Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, HHS.
This notice announces the intention of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to request that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approve the proposed information collection project: “Care Coordination Quality Measure for Patients in the Primary Care Setting.” In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501-3521, AHRQ invites the public to comment on this proposed information collection.
Comments on this notice must be received by September 29, 2014.
Written comments should be submitted to: Doris Lefkowitz, Reports Clearance Officer, AHRQ, by email at doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov.
Copies of the proposed collection plans, data collection instruments, and specific details on the estimated burden can be obtained from the AHRQ Reports Clearance Officer.
Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Doris Lefkowitz, AHRQ Reports Clearance Officer, (301) 427-1477, or by email at doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov.
End Further Info
Start Supplemental Information
Care Coordination Quality Measure for Patients in the Primary Care Setting
“Care Coordination Measure Development—Phase III”
This project is Task Order #11 under the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Prevention and Care Management Technical Assistance Center Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity contract. The project, entitled “Care Coordination Measure Development—Phase III”, will develop a patient survey of the quality of care coordination for adults in primary care settings, i.e., the Care Coordination Quality Measure for Primary Care (CCQM-PC). The project will update the Care Coordination Measures Atlas (http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/long-termcare/resources/coordination/atlas/index.html). In combination with primary research, the project will use the Atlas and prior work that identified gaps in the measurement of care coordination to develop and pilot test a rigorous and psychometrically sound patient assessment (from the perspective of patient and family) of the quality of care coordination for adults within primary care settings—the CCQM-PC. The survey will address key care coordination domains; be appropriate for research; will set the stage for the future development of measures for quality reporting, accountability, and payment purposes; and be consistent with Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) principles. The instrument is to be developed, cognitively tested, revised and pilot tested. A stakeholder panel will provide input throughout the phases of the project.
There are four explicit objectives for our analysis of the pilot-test data:
- Evaluate the quality of the responses to the CCQM-PC survey (through item functioning analysis).
- Determine how the items that ask for reports of patient experiences could be summarized into a smaller set of composite measures (through factor analysis).
- Evaluate the measurement properties of the composite scales (assessment of reliability, validity, and variability of the measure).
- Identify information (i.e., case mix adjusters) that should be used to adjust scores to ensure valid comparisons among primary care practices (PCPs).
- Determine how CCQM-PC scores vary among practices that self-report processes of care that are more or less aligned with a medical home model.
This study is being conducted by AHRQ through its contractor, American Institutes for Research (AIR), pursuant to AHRQ's statutory authority to conduct and support research on healthcare and on systems for the delivery of such care, including activities with respect to quality measurement and improvement. 42 U.S.C. 299a(a)(1) and (2).
Method of Collection
Thirty primary care practices of different types and ownership configurations will be recruited to provide a patient sample to AHRQ's contractor, AIR for the purpose of establishing the psychometrics of the CCQM-PC and understanding the relation of its domains to a practice-level measure of processes of care, the Medical Home Index (Long Version, MHI-LV). The CCQM-PC will be conducted by mail with phone follow-up for nonrespondents. Survey Start Printed Page 44173operations for the CCQM-PC will follow standard CAHPS practice:
- Mail the questionnaire package, including a personalized letter introducing the study and explaining the respondent's rights as a research participant. Include a postage-paid envelope to encourage participation.
- Send a postcard reminder to nonrespondents 10 days after sending the questionnaire.
- Send a second questionnaire with a reminder letter to those still not responding thirty days after the first mailing.
- Begin follow-up by telephone with nonrespondents three weeks after sending the second questionnaire. Interviewers will attempt to locate respondents who have not responded to the mailed survey.
- Verify telephone numbers for sample respondents prior to calling.
- Make a maximum of 9 attempts by phone.
- Include a toll-free number in the cards and letters for respondents to call if they have questions about the survey. The firm responsible for fielding the survey will establish a helpdesk that will start operating at the first mailing and that will remain open until close of fieldwork.
- Answer incoming calls live during business hours and a recording machine will capture after hours calls. The after-hours calls will be returned next business day.
- Ask two clinicians from each participating practice complete the MHI-LV by paper-and-pencil jointly and return the form to the AHRQ contractor.
The information collected in the pilot survey will be used to test and improve the draft survey. The pilot design will support the standard suite of psychometric analyses conducted to identify and develop composite scoring algorithms as well as to provide evidence of the reliability and construct validity of the composite scores and any scores based on individual items. Additionally, the variations in composite scores and total CCQM-PC scores will be examined for any differences that may be correlated with variations in the practice's self-assessment of its engagement in processes of care that are consistent with the medical home model. The analyses will include the following components:
- Item functioning analysis
- Confirmatory Factor Analysis
- Exploratory Factor Analysis
- Evaluation of the reliability, validity, and variability of composite and single-item scores
- Case mix adjustment (if the data indicate this is needed).
Because the survey items are being developed to measure specific aspects of care coordination in accordance with the domain framework developed through previous phases of AHRQ's Care Coordination Measure Development portfolio, the factor structure of the survey items will be evaluated through multilevel confirmatory factor analysis. On the basis of the data analyses, items or factors may be dropped. Exploratory factor analysis is also planned.
Data from the pilot survey will be used to make final adjustments to the CCQM-PC. The final survey instrument will be made publicly available, at no charge, to prospective users, for use in research projects that aim to assess care coordination as it relates to quality care and healthcare outcomes, thereby helping to expand the evidence base for the care coordination construct and its associated processes. There is value, given where the field is now, in developing a survey of reasonable length that can be used for research purposes, but also can serve as the “parent” survey from which a smaller subset of items appropriate for quality improvement could be drawn.
A well-developed, psychometrically-sound, practical survey of adult patients' experiences of care coordination in primary care settings, that covers key conceptual domains articulated through AHRQ's past work in this area, will help generate evidence that is needed to understand the relationship between care coordination processes and health outcomes, in addition to offering a way to explore other critical questions regarding care coordination.
The development of this research-focused survey is a critical step in moving toward the future development of measures of care coordination in primary care settings that can be used for accountability purposes, including those submitted for consideration of endorsement by the National Quality Forum. This will ensure that the measures or measure set is useful from a public reporting perspective to a variety of potential stakeholders, including patients seeking providers that engage in care coordination practices supported by the evidence base. The key target audiences for the use of the survey are researchers and, ultimately, payers (including health insurance plans, employers, and entities such as the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services), although use by health systems and individual primary care practices is also envisioned.
Estimated Annual Respondent Burden
Exhibit 1 shows the total estimated annualized burden hours for the CCQM-PC pilot survey (2,022 hours), including burden for survey respondents (1,890 hours) and practice staff (132 hours). With respect to the burden on CCQM-PC survey respondents, thirty practices will be sampled, with the survey sent to 375 prospective respondents per sample. A 40% response rate (in keeping with response rates on other CAHPS® and CAHPS®-like surveys of similar length and mode) will yield 150 respondents per practice. Total respondents were calculated by multiplying the number of practices by the respondents per practice, for a total of 4,500 (i.e., 150 × 30 = 4,500). The survey has 102 items (79 assessment items, 4 items about healthcare services sought in the past 12 months, and 19 items that assess participant characteristics such as demographics), with an estimated completion time of 25 minutes (.42 hours) per survey response. This estimate is based on the length of previous CAHPS® surveys of comparable length that have been administered to similar populations.
Burden hours for participating practices are calculated based on the total burden to one physician/administrator and one other clinician to complete the MHI-LV. The measure author recommends that both physician and non-physician viewpoints are considered in the PCP's response, thus the estimate is based on an assumption that two clinicians per practice will complete the MHI-LV process of care items together, with only one of the clinicians (i.e., the physician/administrator) completing the items on practice characteristics. Contract staff from AIR will ensure that practices realize there is no burden to them on the MHI-LV other than the time required to fill out the MHI-LV tool (i.e., they can ignore the measure author's reference in the instructions to a companion patient tool associated with the MHI-LV).
Start Printed Page 44174
Exhibit 1—Estimated Annualized Burden Hours for CCQM-PC Survey Pilot Test by Entity
|MHI-LV: 1 Physician/administrator||30||1||2.33||70|
|MHI-LV: Non-physician clinician||30||1||2.08||62|
|1 The instructions for completing the MHI-LV recommend that a physician/administrator and a non-physician clinician each fill out the index separately. So, even though it is one form as reproduced in Appendix B, we have two rows in the table to describe the burden of the two individuals. There are a series of questions on the first two pages of the index which simply require administrative information and would only need to be completed once. We assume that the administrator would complete these and so the time required for the administrator to complete the MHI-LV is longer than that required for the clinician.|
Exhibit 2 shows the estimated annualized cost burden associated with the pilot survey administration. The total cost burden is estimated to be $51,228 for the one-time survey pilot.
Request for Comments
In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, comments on AHRQ's information collection are requested with regard to any of the following: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of AHRQ health care research and health care information dissemination functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of AHRQ's estimate of burden (including hours and costs) of the proposed collection(s) of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information upon the respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology.
Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and included in the Agency's subsequent request for OMB approval of the proposed information collection. All comments will become a matter of public record.
End Supplemental Information
Dated: July 24, 2014.
[FR Doc. 2014-17936 Filed 7-29-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4160-90-P