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Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; New Mexico; Revisions to the Particulate Matter Less Than 2.5 Micrometers (PM2.5

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Direct final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving portions of two revisions to the New Mexico SIP for the permitting of PM2.5 emissions submitted on May 23, 2011, and August 6, 2014. Together, these submittals revise the New Mexico PSD program to be consistent with the federal PSD regulations regarding the use of a significant impact level (SIL) or significant monitoring concentration (SMC) for PM2.5 emissions. We are approving these SIP revisions to regulate PM2.5 emissions in accordance with requirements of section 110 and part C of the Clean Air Act.

DATES:

This rule is effective on September 14, 2015 without further notice, unless the EPA receives adverse comment by August 13, 2015. If the EPA receives relevant adverse comment, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect.

ADDRESSES:

Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-R06-OAR-2014-0626, by one of the following methods:

  • www.regulations.gov: Follow the on-line instructions.
  • Email: Ms. Adina Wiley at wiley.adina@epa.gov
  • Mail: Ms. Adina Wiley, Air Planning Section (6PD-R), Environmental Protection Agency, 1445 Ross Avenue, Ste. 1200, Dallas, TX 75202-2733.
  • Hand Delivery: Ms. Adina Wiley, Air Planning Section (6PD-R), Environmental Protection Agency, 1445 Ross Avenue, Ste. 700, Dallas, TX 75202-2733. Such deliveries are only accepted during the hours between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. weekdays, and not on legal holidays. Special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information.

Instructions: Direct your comments to Docket ID No. EPA-R06-OAR-2014-0626. The EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through www.regulations.gov or email. The www.regulations.gov Web site is an “anonymous access” system, which means the EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an email comment directly to the EPA without going through www.regulations.gov, your email address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the public docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, the EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If the EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, the EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional information about the EPA's public docket visit the EPA Docket Center homepage at http://www.epa.gov/​epahome/​dockets.htm.

Docket: The index to the docket for this action is available electronically at www.regulations.gov and in hard copy at EPA Region 6, 1445 Ross Avenue, Suite 700, Dallas, Texas. While all documents in the docket are listed in the index, some information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material), and some may not be publicly available at either location (e.g., CBI).

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ms. Adina Wiley, 214-665-2115, wiley.adina@epa.gov. To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment with Adina Wiley or Mr. Bill Deese at 214-665-7253.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Throughout this document, “we,” “us,” and “our” means the EPA.

I. Background

A. CAA and SIPs

Section 110 of the CAA requires states to develop and submit to the EPA a SIP to ensure that state air quality meets National Ambient Air Quality Standards. These ambient standards currently address six criteria pollutants: Carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, lead, particulate matter, and sulfur dioxide. Each federally-approved SIP protects air quality primarily by addressing air pollution at its point of origin through air pollution regulations and control strategies. The EPA approved SIP regulations and control strategies are federally enforceable.

B. Prior Federal Action

Under Section 165 of the Clean Air Act, PSD permit applications must contain air quality monitoring data representing air quality in the area affected by the proposed source for the 1-year period preceding receipt of the application. In 2010, the EPA promulgated regulations for PSD PM2.5 permits which included two screening tools: SILs and SMCs. These tools were established to determine whether a PSD permit application may be exempted from the 1-year air monitoring requirement for PM2.5 based on the grounds that the increase of the pollutant is de minimis. In response to a request from the EPA and a petition, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (the Court) vacated and remanded to the EPA the portions of the 2010 PSD regulations establishing the PM2.5 SILs and SMC.

In response to the Court's decision, the EPA amended its regulations to remove the PM2.5 SILs and SMC provisions. See 78 FR 73702, December 9, 2013. More detail about this action is available in our Technical Support Document, which is available in our rulemaking docket.

C. New Mexico's Submittals

On May 23, 2011, New Mexico submitted revisions to its air permitting regulations at 20.2.74 NMAC that reflected the PM2.5 SILs and SMC screening tools. On January 22, 2013, the EPA approved all of the May 23, 2011 submission except for the portion that relates to the screening tools. See 78 FR 4339. On August 6, 2014, in accordance with the EPA's changes to the federal regulations, New Mexico submitted revisions to 20.2.74 NMAC to remove the PM2.5 SILs and SMC which had previously been adopted and submitted as a SIP revision. More detail about these actions is available in our Technical Support Document, which is available in our rulemaking docket.Start Printed Page 40914

II. The EPA's Evaluation

A. Revisions to 20.2.74.303 NMAC, Submitted May 23, 2011, and August 6, 2014

The May 23, 2011, submittal added language to paragraph A, implementing the ambient air impact analysis exemption for major sources or major modifications established by the EPA in the PM2.5 PSD Increment—Significant Impact Levels (SILs)—Significant Monitoring Concentration (SMC) Rule. The August 6, 2014, submittal removes the language pertaining to the PM2.5 SIL. The May 23, 2011, submittal also replaces the term “particulate matter” with “PM10” in paragraph A.

The submitted regulations are approvable because they remove the PM2.5 SIL consistent with the EPA's December 9, 2013, revisions to 40 CFR 51.166(k) and were adopted and submitted in accordance with sections 110 and 165 of the Clean Air Act.

B. Revisions to 20.2.74.503 NMAC, Submitted May 23, 2011, and August 6, 2014

The May 23, 2011, submittal added a line to TABLE 3—SIGNIFICANT MONITORING CONCENTRATIONS, including the pollutant PM2.5, its Air Quality Concentration of 4 micrograms per cubic meter and an associated 24 hour Averaging Time. The August 6, 2014, submittal removes the PM2.5 SMC by changing the PM2.5 Air Quality Concentration from 4 micrograms per cubic meter to 0, and removes the “24 hours” from the PM2.5 Averaging Time column. The May 23, 2011, submittal also replaced the term “particulate matter” with “PM10.”

The submitted regulations are approvable because they remove the PM2.5 SMC consistent with the EPA's December 9, 2013, revisions to 40 CFR 51.166(i)(5)(i) and were adopted and submitted in accordance with sections 110 and 165 of the Clean Air Act.

III. Final Action

We are approving revisions to the New Mexico SIP that pertain to changes to 20.2.74 NMAC submitted May 23, 2011, and August 6, 2014. Specifically, we are approving the revisions to 20.2.74.303 NMAC—Ambient Impact Requirements, paragraph A and 20.2.74.503 NMAC Table 3—Significant Monitoring Concentrations. The EPA has made the determination that the submitted regulations are approvable because the submitted rules were adopted and submitted in accordance with the CAA and are consistent with the EPA's regulations regarding PSD permitting for PM2.5 emissions.

The EPA is publishing this rule without prior proposal because we view this as a non-controversial amendment and anticipate no adverse comments. However, in the proposed rules section of this Federal Register publication, we are publishing a separate document that will serve as the proposal to approve the SIP revision if relevant adverse comments are received. This rule will be effective on September 14, 2015 without further notice unless we receive relevant adverse comment by August 13, 2015. If we receive relevant adverse comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect. We will address all public comments in a subsequent final rule based on the proposed rule. We will not institute a second comment period on this action. Any parties interested in commenting must do so now. Please note that if we receive relevant adverse comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of this rule and if that provision may be severed from the remainder of the rule, we may adopt as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment.

IV. Incorporation by Reference

In this rule, we are finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with the requirements of 40 CFR 51.5, we are finalizing the incorporation by reference of the revisions to the New Mexico regulations as described in the Final Action section above. We have made, and will continue to make, these documents generally available electronically through www.regulations.gov and/or in hard copy at the EPA Region 6 office.

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the CAA; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).Start Printed Page 40915

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by September 14, 2015. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Particulate matter
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
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Dated: June 30, 2015.

Ron Curry,

Regional Administrator, Region 6.

End Signature

40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

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PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

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1. The authority citation for Part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart GG—New Mexico

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2. Section 52.1620 in paragraph (c), first table, is amended by revising the entry “Part 74, Permits—Prevention of Significant Deterioration” under “New Mexico Administrative Code (NMAC) Title 20—Environment Protection Chapter 2—Air Quality” to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

EPA Approved New Mexico Regulations

State citationTitle/subjectState approval/ effective dateEPA Approval dateComments
New Mexico Administrative Code (NMAC) Title 20—Environment Protection Chapter 2—Air Quality
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Part 74Permits—Prevention of Significant Deterioration7/11/20147/14/2015 [Insert Federal Register citation]Revisions to 20.2.74.7(AZ)(2)(a) NMAC submitted 1/8/2013, effective 2/6/2913, are NOT part of SIP. 20.2.74.7(AZ)(2)(a) NMAC submitted 5/23/2011, effective 6/3/2011, remains SIP approved.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
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[FR Doc. 2015-17058 Filed 7-13-15; 8:45 am]

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