NE-17-AD.

End Amendment Part

(a) Effective Date

This AD is effective August 21, 2013.

(b) Affected ADs

This AD supersedes Emergency AD 2013-14-51, Directorate ID 2013-NE-17-AD, dated July 12, 2013. This AD also removes AD 2013-10-52 (78 FR 38195, June 26, 2013) from the Code of Federal Regulations.

(c) Applicability

General Electric Company (GE) GE90-76B, GE90-77B, GE90-85B, GE90-90B, GE90-94B, GE90-110B1, GE90-113B and GE90-115B turbofan engines with a transfer gearbox assembly (TGB) radial gearshaft, part number (P/N) 1995M24P02, serial number (S/N) listed in Figure 1 to paragraph (c) of this AD, installed.

Figure 1 to Paragraph (c)—TGB Radial Gearshaft P/N 1995M24P02 S/N's

FIA0KCYGFIA0JETAFIA0H0VJFIA0HL0C
FIA0K63FFIA0J7V2FIA0K62RFIA0HLY9
FIA0K3A3FIA0KCYMFIA0K63CFIA0HL0E
FIA0JVREFIA0JJ6EFIA0K89HFIA0HL0F
FIA0H0VMFIA0JNJHFIA0KCYKFIA0HL0G
FIA0K3A4FIA0K62WFIA0K3A5FIA0HLY7
FIA0K62TFIA0K89PFIA0HWKAFIA0HJTE
FIA0JJ53FIA0JJ57FIA0KCYRFIA0HJTJ
FIA0K89WFIA0JJ56FIA0HWKEFIA0HJTG
FIA0KCW8FIA0KH9YFIA0J7WHFIA0HJTC
FIA0K3A6FIA0KCYPFIA0JER9FIA0HJTF
FIA0HY8CFIA0JJ55FIA0JNJJFIA0HJTH
FIA0K3APFIA0KH9GFIA0JVRRFIA0HJTA
FIA0J7WGFIA0KH9HFIA0JNJMFIA0HJR9
FIA0JVRLFIA0KH9KFIA0KH9RFIA0HWJ7
FIA0J7V1FIA0KH9CFIA0KH9PFIA0HY76
FIA0JVRMFIA0K63HFIA0K89CFIA0HY8F
FIA0K3AVFIA0K63MFIA0JVRHFIA0H0VK
FIA0J7V8FIA0K62YFIA0K89LFIA0J7VR
FIA0J7WEFIA0JVP9FIA0JER6FIA0JJ58
FIA0K3A2FIA0K63EFIA0JETHFIA0JJ6C
FIA0K3A1FIA0K3AYFIA0H0VCFIA0JNJF
FIA0K3ANFIA0JVRTFIA0K3ALFIA0JNJK
FIA0JVRPFIA0HY8EFIA0J7VVFIA0JVRC
FIA0JJ6FFIA0HY8NFIA0J7VPFIA0J7V4
FIA0JJ6JFIA0J7V0FIA0J7V9FIA0JETF
FIA0JVRVFIA0J7V3FIA0HWJ8FIA0HEG4
FIA0H0VLFIA0J7V5FIA0H0VAFIA0HWJ9
FIA0K89TFIA0HY8HFIA0KCYLFIA0HWJ5
FIA0K89YFIA0HEG2FIA0HY79FIA0HWJ6
Start Printed Page 47537
FIA0JETLFIA0K62VFIA0KH9JFIA0J7VW
FIA0JER8FIA0HEGYFIA0HY8GFIA0J7VY
FIA0J7WCFIA0HWKCFIA0HY8MFIA0J7VT
FIA0JETEFIA0K3A0FIA0HY8AFIA0J7WF
FIA0K3ATFIA0JVRJFIA0H0VGFIA0J7V6
FIA0JJ59FIA0K8AAFIA0K3ARFIA0K89G
FIA0K3AWFIA0KCYTFIA0JETCFIA0K89K
FIA0JVRNFIA0KH9TFIA0KH9WFIA0K89R
FIA0JNH8FIA0HEG1FIA0JNJCFIA0KCYJ
FIA0JETNFIA0HEG3FIA0K63LFIA0JJ6G
FIA0HY78FIA0J7WJFIA0KCYNFIA0JJ6A
FIA0HY75FIA0JER7FIA0JVRGFIA0HY8K
FIA0HEG0FIA0JVRFFIA0HY8LFIA0HLY6
FIA0KH9EFIA0K63KFIA0HY8JFIA0HLY0
FIA0KH9FFIA0J7WKFIA0H0VHFIA0HLY1
FIA0H0T9FIA0JER5FIA0H0VFFIA0HLY4
FIA0HLY3FIA0JETM

(d) Unsafe Condition

This AD was prompted by reports of three failures of TGB radial gearshafts which resulted in in-flight shutdowns (IFSDs). We are issuing this AD to prevent failure of the TGB radial gearshaft, which could result in IFSD of one or more engines, loss of thrust control, and damage to the airplane.

(e) Compliance

(1) Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, unless already done.

(2) Before further flight after the effective date of this AD, do not operate the airplane if more than one installed engine has a TGB radial gearshaft P/N and S/N listed in Figure 1 to paragraph (c) of this AD.

(f) Mandatory Terminating Action

No later than 60 days after the effective date of this AD, as terminating action to the requirements of paragraph (e) of this AD, replace all TGB radial gearshafts identified in Figure 1 to paragraph (c) of this AD that are installed on an airplane with TGB radial gearshafts that are eligible for installation.

(g) Prohibition on Operation

Sixty days after the effective date of this AD, do not operate any airplane that has an engine installed that has a TGB radial gearshaft P/N and S/N listed in Figure 1 to paragraph (c) of this AD.

(h) Definition

For the purposes of this AD, a TGB radial gearshaft eligible for installation is:

(1) A TGB radial gearshaft P/N and S/N, not listed in this AD or

(2) A TGB radial gearshaft with an S/N listed in paragraph (c) of this AD with part number 1995M24P04, 2205M61P01 or 2205M61P02.

(i) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, may approve AMOCs for this AD. Use the procedures in 14 CFR 39.19 to make your request.

(j) Related Information

(1) For more information about this AD, contact Carlos Fernandes, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: 781-238-7189; fax: 781-238-7199; email: carlos.fernandes@faa.gov.

(2) GE GE90-100 Series Alert Service Bulletin No. GE90-100 S/B 72-A0568, Revision 0, dated July 10, 2013; GE GE90-100 Series Service Bulletin (SB) No. GE90-100 S/B 72-0569, Revision 0, dated July 19, 2013; GE GE90-100 Series SB No. GE90-100 S/B 72-0563, Revision 0, dated June 21, 2013, and Revision 1, dated July 10, 2013; GE GE90 SB No. GE90 S/B 72-1066, Revision 0, dated June 21, 2013; and GE GE90 SB No. GE90 S/B 72-1091, Revision 0, dated June 11, 2013, can be obtained from GE using the contact information in paragraph (j)(3) of this AD.

(3) For service information identified in this AD, contact General Electric Company, One Neumann Way, Room 285, Cincinnati, OH; phone: 513-552-3272; email: geae.aoc@ge.com.

(4) You may view this service information at the FAA, Engine & Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA. For information on the availability of this material at the FAA, call 781-238-7125.

(k) Material Incorporated by Reference

None.

Start Signature

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on July 25, 2013.

Frank P. Paskiewicz,

Acting Director, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2013-18840 Filed 8-5-13; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-13-P