Office of the Secretary, Department of Defense.
This Final rule changes TRICARE's current regulatory provision for inpatient hospital claims priced under the DRG-based payment system. Claims are currently priced by using the rates and weights that are in effect on a beneficiary's date of admission. This Final rule changes that provision to price such claims by using the rates and weights that are in effect on a beneficiary's date of discharge.
Effective Date: This Final rule is effective June 20, 2014.
Applicability Date: This rule applies to claims with a discharge date of October 1, 2014, or later from hospitals paid by TRICARE under the Inpatient Prospective Payment System/Diagnosis-Related Groups-based payment system.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Ms. Amber Butterfield, TRICARE Management Activity, Medical Benefits and Reimbursement Office, telephone (303) 676-3565.
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The effective date above is the date that the policies herein take effect and are considered to be officially adopted. The applicability date, which is different than the effective date, is the date on which the policies adopted in this rule shall apply to claims from hospitals paid by TRICARE under the Inpatient Prospective Payment System/Diagnosis-Related Groups-based payment system, and must be implemented.
II. Executive Summary and Overview
A. Purpose of the Final Rule
1. Need for the Regulatory Action
This Final rule amends the TRICARE/CHAMPUS regulatory provision (32 CFR 199.14(a)(1)(i)(C)(3)) of pricing inpatient hospital claims that are reimbursed under the DRG-based payment system from the beneficiary's date of admission, to pricing such Start Printed Page 29086claims based on the beneficiary's date of discharge.
The TRICARE/CHAMPUS DRG-based payment system applies to acute care hospitals, unless such hospital is exempt by regulation from the payment system. Under the TRICARE DRG-based payment system, payment for the operating costs of inpatient hospital services subject to the payment system is made on the basis of prospectively determined rates.
The TRICARE DRG-based payment system is modeled on the Medicare Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS). Although many of the procedures in the TRICARE DRG-based payment system are similar or identical to the procedures in the Medicare IPPS, the actual payment amounts, DRG weights, and certain procedures are different. This is necessary because of the differences in the two programs, especially in the beneficiary population.
Since the inception of the TRICARE DRG-based payment system in 1987, claims have been priced after the beneficiary's discharge by the hospital, but using the weights and rates that were in effect on the beneficiary's date of admission. That is, claims submitted for the beneficiary's inpatient stay have been grouped to a specific DRG, and the pricing (e.g., payment rate) has been determined by using the weights and rates that were in effect on the date of the beneficiary's admission to the hospital.
B. Summary of the Major Provisions of the Final Rule
The major provision of this rule is to revise TRICARE's regulation on the pricing of claims paid under the DRG-based payment system. Claims are currently priced by using the rates and weights that are in effect on a beneficiary's date of admission. This rule changes that provision to price such claims by using the rates and weights that are in effect on a beneficiary's date of discharge. The change shall apply to claims with a discharge date of October 1, 2014, or later from hospitals paid by TRICARE under the Inpatient Prospective Payment System/Diagnosis-Related Groups-based payment system.
C. Costs and Benefits
The benefits of this change include aligning TRICARE pricing of hospital claims practices with industry standards utilized by Medicare and other payers and thereby increasing standardization of claims administration and other claims related processes for contractors who adjudicate claims.
There are known costs associated with this change. On May 27, 2011, Kennell and Associates completed an Independent Government Cost Estimate (“May 27, 2011, IGCE”) analyzing the costs associated with the shift of pricing DRG claims from the date of admission to the date of discharge. The May 27, 2011, IGCE, identified three known costs.
1. One time information technology costs associated with changes to Managed Care Support Contractors' claims processing systems and one time administrative costs associated with the review change order and the assessment of the impact on Claims Operations, Customer Service, Provider Administration, and Contracts Maintenance. The total one time information technology and administrative costs for North, South, West and TDEFIC Managed Care Support Contractors' combined is estimated at $88,208.
2. An annual cost of reprocessing interim claims of $2,500.
3. An increase in health care costs to account for using the weights and rates in place on the date of discharge. The May 27, 2011, IGCE, using 2009 claims data, estimated about 1,200 inpatient claims will span fiscal years. Consequently, reimbursing using the updated weights and rates in place for the discharges in future fiscal years is expected to increase the payment for approximately 1,200 claims with an estimated additional cost of $500,000 annually.
4. Total costs for this change for Fiscal Year 2015 equal approximately $600,000.
A. Statutory and Regulatory Overview
Sections 1073 and 1079 of title 10, United States Code (U.S.C.), authorize the Secretary of Defense to administer the medical and dental benefits provided under chapter 55 of title 10, and contract for medical care for specified persons. These sections and other provisions of 10 U.S.C. chapter 55 authorize promulgation of this Final rule.
The August 31, 1988, Final rule [53 FR 33461] (the “August 1988 Final rule”) published in the Federal Register explains TRICARE's current practice of utilizing the date of admission to price claims. Using the date of admission to price claims allowed hospitals to be reimbursed for inpatient services under the same payment methodology they expected to be used when the patient was admitted. Prior to implementation of the DRG-based payment system, the hospital could expect to be reimbursed at the billed charge rate, since that was the method TRICARE used to reimburse hospitals at that time. For patients admitted after implementation of the DRG-based payment system, the hospital could expect to be reimbursed using the DRG-based payment system.
The August 1988 Final rule continues by stating that since certain services were previously excluded from the DRG-based system, but may have already involved an interim bill prior to the effective date of the August 1988 Final rule, it would be administratively difficult and fiscally unfair to hospitals to attempt to reconcile the total payments with the DRG-based allowed amounts. As a result of the analysis at the time, the provision stated, “except for interim claims submitted for qualifying outlier cases, all claims reimbursed under the CHAMPUS DRG-based payment system are to be priced as of the date of admission, regardless of when the claim is submitted.” While there may have been a need to reference interim claims when the August 1988 Final rule was written and as we transition from “billed” charges to the DRG-based payment method, that is no longer the case. Consequently, the interim claims reference has been deleted.
B. Updating the Pricing Approach
In the early stages of the DRG-based payment system, the approach of pricing claims based on the date of the beneficiary's admission to the hospital was an effective operational policy for TRICARE. At the time TRICARE adopted the DRG-based payment system, it was the first prospective payment system of its kind. TRICARE decided to use the date of admission to price claims, allowing hospitals to be reimbursed for inpatient services under the same payment methodology they expected to be used when the patient was admitted. However, this is no longer the industry standard. Consequently, in order to be consistent with industry standards utilized by Medicare and other payers, TRICARE policy shall require all final claims to be priced based on the rates and weights that are in effect on a beneficiary's date of discharge.
While pricing using the date of discharge applies to all final claims, the change in approach will result in different pricing only for those relatively few claims that span fiscal years (FYs). That is, currently if an admission occurs on September 29 of a fiscal year (e.g., FY 2013) and the discharge occurs for example on October 2 of the subsequent fiscal year Start Printed Page 29087(e.g., FY2014) the payment rate is based upon the DRG rates and weights in effect on September 29, 2013, or the prior fiscal year (FY2013), rather than on October 2, 2013, (FY2014). On and after this rule's applicability date, if an admission occurs for instance on September 29 of a fiscal year (e.g., FY2014) and the discharge occurs on October 1, 2014, or later (i.e., FY2015) the claim will be priced using the rates and weights in place on the date of discharge (e.g., FY2015). Please note that the rates and weights for the DRG-based payment system are updated every fiscal year and are based on the previous fiscal year's TRICARE claims data. As a result, the applicability date of October 1, 2014, is established to coincide with the next annual payment system update.
To improve consistency with other payers for health care services and reduce any administrative burden on providers, we are therefore changing our regulations to provide that all claims reimbursed on the DRG-based payment system will be priced as of the date of discharge starting with discharges dated October 1, 2014, or later.
IV. Public Comments
The proposed rule was published in the Federal Register (78 FR 10579-10581) on February 14, 2013, for a 60-day public comment period. We received one comment from one respondent.
Comment: Billing and adjustments for a hospital stay are completed on the last day.
Response: We interpret the commenter's statement as acknowledging that billing and adjustments for a patient's hospital stay are typically performed after the patient has been discharged. Consequently pricing an inpatient stay according to the weights and rates on the date of discharge is appropriate and desirable. We agree with the commenter's statement. Beginning with discharges that occur on or after October 1, 2014, the pricing of TRICARE inpatient claims reimbursed under the DRG methodology will be based on the weights and rates that are in effect on the date of discharge.
We will monitor discharge patterns and lengths of stay following this revision and may take additional regulatory action if we observe any unintended adverse consequences due to calculating payments for claims based on the rates and weights on the date of discharge as opposed to admission.
V. Regulatory Procedures
A. Overall Impact
DoD has examined the impacts of this Final rule as required by Executive Orders (E.O.s) 12866 (September 1993, Regulatory Planning and Review) and 13563 (January 18, 2011, Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review), the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (September 19, 1980, Pub. L. 96-354), Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4), and the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 804(2)).
Section 801 of title 5, United States Code, and Executive Order (E.O.) 12866 require certain regulatory assessments and procedures for any major rule or significant regulatory action, defined as one that would result in an annual effect of $100 million or more on the national economy or which would have other substantial impacts. E.O. 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, reducing costs, harmonizing rules, and promoting flexibility. It has been certified that this rule is not economically significant, and has been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget as required under the provisions of E.O. 12866 and E.O. 13563.
2. Congressional Review Act. 5 U.S.C. 801
Under the Congressional Review Act, a major rule may not take effect until at least 60 days after submission to Congress of a report regarding the rule. A major rule is one that would have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or have certain other impacts. This Final rule is not a major rule under the Congressional Review Act.
3. Public Law 96-354, “Regulatory Flexibility Act” (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601)
Public Law 96-354, “Regulatory Flexibility Act” (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601), requires that each Federal agency prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis when the agency issues a regulation which would have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. This Final rule is not an economically significant regulatory action, and it has been certified that it will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities. Therefore, this Final rule is not subject to the requirements of the RFA.
4. Public Law 104-4, Section 202, “Unfunded Mandates Reform Act”
Section 202 of Public Law 104-4, “Unfunded Mandates Reform Act,” requires that an analysis be performed to determine whether any federal mandate may result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100 million in any one year. It has been certified that this Final rule does not contain a Federal mandate that may result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments, in aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year, and thus this Final rule is not subject to this requirement.
5. Public Law 96-511, “Paperwork Reduction Act” (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35)
This rule does not contain a “collection of information” requirement, and will not impose additional information collection requirements on the public under Public Law 96-511, “Paperwork Reduction Act” (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35).
E.O. 13132, “Federalism,” requires that an impact analysis be performed to determine whether the rule has federalism implications that would have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. It has been certified that this Final rule does not have federalism implications, as set forth in E.O. 13132.
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- Dental health
- Health care
- Health insurance
- Individuals with disabilities
- Military personnel
Accordingly, 32 CFR part 199 is amended as follows:
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1. The authority citation for part 199 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part
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2. Section 199.14 is amended by revising paragraph (a)(1)(i)(C)( 3) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Provider reimbursement methods.
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(3) Pricing of claims. All final claims with discharge dates of September 30, Start Printed Page 290882014, or earlier that are reimbursed under the CHAMPUS DRG-based payment system are to be priced as of the date of admission, regardless of when the claim is submitted. All final claims with discharge dates of October 1, 2014, or later that are reimbursed under the CHAMPUS DRG-based payment system are to be priced as of the date of discharge.
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Dated: May 12, 2014.
Alternate OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense.
[FR Doc. 2014-11194 Filed 5-20-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 5001-06-P