Skip to Content


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Technical Corrections for Kirtland's Warbler

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Enhanced Content

Relevant information about this document from provides additional context. This information is not part of the official Federal Register document.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.


Direct final rule.


We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, announce the revised taxonomy of Dendroica kirtlandii (Kirtland's warbler) under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act). We are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife to reflect the scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of this species. We revise the scientific name of the species as follows: Setophaga kirtlandii (= D. kirtlandii).


This rule is effective February 12, 2014 without further action, unless significant adverse comment is received by January 13, 2014. If significant adverse comment is received, we will publish a timely withdrawal of the rule in the Federal Register.


You may submit comments by one of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Follow the instructions for submitting comments to Docket No. FWS-R3-ES-2013-0114.
  • U.S. mail or hand-delivery: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS-R3-ES-2013-0114; Division of Policy and Directives Management; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 222; Arlington, VA 22203.

See Public Comments in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION for more information about submitting comments.

Start Further Info


Barbara Hosler, Endangered Species Coordinator, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ecological Services Field Office, 2651 Coolidge Road, East Lansing, Michigan 44823; telephone 517-351-6326. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8337 for TTY (telephone typewriter or teletypewriter) assistance.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


Purpose of This Rule

The purpose of our direct final rule is to notify the public that we are revising the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife to reflect the scientifically accepted taxonomy and nomenclature of one bird species listed under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). The change to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (50 CFR 17.11(h)) reflects the most recently accepted scientific name in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(b).

We are publishing this rule without a prior proposal because this is a noncontroversial action that, in the best interest of the regulated public, should be undertaken in as timely a manner as possible. This rule will be effective, as published in this document, on the effective date specified in DATES, unless we receive significant adverse comments on or before the comment due date specified in DATES. Significant adverse comments are comments that provide strong justification as to why our rule should not be adopted or why it should be changed.

If we receive significant adverse comments, we will publish a document in the Federal Register withdrawing this rule before the effective date, and we will engage in the normal Start Printed Page 68371rulemaking process to promulgate these changes to 50 CFR 17.11.

Public Comments

You may submit your comments and materials regarding our direct final rule by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. Please include sufficient information with your comment that allows us to verify any scientific or commercial information you include.

We will post all comments on This generally means that we will post any personal information you provide us. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal indentifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials we receive, as well as supporting documentation we used in preparing this direct final rule, will be available for public inspection on the Internet at or by appointment, during normal business hours at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service location listed above in FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.


Section 17.11(b) of title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) requires us to use the most recently accepted scientific name of any species that we have determined to be an endangered or threatened species. Using the best available scientific information, our direct final rule documents a taxonomic change (scientific name) to Kirtland's warbler (50 CFR 17.11(h)). The basis for the taxonomic change is supported by published studies in peer-reviewed journals. We revise the scientific name of this species under section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.) as follows: Setophaga kirtlandii (= D. kirtlandii). We make this change to the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife (50 CFR 17.11(h)) to reflect the most recently accepted scientific name in accordance with 50 CFR 17.11(b).

Taxonomic Classification

Setophaga kirtlandii

The scientific name change of Setophaga kirtlandii (Kirtland's warbler) from Dendroica kirtlandii is supported by phylogenetic analyses of sequences of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA (Lovette et al. 2010), which indicated that all species formerly placed in Dendroica, as well as the hooded warbler (Wilsonia citrine), the northern parula (Parula Americana), and the tropical parula (Parula pitiayumi), form a clade with the American redstart (Setophaga ruticilla). The American Ornithologists Union Committee on Classification and Nomenclature—North and Middle America recognized that the generic name, Setophaga, had priority for this clade, renamed the Kirtland's warbler as Setophaga kirtlandii, and placed the species between the American redstart and the Cape May warbler (Setophaga tigrina) (Chesser et al. 2011). This taxonomic change is included in our most recent 5-year review for the species (USFWS 2012, p. 15). This species will continue to be listed as endangered, and no other aspect of the entry for this species in 50 CFR 17.11(h) will change as a result of this rule.

Required Determinations

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

This rule does not contain any new collections of information that require approval by OMB under the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). This rule will not impose recordkeeping or reporting requirements on State or local governments, individuals, businesses, or organizations. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.

National Environmental Policy Act

We have determined that we do not need to prepare environmental assessments or environmental impact statements, as defined under the authority of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), in connection with regulations adopted under section 4(a) of the Endangered Species Act. We published a notice outlining our reasons for this determination in the Federal Register on October 25, 1983 (43 FR 49244).

Clarity of the Rule

We are required by Executive Orders 12866 and 12988 and by the Presidential Memorandum of June 1, 1998, to write all rules in plain language. This means that each rule we publish must:

(a) Be logically organized;

(b) Use the active voice to address readers directly;

(c) Use clear language rather than jargon;

(d) Be divided into short sections and sentences; and

(e) Use lists and tables wherever possible.

If you feel that we have not met these requirements, send us comments by one of the methods listed in ADDRESSES. To help us to revise this rule, your comments should be as specific as possible. For example, you should tell us the paragraphs that are unclearly written, which sections or sentences are too long, the sections where you feel lists or tables would be useful, etc.

References Cited

A complete list of the referenced materials is available upon request at at Docket No. FWS-R3-ES-2013-0114 or from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (see FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT).

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 50 CFR Part 17

End List of Subjects

Regulation Promulgation

For the reasons given in the preamble, we amend part 17, subchapter B of chapter I, title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as set forth below:

Start Part


End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 17 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 16. U.S.C. 1361-1407; 1531-1544; 4201-4245; unless otherwise noted.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Amend § 17.11(h), the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife, by revising the entry for “Warbler (wood), Kirtland's” under Birds to read as set forth below:

End Amendment Part
Endangered and threatened wildlife.
* * * * *

(h) * * *Start Printed Page 68372

SpeciesHistoric rangeVertebrate population where endangered or threatenedStatusWhen listedCritical habitatSpecial rules
Common nameScientific name
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Warbler (wood), Kirtland'sSetophaga kirtlandii (=Dendroica kirtlandii)U.S.A. (principally MI), Canada, West Indies—Bahama IslandsEntireE1, 3NANA
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
Start Signature

Dated: November 1, 2013.

Rowan W. Gould,

Acting Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2013-27297 Filed 11-13-13; 8:45 am]