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Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
Interim rule with request for comments.
This rule decreases the assessment rate established for the California Olive Committee (Committee) for the 2014 and subsequent fiscal years from $21.16 to $15.21 per ton of assessable olives handled. The Committee locally administers the marketing order, which regulates the handling of olives grown in California. Assessments upon olive handlers are used by the Committee to fund reasonable and necessary expenses of the program. The fiscal year began January 1 and ends December 31. The assessment rate will remain in effect indefinitely unless modified, suspended, or terminated.
Effective March 15, 2014; comments received by May 13, 2014 will be considered prior to issuance of a final rule.
Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning this rule. Comments must be sent to the Docket Clerk, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Fruit and Vegetable Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., STOP 0237, Washington, DC 20250-0237; Fax: (202) 720-8938; or Internet: http://www.regulations.gov. Comments should reference the document number and the date and page number of this issue of the Federal Register and will be available for public inspection in the Office of the Docket Clerk during regular business hours, or can be viewed at: http://www.regulations.gov. All comments submitted in response to this rule will be included in the record and will be made available to the public. Please be advised that the identity of the individuals or entities submitting the comments will be made public on the internet at the address provided above.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Jerry L. Simmons, Marketing Specialist, or Martin Engeler, Regional Director, California Marketing Field Office, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Fruit and Vegetable Program, AMS, USDA; Telephone: (559) 487-5901, Fax: (559) 487-5906, or Email: Jerry.Simmons@ams.usda.gov or Martin.Engeler@ams.usda.gov.
Small businesses may request information on complying with this regulation by contacting Jeffrey Smutny, Marketing Order and Agreement Division, Fruit and Vegetable Program, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., STOP 0237, Washington, DC 20250-0237; Telephone: (202) 720-2491, Fax: (202) 720-8938, or Email: Jeffrey.Smutny@ams.usda.gov.
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This rule is issued under Marketing Agreement No. 148 and Order No. 932, both as amended (7 CFR part 932), regulating the handling of olives grown in California, hereinafter referred to as the “order.” The order is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), hereinafter referred to as the “Act.”
The Department of Agriculture (USDA) is issuing this rule in conformance with Executive Orders 12866, 13175, and 13563.
This rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. Under the marketing order now in effect, California olive handlers are subject to assessments. Funds to administer the order are derived from such assessments. It is intended that the assessment rate as issued herein will be applicable to all assessable olives beginning on January 1, 2014, and continue until amended, suspended, or terminated.
The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 608c(15)(A) of the Act, any handler subject to an order may file with USDA a petition stating that the order, any provision of the order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the order is not in accordance with law and request a modification of the order or to be exempted therefrom. Such handler is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After the hearing, USDA would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the handler is an inhabitant, or has his or her principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review USDA's ruling on the petition, provided an action is filed not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the ruling.
This rule decreases the assessment rate established for the Committee for the 2014 and subsequent fiscal years from $21.16 to $15.21 per ton of assessable olives.
The California olive marketing order provides authority for the Committee, with the approval of USDA, to formulate an annual budget of expenses and collect assessments from handlers to administer the program. The members of the Committee are producers and handlers of California olives. They are familiar with the Committee's needs and with the costs for goods and services in their local area, and are thus in a position to formulate an appropriate budget and assessment rate. The assessment rate is formulated and discussed in a public meeting. Thus, all directly affected persons have an opportunity to participate and provide input.
For the 2013 and subsequent fiscal years, the Committee recommended, and USDA approved, an assessment rate of $21.16 per ton of assessable olives that would continue in effect from fiscal year to fiscal year unless modified, suspended, or terminated by USDA upon recommendation and information submitted by the Committee or other information available to USDA.
The Committee met on December 9, 2013, and unanimously recommended 2014 fiscal year expenditures of $1,262,460 and an assessment rate of $15.21 per ton of assessable olives. In comparison, last year's budgeted expenditures were $1,289,198. The assessment rate of $15.21 is $5.95 lower than the rate currently in effect. The Committee recommended the lower assessment rate because the 2013-14 assessable olive receipts as reported by Start Printed Page 14368the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) are 79,495 tons, compared to 90,790 tons in 2012-13. Olives are an alternate-bearing crop, where crop size alternates between small and large crops, resulting in a higher 2012-13 volume crop and a lower 2013-14 volume crop. The lower assessment rate is possible due to a decrease in the overall budget and utilization of part of the reserve.
The major expenditures recommended by the Committee for the 2014 fiscal year include $346,500 for General Administration; $565,600 for Marketing Programs; $37,800 for Inspection Equipment Development; and $312,560 for Research Programs. Budgeted expenses for these items in 2013 were $333,800, $637,380, $105,000, and $213,018, respectively.
The assessment rate recommended by the Committee is based upon the actual revenue necessary to meet anticipated 2014 fiscal year expenses, given the actual olive tonnage received by handlers during the 2013-14 crop year, and taking into consideration the potential tonnage diverted by handlers into exempt uses. Actual assessable tonnage for the 2014 fiscal year is expected to be lower than the 2013-14 crop receipts of 79,495 tons reported by CASS because some olives may be diverted by handlers to uses that are exempt from marketing order requirements. Income derived from handler assessments and carryover reserve will be adequate to cover budgeted expenses. Funds in the reserve will be kept within the maximum amount of one fiscal year's expenses permitted by the order.
The assessment rate established in this rule will continue in effect indefinitely unless modified, suspended, or terminated by USDA based upon a recommendation and information submitted by the Committee or upon other available information.
Although this assessment rate is effective for an indefinite period, the Committee will continue to meet prior to or during each fiscal year to recommend a budget of expenses and consider recommendations for modification of the assessment rate. The dates and times of Committee meetings are available from the Committee or USDA. Committee meetings are open to the public and interested persons may express their views at these meetings. USDA will evaluate Committee recommendations and other available information to determine whether modification of the assessment rate is needed. Further rulemaking will be undertaken as necessary. The Committee's 2014 budget and those for subsequent fiscal years will be reviewed and, as appropriate, approved by USDA.
Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis
Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601-612), the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities. Accordingly, AMS has prepared this initial regulatory flexibility analysis.
The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions in order that small businesses will not be unduly or disproportionately burdened. Marketing orders issued pursuant to the Act, and the rules issued thereunder, are unique in that they are brought about through group action of essentially small entities acting on their own behalf.
There are approximately 1,000 producers of California olives in the production area and two handlers subject to regulation under the marketing order. Small agricultural producers are defined by the Small Business Administration (SBA) as those having annual receipts of less than $750,000 and small agricultural service firms are defined as those whose annual receipts are less than $7,000,000. (13 CFR 121.201)
Based upon information from the industry and CASS, the average grower price for 2013 was approximately $1,057.56 per ton of assessable olives and total grower deliveries were 79,495 tons. Based on production, producer prices, and the total number of California olive producers, the average annual producer revenue is less than $750,000. Thus, the majority of olive producers may be classified as small entities. Neither of the handlers may be classified as small entities.
This rule decreases the assessment rate established for the Committee and collected from handlers for the 2014 and subsequent fiscal years from $21.16 to $15.21 per ton of assessable olives, a decrease of $5.95. The Committee unanimously recommended 2014 expenditures of $1,262,460. The quantity of assessable California olives for the 2013-14 season is 79,495 tons. However, the quantity of olives actually assessed is expected to be slightly lower because some of the tonnage may be diverted by handlers to exempt outlets on which assessments are not paid. Income derived from the assessment rate of $15.21 combined with carryover reserve should provide an assessment income adequate to meet this year's expenses.
The major expenditures recommended by the Committee for the 2014 year includes $346,500 for General Administration; $565,600 for Marketing Programs; $37,800 for Inspection Equipment Development; and $312,560 for Research Programs. Budgeted expenses for these items in 2013 were $333,800, $637,380, $105,000, and $213,018, respectively.
The decrease in the assessment rate is possible due to a decrease in the overall budget and utilization of part of the reserve. Funds in the reserve will be kept within the maximum amount of one fiscal year's expenses permitted by the order.
The Committee reviewed and unanimously recommended 2014 fiscal year expenditures of $1,262,460, which included decreases in Marketing Programs and Inspection Equipment Development, and an increase in Research Programs and General Administration.
Prior to arriving at this budget, the Committee considered information from various sources, such as the Executive Subcommittee, Marketing Subcommittee, Inspection Subcommittee, and the Research Subcommittee. Alternative expenditure levels were discussed by these groups based upon the relative value of various projects to the olive industry. The assessment rate of $15.21 per ton of assessable olives was derived by considering anticipated expenses, the volume of assessable olives, potentially exempt olives, and other pertinent factors.
A review of historical information and preliminary information indicates that the grower price for the 2013 fiscal year was approximately $1,150.17 per ton for canning fruit, and $384.56 per ton for limited-use sizes. Approximately 87.9 percent of the olive crop were canning fruit sizes and 12.1 percent were limited use sizes. Grower revenue on 79,495 total tons of canning and limited-use sizes would be $84,070,570, given the current grower prices for those sizes. Therefore, the estimated assessment revenue for the 2014 fiscal year, as a percentage of total grower revenue, is expected to be approximately 1.4 percent.
This action decreases the assessment obligation imposed on handlers. Assessments are applied uniformly on all handlers, and some of the costs may be passed on to producers. However, decreasing the assessment rate reduces the burden on handlers, and may reduce the burden on producers. In addition, the Committee's meeting was widely publicized throughout the California olive industry and all interested persons Start Printed Page 14369were invited to attend the meeting and participate in Committee deliberations on all issues. Like all Committee meetings, the December 9, 2013, meeting was a public meeting and all entities, both large and small, were able to express views on this issue. Finally, interested persons are invited to submit comments on this interim rule, including the regulatory and informational impacts of this action on small businesses.
In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), the order's information collection requirements have been previously approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and assigned OMB No. 0581-0178, Generic Vegetable Crops. No changes in those requirements as a result of this action are necessary. Should any changes become necessary, they would be submitted to OMB for approval.
This action imposes no additional reporting or recordkeeping requirements on either small or large California olive handlers. As with all Federal marketing order programs, reports and forms are periodically reviewed to reduce information requirements and duplication by industry and public sector agencies.
AMS is committed to complying with the E-Government Act, to promote the use of the internet and other information technologies to provide increased opportunities for citizen access to Government information and services, and for other purposes.
USDA has not identified any relevant Federal rules that duplicate, overlap or conflict with this rule.
A small business guide on complying with fruit, vegetable, and specialty crop marketing agreements and orders may be viewed at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/MarketingOrdersSmallBusinessGuide. Any questions about the compliance guide should be sent to Jeffrey Smutny at the previously mentioned address in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.
After consideration of all relevant material presented, including the information and recommendation submitted by the Committee, and other available information, it is hereby found that this rule, as hereinafter set forth, will tend to effectuate the declared policy of the Act.
Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553, it is also found and determined upon good cause that it is impracticable, unnecessary, and contrary to the public interest to give preliminary notice prior to putting this rule into effect, and that good cause exists for not postponing the effective date of this rule until 30 days after publication in the Federal Register because: (1) The 2014 fiscal year began on January 1, 2014, and the marketing order requires that the rate of assessment for each fiscal year apply to all assessable olives handled during such fiscal year; (2) this action decreases the assessment rate for assessable olives beginning with the 2014 fiscal year; (3) handlers are aware of this action which was unanimously recommended by the Committee at a public meeting; and, (4) this interim rule provides a 60-day comment period, and all comments timely received will be considered prior to finalization of this rule.
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- Marketing agreements
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 932 is amended as follows:
PART 932—OLIVES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA
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1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 932 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
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2. Section 932.230 is revised to read as follows: End Amendment Part
On and after January 1, 2014, an assessment rate of $15.21 per ton is established for California olives.
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Dated: February 18, 2014.
Rex A. Barnes,
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 2014-05557 Filed 3-13-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P