Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the Agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal Agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on Experimental Studies on Consumer Perceptions of Modified Risk Tobacco Products (MRTPs).
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Submit either electronic or written comments on the collection of information by January 20, 2015.
Submit electronic comments on the collection of information to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
FDA PRA Staff, Office of Operations, Food and Drug Administration, 8455 Colesville Rd., COLE-14526, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, PRAStaff@fda.hhs.gov.
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Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), Federal Agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes Agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal Agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.
With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on these topics: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.
Experimental Studies on Consumer Perceptions of Modified Risk Tobacco Products—(OMB Control Number 0910-NEW)
FDA's Center for Tobacco Products proposes to conduct experimental studies to develop generalizable scientific knowledge to help inform its implementation of section 911 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 387k), wherein FDA will be evaluating information submitted to the Agency about how consumers understand and perceive tobacco products marketed as MRTPs. Section 911 of the FD&C Act authorizes FDA to grant orders to persons to allow the marketing of MRTPs. The term “modified risk tobacco product” means any tobacco product that is sold or distributed for use to reduce harm or the risk of tobacco-related disease associated with commercially marketed tobacco products. FDA must issue an order authorizing the marketing of an MRTP if the Agency determines that the product, as it is actually used by consumers, will significantly reduce harm and the risk of tobacco-related disease to individual tobacco users and benefit the health of the population as a whole taking into account both users of tobacco products and persons who do not currently use tobacco products (section 911(g)(1) of the FD&C Act).
FDA may also issue an order authorizing the marketing of an MRTP that reduces or eliminates exposure to a harmful substance if, among other requirements, the Agency determines that the order would be appropriate to promote the public health, the issuance of the order is expected to benefit the population as a whole taking into account both users and nonusers of tobacco products, and the existing evidence demonstrates that a measurable and substantial reduction in morbidity and mortality among individual tobacco users is reasonably likely to be shown in subsequent studies (section 911(g)(2) of the FD&C Act). In addition, section 911 requires that any advertising or labeling concerning modified risk products enable the public to comprehend the information concerning modified risk and to understand the relative significance of such information in the context of total health and in relation to all of the diseases and health related conditions associated with the use of tobacco products (section 911(h)(1) of the FD&C Act). The proposed research will inform the Agency's efforts to implement the provisions of the FD&C Act related to MRTPs.
FDA proposes to conduct experimental studies in order to develop generalizable scientific information to better understand how consumers perceive and understand these products, how exposure to claims about modified risk or exposure influence intentions to try or purchase the product (i.e., product adoption), and how individual characteristics such as current tobacco use and/or brand loyalty might influence these outcomes. Moreover, information from the experimental studies may assist FDA to determine the appropriate methods and measures for gathering such information from consumers.
The impact of different claims pertaining to modified risk or exposure on understanding, perceptions, and potential product adoption (i.e., intention to try) will be evaluated by conducting a series of three studies that, in turn, will examine: The impact of claims about cigarette (Study 1) or smokeless tobacco products (Study 2) among young adult and adult current, former, or never users of tobacco; and the impact of claims on adolescents currently using, or susceptible to using, tobacco (Study 3). All three studies will assess individual-level factors that might influence the impact of claims on consumer responses, including: Brand loyalty, tobacco use history and behavior, concerns about health risks, and openness to new products.
Across all studies, participants will be randomized to either see modified risk claims or not (control condition). In Studies 1 and 2, modified risk claims will be displayed on mock tobacco product packages and ads. For ethical reasons, adolescents (Study 3) will see modified risk claims displayed as statements alone, not attached to product packaging or ads. Consumer reactions to claims will be evaluated by measuring constructs such as: Comprehension of the modified risk information in the claims, perceived benefits of the product, perceptions of harm and risk, misbeliefs about the product, quit intentions, and willingness to try or purchase the product.
FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:Start Printed Page 68890
Table 1—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden
|Activity||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Total annual responses||Average burden per
|Adult Screener||24,000||1||24,000||0.03 (2 minutes)||720|
|Study 1 (Adults)||1,800||1||1,800||0.333 (20 minutes)||599|
|Study 2 (Adults)||600||1||600||0.333 (20 minutes)||200|
|Total adult hours||1,519|
|Youth Screener||6,000||1||6,000||0.03 (2 minutes)||180|
|Study 3 (Youth)||600||1||600||0.333 (20 minutes)||200|
|Total youth hours||380|
FDA's burden estimate is based on prior experience with research that is similar to this proposed study. Approximately 30,000 respondents will complete a screener to determine eligibility for participation in a study, estimated to take approximately 2 minutes (0.03 hours), for a total of 900 hours for screening activities. Three thousand respondents will complete a full study, estimated to last 20 minutes (0.333 hours), for a total of 999 hours for completion of both adult studies and one youth study. The estimated total hour burden of the collection of information is 1,899 hours.
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Dated: November 12, 2014.
Associate Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2014-27283 Filed 11-18-14; 8:45 am]
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